George's Medical University (george + medical_university)

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Kinds of George's Medical University

  • king george medical university

  • Selected Abstracts

    Evaluation of pregnant women with scarred uterus in a low resource setting

    Anjoo Agarwal
    Abstract Aim:, Management of post cesarean pregnancy continues to be a dilemma. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the outcome of such pregnancies in a resource constrained setting so that an appropriate management protocol can be decided. Methods:, An observational study was conducted in the Department Of Obstetrics And Gynecology, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India. The outcome of all of the women admitted with pregnancy with a previous cesarean section was noted. Results:, A total number of 447 women with a post cesarean pregnancy underwent delivery. These comprised 13.7% of total deliveries over the same period. 124 women (27.7%) had successful vaginal delivery while 323 (72.3%) had a repeat cesarean section. Maternal morbidity and perinatal mortality were both significantly higher in the vaginal delivery group (P = 0.00211 and P = 0.0426, respectively). Conclusions:, Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) is associated with higher maternal morbidity and perinatal mortality. Therefore the decision for VBAC must be taken only after proper consideration and counseling of the couple. [source]

    Mandibular reconstruction after resection of benign tumours using non-vascularised methods in a series of patients that did not undergo radiotherapy

    ORAL SURGERY, Issue 1 2009
    D. Mehrotra
    Abstract Aim:, A case series analysis of 52 consequent subjects of immediate mandibular reconstruction after tumour resection using non-vascularised methods, undertaken at U.P. King George's University of Dental Sciences and King George's Medical University, is being reported. To assess the success of reconstruction on subjective and objective evaluation based upon Mandibular Reconstruction Assessment Scale (MRAS) questionnaire. Methods:, Patients with benign mandibular tumours irrespective of age, sex, site and socio-economic status were included. Primary reconstruction was carried out after resection in two surgical units on surgeon's choice using stainless steel wire (6/52; 12%), stainless steel reconstruction plate (10/52; 19%) or titanium reconstruction plate (36/52; 69%) without bone graft (23/52; 44%) or with bone graft (29/52; 56%). Bone grafts were harvested from iliac crest (21/52; 40%), rib (2/52; 4%) and an additional pectoralis major myocutaneous flap with iliac crest bone graft (6/52; 12%) to provide cover to the reconstruction plate was also used. Results:, The primary outcome measurements were wound healing, mouth opening, chewing efficiency, jaw movements, cosmetic achievement and speech on a five-point scale, all of which improved significantly after surgery. The overall complication rate was 17%. Three patients (6%) had loosening of the screw, two (4%) showed dehiscence of the plate, two (4%) showed tumour recurrence and one (2%) had infection of the graft that was subsequently removed. Conclusion:, Titanium reconstruction plates with iliac crest graft provided good result in the absence of microvascular reconstruction because of unavailable long operating time and lack of expertise. Long-term satisfactory rehabilitation can be achieved using removable dentures or prosthesis on dental implants on the contraption provided by the non-vascularised tissue despite non-calcified bone visible on the skiagram. [source]

    Clinicopathological study of bronchogenic carcinoma

    RESPIROLOGY, Issue 4 2004
    Rajendra PRASAD
    Objective: The present study was undertaken to explore the clinicopathological profile of bronchogenic carcinoma. Methodology: Four hundred consecutive patients with histopathologically proven bronchogenic carcinoma, hospitalized between 1985 and 1999 at a large teaching and tertiary care referral hospital at King George's Medical University in Lucknow, India, were analysed. Results: The average age of the bronchogenic carcinoma patients was 57 years; 9.8% of patients were less than 40 years of age; the ratio of male to female patients was 4.3:1.0; 71% were smokers; and 87% of the smoking patients were bidi smokers. The most common histological type was squamous-cell carcinoma (46.5%), followed by adenocarcinoma (18.5%) and small-cell carcinoma (18.2%). The majority of patients (74.2%) were diagnosed in the late stages of the disease (IIIb and IV). Conclusion: Bidi smoking is an important contributory factor in the development of bronchogenic carcinoma in India, and approximately 25% of patients with bronchogenic carcinoma are non-smokers. [source]

    Need for syphilis screening and counselling in HIV counselling and testing centres: A curtain raiser study from north India

    Vijaya Lakshmi Nag
    Abstract Background:,Voluntary counselling and testing centres (VCTC) are important HIV screening points for the population with suspicion or apprehension for HIV, because of high-risk exposures. Theoretically, these are also at the risk of having co-infections, commonest being syphilis. The present short-term study was aimed at knowing the sero-reactivity of syphilis among a study cohort attending the VCTC in King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India. Method:,During a 2.5-month period, 49 HIV-positive and 171 HIV-negative sera were tested for venereal disease research laboratory (VDRL). The positive sera were further tested for treponema pallidum haemagglutination (TPHA). Result:,Eleven (22.4%) HIV-positive sera and 104 (60.8%) HIV-negative sera were VDRL-reactive (,1:8 dilutions). Of these, TPHA was reactive in three (27.3%) and four (3.9%), respectively. Conclusion:,The result might suggest the need for routine screening and counselling for syphilis at VCTC. Studies from other centres on larger population are required. [source]