Future Course (future + course)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Pathways to discovery in epilepsy research: Rethinking the quest for cures

EPILEPSIA, Issue 1 2008
Daniel H. Lowenstein
Summary This paper, based on the 4th Annual Hoyer Lecture presented at the 2006 annual meeting of the American Epilepsy Society, first provides a general view of the current limitations in therapies aimed at achieving the goal of "no seizures, no side effects" for patients living with epilepsy. Some of the seminal discoveries in epilepsy research over the past 100 years are then reviewed, with an emphasis on the pivotal role of basic and clinical/translational science in leading the way to new and effective means for diagnosing and treating for epilepsy. The paper concludes with a view of the future course of epilepsy research. Scientific advances will increasingly rely on the collaboration of multidisciplinary teams of reseachers using the analytic and storage capabilities of machines, and linked together by communication tools such as the Internet and related technologies. [source]

Information resources in High-Energy Physics: Surveying the present landscape and charting the future course

Anne Gentil-Beccot
Access to previous results is of paramount importance in the scientific process. Recent progress in information management focuses on building e-infrastructures for the optimization of the research workflow, through both policy-driven and user-pulled dynamics. For decades, High Energy Physics (HEP) has pioneered innovative solutions in the field of information management and dissemination. In light of a transforming information environment, it is important to assess the current usage of information resources by researchers and HEP provides a unique test bed for this assessment. A survey of about 10% of practitioners in the field reveals usage trends and information needs. Community-based services, such as the pioneering arXiv and SPIRES systems, largely answer the need of the scientists, with a limited but increasing fraction of younger users relying on Google. Commercial services offered by publishers or database vendors are essentially unused in the field. The survey offers an insight into the most important features that users require to optimize their research workflow. These results inform the future evolution of information management in HEP and, as these researchers are traditionally "early adopters" of innovation in scholarly communication, can inspire developments of disciplinary repositories serving other communities. [source]

Sickle cell disease in the United States: Looking back and forward at 100 years of progress in management and survival,

Hari Prabhakar
The past 100 years since James Herrick's first description of sickle cell disease in the United States have been characterized by the gradual development of management strategies. We review the progress in sickle cell disease management in the United States over the past 100 years, with emphasis on the diverse forces surrounding advances in disease management. Mortality and survival data are presented chronologically, with an attempt to highlight improvements in survival associated with specific advancements for pediatric and adult care. Finally, the future course for sickle cell disease management is explored, given the continued work in advancing the field. Am. J. Hematol. 2010. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Sub-Saharan Africa's Future: A US National Intelligence Council Conference Report

Article first published online: 23 MAR 200
The US National Intelligence Council's 2020 Report, Mapping the Global Future, was issued in December 2004. It presented an assessment of geopolitical trends and set out some speculative scenarios for global development over the next 15 years. Excerpts were carried in the Documents section of PDR 31, no. 1. A follow-up conference in 2005 brought together a group of US experts on Africa to explore likely trends and drivers of change in sub-Saharan Africa over the same period, partly in the light of the Report's treatment of that region. Part of the NIC's summary of the conference discussions is reproduced below. (Omitted sections discuss globalization, terrorism, democratization, foreign influences, and religion. The full summary is available at http://www.odci.gov/nic/confreports_africa_future.html.) It is notable that the topic of population, which once would have figured heavily in such prognostications, nowhere appears in the conference deliberations. Yet the region's population growth is still rapid,and is plausibly a major driver of change. In the UN's medium projections, sub-Saharan Africa's population, estimated at 906 million in 2005, will more than double by 2050, its share of world population rising from 12 percent to 19 percent. In the 15-year time frame of the NIC it will likely grow by 200 million. Those numbers are of course tenuous, contingent on the expectations they embody about the timing of the region's transition to low death and birth rates (and specifically in their assessment of the future course of the AIDS epidemic),which in turn will be influenced by many of the factors that the NIC conferees considered. [source]

Charting the future course of rural health and remote health in Australia: Why we need theory

Lisa Bourke
Abstract Objective:,This paper argues that rural and remote health is in need of theoretical development. Design:,Based on the authors' discussions, reflections and critical analyses of literature, this paper proposes key reasons why rural and remote health warrants the development of theoretical frameworks. Results:,The paper cites five reasons why theory is needed: (i) theory provides an approach for how a topic is studied; (ii) theory articulates key assumptions in knowledge development; (iii) theory systematises knowledge, enabling it to be transferable; (iv) theory provides predictability; and (v) theory enables comprehensive understanding. Conclusion:,This paper concludes with a call for theoretical development in both rural and remote health to expand its knowledge and be more relevant to improving health care for rural Australians. [source]

Applying a ,stages of change' model to enhance a traditional evaluation of a research transfer course

Leslie L. Buckley MD MPH
Abstract The aim of this study was to utilize an evaluation tool based on Prochaska's model of change in order to assess behaviour change as part of an evaluation process for a research transfer training programme (RTTP). The RTTP was a training programme offered to scientists in a psychiatry department and research institute to gain skills in research transfer. In addition to a traditional course evaluation framework evaluating overall satisfaction with the course and whether or not learning objectives were met, an additional ,stages of change' evaluation tool designed to assess change along a continuum was utilized. This instrument measured change in participants' attitudes, intentions and actions with respect to research transfer practice and consisted of a 12-question survey completed by participants prior to taking the course and 3 months post-course. In two out of the three categories, attitudes and intention to practice, there was positive change from pre- to post-course (P < 0.05). Although there was a trend of increased RT-related action, this was less robust and did not reach significance. For the RTTP transfer course, a ,stages of change' model of evaluation provided an enhanced understanding by showing changes in participants that would otherwise have been overlooked if only changes in RT behaviour were measured. Additionally, evaluating along a change continuum specifically identifies areas for improvement in future courses. The instrument developed for this study could also be used as a pre-course, participant needs assessment to tailor a course to the change needs of participants. Finally, this ,stages of change' approach provides insight into where barriers to change may exist for research transfer action. [source]