Farnesyl Transferase Inhibitor (farnesyl + transferase_inhibitor)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Preparation of a Clinically Investigated Ras Farnesyl Transferase Inhibitor.

CHEMINFORM, Issue 34 2003
Peter E. Maligres
Abstract For Abstract see ChemInform Abstract in Full Text. [source]


A rapid and simple HPLC-UV method for the determination of inhibition characteristics of farnesyl transferase inhibitors

BIOMEDICAL CHROMATOGRAPHY, Issue 2 2006
Natalie M. G. M. Appels
Abstract Ras proteins play an important role in the development of cancer. Farnesyl transferase inhibitors (FTIs) block the first obligatory post-translational step for activation, prenylation, of Ras proteins. To find new potent FTIs, rapid enzyme activity assays are required to reduce FTI development time. Most assays to date are based on radioactive labelled substrates. We developed a new, in vitro, farnesyl transferase assay based on gradient chromatography coupled to UV detection. Unfarnesylated and farnesylated H-Ras proteins were resolved on a C18 wide-pore HPLC column and their concentrations were determined with use of a calibration curve of unfarnesylated H-Ras. The assay was used to investigate inhibition characteristics of FTIs. The IC50 values of the FTIs L778,123 and SCH66336 were 4.2 nm and 78 m, respectively. This assay could support the screening and development of FTIs to obtain rapid insights into their inhibitory properties. Copyright 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Statins suppress interleukin-6-induced monocyte chemo-attractant protein-1 by inhibiting Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription pathways in human vascular endothelial cells

BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY, Issue 6 2010
Michihisa Jougasaki
Background and purpose:, The mechanisms of anti-inflammatory actions of statins, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, remain unclear. We investigated the effects of statins on interleukin (IL)-6-induced monocyte chemo-attractant protein (MCP)-1 expression and monocyte chemotaxis. Experimental approach:, Cultures of human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were stimulated with IL-6 in the absence and presence of statins. Gene expression and protein secretion of MCP-1, phosphorylation of Janus kinase (JAK) and the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway, and human monocyte migration were examined. Key results:, IL-6 plus its soluble receptor sIL-6R (IL-6/sIL-6R) promoted THP-1 monocyte migration, and increased gene expression and protein secretion of MCP-1, more than IL-6 alone or sIL-6R alone. Various statins inhibited IL-6/sIL-6R-promoted monocyte migration and MCP-1 expression in HAECs. Co-incubation of mevalonate and geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate, but not farnesyl pyrophosphate, reversed the inhibitory effects of statins on MCP-1 expression. Geranylgeranyl transferase inhibitor, but not farnesyl transferase inhibitor, suppressed IL-6/sIL-6R-stimulated MCP-1 expression. IL-6/sIL-6R rapidly phosphorylated JAK1, JAK2, TYK2, STAT1 and STAT3, which were inhibited by statins. Transfection of STAT3 small interfering RNA (siRNA), but not STAT1 siRNA, attenuated the ability of IL-6/sIL-6R to enhance THP-1 monocyte migration. In addition, statins blocked IL-6/sIL-6R-induced translocation of STAT3 to the nucleus. Conclusions and implications:, Statins suppressed IL-6/sIL-6R-induced monocyte chemotaxis and MCP-1 expression in HAECs by inhibiting JAK/STAT signalling cascades, explaining why statins have anti-inflammatory properties beyond cholesterol reduction. [source]


A rapid and simple HPLC-UV method for the determination of inhibition characteristics of farnesyl transferase inhibitors

BIOMEDICAL CHROMATOGRAPHY, Issue 2 2006
Natalie M. G. M. Appels
Abstract Ras proteins play an important role in the development of cancer. Farnesyl transferase inhibitors (FTIs) block the first obligatory post-translational step for activation, prenylation, of Ras proteins. To find new potent FTIs, rapid enzyme activity assays are required to reduce FTI development time. Most assays to date are based on radioactive labelled substrates. We developed a new, in vitro, farnesyl transferase assay based on gradient chromatography coupled to UV detection. Unfarnesylated and farnesylated H-Ras proteins were resolved on a C18 wide-pore HPLC column and their concentrations were determined with use of a calibration curve of unfarnesylated H-Ras. The assay was used to investigate inhibition characteristics of FTIs. The IC50 values of the FTIs L778,123 and SCH66336 were 4.2 nm and 78 m, respectively. This assay could support the screening and development of FTIs to obtain rapid insights into their inhibitory properties. Copyright 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]