Fars Province (Far + province)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts


M. R. Kamali
At the Kuh-e Mond anticline (Fars Province, SW Iran) and in nearby offshore structures, large volumes of natural gas are reservoired in the Permian , Early Triassic Dehram Group while heavy oil has been discovered in the Cretaceous Sarvak and Eocene Jahrum Formations. In this paper, we use data from six exploration wells and from nearby surface exposures to reconstruct the burial history at Kuh-e Mond. Regional observations show that the thick sedimentary fill in this part of the Zagros Basin was subjected to intense tectonism during the Zagros Orogeny, with a paroxysmal phase during the late Miocene and Pliocene. Thermal modelling and geochemical data from Kuh-e Mond and adjacent fields allows possible hydrocarbon generation and migration mechanisms to be identified. Maturities predicted using Lopatin's TTI model are in accordance with maturities obtained from vitrinite reflectance measurements. We show that formations which have source potential in the nearby Dezful Embayment (including the Pabdeh, Gurpi, Gadvan and Kazhdumi Formations) have not reached the oil window in the Mond wells. Moreover, their organic carbon content is very low as they were deposited in oxic, shallow-water settings. Underlying units (including the Ordovician and Cambrian) could have reached the gas window but contain little organic matter. Silurian shales (Sarchahan Formation), which generate gas at Kuh-e Gahkum and Kuh-e Faraghan (north of Bandar Abbas) and in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in the Middle East, are absent from the Mond structure. The absence of source rocks suggests that the gas and heavy oil accumulations at Kuh-e Mond and at nearby fields have most probably undergone long-distance lateral migration from distant source kitchens. [source]

Characterization of A New Almond Witches' Broom Phytoplasma in Iran

M. Salehi
Abstract Almond witches' broom (AlmWB) is a destructive disease in several provinces in Iran. Association of phytoplasma with the disease has been established previously. In the present work two phytoplasmas from Khafr (KAlmWB) and Neyriz (NAlmWB) in the Fars Province were compared by biological and molecular analysis. Both infected bitter almond, wild almond, peach and nectarine but not apple and pear, by grafting. In bitter almond the symptoms induced by KAlmWB consisted of severe proliferation, internode shortening and leaf size reduction. In contrast, NAlmWB caused leaf necrosis, dieback and death. KAlmWB was transmitted to periwinkle and eggplant and from experimentally infected periwinkle to almond by dodder. It was also transmitted from eggplant to eggplant, ornamental eggplant and tomato by grafting. Under similar test conditions, NAlmWB was not transmitted to herbaceous plants by dodder. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S,23S rDNA spacer region (SR) sequences placed both strains in the pigeon pea witches' broom (PPWB) group. However, based on phylogenetic and putative restriction site analyses and sequence homology, NAlmWB was identical with the Lebanese AlmWB phytoplasma, while KAlmWB was closer to the Knautia arvensis phyllody (KAP) agent. Clustering of KAlmWB with KAP was confirmed by analysis of full length 16S rDNA sequence. On the basis of host range, dodder transmission, host range, symptomatology and molecular analyses of 16S rDNA and SR, two different phytoplasmas related to PPWB group were associated with AlmWB disease in Iran. KAlmWB phytoplasma is being reported as a new phytoplasma of AlmWB disease. [source]

New species and additional records of Paederinae and Aleocharinae from Iran (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae)

Volker Assing
Abstract Four species of Staphylinidae are (re-)described and illustrated: Lathrobium impressifrons Eppelsheim, 1884, sp. propr. (previously regarded as a subspecies of L. laevipenne Heer, 1839) and L. serriae sp. n. (Iran: Razavi Khorasan province) of the Paederinae, and Pronomaea procerula sp. n. (Iran: Fars and Boyer Ahmadi va Kohkiluyeh provinces) and Tetralaucopora bicolorata sp. n. (Iran: Fars province) of the Aleocharinae. Lathrobium szekessyi Coiffait, 1972, syn. n., is placed in the synonymy of L. roubali Koch, 1944. A lectotype is designated for Lathrobium impressifrons. Additional records of Paederinae and Aleocharinae primarily from Iran are reported, among them 13 first records from Iran and one from Georgia. The distributions of 8 species are mapped. ( 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

Fold evolution and drainage development in the Zagros mountains of Fars province, SE Iran

BASIN RESEARCH, Issue 1 2008
Lucy A. Ramsey
ABSTRACT A central question in structural geology is whether, and by what mechanism, active faults (and the folds often associated with them) grow in length as they accumulate displacement. An obstacle in our understanding of these processes is the lack of examples in which the lateral growth of active structures can be demonstrated definitively, as geomorphic indicators of lateral propagation are often difficult, or even impossible to distinguish from the effects of varying lithology or non-uniform displacement and slip histories. In this paper we examine, using the Zagros mountains of southern Iran as our example, the extent to which qualitative analysis of satellite imagery and digital topography can yield insight into the growth, lateral propagation, and interaction of individual fold segments in regions of active continental shortening. The Zagros fold-and-thrust belt contains spectacular whaleback anticlines that are well exposed in resistant Tertiary and Mesozoic limestone, are often >100 km in length, and which contain a large proportion of the global hydrocarbon reserves. In one example, Kuh-e Handun, where an anticline is mantled by soft Miocene sediments, direct evidence of lateral fold propagation is recorded in remnants of consequent drainage patterns on the fold flanks that do not correspond to the present-day topography. We suggest that in most other cases, the soft Miocene and Pliocene sediments that originally mantled the folds, and which would have recorded early stages in the growth histories, have been completely stripped away, thus removing any direct geomorphic evidence of lateral propagation. However, many of the long fold chains of the Zagros do appear to be formed from numerous segments that have coalesced. If our interpretations are correct, the merger of individual fold segments that have grown in length is a major control on the development of through-going drainage and sedimentation patterns in the Zagros, and may be an important process in other regions of crustal shortening as well. Abundant earthquakes in the Zagros show that large seismogenic thrust faults must be present at depth, but these faults rarely reach the Earth's surface, and their relationship to the surface folding is not well constrained. The individual fold segments that we identify are typically 20,40 km in length, which correlates well with the maximum length of the seismogenic basement faults suggested from the largest observed thrusting earthquakes. This correlation between the lengths of individual fold segments and the lengths of seismogenic faults at depth suggest that it is possible, at least in some cases, that there may be a direct relationship between folding and faulting in the Zagros, with individual fold segments underlain by discrete thrusts. [source]

Genetic structure of Mycosphaerella graminicola populations in Iran

M. Abrinbana
To provide insight into the genetic structure of Mycosphaerella graminicola populations in Iran, a total of 221 isolates were collected from naturally infected wheat fields of five major wheat-growing provinces and analysed using AFLP markers and mating-type loci. All populations showed intermediate to high genotypic diversity. In the Golestan and Ardabil populations two mating types were found at near-equal frequencies, whilst all populations were in gametic disequilibrium. Moreover, clonal haplotypes were identified in different sampling sites within a field in both the Khuzestan and Fars provinces, demonstrating that pycnidia are probably the primary source of inoculum. All five populations had low levels of gene diversity and had private bands. Low levels of gene flow and high genetic differentiation were observed among populations and different clustering methods revealed five genetically distinct groups in accordance with the sampling areas. The Golestan and East Azarbaijan populations were more genetically differentiated than the others. Random genetic drift, selection and geographic barriers may account for the differentiation of the populations. The results of this study indicate a population structure of M. graminicola in Iran contrasting to that of most other countries studied. [source]