Family Participation (family + participation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences


Selected Abstracts


Ineffective Family Participation in Professional Care: A Concept Analysis of a Proposed Nursing Diagnosis

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING TERMINOLOGIES AND CLASSIFICATION, Issue 1 2002
Aeran Lee MS
PURPOSE. To discuss the label, definition, defining characteristics, and related factors of a proposed nursing diagnosis, "ineffective family participation in professional care." DATA SOURCES. Published research articles, clinical handbooks, textbooks. DATA SYNTHESIS. Although a number of familyrelated nursing diagnoses exist, none really addresses the problems encountered if family members are unwilling or unable to participate in patient care. This is critical because the bulk of care occurs outside the hospital setting. CONCLUSIONS. A new nursing diagnosis, "Ineffective family participation in professional care" is needed. This diagnosis has been submitted to the Nursing Diagnosis Extension and Classification for consideration. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS. With this diagnosis nurses could encourage family participation in care more effectively by focusing on assessment and interventions. Participation familiale inefficace aux soins professionnels: Analyse conceptuelle d'un diagnostic infirmier proposé BUTS. Discuter du titre, de la définition, des caractéristiques et des facteurs favorisants d'un nouveau diagnostic infirmier: "participation familiale inefficace aux soins professionnels". SOURCES. Articles de recherche, extraits d'ouvrages cliniques. RÉSULTATS. Malgré la présence d'un certain nombre de diagnostics infirmiers centrés sur la famille, aucun d'entre eux ne désigne les problèmes posés par les familles qui ne souhaitent pas ou ne sont pas capables de participer aux soins du patient. Ce phénomène est important, compte tenu de la grande quantité de soins extrahospitaliers. CONCLUSIONS. II semble nécessaire de disposer d'un nouveau diagnostic infirmier "Participation familiale inefficace aux soins professionnels". Ce diagnostic a été soumis au Groupe d'Extension et de Classification des Diagnostics Infirmiers, afin qu'il soit étudié. IMPLICATIONS PRATIQUES. L'utilisation de ce diagnostic devrait permettre aux infirmières de focaliser l'évaluation et les interventions de soins, afin d'impliquer plus efficacement la famille dans les soins. Participação familiar ineficaz no cuidado profissional: Análise de conceito de um diagnóstico de enfermagem proposto OBJETIVO. Discutir o titulo, definição, características definidoras e fatores relacionados de um diagnóstico de enfermagem proposto, "participação familiar ineficaz no cuidado profissional". FONTES DE DADOS.Artigos de pesquisa publicados, manuais clínicos, livros-texto. ACHADOS.Embora exista um certo número de diagnósticos de enfermagem relacionados à família, nenhum deles trata realmente dos problemas encontrados quando membros da família não desejam ou não conseguem participar do cuidado do paciente. Isto é crítico, porque uma grande parte dos cuidados ocorre fora do ambiente hospitalar. CONCLUSãO.É necessário um novo diagnóstico de "Participação familiar eficaz no cuidado profissional". Este diagnóstico foi submetido à apreciação da Extensão e Classificação de Diagnósticos de Enfermagem. IMPLICAÇõES PARA A PRÁTICA.Com este diagnóstico, as enfermeiras podem encorajar a participação da família no cuidado de maneira mais efetiva, com enfoque em levantamento de dados e intervenções. Palavras para busca:Análise de conceito, diagnóstico de enfermagem, participação familiar Participación familiar ineficaz en cuidados profesionales: Análisis de concepto de este diagnóstico enfermero que se ha propuesto PROPÓSITO.Discutir la etiqueta, definición, características definitorias y factores relacionados del diagnóstico propuesto "participation familiar ineficaz en cuidados profesionales." FUENTES DE DATOS.Artículos de investigación publicados, manuales clínicos, libros de texto. RESULTADOS.Aunque existen varios diagnóstics enfermeros relacionados con la familia, ninguno realmente enfoca los problemas encontrados, si las familias no quieren o no pueden participar en el cuidado del paciente. Esto es crítico, porque la mayor parte de los cuidados tienen lugarfuera del entorno del hospital. CONCLUSIONES.Se necesita un nuevo diagnóstico de enfermería "participación familiar ineficaz en cuidados profesionales". Este diagnóstico ha sido presentado a Nursing Diagnosis Extension and Classification para su consideración. IMPLICACIONES PARA LA PRÁCTICA.Con este diagnóstico, las enfermeras podrían animar la participación familiar en los cuidados más eficazmente, centrándose en la valoración y las intervenciones. Términos de búsqueda:Análisis de concepto, diagnóstico enfermero, participación familiar [source]


Preserving Family Bonds: Examining Parent Perspectives in the Light of Practice Standards for Out-of-Home Treatment

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHOPSYCHIATRY, Issue 4 2005
Adjoa D. Robinson PhD
Family participation is a core system of care value that is supported by previous research in medical, child welfare, and mental health settings. However, many parents with children receiving out-of-home mental health treatment experience restrictions on contact. This cross-sectional study examines the experiences of families (N = 102) regarding parent-child contact in relation to examples of national accreditation standards. Results of the national survey found that most respondents (79.4%) reported restrictions on contact, including limits based on behavioral contingencies (65.7%) and point and level systems (52.5%). [source]


Ineffective Family Participation in Professional Care: A Concept Analysis of a Proposed Nursing Diagnosis

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NURSING TERMINOLOGIES AND CLASSIFICATION, Issue 1 2002
Aeran Lee MS
PURPOSE. To discuss the label, definition, defining characteristics, and related factors of a proposed nursing diagnosis, "ineffective family participation in professional care." DATA SOURCES. Published research articles, clinical handbooks, textbooks. DATA SYNTHESIS. Although a number of familyrelated nursing diagnoses exist, none really addresses the problems encountered if family members are unwilling or unable to participate in patient care. This is critical because the bulk of care occurs outside the hospital setting. CONCLUSIONS. A new nursing diagnosis, "Ineffective family participation in professional care" is needed. This diagnosis has been submitted to the Nursing Diagnosis Extension and Classification for consideration. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS. With this diagnosis nurses could encourage family participation in care more effectively by focusing on assessment and interventions. Participation familiale inefficace aux soins professionnels: Analyse conceptuelle d'un diagnostic infirmier proposé BUTS. Discuter du titre, de la définition, des caractéristiques et des facteurs favorisants d'un nouveau diagnostic infirmier: "participation familiale inefficace aux soins professionnels". SOURCES. Articles de recherche, extraits d'ouvrages cliniques. RÉSULTATS. Malgré la présence d'un certain nombre de diagnostics infirmiers centrés sur la famille, aucun d'entre eux ne désigne les problèmes posés par les familles qui ne souhaitent pas ou ne sont pas capables de participer aux soins du patient. Ce phénomène est important, compte tenu de la grande quantité de soins extrahospitaliers. CONCLUSIONS. II semble nécessaire de disposer d'un nouveau diagnostic infirmier "Participation familiale inefficace aux soins professionnels". Ce diagnostic a été soumis au Groupe d'Extension et de Classification des Diagnostics Infirmiers, afin qu'il soit étudié. IMPLICATIONS PRATIQUES. L'utilisation de ce diagnostic devrait permettre aux infirmières de focaliser l'évaluation et les interventions de soins, afin d'impliquer plus efficacement la famille dans les soins. Participação familiar ineficaz no cuidado profissional: Análise de conceito de um diagnóstico de enfermagem proposto OBJETIVO. Discutir o titulo, definição, características definidoras e fatores relacionados de um diagnóstico de enfermagem proposto, "participação familiar ineficaz no cuidado profissional". FONTES DE DADOS.Artigos de pesquisa publicados, manuais clínicos, livros-texto. ACHADOS.Embora exista um certo número de diagnósticos de enfermagem relacionados à família, nenhum deles trata realmente dos problemas encontrados quando membros da família não desejam ou não conseguem participar do cuidado do paciente. Isto é crítico, porque uma grande parte dos cuidados ocorre fora do ambiente hospitalar. CONCLUSãO.É necessário um novo diagnóstico de "Participação familiar eficaz no cuidado profissional". Este diagnóstico foi submetido à apreciação da Extensão e Classificação de Diagnósticos de Enfermagem. IMPLICAÇõES PARA A PRÁTICA.Com este diagnóstico, as enfermeiras podem encorajar a participação da família no cuidado de maneira mais efetiva, com enfoque em levantamento de dados e intervenções. Palavras para busca:Análise de conceito, diagnóstico de enfermagem, participação familiar Participación familiar ineficaz en cuidados profesionales: Análisis de concepto de este diagnóstico enfermero que se ha propuesto PROPÓSITO.Discutir la etiqueta, definición, características definitorias y factores relacionados del diagnóstico propuesto "participation familiar ineficaz en cuidados profesionales." FUENTES DE DATOS.Artículos de investigación publicados, manuales clínicos, libros de texto. RESULTADOS.Aunque existen varios diagnóstics enfermeros relacionados con la familia, ninguno realmente enfoca los problemas encontrados, si las familias no quieren o no pueden participar en el cuidado del paciente. Esto es crítico, porque la mayor parte de los cuidados tienen lugarfuera del entorno del hospital. CONCLUSIONES.Se necesita un nuevo diagnóstico de enfermería "participación familiar ineficaz en cuidados profesionales". Este diagnóstico ha sido presentado a Nursing Diagnosis Extension and Classification para su consideración. IMPLICACIONES PARA LA PRÁCTICA.Con este diagnóstico, las enfermeras podrían animar la participación familiar en los cuidados más eficazmente, centrándose en la valoración y las intervenciones. Términos de búsqueda:Análisis de concepto, diagnóstico enfermero, participación familiar [source]


Metasynthesis: withdrawing life-sustaining treatments: the experience of family decision-makers

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, Issue 2 2009
Mary Ann Meeker
Aim., The present study was undertaken to synthesise findings from qualitative investigations of family participation in decisions to withdraw and/or withhold life-sustaining treatment from a seriously ill family member. Background., As a consequence of increasing effectiveness and sophistication of available medical interventions, death is commonly preceded by a decision to withdraw or withhold potentially life-sustaining treatments. These decisions take place in a bioethical context characterised by the preeminence of self-determination, but patients are typically too ill to make their own decisions. Thus, family members are called upon to participate in these morally consequential decisions on the patient's behalf. Design., Metasynthesis Method., Metasynthesis is a form of inquiry that provides for integration of qualitative studies' findings to strengthen knowledge for practice and advance theoretical development. This metasynthesis was conducted using the constant comparative methods of grounded theory. Results., Family members engage in a process of participation in decision-making that is comprised of three major categories: reframing reality, relating and integrating. Surrogates used both cues and information as they reframed their understanding of the patient's status. Relationships with providers and with other family members powerfully influenced the decision-making process. Integrating was characterised by reconciling and going forward. This part of the process has both intrapersonal and interpersonal aspects and describes how family decision-makers find meaning in their experience and move forward in their lives. Conclusions., This synthesis provides a more comprehensive and empirically supported understanding of family members' experiences as they participate in treatment decisions for dying family members. Relevance to clinical practice., This metasynthesis provides evidence to improve family care during treatment withdrawal/withholding decision-making and a theoretical model that can be used to guide creation of clinical practice guidelines. Through increased understanding of family members' experiences, clinicians can more effectively support family decision-making processes. [source]


Editorial: Patient experiences, family participation and professional roles

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, Issue 2 2008
Debra Jackson
[source]


Implementation of a patient-friendly medication schedule to improve patient safety within a healthcare system

JOURNAL OF HEALTHCARE RISK MANAGEMENT, Issue 4 2010
Jodi E. Fredericks PharmD
Preventable adverse drug events have a direct impact on the well-being of patients. The creation and implementation of a patient-friendly daily medication schedule improved the way care is delivered at Memorial Healthcare System. The staff collaborated with patients and families and empowered them with the knowledge and tools needed to make their healthcare safer. Patient and family participation, a critical component of patient- and family-centered care, is a vital part of making healthcare safer. This tool enhances communication with patients and family members and enables patients to better understand the medications they receive while hospitalized. An additional welcomed byproduct is the prevention of potential medication errors. [source]


Psychosocial Factors Affecting Adults With Intellectual Disabilities With Psychiatric Disorders in Cali, Colombia

JOURNAL OF POLICY AND PRACTICE IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, Issue 3 2009
Miguel Ángel Verdugo
Abstract Increases in life expectancy have heightened concerns for people with intellectual disability (ID) who are growing old and who have be designated as "dually diagnosed",that is, who have, apart from their ID, a psychiatric disorder, and who because of this conjoint condition, are subjected to social exclusion due to three factors: old age, cognitive limitation, and mental illness. The objective of this study was to describe the psychosocial factors associated with the comorbidity between ID and psychiatric disorder of adults in the city of Cali, Colombia. Subjects were 50 dyads consisting of a carer and a person with ID. The Caregivers Questionnaire and the Integral Quality of Life Scale were adapted for use in the study. The analysis of information was based on three factors: person, family, and society. In the case of the personal factor, an adequate level of physical well-being and a good level of self-care were found in more than 60% of the adults with dual diagnosis, good adherence to treatment in 82%, and medium satisfaction in the individual-context relationship in 54%. With regard to the family factor, a high level of satisfaction of needs (84%) was found. Good family functioning was observed in 86%, while family participation in rehabilitation was reported to be between moderate and deficient in 60% of the cases. With respect to the social factor, cases of support between moderate and deficient were found in 68%, and a regular inclusion was observed in 48%. The authors conclude that the family functioning aspect appeared as the major protective factor, while the inclusion and social support were shown as the main risk factors. [source]


The Role of the Nurse on a Transdisciplinary Early Intervention Assessment Team

PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING, Issue 4 2002
Mary Beth Stepans Ph.D.
Assessing young children with disabilities is a complex process requiring the expertise of a team of professionals from several disciplines. Team members often include the child's family members, early childhood special educators, clinical psychologists, speech-language pathologists, social workers, physical and occupational therapists, pediatricians, and nurses. A team approach meets standards of best practice in early childhood intervention and encourages full family participation in the assessment process. This article explores the process of team building, role release through a transdisciplinary approach, and a nurse's role on a transdisciplinary assessment team. [source]


Home programmes in paediatric occupational therapy for children with cerebral palsy: Where to start?

AUSTRALIAN OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY JOURNAL, Issue 4 2006
Iona Novak
Aim:, Home programmes are used extensively for children with cerebral palsy. Even though there is consensus about the importance of home programme intervention, there is little evidence of efficacy and scant information regarding programme characteristics that might affect family participation. Instead, research to date has focussed on parental compliance with prescribed programmes and parent,child interactions. Methods:, Based on reviewed literature, this article proposes a model to guide development of home programmes for children with cerebral palsy. It is a starting point for therapists to consider the way in which they focus and structure their home programmes for children who have cerebral palsy. Results and Conclusions:, The paper identifies an urgent need to develop clinical guidelines for home programmes through rigorous formal processes and to evaluate the impact of occupational therapy home programmes. [source]


Occupational therapy and early intervention: a family-centred approach

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY INTERNATIONAL, Issue 4 2003
Margaret A. Edwards
Abstract The purpose of this study was to identify factors that encourage or inhibit family-centred practice in the occupational therapy intervention process. A qualitative paradigm using grounded theory methodology was utilized to gather and analyse data. Participants included six families and four occupational therapists. Data analysis from the family interviews identified six categories: education, communication, relationship, parental roles, follow through, and scheduling. With further analysis two central themes of time and support were extracted from these categories. Analysis of the occupational therapists' interviews revealed six categories: education, communication, relationship, sibling/family participation, follow through, and empowerment. The central themes emerging from these categories are time and natural routine. The themes obtained from the families and occupational therapists were then compared and family individuality was identified as the core concept. Viewing families as a unique entity is necessary to assist occupational therapists in providing the most effective family-centred occupational therapy. Copyright © 2003 Whurr Publishers Ltd. [source]