Family Oligosaccharides (family + oligosaccharide)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Family Oligosaccharides

  • raffinose family oligosaccharide

  • Selected Abstracts

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE: Application of soybean meal, soy protein concentrate and isolate differing in , -galactosides content to low- and high-fibre diets in growing turkeys

    Z. Zdu, czyk
    Summary The aim of this experiment was to investigate the physiological and growth response of young turkeys (up to 8 weeks of age) to dietary replacement of soybean meal (SBM) by soy protein concentrate (PC) or protein isolate (PI). This replacement resulted in a differentiated dietary concentration of , -galactosides of over 2.5% in the SBM diet, approximately 2% with a mixture SBM and PC, 1% with a PC diet and 0.1% with a PI diet. Each treatment was applied in two ways: with lower (3.5%) or higher (5.3%) dietary crude fibre content, made by supplementation with soybean hulls. The highest and lowest body weight of turkeys was recorded both after the first and second 4-week half of the study in the PC and PI-type diets respectively. A gradual withdrawal of , -galactosides from a diet was accompanied by a decline in ileal tissue mass, ileal viscosity and activity of endogenous maltase (the latter was found to be significant at 4 weeks of age). At the same time, two-way anova revealed that an elevated level of crude fibre (HF treatment) caused an increase in ileal tissue mass (p < 0.05 after 4 weeks of feeding) as well as a decrease in activity level of intestinal sucrase and maltase. The presence of raffinose family oligosaccharides in a diet, in contrast to dietary crude fibre level, significantly affected the caecal metabolism. The rate of bacterial production of short-chain fatty acids in the caeca was distinctly diminished by dietary withdrawal of , -galactosides. In conclusion, the soy protein concentrate, in contrast to the protein isolate preparation, exerted positive effects on the turkeys' growth and gastrointestinal tract physiology and should be considered as an effective SBM substitute. [source]

    Highly automated and fast determination of raffinose family oligosaccharides in Lupinus seeds using pressurized liquid extraction and high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection

    David Bansleben
    Abstract BACKGROUND: Taking into account several requirements for the determination of raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) from Lupinus seeds,e.g., conducting plant breeding projects or food product development,a reasonable combination of efficient automated sample preparation and reliable analysis need to be developed and validated. RESULTS: In this regard pressurized liquid extraction was applied to extract the RFOs from ground and defatted lupin flour. Compared to many other publications, no further pretreatment, such as protein precipitation, was necessary to obtain satisfactory results applying ion chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection. The oligosaccharide content for the examined Lupinus albus samples were in the range 5.19,9.25 g kg,1 and for Lupinus angustifolius RFOs 3.49,4.75 g kg,1. Stachyose has always been the main component followed by raffinose and verbascose. CONCLUSION: The developed sample preparation and analytical method is suited to quantify raffinose, stachyose, verbascose and the disaccharide sucrose and, owing to a high degree of automation for sample preparation and relatively short analysis times by pretty peak separation, particularly high sample numbers can be accomplished. Copyright 2008 Society of Chemical Industry [source]

    Soluble sugar content of white spruce (Picea glauca) seeds during and after germination

    Bruce Downie
    In white spruce (Picea glauca [Moench.] Voss.) seeds, the raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs) provide carbon reserves for the early stages of germination prior to radicle protrusion. Some seedlots contain seeds that are dormant, failing to complete germination under optimal conditions. Since dormancy may be imposed through a metabolic block in reserve mobilization, the goal of this project was to identify any impediment to RFO mobilization in dormant relative to nondormant seeds. Desiccated seeds contain primarily, and in order of abundance on a molar basis, sucrose and the first 3 members of the RFOs, raffinose, stachyose and verbascose. Upon radicle protrusion at 25C, the contents of RFOs decreased to low amounts in all seed parts, regardless of prior dormancy status and sucrose was metabolized to glucose and fructose, which increased in seed parts. During moist chilling at 4C, RFO content initially decreased before stabilizing and then increasing. In seeds that did not complete germination, the synthesis of RFOs at 4C favored verbascose, so that at the end of 14 (nondormant) or 35 (dormant) weeks, verbascose contents in megagametophytes exceeded the amount initially present in the desiccated seed. This was also true in the embryos of the dormant seedlot. In seed parts from both seedlots after months of moist chilling, stachyose amounts exceeded raffinose amounts. Upon radicle protrusion at 4C, RFO contents decreased to amounts most similar to those present in seeds that completed germination at 25C. Hence, the RFOs are utilized as a source of energy, regardless of the temperature at which white spruce seeds complete germination. Based on the similarity of sugar contents in seed parts between dormant and nondormant seeds that did not complete germination, differences in sugar metabolism are probably not the basis of dormancy in white spruce seeds. [source]

    Frost tolerance in excised leaves of the common bugle (Ajuga reptans L.) correlates positively with the concentrations of raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs)

    PLANT CELL & ENVIRONMENT, Issue 8 2009
    ABSTRACT Mass increases in raffinose family oligosaccharides (RFOs, ,1,6-galactosyl extensions of sucrose) are well documented in the generative tissues of many plants upon cold acclimation, and they (i.e. mainly the two shortest RFO members, raffinose and stachyose) have been suggested as frost stress protectants. Our focus here was on the longer RFO members as they commonly occur in the frost-hardy evergreen labiate Ajuga reptans in its natural habitat, and accumulate to their highest concentrations in winter when the plant is faced with sub-zero temperatures. We examined the effects of RFO concentration and chain length on frost tolerance using excised leaves which accumulate long-chain RFOs under both cold and warm conditions, thereby uncoupling the acclimation temperature from RFO production. We demonstrated that frost tolerance in excised A. reptans leaves correlates positively with long-chain RFO accumulation under both acclimation temperatures. After 24 d post-excision in the warm, the leaves had increased their RFO concentrations (mainly long-chain RFOs) 22-fold to 78 mg g,1 fresh weight, and decreased their EL50 values (temperature at which 50% leakage occurred) from ,10.5 to ,24.5 C, suggesting a protective role for these oligosaccharides in the natural frost tolerance of A. reptans. [source]