Family Medical History (family + medical_history)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Yield from colonoscopic screening in people with a strong family history of common colorectal cancer

Damian J Dowling
Abstract Background and Aims: People with a strong family history of common (so-called ,sporadic') colorectal cancer are generally advised to undergo colonoscopic screening, but the starting age for this is unclear. An audit was performed to study the age-related yield of screening colonoscopy in this risk group. Methods: A prospective audit of the outcome of screening colonoscopy was performed on a cohort of 232 people with a strong family history of common colorectal cancer. All were registrants in a familial bowel cancer service solely because of their family medical history. They had no bowel symptoms and no prior endoscopic investigation of the large bowel. Results: Neoplastic lesions were detected by using colonoscopy in 33 participants. In 27 participants, the major lesion was a small tubular adenoma, four had an advanced adenoma and two had cancer. More neoplastic (P = 0.02) and advanced neoplastic (P = 0.03) lesions were found in those patients aged , 50 years. Only one advanced adenoma was detected in a participant below the age of 50 years. Conclusion: The yield from screening colonoscopy in young people (< 50 years) with a strong family history of common colorectal cancer is low, placing doubt on the need for colonoscopic screening before the age of 50 years. [source]

Familial neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy,,

J. Popler MD
Abstract Background Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI) is a recently described children's interstitial lung disease (chILD) disorder of unknown etiology. It manifests clinically with tachypnea, retractions, hypoxemia, and crackles. The characteristic radiographic appearance consists of pulmonary hyperexpansion and ground-glass densities on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Lung histology shows hyperplasia of bombesin-immunopositive neuroendocrine cells within distal bronchioles and alveolar ducts without other identifiable lung pathology or developmental anomaly. Methods We describe four families with multiple siblings diagnosed with NEHI. Cases were identified at three pediatric centers. Inclusion criteria included clinical findings consistent with NEHI, lung biopsy confirmation in the index case, and a diagnostic HRCT or biopsy in other siblings. Results Each family had a proband diagnosed with NEHI based upon pathologic review, and at least one additional sibling diagnosed either by pathologic review or HRCT. All patients presented between 2 and 15 months of age. Both male and female children were affected. The majority of the patients underwent both HRCT and lung biopsy. There were no deaths among affected children. No environmental exposures or other potential etiologies were identified as a cause of presenting symptoms. Conclusions The familial occurrence of NEHI suggests the possibility of a genetic etiology for this disorder and highlights the importance of taking a complete family medical history for infants presenting with a suggestive clinical picture. Identification of familial NEHI patients allows for the opportunity to further our understanding of this disorder, its natural history, the phenotypic spectrum, and potential genetic causes. Pediatr. Pulmonol. 2010; 45:749,755. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Interactions of Valeriana officinalis L. and Passiflora incarnata L. in a patient treated with lorazepam

Marķa Consuelo Carrasco
Abstract There is an increasing interest in the health risks related to the use of herbal remedies. Although most consumers think that phytomedicines are safe and without side effects, interactions between complementary alternative and conventional medicines are being described. The aim of this clinical case report is to highlight the importance of the safe use of herbal remedies by providing a clinical interaction study between pharmaceutical medicines and herbal medicinal products. The case of a patient self-medicated with Valeriana officinalis L. and Passiflora incarnata L. while he was on lorazepam treatment is described. Handshaking, dizziness, throbbing and muscular fatigue were reported within the 32 h before clinical diagnosis. The analysis of family medical history ruled out essential tremor, Parkinson's disease, Wilson's disease and other symptom-related pathologies. His medical history revealed a generalized anxiety disorder and medicinal plant consumption but no neurological disorder. Appropriate physical examination was carried out. An additive or synergistic effect is suspected to have produced these symptoms. The active principles of Valerian and passionflower might increase the inhibitory activity of benzodiazepines binding to the GABA receptors, causing severe secondary effects. Due to the increase in herbal product self-medication, the use of herbal remedies should be registered while taking the personal clinical history. Multidisciplinary teams should be created to raise studies on medicinal plants with impact on medical praxis. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Association of normal nailfold end row loop numbers with a shorter duration of untreated disease in children with juvenile dermatomyositis

Rochella A. Ostrowski
Objective To determine the association of normal numbers of end row loops (ERLs) in nailfold capillaries at the time of diagnosis of juvenile dermatomyositis (DM) with clinical findings in untreated children with the disease and to identify predictors of the development of decreased numbers of ERLs. Methods Clinical and laboratory data from 80 untreated children with juvenile DM were collected. ERL numbers were recorded at the time of diagnosis and at 24 months and 36 months thereafter. The 12 children who had normal ERLs at diagnosis were compared with the remaining 68 children. Outcomes included the duration of untreated disease, the duration of treatment with immunosuppressive medications, family medical history, Disease Activity Score (DAS) for juvenile DM, creatinine phosphokinase level, aldolase level, absolute number of CD3,CD56+/16+ natural killer cells, and von Willebrand factor antigen level. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were performed. Results At diagnosis, children with normal ERLs had a shorter duration of untreated disease (P = 0.03) and a lower skin DAS (P = 0.045). Over time, an increased likelihood of having decreased numbers of ERLs was associated with a longer duration of untreated disease and with a higher skin DAS. Conclusion The presence of a normal number of ERLs in juvenile DM appears to be associated with a shorter duration of symptoms and may be a useful indicator of disease chronicity in the newly diagnosed child. Normal ERLs is also associated with a lower skin DAS. The lack of association between normal ERLs and other variables indicates that normal findings on nailfold capillaroscopy should not be used as justification to delay immunosuppressive therapy in children with typical symptoms of juvenile DM. [source]