Factor Kappa B Ligand (factor + kappa_b_ligand)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Factor Kappa B Ligand

  • nuclear factor kappa b ligand

  • Selected Abstracts

    MyD88 expression in the rat dental follicle: implications for osteoclastogenesis and tooth eruption

    Dawen Liu
    Liu D, Yao S, Wise GE. MyD88 expression in the rat dental follicle: implications for osteoclastogenesis and tooth eruption. Eur J Oral Sci 2010; 118: 333,341. 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation 2010 Eur J Oral Sci Myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) is a key adaptor molecule in the interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-18 toll-like receptor signaling pathways. Because MyD88 is present in dental follicle (DF) cells in vitro, the purpose of this study was to determine its chronological expression in vivo, as well as its possible role in osteoclastogenesis and tooth eruption. An oligo DNA microarray was used to determine expression of the Myd88 gene in vivo in the DFs from the first mandibular molars of postnatal rats from days 1 to 11. The results showed that MyD88 was expressed maximally on day 3. Using small interfering RNA (siRNA) to knock down MyD88 expression in the DF cells also reduced the expression of the nuclear factor-kappa B-1 (NFKB1) and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) genes. Interleukin-1, up-regulated the expression of NFKB1, MCP-1, and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), but knockdown of MyD88 nullified this IL-1, effect. Conditioned medium from DF cells with MyD88 knocked down had reduced chemotactic activity for mononuclear cells and reduced osteoclastogenesis, as opposed to controls. In conclusion, the maximal expression of MyD88 in the DF of postnatal day 3 rats may contribute to the major burst of osteoclastogenesis needed for eruption by up-regulating MCP-1 and RANKL expression. [source]

    The role of RANKL and MMP-9 in the bone resorption caused by ameloblastoma

    Yong Qian
    J Oral Pathol Med (2010) 39: 592,598 Background:, Ameloblastoma, a common odontogenic tumor located in jaws, generally leads to severe damage to patient's complexion and masticatory function. To expand in jaws, ameloblastoma must have a mechanism of resorbing the surrounding bone. Our objective was to explore the bone-resorption mechanism of ameloblastoma by observing the role of Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in the bone-resorption process. Methods:, In the study, the expression of RANKL and MMP-9 in ameloblastoma was detected using immunohistochemistry (IHC) and RT-PCR. Then, co-culture system of ameloblastoma cells and bone marrow cells from neonatal rabbit was erected to observe the potential of ameloblastoma cells to induce osteoclastogenesis. Finally, the induced osteoclasts were used for in vitro bone-resorption assay. In the co-culture system and the bone-resorption assay, the selective inhibitor of RANKL and MMP-9, osteoprotegerin (OPG) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) were, respectively, used for observing the role of RANKL and MMP-9. Results:, The expression of RANKL and MMP-9 in ameloblastoma was confirmed. Ameloblastoma cells were found to induce bone marrow cells from neonatal rabbit differentiate into osteoclasts with bone-resorption activity. In addition, OPG was found to, respectively, have markedly inhibitory effect on osteoclastogenesis (P < 0.01), and slightly inhibitory action on bone resorption (P < 0.05). Conclusions:, Ameloblastoma cells had the potential to induce osteoclastogenesis. Moreover, RANKL played an essential role in the in vitro osteoclast formation and bone resorption induced by ameloblastoma cells. [source]

    A possible CD1a Langerhans cell,mast cell interaction in chronic hyperplastic candidosis

    Ahmed Ali
    Aims:, T lymphocyte,antigen-presenting cell (APC) interaction plays a central role in T lymphocyte activation and APC maturation. We therefore studied the CD1a-positive Langerhans cells with respect to receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL)-positive cells in chronic hyperplastic candidosis (CHC). Materials and methods:, Tissue sections of CHC were compared with leukoplakia and healthy oral mucosa using RANKL and CD1a monoclonal antibodies in an avidin,biotin peroxidase complex protocol. Two different antigen-retrieval protocols, pepsin preincubation and Tris,EDTA heat treatment, were used. Results:, CD1a-positive Langerhans cells were in healthy and leukoplakia epithelium found in the middle layer, but in CHC in all layers of the epithelium, at the basement membrane and as mononuclear round cells in the lamina propria. Use of pepsin digestion enabled studies of mast cells and their activation in the form of degranulation of RANKL. Conclusions:, The numerical, morphological and topographical versatility of the CD1a-positive Langerhans cells in CHC can be clarified by dendritic cell (DC) recruitment into the epithelium. RANK-positive and RANKL-sensitive DCs have ample opportunity to interact with local T lymphocytes. Use of an optimized antigen-retrieval protocol enabled demonstration of an active engagement (degranulation) of mast cells, which represent a rapidly available source of soluble RANKL. [source]

    Expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand relates to inflammatory bone resorption, with or without occlusal trauma, in rats

    Y. Yoshinaga
    Background and Objective:, Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) is an important factor in osteoclast differentiation, activation and survival; however, its involvement in inflammatory bone resorption, with or without occlusal trauma, is unclear. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the distribution of RANKL-expressing cells in rat periodontium during lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation with or without occlusal trauma. Material and Methods:, Lipopolysaccharide was injected into rat gingiva of the lower left first molar to induce inflammation. In addition, the occlusal surface of the upper left first molar of rat was raised by placing a gold inlay to induce occlusal trauma in the lower left first molars. The distribution of RANKL-expressing cells was immunohistochemically observed. Results:, In the inflammatory model, many osteoclasts were observed at the apical inter-radicular septum on day 5 and they were reduced by day 10. On the other hand, in the inflammatory model with occlusal trauma, many osteoclasts were still observed on day 10. RANKL expression was similar to the changes in osteoclast number. The expression of RANKL increased in endothelial cells, inflammatory cells and periodontal ligament cells. Conclusion:, These findings clearly demonstrated that RANKL expression on endothelial cells, inflammatory cells and periodontal ligament cells is involved in inflammatory bone resorption and the expression is enhanced by traumatic occlusion. These results suggest that RANKL expression on these cells is closely involved in the increase of osteoclasts induced by occlusal trauma. [source]