FasL-induced Apoptosis (FasL-induce + apoptosi)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Lifeguard/neuronal membrane protein 35 regulates Fas ligand-mediated apoptosis in neurons via microdomain recruitment

Miriam Fernández
Abstract Fas ligand (FasL)-receptor system plays an essential role in regulating cell death in the developing nervous system, and it has been implicated in neurodegenerative and inflammatory responses in the CNS. Lifeguard (LFG) is a protein highly expressed in the hippocampus and the cerebellum, and it shows a particularly interesting regulation by being up-regulated during postnatal development and in the adult. We show that over-expression of LFG protected cortical neurons from FasL-induced apoptosis and decreased caspase-activation. Reduction of endogenous LFG expression by small interfering RNA sensitized cerebellar granular neurons to FasL-induced cell death and caspase-8 activation, and also increased sensitivity of cortical neurons. In differentiated cerebellar granular neurons, protection from FasL-induced cell death could be attributed exclusively to LFG and appears to be independent of FLICE inhibitor protein. Thus, LFG is an endogenous inhibitor of FasL-mediated neuronal death and it mediates the FasL resistance of CNS differentiated neurons. Finally, we also demonstrate that LFG is detected in lipid rafts microdomains, where it may interact with Fas receptor and regulate FasL-activated signaling pathways. [source]

Extracellular calreticulin is present in the joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and inhibits FasL (CD95L),mediated apoptosis of T cells

Joanna M. Tarr
Objective The binding of FasL (CD95L) to its receptor, Fas (CD95), induces apoptosis. Studies have shown that in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), T lymphocytes are resistant to FasL-induced apoptosis in vivo but are susceptible to FasL-induced apoptosis in vitro. Dysfunction in this mechanism may be an important contributor to the pathophysiology of RA. Thus, the present study was undertaken to determine which factors might inhibit FasL,Fas binding in vivo and those that would inhibit apoptosis of T lymphocytes in an in vitro model system. Methods Human Jurkat T cells rendered apoptotic by FasL exposure were analyzed by flow cytometry. Necrosis was determined according to measurement of lactate dehydrogenase release. Quantification of calreticulin in plasma and synovial fluid and of calreticulin,FasL binding was performed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Measurement of nitrite/nitrate in the plasma and synovial fluid was carried out by chemiluminescence assay. Results Extracellular calreticulin was present at a significantly higher concentration in the plasma (median 10.3 ng/ml, interquartile range [IQR] 14.8 ng/ml) and synovial fluid (median 10.3 ng/ml, IQR 12.0 ng/ml) of RA patients (each P < 0.05) compared with the plasma (median 3.1 ng/ml, IQR 1.3 ng/ml) and synovial fluid (median 2.9 ng/ml, IQR 0.9 ng/ml) of patients with psoriatic arthritis and the plasma of healthy control subjects (median 2.9 ng/ml, IQR 0.9 ng/ml). Calreticulin concentrations in the synovial fluid correlated with the tender and swollen joint counts and the activity scores on the 28-joint Disease Activity Score assessment. Calreticulin also bound directly to FasL. In vitro, calreticulin (2,16 ng/ml) inhibited FasL-induced apoptosis of Jurkat T cells. Conclusion Calreticulin was present at higher concentrations in the plasma and synovial fluid of RA patients. Calreticulin had the capacity to bind directly to FasL and to inhibit FasL-mediated apoptosis of Jurkat T cells, and thus might play a role in inhibiting apoptosis of inflammatory T cells in RA. [source]

Elevated serum decoy receptor 3 with enhanced T cell activation in systemic lupus erythematosus

C.-S. Lee
Summary Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3/TR6) is a decoy receptor for the Fas ligand (FasL) and can inhibit FasL-induced apoptosis. It has been reported recently that DcR3 can induce T cell activation via co-stimulation of T cells, suggesting that DcR3 may be involved in the pathophysiology of autoimmune diseases. This study aims to analyse the serum DcR3 in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to investigate the role of DcR3 in the pathogenesis of SLE. Significantly elevated serum DcR3 was observed in SLE patients, and the mean serum DcR3 level was significantly higher for those with active disease [SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) , 10] compared with that in patients with inactive disease (SLEDAI < 10). In addition to reducing activation-induced cell death in activated T cells via neutralization of the FasL, soluble DcR3,Fc enhanced T cell proliferation and increased interleukin-2 and interferon-, production via co-stimulation of T cells. Moreover, enhanced T cell reactivity to DcR3-induced co-stimulation was demonstrated in lymphocytes from patients with SLE, suggesting the elevated serum DcR3 may associate with enhanced T cell activation in vivo. These findings are the first to demonstrate that serum DcR3 concentrations are increased in SLE patients, and this may imply a possible role of DcR3 in the pathogenesis of SLE via enhanced T cell hyperreactivity and reduced apoptosis in activated T cells. [source]