Fas Antigen (fa + antigen)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Structure,activity relationship of the p55 TNF receptor death domain and its lymphoproliferation mutants

FEBS JOURNAL, Issue 5 2001
Gert De Wilde
Upon stimulation with tumor necrosis factor (TNF), the TNF receptor (TNFR55) mediates a multitude of effects both in normal and in tumor cells. Clustering of the intracellular domain of the receptor, the so-called death domain (DD), is responsible for both the initiation of cell killing and the activation of gene expression. To characterize this domain further, TNFR55 DD was expressed and purified as a thioredoxin fusion protein in Escherichia coli. Circular dichroism, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy were used to compare TNFR55 DD with DDs of the Fas antigen (Fas), the Fas-associating protein with DD (FADD) and p75 nerve growth factor receptor, for which the 3-dimensional structure are already known. The structural information derived from the measurements strongly suggests that TNFR55 DD adopts a similar fold in solution. This prompted a homology modeling of the TNFR DD 3-D structure using FADD as a template. In vivo studies revealed a difference between the two lymphoproliferation (lpr) mutations. Biophysical techniques were used to analyze the effect of changing Leu351 to Ala and Leu351 to Asn on the global structure and its impact on the overall stability of TNFR55 DD. The results obtained from these experiments in combination with the modeled structure offer an explanation for the in vivo observed difference. [source]

Role of 2B4-mediated signals in the pathogenesis of a murine hepatitis model independent of Fas and V,14 NKT cells

IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 1pt2 2009
Hiroshi Furukawa
Summary Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced hepatitis is a T-cell-mediated murine experimental model of autoimmune hepatitis. Mice lacking V,14 NKT cells were found to be less sensitive to this hepatitis and the MRL/Mp- Faslpr/lpr (MRL/lpr; i.e. Fas deficient) mice were also less sensitive. We report herein that MRL/Mp- Faslpr/lpr - Saprpl/, (MRL/lpr/rpl) mice lack V,14 NKT cells and are deficient in the Fas antigen but sensitive to Con A-induced hepatitis. The signaling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM)-associated protein (SAP) is an adaptor molecule containing a Src homology 2 (SH2) domain. We previously reported new mutant mice found among MRL/lpr mice and revealed that SAP deficiency led to the regression of autoimmune phenotypes in mutant MRL/lpr/rpl mice. It was also revealed that CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were effector cells and that blockade of 2B4, one of the SLAM family receptors, inhibited the induction of hepatitis in MRL/lpr/rpl mice. These data suggest that signals mediated by molecules other than SAP from 2B4 in T cells played important roles in the induction of hepatitis in MRL/lpr/rpl mice. [source]

Inhibition of Fas-mediated apoptotic cell death of murine T lymphocytes in a mouse model of immunosenescence in linkage to deterioration in cell membrane raft function

IMMUNOLOGY, Issue 1 2004
Toshihiro Yokoyama
Summary We previously developed a transgenic mouse line into which a rabbit protein kinase C, (PKC,) gene fused to a human CD2 promoter/enhancer was introduced, and we found that immunosenescence was facilitated in these transgenic mice. In this study, we found that along with age-dependent increase in the level of protein expression of PKC, and its translocation to the membrane, activated T cells became less sensitive to apoptosis-inducing anti-Fas antibody. The capacity of T cells to express Fas antigen on their surfaces in response to anti-CD3 and interleukin-2 was impaired in PKC,-transgenic mice of relatively advanced age, although background Fas expression levels on T cells from those mice were high. We then found that out of proportion to a high level of cell surface Fas expression the density of cholera toxin B (CTx)-binding raft elements decreased in PKC,-transgenic mice of relatively advanced age and to a lesser extent in normal mice of advanced age. Correspondingly, the expression level of raft-associating Lck was decreased in these mice. These findings suggest for the first time that immunosenescence of T cells involves a decrease in density of cell surface CTx-binding raft elements, which might underlie a deterioration in T-cell signal pathway for either cell death or cell activation. [source]

Immunohistochemical expression of CD95 (Fas), c-myc and epidermal growth factor receptor in hepatitis C virus infection, cirrhotic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma,

APMIS, Issue 6 2006
Gene product expression in normal and chronic hepatitis C virus infection was determined in an attempt to improve our understanding of the molecular events leading to the development of cirrhosis and liver carcinoma. Activation of CD95 (Fas) causes apoptosis of cells and liver failure in mice and has been associated with human liver disorders. c-myc is involved in cell proliferation and EGFR in regeneration of cells. The material of the current study included 50 cases of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) (and negative hepatitis B virus infection), 29 cases of liver cirrhosis and HCV (LC), and 19 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma and HCV (HCC) admitted to the Theodor Bilharz Research Institute (TBRI) during the years 2003,2004. Ten wedge liver biopsies , taken during laparoscopic cholecystectomy , were included in the study as normal controls. Laboratory investigations, including liver function tests, serological markers for viral hepatitis and serum alpha fetoprotein level (,-FP), were determined for all cases. Histopathological study and immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies for CD95, c-myc and EGFR were also done. In CHC cases, the histological activity index (HAI) revealed more expression of Fas antigen in liver tissues with active inflammation than in those without active inflammation (p<0.01). EGFR and c-myc act synergistically in liver tumorigenesis. Upregulation of Fas in chronic hepatitis C infection and of c-myc & EGFR in malignant transformation was concluded from this study. c-myc expression may obstruct the induction of apoptosis of HCC cells and lead to uncontrolled cell growth. [source]