Embryo Chorioallantoic Membrane (embryo + chorioallantoic_membrane)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Embryo Chorioallantoic Membrane

  • chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane

  • Selected Abstracts

    Inhibition of human vascular endothelial cells proliferation by terbinafine

    Pei-Yin Ho
    Abstract We have demonstrated previously that terbinafine (TB), an oral antifungal agent used in the treatment of superficial mycosis, suppresses proliferation of various cultured human cancer cells in vitro and in vivo by inhibiting DNA synthesis and activating apoptosis. In our study, we further demonstrated that TB at a range of concentrations (0,120 ,M) dose-dependently decreased cell number in cultured human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC). Terbinafine was not cytotoxic at a concentration of 120 ,M, indicating that it may have an inhibitory effect on the cell proliferation in HUVEC. The TB-induced inhibition of cell growth rate is reversible. [3H]thymidine incorporation revealed that TB reduced the [3H]thymidine incorporation into HUVEC during the S-phase of the cell-cycle. Western blot analysis demonstrated that the protein levels of cyclin A, but not cyclins B, D1, D3, E, CDK2 and CDK4, decreased after TB treatment. The TB-induced cell-cycle arrest in HUVEC occurred when the cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) activity was inhibited just as the protein level of p21 was increased and cyclin A was decreased. Pretreatment of HUVEC with a p21 specific antisense oligonucleotide reversed the TB-induced inhibition of [3H]thymidine incorporation. Taken together, these results suggest an involvement of the p21-associated signaling pathway in the TB-induced antiproliferation in HUVEC. Capillary-like tube formation and chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assays further demonstrated the anti-angiogenic effect of TB. These findings demonstrate for the first time that TB can inhibit the angiogenesis. 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Angiogenic activity of multiple myeloma endothelial cells in vivo in the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane assay is associated to a down-regulation in the expression of endogenous endostatin

    Domenica Mangieri
    Abstract We have attempted a fine characterization of the angiogenic response induced by multiple myeloma endothelial cells (MMEC) by using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay and by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results showed that in the CAM assay MMEC induced an angiogenic response comparable to that of a well-known angiogenic cytokine, namely fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), while RT-PCR demonstrated that the expression of endostatin mRNA detected in MM treated CAM was significantly lower respect to control CAM. These data suggest that angiogenic switch in MM may involve loss of an endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor, such as endostatin. [source]

    0.2 T magnetic field inhibits angiogenesis in chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane

    Marco Ruggiero
    Abstract Inhibition of angiogenesis is a major target in the fight against cancer and other diseases. Although the effects of static magnetic fields on cancer development and cell growth have been investigated, effects on angiogenesis have received no attention so far. In this study we report the effects on angiogenesis of exposure to 0.2 T static magnetic field. Angiogenesis was analyzed using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane assay. Exposure to 0.2 T static magnetic field was achieved by placing the eggs for 3 hr in the isocentre of the magnet of a sectorial magnetic resonance tomograph used in clinical practice. In sham exposed specimens treated with phosphate buffered saline (negative control), no significant vascular reaction was detectable; 3 hr exposure to 0.2 T static magnetic field did not affect the basal pattern of vascularization or chick embryo viability. Prostaglandin E1 and fetal calf serum elicited a strong angiogenic response in sham exposed eggs. This angiogenic response was significantly inhibited by 3 hr exposure to 0.2 T static magnetic field. These findings point to possible use of static magnetic field in inhibiting angiogenesis; this effect could be exploited for treatment of cancer and other diseases where excessive angiogenesis is involved. Bioelectromagnetics 25:390,396, 2004. 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]