Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Dermatitis

  • actinic dermatitis
  • acute dermatitis
  • adult atopic dermatitis
  • airborne contact dermatitis
  • allergic contact dermatitis
  • allergic dermatitis
  • atopic dermatitis
  • atopiform dermatitis
  • background atopic dermatitis
  • childhood atopic dermatitis
  • chronic actinic dermatitis
  • contact dermatitis
  • granulomatous dermatitis
  • hand dermatitis
  • interface dermatitis
  • irritant contact dermatitis
  • irritant dermatitis
  • lichenoid dermatitis
  • occupational allergic contact dermatitis
  • occupational dermatitis
  • periorbital dermatitis
  • photoallergic contact dermatitis
  • protein contact dermatitis
  • scoring atopic dermatitis
  • seborrheic dermatitis
  • severe atopic dermatitis
  • spongiotic dermatitis

  • Terms modified by Dermatitis

  • dermatitis clinic
  • dermatitis patient
  • dermatitis research group
  • dermatitis syndrome

  • Selected Abstracts


    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Dermatitis from common ivy (Hedera helix L. subsp. helix) in Europe: past, present, and future

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 4 2010
    Evy Paulsen
    Common ivy (Hedera helix subsp. helix) is a well-known native and ornamental plant in Europe. Reports on contact dermatitis from ivy have regularly appeared since 1899. Recently, it has been suggested that allergic contact dermatitis from the plant may be under-diagnosed, partly due to lack of commercial patch test allergens. The objective of the article is to present the results of aimed patch testing with the main common ivy allergen, falcarinol, during a 16-year period and review the newer literature. Consecutive patients tested with falcarinol 0.03% petrolatum from May 1993 to May 2009 were included. Cases published since 1987 were retrieved from the PubMed database. One hundred and twenty-seven Danish patients were tested with falcarinol and 10 (7.9%) tested positive. Seven were occupationally sensitized. Between 1994 and 2009, 28 new cases of contact dermatitis from ivy were reported, 2 of which were occupational. Only 11 of the 28 patients were tested with pure allergens. Falcarinol is not only widely distributed in the ivy family, but also in the closely related Apiaceae. Sensitization may occur in childhood or in adults pruning ivy plants or handling them in an occupational setting. In view of the ubiquity of falcarinol-containing plants and the relatively high prevalence of positive reactions in aimed patch testing, falcarinol should be the next plant allergen to be commercially available and included in the plant series worldwide. [source]

    The continuing rise of contact dermatitis, Part 2: The scientific journal

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 4 2009
    Derek R. Smith
    Background: Although citation analysis represents an increasingly common method for examining the performance of scientific journals, few longitudinal studies have been conducted in the specialist fields of dermatology. Objectives: The objective of this study was to provide the first comprehensive bibliometric analysis of Contact Dermatitis for the 30-year period between 1977 and 2006. Materials and Methods: Detailed historical data were extracted from the Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports« and systematically analysed. The most highly cited articles published in the journal were also identified and then examined for citation frequency and lag time. Results: Citation analysis showed that the impact factor of Contact Dermatitis has increased significantly over the past 30 years, experiencing a sixfold improvement between 1977 and 2006. Conclusions: Bibliometric trends as identified in the current study clearly demonstrate the ongoing rise of Contact Dermatitis, from early beginnings in the mid-1970s, into the leading scientific periodical we know today. [source]

    Statistics and impact factor for Contact Dermatitis 2005

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 3 2006
    T. MennÚ
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Moisturizer effect on Irritant Dermatitis: an overview

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 2 2006
    Miki Yokota
    Moisturizers are empirically used as prevention and treatment of surfactant and irritant dermatitis. Some products state they not only improve barrier function by providing moisturization but also create an environment optimal for healing. Yet, moisturizer clinical efficacy remains a topic of controversy. We reviewed publication from 1992 to 2006 that quantitatively examines moisturizer effectiveness, as an update of our prior overview, Zhai and Maibach in 1998 (2). We intuitively (in a testimonial sense) believe that moisturizers are sometimes effective for preventing and treating irritant dermatitis. However, moisturizer may not be broadly effective (8, 12) and may be relatively specific against certain acids, bases, hydrophilics, and lipophilics. We need to develop principles of what is formulated in moisturizers to improve efficacy; for this purpose, there is a need for experimental moisturizer models for comparative studies. [source]

    8th Congress of the European Society of Contact Dermatitis

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 5 2005
    16 September 200, Berlin, Germany
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Epoxy-based production of wind turbine rotor blades: occupational dermatoses

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 6 2004
    A. PontÚn
    Occupational dermatoses were investigated in a factory producing rotor blades for wind turbines by an epoxy-based process. In a blinded study design, 603 workers were first interviewed and thereafter clinically examined. Based on a history of work-related skin disease, clinical findings of dermatitis, or both, 325 (53.9%) of the workers were patch tested with a specially profiled occupational patch-test series and the European standard patch-test series. Calculated on all investigated workers, 17.1% of the workers were diagnosed with occupational dermatoses caused by work. Occupational allergic contact dermatitis was found in 10.9% of the workers. The estimated frequency of irritant contact dermatitis caused by work was 6.1%. Dermatitis on the hands was associated with contact allergy to epoxy resin (P = 0.017). The number of days on leave before the clinical examination was negatively associated with the presence of dermatitis (P = 0.001). Among workers employed 7,12 months, the frequency of occupational contact allergy was higher than that among workers employed for ,6 months (P = 0.004). Females both washed their hands more often (P < 0.001) and used more moisturizers/protection creams at work (P < 0.001) than males. No sex differences were found concerning dermatitis on the hands. [source]

    FS02.5 Nickel allergy and hand eczema , a twenty-year follow-up

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 3 2004
    Anna Josefson
    Aim:, To investigate the occurrence of hand eczema after 20 years in schoolgirls previously patch-tested to nickel. Methods:, In 1982,83, 960 schoolgirls, aged 8, 11 and 15 years, were investigated for the occurrence of nickel allergy (Larson-Stymne B and Widstr÷m L, Contact Dermatitis 1985:13:289,293). The girls were patch-tested and the prevalence of nickel allergy was 9%. Twenty years later, the same individuals have received a questionnaire regarding hand eczema and factors of importance for the development of hand eczema. After two reminders, the response rate was 81%. Results:, In total 17.5% of the girls reported hand eczema after the age of 15. The 1-year prevalence of hand eczema was 12.6%. Of the previously patch-tested schoolgirls who answered the questionnaire, 63 were sensitive to nickel. In this study, the prevalence of hand eczema among those 63 was 16%, compared to 17% in the non-sensitive group (NS). Excluding persons with atopic dermatitis, the prevalence of hand eczema was 12.5% in the nickel-sensitive group, and 10% among the others (NS). 32% of the persons who had had atopic dermatitis reported hand eczema after 15 years of age, compared to 10% of those with no history of atopic dermatitis (p < 0.001). Conclusion:, Contact allergy to nickel in early childhood (8,15 years) did not seem to increase the prevalence of hand eczema later in life. The prevalence of hand eczema was increased by a factor of three among those with a history of atopic dermatitis, which is in accordance with earlier reports. [source]

    FS13.2 Intervention on work-related skin problems among gut cleaners

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 3 2004
    Mari-Ann Flyvholm
    Work-related skin problems are frequent in the food processing industry. A randomised intervention study with a one-year follow up was carried out among gut cleaners in order to prevent work-related skin problems due to wet work. The effects of the intervention were primarily measured by telephone interviews using questionnaires based on a standardized questionnaire for work-related skin diseases and exposure (NOSQ-2002).* The intervention activities included an evidence-based prevention program and an evidence-based method for implementation. Six of the 18 participating departments were randomly assigned to the intervention group and the remaining 12 departments to the comparison group. A total of 644 employees responded in the baseline interview and 622 in the follow-up interview carried out a year later. The participation rates were 87,5% and 71,6% respectively. Among the 495 participants answering in both interviews the frequency of eczema on hands or forearms within the past 3 months was reduced significantly by more than 25% in the intervention departments. A minor increase was observed in the comparison departments. This study has shown that even in jobs without the possibility to reduce high exposure to wet work work-related skin problems can be reduced by proper preventive measures. *) Susitaival P, Flyvholm M-A, Meding B, Kanerva L, Lindberg M, Svensson ┼, Ëlafsson JH. Contact Dermatitis 2003;49:70,76. [source]

    P17 Allergic contact dermatitis from hydrolyzed wheat protein

    CONTACT DERMATITIS, Issue 3 2004
    Olivia Bordalo
    Allergic Contact Dermatitis (ACD) from hydrolysed wheat protein (HWP) is rarely reported in the literature. We describe 2 cases of ACD to this new allergen. Case1- A 39-year-old non atopic woman presented with a dermatitis of the face, mainly eyelids and neck. She had been using a new cosmetic cream for 2 months. The lesions subsided with topical corticosteroids. Patch tests with the standard, cosmetic, fragrance series and with her own products gave positive reactions only to the new cosmetic cream. We also tested all the components of this cream and only HWP gave a doubtful reaction with occlusive tests and positive reaction with ROAT. Case 2 , A 48-year-old atopic woman presented with a dermatitis of the face and hands for 1 month. She had been using a new cosmetic cream for 11 months and kept using the product without any suspicion. The dermatitis subsided with cetirizine and topical corticosteroids. Patch tests with the standard, cosmetic, fragrance series and her own products revealed positive reactions to the cosmetic cream. Again, testing all the components of the cream, only HWP gave doubtful reactions with occlusive tests and positive reactions with ROAT. Discussion:, In recent years, a number of protein hydrolysates have been introduced into cosmetic manufacture. HWP is being used in cosmetic creams for its moisturizing properties. As far as we know, there is only one previously reported case of ACD induced by this allergen. More cases may be expected. [source]

    Delayed Nicolau's Livedoid Dermatitis after Ultrasound-Guided Sclerotherapy

    The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters. [source]

    Triclosan: A Potential Allergen in Suture-Line Allergic Contact Dermatitis

    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Letter: Benzyl Alcohol Preserved Saline Used to Dilute Injectables Poses a Risk of Contact Dermatitis in Fragrance-Sensitive Patients

    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Lesson from performing SCORADs in children with atopic dermatitis: Subjective symptoms do not correlate well with disease extent or intensity

    K. L. E. Hon MBBS
    Background, Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a distressing disease associated with pruritus and sleep disturbance. It is not known how well these symptoms correlate with the extent and intensity of eczematous involvement. We evaluated whether: (i) the level of sleep loss correlates with pruritus and (ii) the level of pruritus correlates with the extent or severity of AD in children according to the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index. Method, Patients with AD younger than 18 years old were recruited from the pediatric dermatology clinic of a university teaching hospital, and AD severity was evaluated by the SCORAD index. Results, One hundred and eighty-two Chinese children with AD (107 boys and 75 girls) [mean (SD) age of 9.6 (4.2) years] were recruited. Their mean (SD) overall SCORAD was 30.1 (19.2). Sleep loss was strongly correlated with pruritus (r = 0.57, P < 0.001). However, the two subjective symptoms were only weakly correlated with the objective signs (extent and intensity) of AD. The correlations between pruritus and extent and intensity were 0.42 (P < 0.001) and 0.38 (P < 0.001), respectively, and the correlations between sleep loss and extent and intensity were 0.38 (P < 0.001) and 0.34 (P < 0.001), respectively. Conclusion, We speculate that the lack of a better correlation was either because pruritus and sleep loss as reported by parents were imprecise, or that mechanisms other than disease extent or severity are responsible for the pathogenesis of these subjective symptoms. [source]

    Pellagra: Dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea

    Juraj Hegyi
    Pellagra defines systemic disease as resulting from a marked cellular deficiency of niacin. It is characterized by 4 "D's": diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, and death. Diagnosis of pellagra is difficult in the absence of the skin lesions, and is often facilitated by the presence of characteristic ones. The dermatitis begins as an erythema. Acute pellagra resembles sunburn in its first stages, but tanning occurs more slowly than typically in sunburn. Exacerbation follows re-exposure to sunlight. In this work we review the findings of this once mysterious disorder, one that still challenges clinicians world-wide. [source]

    Treatment-Resistant Atopic Dermatitis

    Gilbert L. Wergowske MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Cashew Nut Dermatitis in a Returned Traveler

    Hafiz A. Maje
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Ulcerative Dermatitis, Thrombocytopenia, and Neutropenia in Neonatal Foals

    G.A. Perkins
    This report describes transient ulcerative dermatitis, severe thrombocytopenia, and mild neutropenia in 6 foals from 4 mares from geographically diverse regions of the United States. The foals presented at <4 days of age with oral and lingual ulcers, and crusting and erythema around the eyes, muzzle, and perineal, inguinal, axillary, trunk, and neck regions. There was a severe thrombocytopenia (0,30,000 platelets/,L), leukopenia (1,900-3,200 white blood cells/,L), and mild neutropenia (500-1,800 neutrophils/,L). Four of the 6 foals had petechiae and ecchymotic hemorrhages and 3 had bleeding tendencies. Results of examination of a bone marrow biopsy from 1 foal were normal and results of a platelet surface immunoglobulin test in another were negative. Histopathology of the skin in all foals showed subepidermal clefting with subjacent vascular dilation, dermal hemorrhage, and superficial papillary necrosis. The foals were treated supportively with broad-spectrum antibiotics (5/6), corticosteroids (3/6), gastric ulcer prophylaxis (6/6), whole-blood transfusion (4/6), and platelet-rich plasma (1/6). The skin lesions and thrombocytopenia (>50,000 platelets/,L) improved in 2 weeks (4/6). Two foals had a decline in their platelet counts when the steroids were decreased and needed protracted treatment. All foals survived and were healthy as yearlings. Two mares that had 2 affected foals each, upon subsequent pregnancies to different stallions, had healthy foals when an alternate source of colostrum was given. The findings in the cases in this report suggest a possible relationship between colostral antibodies or some other factor in the colostrum and the thrombocytopenia and skin lesions, although further investigation is warranted to confirm or refute this hypothesis. [source]

    Pacemaker Contact Dermatitis: The Effective Use of a Polytetrafluoroethylene Sheet

    A 52-year-old man with Down's syndrome was implanted with a DDDR pacemaker for advanced atrioventricular block. He was admitted with development of skin eczema and partial exposure of the generator 1 year after reimplantation. There was no evidence of infection on laboratory data. A skin patch test was positive for the metal of the generator (purity 99.9% titanium) after 72 hours. These findings indicated pacemaker contact dermatitis. After the patient was reimplanted with a pacemaker wrapped with a polytetrafluoroethylene sheet, there has been no recurrence of the contact dermatitis during a follow-up period of 3 years. [source]

    Serum concentration of macrophage-derived chemokine may be a useful inflammatory marker for assessing severity of atopic dermatitis in infants and young children

    Ting Fan Leung
    Chemokines are responsible for the trafficking of leukocytes to sites of inflammation. Serum chemokine levels were previously shown to be increased in adult patients with atopic dermatitis (AD). We tested whether serum concentrations of chemokines, including macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC), thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC), eotaxin (EOX), interferon gamma inducible protein 10 (IP-10) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), are useful inflammatory markers for assessing AD severity in infants and young children. To investigate this, we assessed the severity of AD clinically using the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index system. Serum chemokine concentrations were determined by sandwich enzyme immunoassay. Twenty AD patients with a median age of 2.1 years [interquartile range (IQR): 0.6,4.2] were recruited. Their SCORAD score was 23.5 (12.5,33.5). Serum concentrations of MDC, TARC, EOX, IP-10 and MCP-1 were 2551 (1978,3935), 1469 (1125,3070), 68 (57,85), 126 (101,226) and 518 (419,614) pg/ml, respectively. Serum MDC levels correlated with SCORAD (r =,0.608, p = 0.004) and its extent (r =,0.629, p = 0.003) and intensity (r =,0.557, p = 0.011) components. Serum TARC concentration showed weaker correlation with extent (r =,0.474, p = 0.035) and intensity (r =,0.465, p = 0.039) of skin involvement but not SCORAD. The median serum levels of MDC (3131 vs. 2394 pg/ml; p = 0.031) and EOX (80 vs. 61 pg/ml; p = 0.046) were also higher in children with moderate as compared with mild AD. The other chemokines did not correlate with AD severity. In conclusion, our results suggest that serum MDC concentration may be a useful inflammatory marker for assessing AD severity in infants and young children. [source]

    The Safety and Efficacy of Tacrolimus Ointment in Pediatric Patients with Atopic Dermatitis

    Alexandra D. McCollum M.D.
    It is a chronic disorder, characterized by intermittent flares and phases of remission. Treatment regimens often require multiple therapies. These can vary between patients, and in an individual patient, depending on the state of disease. The traditional treatment for AD flares is topical corticosteroids, which are fast acting and effective for relief of symptoms, but may cause adverse effects, including those resulting from systemic absorption, particularly in children. Topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs) are alternative treatments for AD. Tacrolimus ointment, a TCI, is approved for patients aged 2 years and older. Multiple studies have shown that tacrolimus is effective for short-term relief of symptoms in pediatric patients with AD. Long-term trials have demonstrated that the effectiveness of tacrolimus is maintained for up to 4 years in children. Additional studies have revealed that long-term intermittent use of tacrolimus as part of maintenance therapy can prevent AD flares. Tacrolimus has a low potential for systemic accumulation, and analysis of long-term studies indicates that it has a good safety profile. Treatment with tacrolimus, alone or in combination with topical corticosteroids for acute flares, may be a useful option for long-term management of AD in pediatric patients. [source]

    Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Chlorhexidine in a Very Young Child

    Yannick Le Corre M.D.
    We report the observation of allergic contact dermatitis to chlorhexidine in a 23-month-old boy. [source]

    Protein Losing Enteropathy in Severe Atopic Dermatitis in an Exclusively Breast-Fed Infant

    Protein losing enteropathy was confirmed by fecal ,1 -antitrypsin clearance test and imaged successfully by 99mTc-human serum albumin scintigraphy. The present case highlights that protein losing enteropathy in severe infantile atopic dermatitis is being a topic of concern and also an issue even in exclusive breast feeding patients. [source]

    Three Years of Italian Experience of an Educational Program for Parents of Young Children Affected by Atopic Dermatitis: Improving Knowledge Produces Lower Anxiety Levels in Parents of Children with Atopic Dermatitis

    Giampaolo Ricci M.D.
    As atopic dermatitis affects 10% of the pediatric population, pediatricians and dermatologists spend much time on the treatment of this disease, which requires a multidisciplinary approach. To improve the quality of life of children and families affected by atopic dermatitis we have offered an educational program to the parents of young children affected by the disease. The program consists of six meetings at weekly intervals involving a pediatric allergist, a dermatologist, and a psychologist. Our experience has been positive. This type of program may help to improve the quality of life of families with children affected by atopic dermatitis. Lower levels of anxiety were observed among parents at the end of the program. We believe that educational programs of this type, in association with conventional treatment, can be useful in the long term management of the disease. They may be considered to improve the quality of life of the family and children and to create more interaction and compliance between physicians, parents, and children. [source]

    The Socioeconomic Impact of Atopic Dermatitis in the United States: A Systematic Review

    Anthony J. Mancini M.D.
    A search was performed using OVID MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process and Other Non-Indexed Citations, EMBASE, the International Agency for Health Technology Assessment (INAHTA) database, and the Cochrane Library. All abstracts were reviewed for the following criteria: original cost data, studies performed in the United States, and English language. The search yielded 418 papers. Fifty-nine papers were reviewed in detail, and four studies were found that met the inclusion criteria. These cost-identification analyses estimated the cost of atopic dermatitis heterogeneously and could not be compared directly. National cost estimates ranged widely, from $364 million to $3.8 billion US dollars per year. The cost of atopic dermatitis is significant and will likely increase in proportion to increasing disease prevalence. Measurement of the cost of atopic dermatitis in the United States has been limited to direct cost-identification analyses, with few studies measuring the indirect cost of disease. [source]

    Effect of Desonide Hydrogel 0.05% on the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis in Pediatric Subjects with Moderate to Severe Atopic Dermatitis

    Lawrence F. Eichenfield M.D.
    A recent formulation advance has enabled the development of desonide 0.05% into a novel moisturizing aqueous gel (hydrogel) that is free of alcohol and surfactants. This multicenter, open-label study evaluated the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression potential, tolerability, and efficacy of this new Class VI topical steroid formulation in pediatric subjects with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (mean body surface area = 51%). Forty children, aged 6 months to 6 years were enrolled and treated twice daily for 4 weeks. Desonide hydrogel 0.05% was well tolerated and no treatment-related adverse events were reported. No suppression of adrenal function was observed in subjects who completed the study without protocol violations related to cosyntropin administration or cortisol testing (n = 34). Of the subjects who completed the study with complications in cortisol testing (n = 3), there was one subject (1/37 = 3%) who had a low poststimulation cortisol level at week 4. Efficacy was demonstrated by marked improvement in overall disease state and in the signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis. This study validates the systemic safety of a novel desonide hydrogel formulation in young pediatric patients and confirms the longstanding tolerability and efficacy profile of desonide. [source]

    Unnecessary Milk Elimination Diets in Children with Atopic Dermatitis

    J.L. Sinagra M.D.
    We investigated the percentage of children allergic to cow's milk compared with the rate of milk exclusion diets in a group of patients with atopic dermatitis. We enrolled 206 children (79 girls, 127 boys), mean age 45.8 (4,68) months, affected by atopic dermatitis into our study. All children underwent radioallergosorbent test for casein, alpha-lactalbumin and beta-lactoglobulin, prick test, atopy patch test, and oral provocation test. Children were followed up at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Of the 206 patients, 20 were excluded from statistical analysis, leaving 186. Forty-five (24.2%) were on a milk elimination diet and 141 on a normal diet. Four patients on the milk-free diet (8.9%), accounting for 2.2% of all patients, were found to be allergic. In the others, milk reintroduction did not cause the disease to worsen during the follow-up period. No children on a normal diet were found to be allergic. Our results demonstrated an actual prevalence of cow's milk allergy in patients on milk elimination diets (4%) to be significantly lower than the number of patients prescribed such diets (24.2%),confirming that this measure is being applied excessively. [source]

    Pigmentary Changes and Atopic Dermatitis in a Patient with Seckel Syndrome

    Amy Brackeen M.D.
    This syndrome has been described with associated disorders of orthopedic, neurologic, hematologic, cardiac, and ocular systems; however, only a few reports mention dermatologic involvement. We describe a 5-year-old girl with classic Seckel syndrome who presented with moderately severe atopic dermatitis and diffuse hypopigmented macules and papules. [source]

    Evaluation of Adrenal Suppression of a Lipid Enhanced, Topical Emollient Cream Formulation of Hydrocortisone Butyrate 0.1% in Treating Children with Atopic Dermatitis

    Lawrence Eichenfield M.D.
    In the pediatric population however, the potential impact of adrenal suppression is always an important safety concern. Twenty boys and girls, 5,12 years of age, with normal adrenal function and a history of atopic dermatitis were maximally treated three times daily with a lipid-rich, moisturizing formulation of hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1% for up to 4 weeks. At the conclusion of the 4-week treatment period, cosyntropin injection stimulation testing showed no evidence of adrenal suppression. In addition, the therapy was noted to be highly efficacious, with a clinical success rate of 80% (Physician Global Score of (0) clear or (1) almost clear). No local side effects associated with prolonged use of topical corticosteroids were reported. In summary, this study supports the contention that this lipid-rich, moisturizing formulation of hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1% was a well-tolerated and beneficial treatment for atopic dermatitis, demonstrating no adrenal suppression in the pediatric population aged 5,12 years. The relevance of these findings for children below 5 years of age, because of difference in body mass/surface area ratios, remains to be determined. [source]

    Low Systemic Absorption and Good Tolerability of Pimecrolimus, Administered as 1% Cream (Elidel«) in Infants with Atopic Dermatitis , A Multicenter, 3-Week, Open-Label Study

    Doris Staab M.D.
    Here we evaluate pimecrolimus blood concentrations and tolerability to pimecrolimus cream 1% in 22 infants below 2 years of age with atopic dermatitis (10,92% body surface area affected at baseline). Efficacy was assessed as a secondary objective. Pimecrolimus cream 1% was applied twice daily for 3 weeks. Blood concentrations were low, typically (96% of total 100 concentrations measured) below 2 ng/mL, the majority (71%) remaining below 0.5 ng/mL. The highest concentration observed was 2.26 ng/mL. At steady state, there was no indication of accumulation. Pimecrolimus was well tolerated locally and systemically, with no serious adverse events recorded. Most adverse events recorded (35 in 17/22 patients) were typical of the young pediatric population studied, of mild to moderate severity, and not considered to be study-medication related, with the exception of four local adverse effects limited to the site of cream application. No clinically relevant change was observed in physical examination, vital signs, or laboratory safety parameters. A rapid onset of therapeutic effect was observed within the first four days of treatment. Pimecrolimus cream 1% is well tolerated in infants 3 to 23 months of age treated for 3 weeks, and results in minimal systemic exposure. [source]