Crystal Form II (crystal + form_ii)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Structural studies of MIP synthase

Adam J. Stein
The conversion of glucose 6-phosphate to 1- l - myo -inositol 1-şphosphate (MIP) by 1- l - myo -inositol 1-phosphate synthase (MIP synthase) is the first committed and rate-limiting step in the de novo biosynthesis of inositol in all eukaryotes. The importance of inositol-containing molecules both as membrane components and as critical second messenger signal-transduction species make the function and regulation of this enzyme important for a host of biologically important cellular functions including proliferation, neurostimulation, secretion and contraction. MIP synthase has been overexpressed in Esherichia coli and purified to homogeneity by chromatographic methods. Two crystal forms of MIP synthase were obtained by the hanging-drop vapor-diffusion method. Native data sets for both crystal forms were collected in-house on a Rigaku R-AXIS IIC imaging-plate detector. Crystal form I belongs to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 153.0, b = 96.6, c = 122.6,┼, , = 126.4░, and diffracts to 2.5,┼ resolution. Crystal form II belongs to space group P21, with unit-cell parameters a = 94.5, b = 186.2, c = 86.5,┼, , = 110.5░, and diffracts to 2.9,┼ resolution. [source]

Crystal structure reveals two alternative conformations in the active site of ribonuclease Sa2

Three different strains of Streptomyces aureofaciens produce the homologous ribonucleases Sa, Sa2 and Sa3. The crystal structures of ribonuclease Sa (RNase Sa) and its complexes with mononucleotides have previously been reported at high resolution. Here, the structures of two crystal forms (I and II) of ribonuclease Sa2 (RNase Sa2) are presented at 1.8 and 1.5 ┼ resolution. The structures were determined by molecular replacement using the coordinates of RNase Sa as a search model and were refined to R factors of 17.5 and 15.0% and Rfree factors of 21.8 and 17.2%, respectively. The asymmetric unit of crystal form I contains three enzyme molecules, two of which have similar structures to those seen for ribonuclease Sa, with Tyr87 at the bottom of their active sites. In the third molecule, Tyr87 has moved substantially: the CA atom moves almost 5,┼ and the OH of the side chain moves 10,┼, inserting itself into the active site of a neighbouring molecule at a similar position to that observed for the nucleotide base in RNase Sa complexes. The asymmetric unit of crystal form II contains two Sa2 molecules, both of which are similar to the usual Sa structures. In one molecule, two main-chain conformations were modelled in the ,-helix. Finally, a brief comparison is made between the conformations of the Sa2 molecules and those of 34 independent molecules taken from 20 structures of ribonuclease Sa and two independent molecules taken from two structures of ribonuclease Sa3 in various crystal forms. [source]

Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic analysis of the bacterial capsule assembly-regulating tyrosine phosphatases Wzb of Escherichia coli and Cps4B of Streptococcus pneumoniae

Hexian Huang
Bacterial tyrosine kinases and their cognate phosphatases are key players in the regulation of capsule assembly and thus are important virulence determinants of these bacteria. Examples of the kinase/phosphatase pairing are found in Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli (Wzc and Wzb) and in Gram-positive bacteria such as Streptococcus pneumoniae (CpsCD and CpsB). Although Wzb and Cps4B are both predicted to dephosphorylate the C-terminal tyrosine cluster of their cognate tyrosine kinase, they appear on the basis of protein sequence to belong to quite different enzyme classes. Recombinant purified proteins Cps4B of S. pneumoniae TIGR4 and Wzb of E. coli K-30 have been crystallized. Wzb crystals belonged to space-group family P3x21 and diffracted to 2.7,┼ resolution. Crystal form I of Cps4B belonged to space-group family P4x212 and diffracted to 2.8,┼ resolution; crystal form II belonged to space group P212121 and diffracted to 1.9,┼ resolution. [source]

Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction study of a cell-wall invertase from Arabidopsis thaliana

Maureen Verhaest
Cell-wall invertase 1 (AtcwINV1), a plant protein from Arabidopsis thaliana which is involved in the breakdown of sucrose, has been crystallized in two different crystal forms. Crystal form I grows in space group P31 or P32, whereas crystal form II grows in space group C2221. Data sets were collected for crystal forms I and II to resolution limits of 2.40 and 2.15,┼, respectively. [source]