Comprehensive Theoretical Study (comprehensive + theoretical_study)

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Selected Abstracts

Comprehensive theoretical study towards the accurate proton affinity values of naturally occurring amino acids

T. C. Dinadayalane
Abstract Systematic quantum chemical studies of Hartree,Fock (HF) and second-order Møller,Plesset (MP2) methods, and B3LYP functional, with a range of basis sets were employed to evaluate proton affinity values of all naturally occurring amino acids. The B3LYP and MP2 in conjunction with 6-311+G(d,p) basis set provide the proton affinity values that are in very good agreement with the experimental results, with an average deviation of ,1 kcal/mol. The number and the relative strength of intramolecular hydrogen bonding play a key role in the proton affinities of amino acids. The computational exploration of the conformers reveals that the global minima conformations of the neutral and protonated amino acids are different in eight cases. The present study reveals that B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p) is a very good choice of technique to evaluate the proton affinities of amino acids and the compounds derived from them reliably and economically. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Quantum Chem, 2006 [source]

Theoretical studies on high-valent manganese porphyrins: Toward a deeper understanding of the energetics, electron distributions, and structural features of the reactive intermediates of enzymatic and synthetic manganese-catalyzed oxidative processes

Abhik Ghosh
We present here a relatively comprehensive theoretical study, based on nonlocal density functional theory calculations, of the energetics, electron distributions, and structural features of the low-lying electronic states of various high-valent intermediates of manganese porphyrins. Two classes of molecules have been examined: (a) compounds with the general formula [(P)MnX2]0 (P = porphyrin; X = F, Cl, PF6) and (b) high-valent manganese-oxo species. For [(P)Mn(PF6)2]0, the calculations reveal a number of nearly equienergetic quartet and sextet states as the lowest states, consistent with experimental results on a comparable species, [(TMP)Mn(ClO4)2]0 (TMP = tetramesitylporphyrin). In contrast, [(P)MnCl2]0 and [(P)MnF2]0 have a single well-defined S = 3/2 Mn(IV) ground state, again in agreement with experiment, with the three unpaired spins largely concentrated (>90%) on the manganese atom. Manganese(IV)-oxo porphyrins have an S = 3/2 ground state, with the three unpaired spins distributed approximately 2.3:0.7 between the manganese and oxygen atoms. The metal-to-oxygen spin delocalization, as measured by the oxygen spin population, for MnIV = O porphyrins is less than, but still qualitatively similar to, that in analogous iron(IV)-oxo intermediates, indicating that the MnIV = O bond is significantly weaker than the FeIV = O bond in an analogous molecule. Thus, the optimized metal,oxygen bond distances are 1.654 and 1.674 Å for (P)FeIV(O)(Py) and (P)MnIV(O)(Py), respectively (Py = pyridine). This is consistent with the experimental observation that MnIV = O stretching frequencies are over 10% lower than FeIV = O stretching frequencies for analogous compounds. For [(P)Mn(O)(PF6)]0, [(P)Mn(O)(Py)]+, and [(P)Mn(O)(F)]0, the ground states clearly correspond to a (dxy)2 Mn(V) configuration and the short Mn,O distances of 1.541, 1.546, and 1.561 Å for the three compounds, respectively, reflect the formal triple bond character of the Mn,O interaction. Interestingly, the corresponding Mn(IV)-oxo porphyrin cation radical states are calculated to be a few tenths of an electrovolt higher than the Mn(V) ground states, suggesting that the Mn(IV)-oxo porphyrin cation radicals are not likely to exist as ground-state species. [source]

A comprehensive theoretical study on the hydrolysis of carbonyl sulfide in the neutral water

Chao Deng
Abstract The detailed hydration mechanism of carbonyl sulfide (COS) in the presence of up to five water molecules has been investigated at the level of HF and MP2 with the basis set of 6-311++G(d, p). The nucleophilic addition of water molecule occurs in a concerted way across the CS bond of COS rather than across the CO bond. This preferential reaction mechanism could be rationalized in terms of Fukui functions for the both nucleophilic and electrophilic attacks. The activation barriers, ,H, for the rate-determining steps of one up to five-water hydrolyses of COS across the CS bond are 199.4, 144.4, 123.0, 115.5, and 107.9 kJ/mol in the gas phase, respectively. The most favorable hydrolysis path of COS involves a sort of eight-membered ring transition structure and other two water molecules near to the nonreactive oxygen atom but not involved in the proton transfer, suggesting that the hydrolysis of COS can be significantly mediated by the water molecule(s) and the cooperative effects of the water molecule(s) in the nonreactive region. The catalytic effect of water molecule(s) due to the alleviation of ring strain in the proton transfer process may result from the synergistic effects of rehybridization and charge reorganization from the precoordination complex to the rate-determining transition state structure induced by water molecule. The studies on the effect of temperature on the hydrolysis of COS show that the higher temperature is unfavorable for the hydrolysis of COS. PCM solvation models almost do not modify the calculated energy barriers in a significant way. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem, 2008 [source]

TDDFT investigation on nucleic acid bases: Comparison with experiments and standard approach

M.K. Shukla
Abstract A comprehensive theoretical study of electronic transitions of canonical nucleic acid bases, namely guanine, adenine, cytosine, uracil, and thymine, was performed. Ground state geometries were optimized at the MP2/6-311G(d,p) level. The nature of respective potential energy surfaces was determined using the harmonic vibrational frequency analysis. The MP2 optimized geometries were used to compute electronic vertical singlet transition energies at the time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) level using the B3LYP functional. The 6-311++G(d,p), 6-311(2+,2+)G(d,p), 6-311(3+,3+)G(df,pd), and 6-311(5+,5+)G(df,pd) basis sets were used for the transition energy calculations. Computed transition energies were found in good agreement with the corresponding experimental data. However, in higher transitions, the Rydberg contaminations were also obtained. The existence of ,,* type Rydberg transition was found near the lowest singlet ,,* state of all bases, which may be responsible for the ultrafast deactivation process in nucleic acid bases. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem 25: 768,778, 2004 [source]