Bumblebee Queens (bumblebee + queen)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Impact of artificial photoperiodism on the colony development of the bumblebee Bombus terrestris

Md Ruhul AMIN
Abstract This study investigated the effect of the photoperiodic regimes 0 h light : 24 h dark (LD 0:24), LD 8:16, LD 16:8 and LD 24:0 at 28C and 50% Relative Humidity (RH) on the colony development of hibernated (2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5 and 4.0 months) bumblebee queens. The queens which had hibernated for 3.0 months and which were reared in a LD 8:16 photoperiod showed the highest rate of colony initiation (88.2%), colony foundation (67.6%) and progeny queen production (38.2%). The photoperiod LD 8:16 also produced the shortest period of colony initiation and colony foundation. The highest number of sexual males (171.2 12.2) and queens (91.2 9.9) were produced in the colonies when 3.5 and 3.0 month hibernated queens were kept in an LD 8:16 photoperiod. The results show that light regime and hibernation duration affect colony characteristics of Bombus terrestris. [source]

Ecology of yeasts in plant,bumblebee mutualism in Central Europe

Michael Brysch-Herzberg
Abstract Yeast community involved in plant,bumblebee mutualism was investigated in three successive years. Yeasts were isolated from floral nectar, bumblebee queens after hibernation, bumblebee workers, and the honey provisions in nests. From the distribution of yeast species in the various microhabitats in the course of the year their ecology was assessed. Nectar of numerous plant species belonging to various plant families was analyzed in order to uncover possible impacts on the yeasts present in the nectar. Only ascomycetous yeasts were autochthonous members of the communities in the plant,bumblebee mutualism. Species in the Metschnikowia clade, the Starmarella clade, and the genera Debaryomyces and Zygosaccharomyces were associated with the mutualism. Some species appeared highly specialized, whereas others had a broader distribution. While physical and chemical properties of nectar had only limited influence on the abundance of nectar yeasts, the attractiveness of plants to the flower-visiting insects appears to have had a greater impact on the abundance and frequency of yeasts in the nectar of different plant species. [source]

Seasonal changes in pollinator activity influence pollen dispersal and seed production of the alpine shrub Rhododendron aureum (Ericaceae)

Abstract In alpine ecosystems, microscale variation in snowmelt timing often causes different flowering phenology of the same plant species and seasonal changes in pollinator activity. We compared the variations in insect visitation, pollen dispersal, mating patterns, and sexual reproduction of Rhododendron aureum early and late in the flowering season using five microsatellites. Insects visiting the flowers were rare early in the flowering season (mid-June), when major pollinators were bumblebee queens and flies. In contrast, frequent visitations by bumblebee workers were observed late in the season (late July). Two-generation analysis of pollen pool structure demonstrated that quality of pollen-mediated gene flow was more diverse late in the season in parallel with the high pollinator activity. The effective number of pollen donors per fruit (Nep) increased late in the season (Nep = 2.2,2.7 early, 3.4,4.4 late). However, both the outcrossing rate (tm) and seed-set ratio per fruit were smaller late in the season (tm = 0.89 and 0.71, seed-set ratio = 0.52 and 0.18, early and late in the season, respectively). In addition, biparental inbreeding occurred only late in the season. We conclude that R. aureum shows contrasting patterns of pollen movement and seed production between early and late season: in early season, seed production can be high but genetically less diverse and, during late season, be reduced, possibly due to higher inbreeding and inbreeding depression, but have greater genetic diversity. Thus, more pollinator activity does not always mean more pollen movement. [source]

Influence of clonal growth on selfing rate in Vaccinium myrtillus L.

PLANT BIOLOGY, Issue 5 2008
T. Albert
Abstract Clonal growth, which allows the multiplication of flowering shoots of the same genet, can lead to a large floral display and may thus increase the rate of selfing through geitonogamy as a consequence of an increase in the number of successively visited flowers. The aim of the present research was to analyse the combined effect of the diversity and intermingling of clones on the rate of selfing in Vaccinium myrtillus. Four mother plants were selected within patches characterised by contrasting clonal structure (low versus high number and intermingling of clones). The selfing rate was significantly lower for plants situated within patches characterised by a high number of intermingled clones (3%) than for plants situated in patches with a low number of clones (50%). Therefore, for this species suffering from inbreeding depression, an increase in the number or the intermingling of the clones could reduce the rate and the cost of geitonogamy and allow a large floral display to attract pollinators. We also found that the main pollinators, bumblebee queens, presented a foraging behaviour favouring geitonogamy, as their successive visits to flowers were quite short (89% of flights were 40 cm or less). [source]