Brown Obsessive (brown + obsessive)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Concurrent validity of the Yale,Brown Obsessive,Compulsive Scale,Symptom checklist,

Michael L. Sulkowski
Abstract Despite the frequent use of the Yale,Brown Obsessive,Compulsive Scale,Symptom Checklist (Y-BOCS-SC; Goodman et al., 1989a) and the Obsessive,Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R; Foa et al., 2002), there are limited data on the psychometric properties of the two instruments. In the present research, clinician ratings on the Y-BOCS-SC for 112 patients with obsessive,compulsive disorder (OCD) were compared to their self-report ratings on the OCI-R. In addition, Y-BOCS-SC and OCI-R scores were compared to measures of OCD symptom severity and self-report measures of anxiety (State,Trait Anxiety Inventory,Trait Subscale [STAI-T]; Spielberger, Gorusch, & Lushene, 1970) and depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II [BDI-II]; Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996). The six symptom scales of the OCI-R had good internal consistency reliabilities (,s). For the Y-BOCS-SC, three of five scales had good reliabilities (,s >.80), but ,s for symmetry/ordering and sexual/religious symptom scales were inadequate. Total scores for the two instruments were strongly correlated with their corresponding "checking" scales, but no individual symptoms scales were identified as indices of overall OCD symptom presence. Scales assessing washing/contamination, symmetry/ordering, and hoarding from the two OCD instruments correlated well, but lower correlations for the other scales suggested differences in symptom coverage by the two instruments. Most symptom scales from the Y-BOCS-SC and OCI-R had low correlations with the BDI-II and STAI-T, but the OCI-R obsessing scale was well correlated (r=.54) with the STAI-T. These findings reveal some of the strengths and weaknesses of these two OCD instruments, and the results provide guidance for selecting scales that are suitable for measuring OCD symptoms. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 64:1,14, 2008. [source]

Reduced gray matter volume of dorsal cingulate cortex in patients with obsessive,compulsive disorder: A voxel-based morphometric study

Ryohei Matsumoto MD
Aims:, Previous morphometric studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have revealed structural brain abnormalities in obsessive,compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the alterations in brain structure of patients with OCD using a voxel-based morphometry (VBM) method. Methods:, Sixteen patients with OCD free of comorbid major depression, and 32 sex- and age-matched healthy subjects underwent MRI using a 1.5-T MR scanner. OCD severity was assessed with the Yale,Brown Obsessive,Compulsive Scale (mean ± SD: 22 ± 7.6; range: 7,32). MR images were spatially normalized and segmented using the VBM5 package ( Statistical analysis was performed using statistical parametric mapping software. Results:, Significant reductions in regional gray matter volume were detected in the left caudal anterior cingulate cortex and right dorsal posterior cingulate cortex in the patients with OCD as compared to healthy controls (uncorrected, P < 0.001). No significant differences in white matter volumes were observed in any brain regions of the patients. No significant correlation between Yale,Brown Obsessive,Compulsive Scale score and regional gray matter or white matter volume was observed. Conclusions:, Regional gray matter alteration in the dorsal cingulate cortex, which is suggested to play a role in non-emotional cognitive processes, may be related to the pathophysiology in OCD. [source]

Clinical predictors of response to pharmacotherapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in obsessive,compulsive disorder

Abstract, The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical predictors of response to treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) in a sample of patients with obsessive,compulsive disorder (OCD). A total of 55 patients diagnosed as OCD according to revised 3rd edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria underwent a 12-week standardized SSRI treatment. According to ,treatment response', defined as at least a 35% drop in the Yale,Brown Obsessive,Compulsive Scale total score, OCD patients were divided into two groups. A total of 32 (58.2%) patients who responded to treatment and 23 (41.8%) who did not, were compared in terms of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. The authors' findings demonstrated that the severity of obsession,compulsions and disability in work, social and family lives at the beginning of treatment were significantly higher in OCD patients who did not respond to treatment in comparison to those who did. Linear regression analysis, however, revealed that Sheehan Disability Scale-work score at baseline was a predictor of response to SSRI treatment. The higher levels of disability at the beginning of treatment in patients with OCD are associated with a poorer response to SSRI. [source]

Obsessional beliefs, compulsive behaviours and symptom severity: their evolution and interrelation over stages of treatment

Sébastien Grenier
The current study reports a case series examining (1) the variation in strength of obsessional doubt and belief in consequences of the doubt; and (2) the interaction between these cognitive components and symptom measures of duration and severity of obsessive,compulsive disorder (OCD), over 24 weeks of cognitive behaviour therapy. Eight participants diagnosed with OCD, four with contamination-related rituals and four with checking behaviours, were selected on the basis of the Yale,Brown obsessive,compulsive scale (Y-BOCS) and Padua ratings. All participants completed daily diaries measuring strength of principal obsessional doubt (0,100), strength of belief in consequences of the doubt (0,100) and the duration of the compulsive rituals throughout the 24 weeks of therapy. Severity of symptomatology was measured pre- and post-treatment using the Y-BOCS. Change in all measures was analysed over time following the procedure outlined by Storchheim and O'Mahoney (2006). Results showed that decrease in belief in secondary consequences is always accompanied by a decrease in strength of obsessions, but the converse does not hold. Furthermore, change in OCD symptomatology may precede cognitive changes. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]