Breakdown Field (breakdown + field)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Microwave Breakdown Field in a Resonant Spherical Cavity

R. Tomala
Abstract In the present work, the microwave breakdown threshold in a gas-filled spherical resonator, is determined for the case when the cavity is excited in its lowest order mode, which implies that the microwave field strength depends on both radius and azimuthal angle. A semi-analytical approximation of the breakdown threshold is found using a direct variational approach. The variational predictions are compared with the results of full numerical calculations and demonstrate very good agreement [source]

Nitridation and reoxidation of high- k metal oxide thin films using argon excimer sources

J. J. Yu
Abstract We report for the first time the nitridation and reoxidation of metal oxide films with the active nitrogen and oxygen species produced by argon excimer sources. Preliminary results on 9 nm Ta2O5 films using this method exhibited excellent electrical properties with the leakage current density being up to 3 orders of magnitude lower than the as-deposited films. Breakdown fields were found to be greater than 13 MV/cm. Accumulation capacitance with the nitrided film increased by 25% compared with the as-deposited film. Optical transmittance was as high as 99% in the visible region and more than 74% in the UV region. The refractive index at 632.8 nm was high up to 2.2. The Ar excimer source emitted energetic VUV photons which could break nitrogen triple bonds to produce active nitrogen species and photodissociate O2 to form strong oxidant O3 and highly reactive O (1S) atoms, leading to the nitridation and reoxidation of Ta2O5 without the need for the use of H2O, NH3 and high temperature substrate heating. The nitridation process for a specific film thickness can be optimised by adjusting the VUV irradiation time to achieve increased accumulation capacitance and improved leakage property simultaneously. ( 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

Polarization effects and phase equilibria in high-energy-density polyvinylidene-fluoride-based polymers

V. Ranjan
Using first-principles calculations, the phase diagrams of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and its copolymers under an applied electric field are studied and phase transitions between their nonpolar , and polar , phases are discussed. The results show that the degree of copolymerization is a crucial parameter controlling the structural phase transition. In particular, for tetrafluoroethylene (TeFE) concentration above 12%, PVDF,TeFE is stabilized in the , phase, whereas the , phase is stable for lower concentrations. As larger electric fields are applied, domains with smaller concentrations ( 12%) undergo a transition from the , to the , phase until a breakdown field of ~600,MV,m,1 is reached. These structural phase transitions can be exploited for efficient storage of electrical energy. [source]

High Breakdown Field Dielectric Elastomer Actuators Using Encapsulated Polyaniline as High Dielectric Constant Filler

Martin Molberg
Abstract A novel method allowing rapid production of reliable composites with increased dielectric constant and high dielectric strength for dielectric elastomer actuators (DEA) is reported. The promising approach using composites of conductive particles and insulating polymers generally suffers from low breakdown fields when applied to DEA devices. The present publication shows how to overcome this deficiency by using conductive polyaniline (PANI) particles encapsulated into an insulating polymer shell prior to dispersion. PANI particles are encapsulated using miniemulsion polymerization (MP) of divinylbenzene (DVB). The encapsulation process is scaled up to approximately 20 g particles per batch. The resulting particles are used as high dielectric constant (,,) fillers. Composites in a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrix are prepared and the resulting films characterized by dielectric spectroscopy and tensile tests, and evaluated in electromechanical actuators. The composite films show a more than threefold increase in ,,, breakdown field strengths above 50 V ,m,1, and increased strain at break. These novel materials allow tuning the actuation strain or stress output and have potential as materials for energy harvesting. [source]