Breathing Exercises (breathing + exercise)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The effect of a pulmonary rehabilitation programme on older patients with chronic pulmonary disease

Kim Ae Kyung RN
Aim., The aim of this study was to answer the question: is there an effect on the respiratory capacity and activity tolerance of older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who participate in a pulmonary rehabilitation programme? Background., Pulmonary rehabilitation is now an integral part of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease management. Evidence supports the positive effects of breath training and exercising training on quality of life, exercise tolerance and improved physical condition of individual with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Limited empirical documentation exists to support the effectiveness of a nurse managed rehabilitation programme for older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The study was done to evaluate the effects of pulmonary rehabilitation provided by nurses on the pulmonary function, gas exchange and exercise tolerance in older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Design., A one group pre-test,post-test design was used to evaluate the effects of a pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Method., The sample consisted of 20 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who participated in a pulmonary rehabilitation programme including breathing exercises, upper-limb exercises and inspiratory muscle training. Results., The findings indicated improvement in exercise performance and a decrease in dyspnea after participation in the pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Relevance to clinical practice., The clinical nurse can make a significant impact on the illness trajectory and quality of life for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The nurse has a critical role in helping patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease learn to cope, adjust and adapt to life with a chronic illness. Active nurse involvement with a patient in a pulmonary rehabilitation programme can assist in the identification of factors that motivate the patient, help in establishing realistic out comes expectations and provide patient teaching opportunities. The nurse can assist the patient to develop skills of self-awareness regarding particular symptoms, self-monitoring and health status change identification. [source]

Progressive muscle relaxation, breathing exercises, and ABC relaxation theory

Mia Matsumoto
This study compared the psychological effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) and breathing exercises. Forty-two students were divided randomly into two groups and taught PMR or breathing exercises. Both groups practiced for five weeks and were given the Smith Relaxation States Inventory before and after each session. As hypothesized, PMR practitioners displayed greater increments in relaxation states (R-States) Physical Relaxation and Disengagement, while breathing practitioners displayed higher levels of R-State Strength and Awareness. Slight differences emerged at Weeks 1 and 2; major differences emerged at Weeks 4 and 5. A delayed and potentially reinforcing aftereffect emerged for PMR only after five weeks of training,increased levels of Mental Quiet and Joy. Clinical and theoretical implications are discussed. 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Clin Psychol 57: 1551,1557, 2001. [source]

The physiotherapy management of patients undergoing thoracic surgery: a survey of current practice in Australia and New Zealand

Julie Reeve
Abstract Background and Purpose.,Physiotherapy is considered an essential component of the management of patients after thoracotomy, yet the type of interventions utilized, and evidence for their efficacy, has not been established. The aim of the present study was to ascertain the current physiotherapy management of patients undergoing thoracotomy and the factors influencing practice among different providers.,Method.,A purpose-designed postal questionnaire was distributed to senior physiotherapists in all thoracic surgical units throughout Australia and New Zealand (n = 57).,Results.,A response rate of 81% was obtained (n = 46). Pre-operatively, 16 respondents (35%) reported assessing all thoracotomy patients. The majority of respondents (n = 44; 96%) indicated that all patients were seen by physiotherapists after surgery, with 29 respondents (63%) performing prophylactic physiotherapy interventions to prevent post-operative pulmonary complications. Respondents reported that physiotherapy treatment was usually commenced on day one post-operatively (n = 37; 80%) with the most commonly used treatment interventions being deep breathing exercises, the active cycle of breathing techniques, cough, forced expiration techniques and sustained maximal inspirations. Most respondents reported that patients first sat out of bed (n = 41; 89%), commenced shoulder range of movement (n = 23; 50%) and walking (n = 32; 70%) on day one post-operatively. The majority of respondents reported that they offered no post-operative pulmonary rehabilitation (n = 25; 54%), outpatient follow-up (n = 43; 94%) or post-thoracotomy pain management (n = 40; 87%). Respondents indicated that personal experience, literature recommendations and established practice were the factors which most influenced physiotherapy practice.,Conclusion.,Most patients after thoracotomy receive physiotherapy assessment and/or treatment in the immediate post-operative period, but only one-third were routinely seen pre-operatively and relatively few were reviewed following discharge from hospital. Further studies are required to guide physiotherapists in determining the efficacy of their practices for patients undergoing thoracotomy. Copyright 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Subclinical pulmonary dysfunction in spinocerebellar ataxias 1, 2 and 3

S. J. Sriranjini
Sriranjini SJ, Pal PK, Krishna N, Sathyaprabha TN. Subclinical pulmonary dysfunction in spinocerebellar ataxias 1, 2 and 3. Acta Neurol Scand: 2010: 122: 323,328. 2009 The Authors Journal compilation 2009 Blackwell Munksgaard. Objectives,,, Evaluation of pulmonary function in patients with spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) 1, 2 and 3 without clinical evidence of pulmonary dysfunction. Methods,,, Thirty patients (F:M = 7:23; age: 35 11.3 years; SCA1 , 13, SCA2 , 9 and SCA3 , 8) without clinical manifestations of respiratory dysfunction and 30 controls underwent pulmonary function tests. The percentage predicted values of forced vital capacity (FVC), volume of air exhaled during first second of FVC (FEV1), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV), actual values of maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP and MEP in mmHg), and ratios of actual values of FEV1/FVC (%) and FEV1/PEFR (ml/l/min) were analyzed. Results,,, Compared with controls SCA patients had significant reductions of FVC (71.1 17.5 vs 85.5 18.7; P < 0.01), PEFR (51.5 20.7 vs 77.1 24.9; P < 0.001), MVV (64.4 21.6 vs 97.2 22.7; P < 0.001), MIP (27.7 16.8 vs 50.1 15.1; P < 0.001) and MEP (38.1 18.7 vs 74.7 16.0; P < 0.001), elevation of FEV1/PEFR (10.5 2.8 vs 7.4 2.1; P < 0.001), but no significant change of FEV1 and FEV1/FVC. FEV1/PEFR correlated positively with illness duration and MVV negatively with severity of illness. Conclusions,,, The present study showed subclinical restrictive type of pulmonary dysfunction in SCA, and possible presence of upper airway obstruction. Chest physiotherapy and breathing exercises should be introduced early in management of SCA. [source]