BRAFV600E Mutation (brafv600e + mutation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Combined analysis of specific KRAS mutation, BRAF and microsatellite instability identifies prognostic subgroups of sporadic and hereditary colorectal cancer

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER, Issue 11 2010
Inti Zlobec
Abstract Confounding effects of specific KRAS gene alterations on colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis stratified by microsatellite instability (MSI) and BRAFV600E have not yet been investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the combined effects of MSI, BRAFV600E and specific KRAS mutation (Gly , Asp; G12D, Gly , Asp, G13D; Gly , Val; G12V) on prognosis in 404 sporadic and 94 hereditary CRC patients. MSI status was determined according to the Bethesda guidelines. Mutational status of KRAS and BRAFV600E was assessed by direct DNA sequencing. In sporadic CRC, KRAS G12D mutations had a negative prognostic effect compared to G13D and wild-type cancers (p = 0.038). With MSI, specific KRAS and BRAFV600E mutations, 3 distinct prognostic subgroups were observed in univariate (p = 0.006) and multivariable (p = 0.051) analysis: patients with (i) KRAS mutation G12D, G12V or BRAFV600E mutation, (ii) KRAS/BRAFV600E wild-type or KRAS G13D mutations in MSS/MSI-L and (iii) MSI-H and KRAS G13D mutations. Moreover, none of the sporadic MSI-H or hereditary patients with KRAS G13 mutations had a fatal outcome. Specific KRAS mutation is an informative prognostic factor in both sporadic and hereditary CRC and applied in an algorithm with BRAFV600E and MSI may identify sporadic CRC patients with poor clinical outcome. [source]


Identification of differentially expressed proteins in papillary thyroid carcinomas with V600E mutation of BRAF

PROTEOMICS - CLINICAL APPLICATIONS, Issue 7 2007
Efisio Puxeddu
Abstract BRAF, a serine/threonine kinase of the RAF family, is a downstream transducer of the RAS-regulated MAPK pathway. V600E mutation of BRAF protein is the most common genetic alteration occurring in papillary thyroid carcinomas and is prognostic of poor clinicopathological outcomes. Protein expression in the subclass of PTC bearing the BRAFV600E mutation was investigated by using 2-DE and MS/MS techniques and compared to that of matched normal thyroid tissues from seven patients. 2-D gel image analysis revealed that the expression of eight polypeptide spots, corresponding to five proteins, were significantly underexpressed in PTC bearing BRAFV600E mutation whereas 25 polypeptides, representing 19 distinct proteins, were significantly upregulated in tumour tissue, as compared to normal thyroid. Among the differentially expressed polypeptides, mitochondrial proteins, ROS-scavenger enzymes, apoptosis-related proteins as well as proteins involved in tumour cell proliferation were identified. Although dissimilarities between the present results and those previously reported can be ascribed to the use of different 2-DE techniques, the possibility that BRAFV600E mutation is responsible for changes in protein expression distinct from those induced by other oncogenes cannot be ruled out. [source]


Aberrant BRAF splicing as an alternative mechanism for oncogenic B-Raf activation in thyroid carcinoma,

THE JOURNAL OF PATHOLOGY, Issue 5 2009
Essa Y Baitei
Abstract Activating BRAF mutations have recently been reported in 28,83% of papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). However, it is not known whether aberrant BRAF splicing occurs in thyroid carcinoma. To investigate aberrant BRAF splicing and its association with BRAF mutation in thyroid tumours, we studied aberrant BRAF splicing and BRAF mutation from 68 thyroid tumours. BRAFV600E mutation was detected in 20 of 43 PTCs and all three anaplastic thyroid carcinomas (ATCs). There is a higher frequency of BRAF mutation in PTC patients with stage III and IV tumours compared with stage I and II. Novel BRAF splicing variants were detected in 12 PTCs, three follicular variants of PTC (FVPTCs), and one ATC, as well as in two thyroid carcinoma cell lines, ARO and NPA. These variants did not have the N-terminal auto-inhibitory domain of wild-type B-Raf, resulting in an in-frame truncated protein that contained only the C-terminal kinase domain and caused constitutive activation of B-Raf. These variants were significantly associated with advanced disease stage and BRAFV600E mutation (p < 0.001, Fisher exact test). Furthermore, expression of these variants in NIH3T3 and CHO cells could activate the MAP kinase signalling pathway, transform them in vitro, and induce tumours in nude mice. These data suggest that BRAF splicing variants may function as an alternative mechanism for oncogenic B-Raf activation. Combination of the BRAFV600E mutation and its splicing variants may contribute towards disease progression to poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Copyright 2008 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Clinicopathologic features and BRAFV600E mutation analysis in cutaneous metastases from well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas

CANCER, Issue 10 2007
Lori A. Erickson MD
Abstract BACKGROUND Cutaneous metastases from well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas are rare and are usually identified in patients with widely disseminated disease. Occasionally, thyroid carcinomas can present as cutaneous metastases for which the primary site needs to be determined. Papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) commonly have BRAFV600E mutation. A series of 16 cutaneous metastases were analyzed from well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas to learn more about the clinicopathologic features and BRAFV600E mutation status. METHODS Eleven cases of PTC and 5 of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) metastatic to the skin were evaluated. All cutaneous metastases were studied histologically and with thyroglobulin and thyroid transcription factor immunostains. All tumor samples were analyzed for mutations at nucleotide 1799 in exon 15 of the BRAF gene. RESULTS Two patients with FTC presented with cutaneous metastases. Fourteen of 16 patients died of disease and 2 were alive with disease at follow-up. The histologic features of the cutaneous metastases were generally characteristic of the primary tumor; however, 2 of the 11 PTC metastases demonstrated cytoplasmic clearing not typical of classic PTC. BRAFV600E mutation (T1799A) was detected in 5 of 11 cases of PTC and in none of the 5 FTCs. CONCLUSIONS Cutaneous metastases from PTC may show prominent clear cell change requiring differentiation from clear cell hidradenoma, clear cell dermatofibroma, malignant melanoma with prominent clear cell change, and cutaneous metastasis from renal cell carcinoma. BRAFV600E mutation is identified in a subset of cutaneous metastases from PTC. Cutaneous metastases from PTC and FTC are associated with a very poor prognosis. Cancer 2007. 2007 American Cancer Society. [source]


Diagnostic value of pyrosequencing for the BRAFV600E mutation in ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy samples of thyroid incidentalomas

CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, Issue 1 2009
Young Suk Jo
Summary Context, Dideoxy sequencing is the most commonly used method for detecting the BRAFV600E mutation in thyroid cancer and melanoma. However, this gold standard method often makes less definite results in detecting the BRAFV600E mutation when there are relatively low amounts of the mutant template in biopsy specimens, which are invariably contaminated with normal tissues. Pyrosequencing, which measures the incorporation of each of the four nucleotides at each template position and indicates the amounts of mutant template present, may be more useful in such situations. Objective, To investigate the diagnostic efficiency of pyrosequencing for the mutant BRAF allele in ultrasound (US)-guided fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) of thyroid incidentalomas. Design, setting and subjects, A total of 101 thyroid incidentaloma cases were included prospectively. Cytological diagnoses of the FNAB samples were made according to the American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines, 2006. The presence of the BRAFV600E mutation was investigated by pyrosequencing and dideoxy sequencing. Results, On the basis of cytological analysis, the thyroid incidentalomas were classified into benign (n = 43), malignant (n = 30), indeterminate or suspicious neoplasm (n = 24), and nondiagnostic (n = 4) categories. Pyrosequencing detected the BRAFV600E mutation in 30 cases: 22 malignant cases, 7 indeterminate cases, and 1 nondiagnostic case. Dideoxy sequencing also detected the BRAFV600E mutation in 28 of the same cases but failed to clearly distinguish the mutant allele from the wild-type allele in one indeterminate case and one nondiagnostic case. Histopathological analysis ascertained that all BRAFV600E -positive cases were papillary thyroid carcinomas. Conclusions, Pyrosequencing may be suitable for detecting the BRAFV600E mutation in thyroid incidentaloma and may be superior to dideoxy sequencing when low amounts of the mutant template are present in the biopsy. [source]


Combined analysis of specific KRAS mutation, BRAF and microsatellite instability identifies prognostic subgroups of sporadic and hereditary colorectal cancer

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER, Issue 11 2010
Inti Zlobec
Abstract Confounding effects of specific KRAS gene alterations on colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis stratified by microsatellite instability (MSI) and BRAFV600E have not yet been investigated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the combined effects of MSI, BRAFV600E and specific KRAS mutation (Gly , Asp; G12D, Gly , Asp, G13D; Gly , Val; G12V) on prognosis in 404 sporadic and 94 hereditary CRC patients. MSI status was determined according to the Bethesda guidelines. Mutational status of KRAS and BRAFV600E was assessed by direct DNA sequencing. In sporadic CRC, KRAS G12D mutations had a negative prognostic effect compared to G13D and wild-type cancers (p = 0.038). With MSI, specific KRAS and BRAFV600E mutations, 3 distinct prognostic subgroups were observed in univariate (p = 0.006) and multivariable (p = 0.051) analysis: patients with (i) KRAS mutation G12D, G12V or BRAFV600E mutation, (ii) KRAS/BRAFV600E wild-type or KRAS G13D mutations in MSS/MSI-L and (iii) MSI-H and KRAS G13D mutations. Moreover, none of the sporadic MSI-H or hereditary patients with KRAS G13 mutations had a fatal outcome. Specific KRAS mutation is an informative prognostic factor in both sporadic and hereditary CRC and applied in an algorithm with BRAFV600E and MSI may identify sporadic CRC patients with poor clinical outcome. [source]