Brief Therapy (brief + therapy)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Lessons from brief therapy?

Some interactional suggestions for family mediators
One continuing issue in mediation is the degree to which mediation and therapy can and should overlap. This article, which draws upon the empirical work of Dingwall and colleagues, looks at an area in which overlap may be beneficial. The authors review the concept and techniques of brief therapy and indicate appropriateness for family mediation. [source]

Therapy preference and treatment outcome in clients with mild to moderate alcohol dependence

Abstract The Brief Treatment Programme for Alcohol Dependence allocated 122 clients randomly to three different forms of brief therapy. Prior to allocation clients were asked what their preference would have been had allocation not been random. This study posed the question: did clients receiving their preferred treatment have a better outcome than those who did not? Also examined were differences in the treatment process variables of perceived effectiveness, satisfaction, rapport, engagement and number of sessions attended. The results were that there was no difference in either outcome or treatment process according to whether or not clients were allocated to their treatment of preference. It is concluded that these findings reinforce both the ethicality of the randomized controlled trial as a methodology for examining differential treatment outcomes in individual brief treatment of between one and five sessions for alcohol dependence and the validity of these findings as they might relate to real clinical settings. Finally, it is suggested that other researchers consider the inclusion of questions related to client preference. [source]

A preliminary analysis of narratives on the impact of training in solution-focused therapy expressed by students having completed a 6-month training course

S. SMITH ba (hons) ba pgctlt rmn rnt fhea
Accessible summary ,,Students who participated in a six month training course in SFBT reported significant changes in their relationships with clients. ,,They reported increased trust in clients as people, increased confidence in their own professional role, and increased enthusiasm for working with clients. ,,Students demonstrated an in-depth knowledge and understanding of solution focused principles and practice, enabling them to own their practice and respond creatively to individual clients. ,,It is suggested that substantive training in solution focused brief therapy may help to enhance the professional role and cultural identity of participants, particularly those from a nursing background. Abstract Solution-focused brief therapy (SFBT) is a therapeutic approach utilized in a wide variety of settings. Its roots are in systemic and family therapy, and the emphasis in practice is on helping clients identify what their life will be like when they no longer have their problem, and how close they are to experiencing that situation now. The literature suggests that SFBT is at least as effective as other forms of psychotherapy. This pilot-study explored the impact of a training course in SFBT on the nurses who took part. Interviews were carried out with participants (n= 8) and narrative accounts were analysed and grouped according to emerging themes. Three major themes were perceived; Trust in clients, Positivity and Confidence, and these were supported by interconnected minor themes relating to the eclectic use of the approach, the use of language within the approach, and the application of SFBT in wider life. It is argued that training in SFBT may have a positive impact on the therapeutic and professional role of nurses, and that further studies are required to explore the impact of SFBT training on the professional and cultural identity of nurses. [source]

Fostering a culture of engagement: an evaluation of a 2-day training in solution-focused brief therapy for mental health workers

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The focus of mental health care has changed considerably in recent years, from an almost exclusive inpatient system of care to one where the majority of care is being delivered within the community. Arguably this has contributed to a reduction in the length of inpatient admissions. Therefore, there is a need to understand the ramifications that shorter admissions have on inpatient care and nursing practice. This paper reports on a study designed to test the knowledge and skill acquisition and self-reported application of solution-focused brief therapy by staff following a 2-day training. The study adopted a repeated measures design where participants' baseline knowledge was measured prior to the 2-day training and then at 3 and 6 months post-training. This study has demonstrated that the 2-day training was effective in increasing participants' reported knowledge and understanding of solution-focused brief therapy and their self-reported use of the techniques in routine clinical practice. In conclusion, this study has established that staff from a variety of professional and non-professional backgrounds can make good skill acquisition from a fairly modest training. Additionally, the current study has also highlighted the need for well-conducted large-scale trials of this potentially important technology. [source]

The phenomenology of exception times: Qualitative differences between problem-focussed and solution-focussed interventions

Thomas Wehr
Solution-focussed brief therapy (SFBT) is a prominent psychotherapeutic approach that deals with a positive focus and promises brief interventions. In two experiments, a solution-focussed technique was compared with a problem-focussed intervention. By means of a structured questionnaire, subjects were encouraged to think about a standard (Experiment 1) or a facultative topic (Experiment 2). Subsequently, they generated either one or five exceptions or exemplary problem episodes. Dependent variables were confident in coping with the problem, ease of retrieval, psychic comfort and several phenomenological properties of the autobiographical memory. A solution-oriented intervention increased self-confidence and established a positive mood. Exception times had a more positive tone and were generally more easily retrieved than problem episodes. The study confirms the claims of the SFBT for empowerment and rapid reduction of current suffering. Copyright 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Contemporary Brief Experiential Psychotherapy

Robert Elliott
Contemporary experiential therapies are the focus of a revival involving new theory, practice, and research, all of which support their use as brief treatments. These humanistic therapies have evolved substantially since their origins in the 1950s and have emerged as an approach to working with clients that is process directive but not authoritarian, emotion focused yet systematic, and empowerment oriented while still research informed. In this article, I provide an overview of the main common elements of contemporary experiential therapy theory and practice, with special reference to its application as a brief therapy. I then review several types of meta-analytic outcome data, including randomized clinical trials, that support the effectiveness of brief, outpatient, individual experiential therapies. I conclude with a discussion of continuing developments. [source]