Bonding Instrument (bonding + instrument)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Bonding Instrument

  • parental bonding instrument

  • Selected Abstracts

    Recollections of parent,child relationships in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder and panic disorder with agoraphobia

    L. Turgeon
    Objective:,In previous studies, patients with different psychiatric conditions, as compared with matched controls, have reported that their parents were more protective and less caring towards them when they were children. However, studies investigating associations between parental behaviours and anxiety disorders have yielded inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to compare recalled parental behaviours in out-patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), in out-patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA), and in non-anxious controls. Method:,The sample included 43 out-patients with OCD, 38 with PDA, and 120 controls. Participants completed the Parental Bonding Instrument and the Egna Minnen Beträffande Uppfostran or Own Memories of Parental Rearing Experiences in Childhood. Results:,No differences were found between the two anxious groups. However, compared with the control group, anxious patients recalled their parents as more protective. Conclusion:,Our findings suggest that child rearing practices such as overprotection may be a risk factor in the development of anxiety disorders. [source]

    Influence of adolescent maternal characteristics on infant development

    Rachele Aiello
    The present study proposed that several adolescent maternal variables would be associated with infant development. Using a sample of 71 adolescent mother-infant dyads, the study examined the relative influences of the adolescent's level of separation-individuation (Separation-Individuation Process Inventory), feelings of attachment towards the infant (Maternal Postnatal Attachment Scale), and feelings of anxiety regarding separation (Maternal Separation Anxiety Scale) on infant mental and motor development (Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 2nd ed.). As it was assumed that the adolescent's perceptions of being parented would provide the foundation for each of these independent variables, this factor was also included (Parental Bonding Instrument). In the current sample, adolescent separation-individuation was the only maternal psychological variable to uniquely predict infant development, but only on the mental scale. Present findings highlight the importance of considering critical developmental processes of adolescence when exploring cognitive functioning and other outcomes in infants of adolescents. A number of possible mechanisms for the influence of separation-individuation are considered in the discussion. [source]

    Parental bonding and bulimic psychopathology: The mediating role of mistrust/abuse beliefs

    Caroline Meyer
    Abstract Objective To determine whether the previously reported relationship between parental bonding and bulimic psychopathology is mediated by the development of unhealthy core beliefs. Method One hundred and two nonclinical women completed the Parental Bonding Instrument, the short form of the Young Schema Questionnaire, and the Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh. Results Mistrust/abuse beliefs were found to be a partial mediator in the relationship between paternal overprotection and the severity of bulimic attitudes. Conclusions The findings suggest that the development of mistrust/abuse beliefs is important in determining the effect that paternal overprotection has on bulimic attitudes. © 2004 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J Eat Disord 35: 229,233, 2004. [source]

    Anorexia nervosa and parental bonding: the contribution of parent,grandparent relationships to eating disorder psychopathology

    Laura Canetti
    Abstract The present study adopted an intergenerational approach in examining the association between parental bonding and anorexia nervosa. Forty-three anorexic participants and 33 nonclinical comparison participants completed eating disorder questionnaires and the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). The participant's parents also completed the PBI. The anorexic participants perceived both parents as less caring and fathers as more controlling than nonclinical participants. Among anorexic participants, mother control and father care were associated with symptom severity. Intergenerational effects were present. Among anorexic participants, maternal grandmother care was associated with eating disorder psychopathology. The present findings suggest that parental characteristics of grandparents might play a role in the development of eating disorders in granddaughters. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Psychol 64: 703,716, 2008. [source]

    Factors associated with postpartum depression and abusive behavior in mothers with infants

    Hyungin Choi md
    Aims:, This study was conducted to examine factors associated with postpartum depression and abusive behavior in mothers with infants. Methods:, Data were collected from baby check-ups in Japan and 413 participants were included in an analysis using: (i) an Original Questionnaire; (ii) the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (ZSDS); (iii) the Parental Bonding Instrument; and (iv) the Childcare Anxiety Scale (CAS). Covariance structural analyses were performed to examine interconnections among the Parental Bonding Instrument subscales, CAS subscales (,worry about parenting', ,burden of nursing time', ,difficulty of bonding'), ZSDS, ,fear of being abusive', and ,abusive behavior'. Results:, Of the 413 mothers, 14.5% showed higher than moderate levels of depression (ZSDS , 50). In covariance structural analyses, ,depression' was strongly influenced by ,worry about parenting' in all variances, but was not associated with ,abusive behavior'. ,Worry about parenting' also had a strong influence on ,fear of being abusive', but did not affect ,abusive behavior'. Low ,maternal care' had most influence on ,difficulty of bonding', and ,difficulty of bonding' only affected ,abusive behavior'. Conclusions:, The outcome of this study suggests that excessive worrying related to postpartum depression, ,fear of being abusive', and bonding difficulty are primary predictors of child abuse. Postpartum depression was not a predictor for abusive behavior after exclusion of the impact of bonding difficulties on abusive behavior. Therefore, the correlation between postpartum depression and abusive behavior identified in previous reports may have been influenced by bonding difficulties. [source]

    Low-birthweight adolescents: Quality of life and parent,child relations

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 9 2005
    Marit S. Indredavik
    Abstract Aim: To explore the effect of low birthweight on quality of life, the parent,child relationship and the parents' mental health. Design/study groups: A population-based follow-up of 56 very-low-birthweight (1500 g), 60 term small-for-gestational-age (birthweight <10th centile) and 83 term control adolescents (birthweight10th centile) at 14 y of age. Outcome measures: Child Health Questionnaire (Child Form, Parent Form), Parental Bonding Instrument rated by adolescents and parents; Symptom Checklist-90-Revised rated by mothers and fathers. Results: There were no group differences in self-reported health or self-esteem. Parents reported more behavioural problems and lower psychosocial health for very-low-birthweight adolescents (p<0.001) compared with controls. Results did not differ significantly between small-for-gestational-age and control adolescents. The youngsters, their mothers and fathers perceived the same amount of relational warmth in all three groups. Very-low-birthweight parents reported more emotional impact than control parents, especially in the presence of psychiatric problems and cerebral palsy. There were no group differences in mothers' or fathers' mental health. Conclusion: The low-birthweight adolescents perceived quality of life as others did, but the parents reported functional disadvantages for the very-low-birthweight group. Birthweight did not influence the warmth in the parent,child relationship. Parents of very-low-birthweight adolescents experienced increased emotional burden, but they did not have more mental health problems than others. [source]