Bovine LF (bovine + lf)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Evaluation of in vitro endocytosis and antibody synthesis by rainbow trout head kidney cells treated with bovine lactoferrin

S. Cecchini
Bovine lactoferrin (LF) was evaluated for its capacity to modulate the in vitro endocytosis (phagocytosis and pinocytosis) and antibody synthesis by head kidney cells of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Phagocytic activity and phagocytic index of head kidney macrophages, determined by measurement of ingested yeast, were influenced by bovine LF starting from the LF concentration of 1 and 0ˇ1 ,g ml,1, respectively. Endocytosis, determined by the evaluation of droplet uptake of neutral red dye solution, was significantly enhanced by 10 ,g ml,1 of LF. In contrast, antibody synthesis by head kidney cells, evaluated by immunoenzymatic assay, from fish immunized against human-,-globulins (HGG)in vivo was not affected by bovine LF. Although these results showed that bovine LF had no effect on specific immunoglobulin production in vitro, an enhancement of the acquired immune response may be assumed in LF-treated fish in vivo, as observed in higher vertebrates. [source]

Human and bovine lactoferrins in the milk of recombinant human lactoferrin-transgenic dairy cows during lactation

Paula Hyvönen
Abstract Seven Friesian human lactoferrin (hLf)-transgenic primiparous dairy cows expressing recombinant hLf (rhLf) in their milk were included in the study. After calving, concentrations of rhLf and bovine LF (bLf) in the milk, somatic cell count and milk yield were determined. The concentration of rhLf was found to be constant, about 2.9 mg/mL, throughout the early lactation period of 3 months. The concentration of bLf in colostrum was higher after calving, but decreased rapidly during the first days of lactation. The mean concentration of bLf was 0.15 mg/mL, but concentrations varied between cows from 0.07 mg/mL to 0.26 mg/mL. Based on that, it may be possible to improve the non-specific host defence mechanism in the mammary gland of dairy cows by enhancing the content of rhLf in the milk. [source]

Adjuvant effect of mushroom glucan and bovine lactoferrin upon Aeromonas hydrophila vaccination in catla, Catla catla (Hamilton)

D Kamilya
Abstract Mushroom glucan and bovine lactoferrin (Lf), known for their immunostimulatory potential, were used as adjuvant in conjunction with a formalin-killed Aeromonas hydrophila vaccine in catla, Catla catla. In vitro antigen-specific responsiveness of catla leucocytes and protective responses against experimental challenge with homologous antigen were monitored following immunization. Antigen-specific proliferation, ,macrophage activating factor' (MAF) production and antibody production were significantly higher in fish injected with glucan adjuvanted vaccine. Lf adjuvanted preparations showed a weak proliferative response and MAF production, although the antibody production was significantly higher than the controls. A good degree of protection was achieved with the glucan adjuvanted vaccine. However, in spite of producing significant anti- A. hydrophila antibody, Lf adjuvanted vaccine did not confer any protection following challenge with A. hydrophila. The potential of adjuvanticity of mushroom glucan and bovine Lf in intraperitoneal vaccination is discussed. [source]

Dietary Bovine Lactoferrin Increases Resistance of Juvenile Channel Catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, to Enteric Septicemia

Thomas L. Welker
Juvenile channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, were fed nutritionally complete, practical basal diets supplemented with bovine lactoferrin (Lf) at 0, 200, 400, 800, or 1600 mg/kg diet for 5 wk. Feed intake was significantly higher in fish-fed diets supplemented with Lf compared to the control diet, but the increased feed intake did not translate to significant increases in growth performance. Hemoglobin, white and red blood cell counts, and resistance to low-water stress also were not different among dietary groups (P > 0.05). Levels of Lf in diets had a significant effect on survival of channel catfish following challenge with Edwardsiella ictaluri: catfish fed 800 or 1600 mg/kg Lf had higher survival than the groups fed the control or 200 mg Lf diet. We established the break point minimum concentration of Lf for resistance to E. ictaluri infection as 1136 mg/kg. There was not a corresponding increase in activity of nonspecific or specific immune parameters with addition of Lf to diets, but plasma iron decreased significantly in channel catfish fed bovine Lf compared to the control group. However, no clear trend for level of dietary Lf, iron status, and resistance to E. ictaluri infection could be established. [source]