Blood Work (blood + work)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

A case of suspected contact dermatitis in a juvenile cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis)

Joanne Morris
Abstract Background, A 2-year-old male cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) presented with vesicular dermatitis exhibiting freshly ruptured blisters, crusts, and papules on the extremities and face. Methods, Complete blood count, serum chemistry, skin biopsy, skin scrape, and culture of a fresh blister were initially submitted for diagnostics. Results, Skin biopsy of the affected area revealed a non-suppurative eosinophilic dermatitis with mild thickening of the epidermis. Serum chemistry showed a marked eosinophilia (1.74 103/,l, 17.4%). All other results were within normal limits. Initial differentials included contact dermatitis, immune-mediated disease such as pemphigus or psoriasis. Repeated blood work and skin biopsies were collected as well as serum for allergen-specific IgE latex and food allergy testing. Herpes B virus was added to the differential list after an oral lesion was noted upon repeated physical examination and samples were collected for testing. Repeat blood work maintained a marked eosinophilia and food allergy testing was within normal limits. Serum IgE for latex was equivocal and a follow-up latex sensitivity test was performed and was within normal limits. Repeated skin biopsies were consistent with acute eosinophilic spongiotic dermatitis with vesicles most likely due to contact dermatitis. No therapy was initiated during the diagnostic period and no etiology was confirmed. Conclusions, Over time the dermatitis and eosinophilia resolved spontaneously. The animal is currently free of any lesions and maintains an eosinophil count within normal limits. [source]

Use of a point-of-care urine drug test in a dog to assist in diagnosing barbiturate toxicosis secondary to ingestion of a euthanized carcass

DACVA, DACVECC, Vicki L. Campbell DVM
Abstract Objective , To describe a case of barbiturate toxicosis in a dog secondary to ingestion of a previously buried euthanized goat carcass and to discuss the utility of urine drug testing in diagnosing barbiturate toxicosis. Case Summary , A 6-year-old neutered male Border Collie was presented to a university veterinary teaching hospital for evaluation of ataxia and acute collapse. Past pertinent history included Addison's disease that had been managed for 1 year. A companion dog was seen 12 hours earlier chewing on the partially decomposed head of a goat that had been euthanized 47 days previously and buried on the owner's property. The dog was laterally recumbent, unresponsive to stimuli, and hypothermic on physical examination. Initial blood work revealed hyponatremia and hyperkalemia, with a Na/K ratio of 18.5. The dog was volume resuscitated and received an injection of dexamethasone sodium phosphate due to a suspected Addisonian crisis. Despite this treatment, the dog remained laterally recumbent and unresponsive to stimuli. A urine drug screen was performed and was positive for barbiturates. A diagnosis of barbiturate toxicosis secondary to ingestion of a euthanized goat carcass was made. The dog was treated supportively over 12 hours with IV fluids and activated charcoal. The dog was able to walk 11 hours after presentation and was subsequently discharged from the hospital. New or Unique Information Provided , Urine drug testing is a fast, easy, and point-of-care test that may be useful in dogs to assist in the diagnosis of barbiturate intoxication. Proper disposal of euthanized animals is necessary to prevent toxicosis and possible death of companion animals and wildlife. [source]

Pharmacokinetics of 4-aminopyridine derivatives in dogs

Blockade of potassium channels with 4-aminopryidine (4-AP) restores conduction to demyelinated axons and improves function. Unfortunately, 4-AP causes adverse effects and its clinical effects are unpredictable and limited. Derivatives of 4-AP have been tested in models of spinal cord injury in guinea pigs; three derivatives (methyl-, ethyl- and t -butyl carbamate derivatives) showed promise. This study investigates the safety and pharmacokinetics of these derivatives in dogs. Each derivative was administered orally to dogs starting at doses below effective doses in guinea pigs, and increasing the dose on sequential days. Routine blood work was performed prior to and 24 h after drug administration, blood samples were collected at intervals over 24 h after drug administration, and dogs were monitored for side effects. Derivative plasma levels were determined using high-pressure liquid chromatography. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were taken to determine CSF levels. No adverse effects were seen even when using doses higher than those that improved conduction in spinal cord injured guinea pigs. Peak plasma levels occurred at 36.6 (ethyl), 87 (t -butyl) and 175 (methyl) min and plasma level was related to drug dose. Penetration of the central nervous system (CNS) was good, with CSF levels higher than plasma levels for the t -butyl derivative. [source]