Blood Transplantation (blood + transplantation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Blood Transplantation

  • cord blood transplantation
  • unrelated cord blood transplantation

  • Selected Abstracts

    Successful unrelated cord blood transplantation in a 7-year-old boy with Evans syndrome refractory to immunosuppression and double autologous stem cell transplantation

    Christian Urban
    Abstract:, Evans syndrome is an autoimmunopathy characterized by thrombocytopenia and autoimmune hemolytic anemia with poor response to immunosuppression. A 2-yr-old boy with Evans syndrome showed only short-lasting responses to immunosuppressive treatment including double autologous peripheral stem cell transplantation (SCT). Intracranial bleeding required emergency splenectomy and external ventricular drainage. Unrelated umbilical cord blood was given following conditioning with busulfan, thiotepa, etoposide and antithymocyte globulin. One year after SCT the patient shows stable blood counts without immunosuppression. This is the first child reported with Evans syndrome successfully treated by means of unrelated cord blood transplantation. [source]

    Sustained and stable hematopoietic donor-recipient mixed chimerism after unrelated cord blood transplantation for adult patients with severe aplastic anemia

    P. Mao
    Abstract:, We evaluated the engraftment of donor cells from unrelated cord blood into adult patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and the outcome of allo-CBSCT (cord blood stem cell transplantation). Nine patients were conditioned with decreased dosage of immunosuppressive agents of CTX (60 mg/kg) and ALG (120 mg/kg). The prophylaxis of GVHD consisted of standard CsA and MTX. Patients have a media age of 25.3 yr (range: 15,37), and a median weight of 57.2 kg (range: 52.5,60) at the time of transplantation. Cord blood searches were all conducted at Guangzhou Cord Blood Bank. The engraftment state of the donor cells into recipients was confirmed by microsatellite DNA fingerprinting and fluorescent quantitative PCR analysis. Engrafted evidence has been found in seven patients involved by biomolecular analyses showing donor-recipient mixed chimerism post-transplant which was stable and persistent. After a median follow up of 32.2 months (range: 4,69), seven patients were alive and disease free. This study shows that durable donor-recipient stable mixed chimerism can be achieved by unrelated CBSCT in patients with SAA. Umbilical cord blood could be employed as a source of hematopoietic stem cell for adult transplantation. [source]

    Extramedullary haematopoiesis surrounding the pituitary gland after cord blood transplantation

    E. Kusumi
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Possible graft-versus-host disease involving the central nervous system soon after cord blood transplantation,

    Hisashi Yamamoto
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Cord blood transplantation in a child with Pearson's disease

    PEDIATRIC BLOOD & CANCER, Issue 4 2008
    Claire Hoyoux MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Penile Erosions Associated with Foscarnet Therapy in a Child

    Ryan W. Hick M.D.
    We report the case of a boy with penile erosions associated with foscarnet therapy in the setting of umbilical cord blood transplantation (CBT). [source]

    Intracranial hemorrhage following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation,

    Yuho Najima
    Charts and radiographs of 622 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients, over a 20-year period, were retrospectively reviewed for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) following transplant. A total of 21 cases of ICH were identified (3.4%) including 15 cases of intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH), two cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and four cases of subdural hematoma (SDH). The median time from transplantation to the onset of ICH was 63 days (range, 6,3,488 days). The clinical features of post-transplant ICH patients were similar and included hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), systemic infection, and veno occlusive disease (VOD), recently referred to as sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, in addition to severe thrombocytopenia. Mortality rate was especially high (89%) after IPH with a median survival of 2 days (range, 0,148 days). In contrast, all patients with SAH or SDH following HSCT survived. The cause of post-transplant ICH appears to be multifactorial, including thrombocytopenia, hypertension, acute GVHD, VOD, and radiation therapy. Most patients in our series displayed severe thrombocytopenia at the onset of ICH, even though adequate prophylactic platelet transfusions were given. By univariate analysis, cord blood transplantation, acute GVHD, systemic infection, and VOD were related to the incidence of ICH, whereas prior CNS episodes and radiation therapy did not reach statistical significance. A multivariate analysis with logistic regression identified acute GVHD as the only factor that significantly influenced ICH occurrence. Am. J. Hematol. 2009. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Unrelated cord blood transplantation in children with severe congenital neutropenia

    M. Akif Yesilipek
    Abstract:, SCN is an inherited hematological disorder with severe neutropenia and recurrent infections. Although there are some reports that recombinant rhG-CSF improves clinical outcome, allogeneic HSCT appears to be the only curative treatment for these patients. We report here two children with SCN successfully treated by CBT from unrelated donors. They were refractory to rhG-CSF treatment and have no identical family donor. Bu + CY were given as conditioning. Case 1 and Case 2 received 6/6 and 5/6 HLA-matched unrelated umbilical cord blood, respectively. The number of infused nucleated cells was 6, 18 × 107/kg and CD34+ cell number was 3, 74 × 105/kg in Case 1. Those cell numbers were 8, 8 × 107/kg and 5, 34 × 105/kg for Case 2, respectively. Neutrophil/platelet engraftments were 45/49 days in Case 1 and 24/36 days in Case 2. Grade II cutaneous acute GVHD was seen in Case 2 that was treated successfully with prednisolone. Both patients are well with normal hematological findings and full donor chimerism for post-transplant 20 and 24 months, respectively. We conclude that UCB can be considered as a safe source of stem cell in patients with SCN who need urgent HSCT. [source]

    Successful unrelated mismatched cord blood transplantation in an infant with severe combined immunodeficiency and Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guèrin disease

    Tang-Her Jaing
    Abstract:, The case reported here of an infant who presented with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, CD4+ lymphopenia, and hypogammaglobulinemia attributable to severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). This report discussed treatment of Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guèrin disease with unrelated cord blood transplantation in addition to antituberculous therapy, by adoptively transferring donor immunity with induction of mixed chimerism. Because of the unique nature of umbilical cord blood hematopoietic cells, engraftment without conditioning may be possible in SCID patients without fully matched donors. [source]

    Functional immaturity of cord blood monocytes as detected by impaired response to hepatocyte growth factor

    Qi Jiang
    AbstractBackground: Monocytes as antigen-presenting cells play an important role in host defense and transplantation. However, there are little reports on cord blood monocytes, and the role of monocytes in cord blood transplantation is largely unknown. Methods and Results: There are several cytokines affecting monocyte function. These include interferon-,, interleukin-4, interleukin-10, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). We investigated the effect of these cytokines on antigen-presenting capacity (APC) of cord and adult blood monocytes. Using either mononuclear cells or purified CD4+ T cells as responder cells, HGF enhanced APC of adult monocytes most effectively among these cytokines. In contrast, cord blood monocytes failed to respond to HGF. As HLA, costimulatory and adhesion molecules may affect APC function, we examined these antigens of monocytes following HGF stimulation. The HGF upregulated integrin ,5 subunit (CD49e) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (CD54) was expressed in adult blood monocytes, but not in cord blood. In kinetic studies, HGF downregulated c-met protein/HGF receptor expression of adult monocytes in lower concentrations and at shorter incubation time as compared with that of cord blood. Conclusions: The results suggest that impaired response of cord blood monocytes to HGF may be responsible, in large part, for their functional immaturity. [source]

    Severe esophagitis as a manifestation of chronic graft versus host disease following cord blood transplantation

    Takayuki AZUMA
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Improving the outcome of cord blood transplantation: use of mobilized HSC and other cells from third party donors

    Manuel N. Fernández
    Summary We developed the strategy of umbilical cord blood transplants (UCBT) with co-infusion of a limited number of highly purified mobilized haematopoietic stem cells (MHSC) from a human leucocyte antigen (HLA) unrestricted third party donor (TPD). Short post-transplant periods of neutropenia were usually observed in adults with haematological neoplasms receiving UCBT with a relatively low cell content and 0,3 HLA mismatches after myeloablative conditioning. This resulted from an early and initially predominant engraftment of the TPD,MHSC. After a variable period of double complete TPD + UCB chimerism, final full UCB chimerism was achieved (cumulative incidence >90%) within 100 d. Early recovery of the circulating neutrophils resulting from the ,bridge transplant' of the TPD,MHSC reduced the incidence of serious neutropenia-related infections, also facilitating the use of drugs with myelosuppressive side effects to combat other infections. The observed incidence of graft- versus -host disease and relapses was low, with overall and disease-free survival curves comparable to those of HLA identical sibling transplants. Post-transplant recovery of natural killer cells occurred soon after the transplant and B cells recovered around 6 months, but T-cell recovery took more than 1 year. Available data show that T cell recovery derives from UCB,HSC through thymic differentiation and that cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific lymphocytes develop following CMV reactivations. [source]

    Alternative haematopoietic stem cell sources for transplantation: place of umbilical cord blood

    Angela R. Smith
    Summary Umbilical cord blood has rapidly become a valuable alternative stem cell source for allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Extensive research over the last 20 years has established the safety and efficacy of umbilical cord blood transplantation in both children and adults with a variety of malignant and non-malignant diseases. This research has clearly shown that this stem cell source has several unique characteristics resulting in distinct advantages and disadvantages when compared to transplantation with unrelated bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells. This article reviews the most recent literature comparing the outcomes after umbilical cord blood transplantation with other alternative stem cell sources. [source]

    Improving outcomes of cord blood transplantation: HLA matching, cell dose and other graft- and transplantation-related factors

    Vanderson Rocha
    Summary The use of unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB) as an alternative source of haematopoietic stem cells transplantation (HSCT) has been widely used for patients lacking a human leucocyte antigen (HLA) matched donor. One of the disadvantages of using UCB is the limited number of haematopoietic stem cells and, consequently, delayed engraftment and increased risk of early mortality. Many approaches have been investigated in the attempt to improve engraftment and survival. Among those, studies analysing prognostic factors related to patients, disease, donor and transplantation have been performed. Variable factors have been identified, such as factors related to donor choice (HLA, cell dose and others) and transplantation (conditioning and graft- versus -host disease prophylaxis regimens). This review will focus on the interactions between HLA, cell dose and other modifiable factors related to the UCB unit selection and transplantation that may improve outcomes after UCB transplantation. [source]

    Double cord blood transplantation in patients with high risk bone marrow failure syndromes

    A. Ruggeri
    Summary Patients with bone marrow failure syndromes (BMFS) who reject a first allogeneic transplant or fail immunosuppressive therapy (IST) have an especially grim prognosis. We report 14 patients (eight adults, six children) transplanted with double cord blood transplantation (dUCBT) for BMFS. Neutrophil recovery was observed in eight patients, with full donor chimerism of one unit, and acute GVHD in 10. With a median follow-up of 23 months, the estimated 2 years overall survival was 80 ± 17% and 33 ± 16% for patients with acquired and inherited BMFS, respectively. Transplantation of two partially HLA-matched UCB thus enables salvage treatment of high-risk patients with BMFS. [source]

    Graft failure following reduced-intensity cord blood transplantation for adult patients

    Hiroto Narimatsu
    Summary We reviewed the medical records of 123 adult reduced-intensity cord blood transplantation (RI-CBT) recipients to investigate the clinical features of graft failure after RI-CBT. Nine (7·3%) had graft failure, and were classified as graft rejection rather than primary graft failure; they showed peripheral cytopenia with complete loss of donor-type haematopoiesis, implying destruction of donor cells by immunological mechanisms rather than poor graft function. Three of them died of bacterial or fungal infection during neutropenia. Two recovered autologous haematopoiesis. The remaining four patients underwent a second RI-CBT and developed severe regimen-related toxicities. One died of pneumonia on day 8, and the other three achieved engraftment. Two of them died of transplant-related mortality, and the other survived without disease progression for 9·0 months after the second RI-CBT. In total, seven of the nine patients with graft failure died. The median survival of those with graft failure was 3·8 months (range, 0·9,15·4). Graft failure is a serious complication of RI-CBT. As host T cells cannot completely be eliminated by reduced-intensity preparative regimens, we need to be aware of the difficulty in differentiating graft rejection from other causes of graft failure following RI-CBT. Further studies are warranted to establish optimal diagnostic and treatment strategies. [source]

    Varicella-zoster virus infection in adult patients after unrelated cord blood transplantation: a single institute experience in Japan

    Akira Tomonari
    Summary. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection was studied in 40 adult patients who underwent cord blood transplantation (CBT) from unrelated donors. Twenty-five patients developed VZV reactivation at a median of 5 months after CBT (range 1·7,26 months). The cumulative incidence of VZV reactivation after CBT was 80% at 30 months. Twenty-two patients developed localized herpes zoster. The remaining three patients developed atypical non-localized herpes zoster, which was associated with visceral dissemination in one patient. All the patients responded well to antiviral therapy. Unexpectedly, the absence of grade II,IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was associated with a higher rate of VZV reactivation after CBT (100% versus 55%, P = 0·01). These results suggest that recovery of VZV-specific immune responses after CBT is delayed even in patients without severe acute GVHD. [source]

    Influence of the different CD34+ and CD34, cell subsets infused on clinical outcome after non-myeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood transplantation from human leucocyte antigen-identical sibling donors

    Pablo Menéndez
    Summary., Currently, no information is available regarding the influence of the different CD34+ cell subsets infused on the haematopoietic recovery, following non-myeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (allo-PBSCT). We have explored, in a group of 13 patients receiving non-myeloablative allo-PBSCT from human leucocyte antigen-identical sibling donors, the influence of the total dose of CD34+ haematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC) infused, compared with that of the different CD34+ HPC and CD34, leucocyte subsets in the leukapheresis samples, on both engraftment and clinical outcome. The overall numbers of total CD34+ HPC (P = 0·002) and myelomonocytic-committed CD34+ HPC infused (P = 0·0002) were strongly associated with neutrophil recovery (> 1 × 109 neutrophils/l), the latter being the only independent parameter influencing neutrophil recovery. Regarding long-term engraftment, only the number of immature CD34+ HPC infused/kg correlated with the duration of hospitalization in the first 2 years after discharge (r = ,0·75, P = 0·005). Both the overall amount of CD34+ HPC and the number of myelomonocytic CD34+ HPC infused showed a significant influence on the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Thus, the overall probability of GVHD was 100%vs 25% for patients receiving ,,5 × 106 CD34+ HPC or ,,3·5 × 106 of myelomonocytic-committed CD34+ HPC vs lower doses (P = 0·013). None of the other CD34+ and CD34, cell subsets analysed correlated with development of GVHD. In summary, our results suggest that in non-myeloablative allo-PBSCT, high numbers of CD34+ HPC, especially the myelomonocytic-committed CD34+ progenitors, lead to rapid neutrophil engraftment. However, they also strongly impair clinical outcome by increasing the incidence of GVHD. [source]