Biopsied Tissue (biopsied + tissue)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

In vivo real-time diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in situ by contact rhinoscopy

Martin Wai Pak FRCSEd(ORL)
Abstract Background. Nasopharyngeal dysplasia or nasopharyngeal carcinoma in situ (NPCIS) lesions have rarely been reported. Timely diagnosis of the preinvasive lesion may improve prognosis. Contact endoscopy has been documented to accurately differentiate normal cells of the nasopharynx from malignant cells and allows a real-time diagnosis of primary and recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) in a clinical setting. However, the role of contact endoscopy in the diagnosis of NPCIS is unknown. Methods. The superficial cells of the nasopharynx in a patient with NPCIS were examined in vivo under local anaesthesia by use of a contact rhinoscope. The contact endoscopic findings were correlated with the histologic findings of the biopsy. Results. The atypical cells of the lesion were magnified and visualized under contact endoscopy. Histopathologic analysis of the biopsied tissue confirmed the presence of NPCIS staining positively for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV),encoded RNA (EBER). No cell-free EBV DNA was detected in the sera of the patient. Conclusions. Contact endoscopy can accurately identify the atypical cells of a tiny preinvasive lesion in the nasopharynx in a clinical setting, which may not be evident in routine imaging examination. 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck27: XXX,XXX, 2005 [source]

Lupus vulgaris developing at the site of misdiagnosed scrofuloderma

A Motta
ABSTRACT Cutaneous tuberculosis is a rare form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis primarily occurring in developing countries. The recent increase in the incidence of tuberculosis, especially due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, has led to a resurgence of extrapulmonary forms of this disease. We describe a case of lupus vulgaris in a 33-year-old woman who had a 5-year history of a slowly growing plaque on her neck. The lesion was located at the site of surgery repairing the scar resulting from the incision of a subcutaneous abscess during childhood. This lesion was misdiagnosed as bacterial abscess. Histopathologic examination of the plaque revealed non-caseating tuberculoid granulomas consisting of lymphocytes, epithelioid and giant cells. Staining for acid-fast bacilli and culture from biopsied tissue was negative. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA, performed on a skin biopsy specimen, was positive. A diagnosis of lupus vulgaris developing at the site of a previous misdiagnosed scrofuloderma was made. Conventional antitubercular therapy with rifampicin, isoniazid and ethambutol was administered for 6 months, resulting in resolution of the lesion. [source]

Significance of detecting epstein-barr,specific sequences in the peripheral blood of asymptomatic pediatric liver transplant recipients

Nancy R. Krieger
Pediatric allograft recipients are at increased risk for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated illnesses. The early identification and diagnosis of EBV-associated disorders is critical because disease progression can often be curtailed by modification of immunosuppression. We have previously shown that detection of EBV-specific sequences in the circulation by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) correlated well with the clinical symptoms of EBV infection. The purpose of the current study is to determine the significance of detecting EBV-specific sequences by PCR in asymptomatic pediatric liver transplant recipients. Peripheral-blood DNA was analyzed for the EBV genes, coding from the nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA-1) and the viral capsid antigen (gp220) by PCR. Samples from asymptomatic pediatric liver transplant recipients were analyzed from the immediate postoperative period and at 2- to 4-month intervals thereafter. We followed up 13 of these asymptomatic recipients who tested positive for EBV compared with 7 asymptomatic recipients who tested negative for EBV during the early posttransplantation period. Follow-up ranged from 1.5 to 4 years posttransplantation. Nine patients (69%) initially positive for EBV and asymptomatic ultimately developed symptoms of EBV infection, including fever, lymphadenopathy, rash, respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, and/or hepatitis. Five of these patients (56%) went on to develop posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder based on histological examination of biopsied tissue and immunohistochemical identification of the EBV antigen/DNA in tissue. This is the first report suggesting that detection of EBV-specific sequences in the absence of symptoms may herald impending EBV-associated disorders. Thus, routine monitoring for circulating EBV sequences in asymptomatic recipients may be useful in the early identification of those at risk for developing EBV-associated disease and its ultimate prevention. (Liver Transpl 2000;6:62-66.) [source]

In Vivo Diagnosis of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Using Contact Rhinoscopy

Martin Wai Pak FRCSEd(ORL)
Abstract Objectives To evaluate the potential use of contact endoscopy for the diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Study Design Prospective study to examine the nasopharynx of 30 patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma and 18 subjects with normal nasopharynx in a clinic setting using contact rhinoscopes (Karl Storz, Tuttlingen, Germany, 7215 AA, 00 and 7215 BA, 300; 23 cm long; 4 mm in diameter). Methods The superficial cells of the normal nasopharynx and the nasopharyngeal tumors were stained with 1% methylene blue and examined with contact rhinoscopes at high magnifications (60 and 150). The areas under examination were then biopsied. The contact endoscopic images were compared with the corresponding hematoxylin and eosin-stained histologic sections of the biopsied tissues. Results Sixty-six procedures were performed in 48 patients. The images of normal pseudostratified ciliated epithelium and squamous epithelium were readily recognized by contact endoscopy in all subjects with normal nasopharynx (10 men and 8 women; mean age, 51.9 y). Twenty-six of 30 patients with NPC (86.6%; 18 men and 8 women; mean age, 50.6 y) were successfully examined by contact endoscopy under local anesthesia. In these 26 patients, two patterns of malignant cells were identified with contact endoscopy. The patterns of contact endoscopic images corresponded well with the histologic findings. Conclusion Contact endoscopy is an accurate and reliable office-based procedure, which allows for in-vivo diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. [source]