Birth Hospital (birth + hospital)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Prenatal and intrapartum events and sudden infant death syndrome

Hillary S. Klonoff-Cohen
Summary The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific pregnancy and labour and delivery events that may increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). A matched case,control study was conducted in five counties in southern California, using California death certificate records. The sample consisted of 239 Caucasian, African,American, Hispanic and Asian mothers of SIDS infants and 239 mothers of control infants matched on sex, race, birth hospital and date of birth. Mothers participated in a detailed telephone interview and provided access to obstetric and paediatric records. More case than control mothers reported a family history of anaemia (OR = 2.12, P < 0.001). Placental abruptions were strongly associated with SIDS (unadjusted OR = 7.94, [95% CI 1.34,47.12]). There was an increased risk of SIDS death associated with maternal anaemia during pregnancy (OR = 2.51, [95% CI 1.25,5.03]), while simultaneously adjusting for maternal smoking during pregnancy, maternal years of education and age, parity, infant birthweight, gestational age, medical conditions at birth, infant sleep position and post-natal smoking. Interactions of anaemia and prenatal smoking as well as anaemia and post-natal smoking were not statistically significant. There were no other statistically significant differences between case and control mothers for pregnancy conditions, labour and delivery events (e.g. caesarean sections, anaesthesia, forceps) or newborn complications (e.g. nuchal cord, meconium aspiration). Anaemia and placental abruptions were significantly associated with an increased risk of SIDS; both are circumstances in which a fetus may become hypoxic, thereby compromising the subsequent growth, development and ultimate survival of the infant. [source]

Completeness of state administrative databases for surveillance of congenital heart disease

Christine E. Cronk
Abstract BACKGROUND Tracking birth prevalence of cardiac defects is essential to determining time and space clusters, and identifying potential associated factors. Resource limitations on state birth defects surveillance programs sometimes require that databases already available be used for ascertaining such defects. This study evaluated the data quality of state administrative databases for ascertaining congenital heart defects (CHD) and specific diagnoses of CHD. METHODS Children's Hospital of Wisconsin (CHW) medical records for infants born 1997,1999 and treated for CHD (n = 373) were abstracted and each case assigned CHD diagnoses based on definitive diagnostic reports (echocardiograms, catheterizations, surgical or autopsy reports). These data were linked to state birth and death records, and birth and postnatal (<1 year of age) hospital discharge summaries at the Wisconsin Bureau of Health Information (WBHI). Presence of any code/checkbox indicating CHD (generic CHD) and exact matches to abstracted diagnoses were evaluated. RESULTS Fifty-eight percent of cases with generic CHD were identified by state databases. Postnatal hospital discharge summaries identified 48%, birth hospital discharge summaries 27%, birth certificates 9% and death records 4% of these cases. Exact matches were found for 52% of 633 specific diagnoses. Postnatal hospital discharge summaries provided most matches. CONCLUSION State databases identified 60% of generic CHD and exactly matched about half of specific CHD diagnoses. The postnatal hospital discharge summaries performed best in both in identifying generic CHD and matching specific CHD diagnoses. Vital records had limited value in ascertaining CHD. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 67:597,603, 2003. 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Health and the use of health care services in 5-year-old very-low-birth-weight infants

L Rautava
Abstract Aim:, We aimed to study the effect of prematurity, time of birth and level of birth hospital on morbidity and the use of health care services at age 5. Methods: This national study included all very-low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI, <32 gestational weeks or birth weight ,1500 g) born in Finnish level II or III hospitals in 2001,2002 (n = 918), and full-term controls (n = 381). Parental questionnaires and register data were used to compare morbidity, and the use of health care services between VLBWI and full-term controls, and within VLBWI according to the time of birth and birth hospital level. Results:, Cerebral palsy, retinopathy of prematurity, other ophthalmic problems, respiratory infections, asthma or chronic lung disease, and inguinal hernia were overrepresented in VLBWI compared with the controls. VLBWI had more outpatient and inpatient days than the controls. The time of birth and birth hospital level were not associated with the use of services or with prematurity-related morbidity. Conclusion:, Although morbidity and the use of health care services were increased in the surviving VLBWI, the average use of services was relatively small at age 5. In surviving VLBWI, the time of birth and the birth hospital level did not affect morbidity or the use of services. [source]

Hypospadias and maternal exposures to cigarette smoke

Suzan L. Carmichael
Summary The few previous studies of hypospadias and smoking have suggested either no association or a reduced risk. This study, which uses data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multi-state, population-based case,control study, includes data on males born with severe hypospadias (i.e. the urethra opens at the penile shaft, scrotum or perineum) from 1997 to 2000. Non-malformed, liveborn male controls were selected randomly from birth certificates or from birth hospitals. Maternal interviews were completed by telephone with 453 case mothers and 1267 control mothers. Maternal smoking was not associated with hypospadias risk. For example, during the third month of pregnancy, smoking < 0.5 pack/day had an odds ratio (OR) of 1.1 [95% CI 0.6, 1.9]; 0.5 pack/day, 0.6 [0.4, 1.1]; and ,,1 pack/day, 0.8 [0.4, 1.6]. Exposure to any secondhand smoke at home during the third month of pregnancy showed an OR of 0.6 [95% CI 0.4, 1.0], and exposure at work or school, an OR of 0.7 [0.5, 1.1]. Similar risks were observed for other months during the periconceptional period, and adjustment for several potential confounders did not substantially alter results. This analysis does not confirm a recent report suggesting that maternal smoking is associated with a reduced risk of having offspring with hypospadias. [source]

Craniosynostosis and maternal smoking,

Suzan L. Carmichael
Abstract BACKGROUND: Several previous studies suggested increased risk of craniosynostosis among infants born to women who smoked. METHODS: This study used data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study, a multi-state, population-based case-control study of infants delivered from 1997,2003. Nonmalformed, liveborn controls were selected randomly from birth certificates or birth hospitals. Data from maternal telephone interviews were available for 531 cases and 5008 controls. RESULTS: Smoking during the first month of pregnancy was not associated with craniosynostosis. Smoking later in pregnancy was associated with increased risk, but only among mothers who smoked at least one pack/day. For example, during the second trimester, the odds ratio for smoking <5 cigarettes/day was 1.0 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.6, 1.8), but the odds ratio (OR) for smoking 15 or more cigarettes/day was 1.6 (95% CI 0.9, 2.8), after adjustment for maternal age, education, race-ethnicity, sub-fertility, parity, folic acid supplement intake, body mass index, and study center. Among women who did not smoke, adjusted odds ratios suggested that secondhand smoke exposure at home, but not at work/school, was associated with modestly increased risk; the OR for home exposure was 1.3 (95% CI 0.9, 1.9). Results followed a similar pattern for some, but not all, specific suture types, but numbers for some groupings were small. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest moderately increased risk of craniosynostosis among mothers who were the heaviest smokers and who continued to smoke after the first trimester. Results are somewhat equivocal, given that most confidence intervals included one. Birth Defects Research (Part A), 2008. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]