Birth Experience (birth + experience)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences


Selected Abstracts


Women's perceptions and experiences of a traumatic birth: a meta-ethnography

JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, Issue 10 2010
Rakime Elmir
elmir r., schmied v., wilkes l. & jackson d. (2010) Women's perceptions and experiences of a traumatic birth: a meta-ethnography. Journal of Advanced Nursing,66(10), 2142,2153. Abstract Aim., This study presents the findings a meta-ethnographic study reporting women's perceptions and experiences of traumatic birth. Background., Childbirth is viewed by many as a life transition that can bring a sense of accomplishment. However, for some women, birth is experienced as a traumatic event with a minority experiencing post-traumatic stress. A traumatic birth experience can have a significant impact on the physical and emotional well-being of a woman, her infant and family. Data source., The CINAHL, MEDLINE, Scopus and PubMed databases were searched for the period January 1994 to October 2009 using the keywords birth trauma, traumatic birth, qualitative research, birth narrative and birth stories. Review methods., A meta-ethnographic approach was used. Quality appraisal was carried out. An index paper served as a guide in identifying particular findings and comparing them with other findings. This ,reciprocal translation' process started with a search for common themes, phrases and metaphors. Results., Ten qualitative studies were included in the final sample. Six major themes were identified: ,feeling invisible and out of control', ,to be treated humanely', ,feeling trapped: the reoccurring nightmare of my childbirth experience', ,a rollercoaster of emotions', ,disrupted relationships' and ,strength of purpose: a way to succeed as a mother'. Conclusions., It is evident that a small percentage of women experience a traumatic birth. Although some women who experience a traumatic birth do not necessarily have physical or psychological adverse outcomes, others identify a significant personal impact. Healthcare professionals must recognize women's need to be involved in decision-making and to be fully informed about all aspects of their labour and birth to increase their sense of control. [source]


Perinatal nursing education for single-room maternity care: an evaluation of a competency-based model

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, Issue 1 2005
Patricia A Janssen PhD
Aims and objectives., To evaluate the success of a competency-based nursing orientation programme for a single-room maternity care unit by measuring improvement in self-reported competency after six months. Background., Single-room maternity care has challenged obstetrical nurses to provide comprehensive nursing care during all phases of the in-hospital birth experience. In this model, nurses provide intrapartum, postpartum and newborn care in one room. To date, an evaluation of nursing education for single-room maternity care has not been published. Design., A prospective cohort design comparing self-reported competencies prior to starting work in the single-room maternity care and six months after. Methods., Nurses completed a competency-based education programme in which they could select from a menu of learning methods and content areas according to their individual needs. Learning methods included classroom lectures, self-paced learning packages, and preceptorships in the clinical area. Competencies were measured by a standardized perinatal self-efficacy tool and a tool developed by the authors for this study, the Single-Room Maternity Care Competency Tool. A paired analysis was undertaken to take into account the paired (before and after) nature of the design. Results., Scores on the perinatal self-efficacy scale and the single-room maternity care competency tool were improved. These differences were statistically significant. Conclusions., Improvements in perinatal and single-room maternity care-specific competencies suggest that our education programme was successful in preparing nurses for their new role in the single-room maternity care setting. This conclusion is supported by reported increases in nursing and patient satisfaction in the single-room maternity care compared with the traditional labour/delivery and postpartum settings. Relevance to clinical practice., An education programme tailored to the learning needs of experienced clinical nurses contributes to improvements in nursing competencies and patient care. [source]


Childbearing Women's Perceptions of Nursing Care That Promotes Dignity

JOURNAL OF OBSTETRIC, GYNECOLOGIC & NEONATAL NURSING, Issue 4 2004
Rachel Matthews RN
Objective: To gain an understanding of the perceptions of childbearing women about the maintenance of dignity while laboring and giving birth. Design: Descriptive qualitative study. Setting: A university community in the western United States. Patients/Participants: Twenty low-risk primiparous women who had recently given birth to healthy term neonates. Main Outcome Measures: Semistructured audio-taped interviews were conducted in the homes of participants using an interview guide. Results: The following themes were identified: (a) nurses played a pivotal role in preserving dignity during childbirth, (b) women appreciated feeling valued and respected, and (c) dignity was enhanced by nursing care that gave women their preferred level of control. Conclusion: Nursing behaviors that demonstrate valuing and respect of childbearing women are essential in preserving the quality of the birth experience. [source]


Making pregnancy safer in Australia: The importance of maternal death review

AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 2 2008
Sue KILDEA
Australia is one of the safest countries in the world to birth. Because maternal deaths are rare, often the focus during pregnancy is on the well-being of the fetus. The relative safety of birth has fostered a shift in the focus of maternal health, from survival, to the model of care or the birth experience. Yet women still die in Australia as a result of child bearing and many of these deaths are associated with avoidable factors. The purpose of this paper is to outline the maternal death monitoring and review process in Australia and to present to clinicians the salient features of the most recently published Australian maternal death report. The notion of preventability and the potential for practice to have an effect on reducing maternal mortality are also discussed. [source]


Expectation and experiences of childbirth in primiparae with caesarean section

BJOG : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 3 2008
I Wiklund
Objective, The aim of this study was to examine the expectations and experiences in women undergoing a caesarean section on maternal request and compare these with women undergoing caesarean section with breech presentation as the indication and women who intended to have vaginal delivery acting as a control group. A second aim was to study whether assisted delivery and emergency caesarean section in the control group affected the birth experience. Design, A prospective group-comparison cohort study. Setting, Danderyd Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Sample, First-time mothers (n= 496) were recruited to the study in week 37,39 of gestation and follow up was carried out 3 months after delivery. Comparisons were made between ,caesarean section on maternal request', ,caesarean section due to breech presentation' and ,controls planning a vaginal delivery'. Methods, The instrument used was the Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ). Main outcome measures, Expectations prior to delivery and experiences at 3 months after birth. Results, Mothers requesting a caesarean section had more negative expectations of a vaginal delivery (P < 0.001) and 43.4% in this group showed a clinically significant fear of delivery. Mothers in the two groups expecting a vaginal delivery, but having an emergency caesarean section or an assisted vaginal delivery had more negative experiences of childbirth (P < 0.001). Conclusions, Women requesting caesarean section did not always suffer from clinically significant fear of childbirth. The finding that women subjected to complicated deliveries had a negative birth experience emphasises the importance of postnatal support. [source]


Maternal distress: a concept analysis

JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING, Issue 9 2010
Elizabeth Emmanuel
emmanuel e. & st john w. (2010) Maternal distress: concept analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing,66(9), 2104,2115. Abstract Aim., This paper is a report of an analysis of the concept of maternal distress. Background., Although not well-developed, the concept of maternal distress has offered an important viewpoint in nursing and midwifery practice since the mid-1990s. Traditionally, understanding of maternal distress has been based on the medical model and dysfunction. The concept of maternal distress needs development so that it describes responses ranging from normal stress responses to those indicating mental health problem/s. Data sources., The SCOPUS, CINAHL and Medline databases were searched for the period from 1995 to 2009 using the keywords ,psychological distress', ,emotional distress' and ,maternal distress'. Review methods., Steps from Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis guided the conduct of this concept analysis. Results., Four attributes of maternal distress were identified as responses to the transition to motherhood, with the level of each response occurring along a continuum: stress, adapting, functioning and control, and connecting. Antecedents to maternal distress include becoming a mother, role changes, body changes and functioning, increased demands and challenges, losses and gains, birth experiences, and changes to relationships and social context. The consequences of maternal distress are compromised mental health status, maternal role development, quality of life, ability to function, quality of relationships and social engagement. The extent of the impact depends on the level of maternal distress. Conclusion., Clearer interpretation of maternal distress offers a comprehensive approach to understanding maternal emotional health during the transition to motherhood. Acknowledging women's experiences and providing more appropriate support could alleviate some of the struggles and hardships experienced by mothers. [source]


Young mothers' involvement in a prenatal and postpartum support program,

JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY PSYCHOLOGY, Issue 2 2010
Xiaoli Wen
The involvement of 124 young mothers in a doula support program was measured in two dimensions,quantity of program contact and quality of mother,doula helping relationship. The study examined each dimension's differential associations with maternal outcomes, as well as the moderating effects of mother characteristics on these associations. Quantity of program contact was related to the quality of helping relationship, especially when rated by doulas. Both quantity and quality of involvement predicted the maternal outcomes, although not always in the expected direction. For mothers with limited vocabulary skills and better connections with the baby's father, program contact was more likely to promote positive birth experiences. A negative association between program contact and parenting behaviors was observed among mothers who were less mature or had less positive social relationships. The study suggests the multidimensionality of program involvement and the complexity of interactions between program and participant factors in producing program outcomes. 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]


Continuous Support for Women During Childbirth

BIRTH, Issue 1 2005
E.D. Hodnett
ABSTRACT Background:, Historically, women have been attended and supported by other women during labour. However, in recent decades in hospitals worldwide, continuous support during labour has become the exception rather than the routine. Concerns about the consequent dehumanization of women's birth experiences have led to calls for a return to continuous support by women for women during labour. Objectives:, Primary: to assess the effects, on mothers and their babies, of continuous, one-to-one intrapartum support compared with usual care. Secondary: to determine whether the effects of continuous support are influenced by: (1) routine practices and policies in the birth environment that may affect a woman's autonomy, freedom of movement, and ability to cope with labour; (2) whether the caregiver is a member of the staff of the institution; and (3) whether the continuous support begins early or later in labour. Search strategy:, We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (30 January 2003) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 2003). Selection criteria:, All published and unpublished randomized controlled trials comparing continuous support during labour with usual care. Data collection and analysis:, Standard methods of the Cochrane Collaboration Pregnancy and Childbirth Group were used. All authors participated in evaluation of methodological quality. Data extraction was undertaken independently by one author and a research assistant. Additional information was sought from the trial authors. Results are presented using relative risk for categorical data and weighted mean difference for continuous data. Main results:, Fifteen trials involving 12,791 women are included. Primary comparison: Women who had continuous intrapartum support were less likely to have intrapartum analgesia, operative birth, or to report dissatisfaction with their childbirth experiences. Subgroup analyses: In general, continuous intrapartum support was associated with greater benefits when the provider was not a member of the hospital staff, when it began early in labour, and in settings in which epidural analgesia was not routinely available. Reviewers' conclusions:, All women should have support throughout labour and birth. Citation:, Hodnett ED, Gates S, Hofmeyr G J, Sakala C. Continuous support for women during childbirth (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 3, 2004. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ,,,The preceding report is an abstract of a regularly updated, systematic review prepared and maintained by the Cochrane Collaboration. The full text of the review is available in The Cochrane Library (ISSN 1464-780X). The Cochrane Library is designed and produced by Update Software Ltd, and published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]