X-ray Luminosity Function (x-ray + luminosity_function)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

X-ray groups and clusters of galaxies in the Subaru,XMM Deep Field

A. Finoguenov
Abstract We present the results of a search for galaxy clusters in the Subaru,XMM Deep Field (SXDF). We reach a depth for a total cluster flux in the 0.5,2 keV band of 2 10,15 erg cm,2 s,1 over one of the widest XMM,Newton contiguous raster surveys, covering an area of 1.3 deg2. Cluster candidates are identified through a wavelet detection of extended X-ray emission. The red-sequence technique allows us to identify 57 cluster candidates. We report on the progress with the cluster spectroscopic follow-up and derive their properties based on the X-ray luminosity and cluster scaling relations. In addition, three sources are identified as X-ray counterparts of radio lobes, and in three further sources, an X-ray counterpart of the radio lobes provides a significant fraction of the total flux of the source. In the area covered by near-infrared data, our identification success rate achieves 86 per cent. We detect a number of radio galaxies within our groups, and for a luminosity-limited sample of radio galaxies we compute halo occupation statistics using a marked cluster mass function. We compare the cluster detection statistics in the SXDF with that in the literature and provide the modelling using the concordance cosmology combined with current knowledge of the X-ray cluster properties. The joint cluster log(N) , log(S) is overpredicted by the model, and an agreement can be achieved through a reduction of the concordance ,8 value by 5 per cent. Having considered the dn/dz and the X-ray luminosity function of clusters, we conclude that to pin down the origin of disagreement a much wider (50 deg2) survey is needed. [source]

Constraints on modified gravity from the observed X-ray luminosity function of galaxy clusters

David Rapetti
ABSTRACT We use measurements of the growth of cosmic structure, as inferred from the observed evolution of the X-ray luminosity function (XLF) of galaxy clusters, to constrain departures from general relativity (GR) on cosmological scales. We employ the popular growth rate parameterization, ,m(z),, for which GR predicts a growth index ,, 0.55. We use observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB), type Ia supernovae (SNIa) and X-ray cluster gas mass fractions (fgas), to simultaneously constrain the expansion history and energy content of the Universe, as described by the background model parameters: ,m, w and ,k, i.e. the mean matter density, the dark energy equation of state parameter and the mean curvature, respectively. Using conservative allowances for systematic uncertainties, in particular for the evolution of the mass,luminosity scaling relation in the XLF analysis, we find ,= 0.51+0.16,0.15 and ,m= 0.27 0.02 (68.3 per cent confidence limits), for a flat cosmological constant, cold dark matter (,CDM) background model. Allowing w to be a free parameter, we find ,= 0.44+0.17,0.15. Relaxing the flatness prior in the ,CDM model, we obtain ,= 0.51+0.19,0.16. When in addition to the XLF data we use the CMB data to constrain , through the ISW effect, we obtain a combined constraint of ,= 0.45+0.14,0.12 for the flat ,CDM model. Our analysis provides the tightest constraints to date on the growth index. We find no evidence for departures from GR on cosmological scales. [source]

The XMM,Newton Needles in the Haystack Survey: the local X-ray luminosity function of ,normal' galaxies

I. Georgantopoulos
ABSTRACT In this paper we estimate the local (z < 0.22) X-ray luminosity function of ,normal' galaxies derived from the XMM,Newton Needles in the Haystack Survey. This is an on-going project that aims to identify X-ray-selected normal galaxies (i.e. non-AGN dominated) in the local Universe. We are using a total of 70 XMM,Newton fields covering an area of 11 deg2 which overlap with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 2. Normal galaxies are selected on the basis of their resolved optical light profile, their low X-ray-to-optical flux ratio [log (fx/fo) < , 2] and soft X-ray colours. We find a total of 28 candidate normal galaxies to the 0.5,8 keV band flux limit of ,2 10,15 erg cm,2 s,1. Optical spectra are available for most sources in our sample (82 per cent). These provide additional evidence that our sources are bona fide normal galaxies with X-ray emission coming from diffuse hot gas emission and/or X-ray binaries rather than a supermassive black hole. 16 of our galaxies have narrow emission lines or a late-type spectral energy distribution (SED) while the remaining 12 present only absorption lines or an early-type SED. Combining our XMM,Newton sample with 18 local (z < 0.22) galaxies from the Chandra Deep Field North and South surveys, we construct the local X-ray luminosity function of normal galaxies. This can be represented with a Schechter form with a break at L,, 3+1.4,1.0 1041 erg s,1 and a slope of ,, 1.78 0.12. Using this luminosity function and assuming pure luminosity evolution of the form ,(1 +z)3.3 we estimate a contribution to the X-ray background from normal galaxies of ,10,20 per cent (0.5,8 keV). Finally, we derive, for the first time, the luminosity functions for early- and late-type systems separately. [source]

Toward an unbiased sample of X-ray selected normal galaxies outside the local Universe

A. GeorgakakisArticle first published online: 14 FEB 200
Abstract This paper shows that our understanding of the statistical properties of X-ray selected normal galaxies (e.g. X-ray luminosity function) can be significantly improved by combining a wide-area XMM-Newton survey with the moderare resolution and high S/N optical spectroscopy of the SDSS. Such a combined dataset has the potential to minimise uncertainties that affect existing normal galaxy samples at X-rays, such as small number statistics, cosmic variance, AGN contamination and incompleteness at bright X-ray luminosities. It is demonstrated that a 100 deg2 XMM-Newton survey in the SDSS area to the limit fX(0.5,2 keV) , 5 10,15 erg cm,2 s,1 will detect over 400 X-ray selected normal galaxies with excellent control over systematic biases, thereby providing tight contraints on the X-ray luminosity function at z , 0.1. ( 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim) [source]

A Chandra survey of nearby spiral galaxies

R.E. Kilgard
Abstract We present results from a Chandra survey of 11 nearby, face-on spiral galaxies. 24 observations totalling 900 ks of new and archival Chandra data reveal more than 1000 X-ray point sources associated with the galaxies, diffuse emission, and hundreds of serendipitous sources. We discuss source populations and luminosity functions and show that the slope of the X-ray luminosity function is correlated with the star formation rate in the galaxies. We also discuss ultraluminous X-ray sources in comparison with sources within the Milky Way. Finally, we discuss ongoing work on source classification based upon X-ray colors and spectra, position within the host galaxies, and multiwavelenth counterparts. [source]