X-ray Beamlines (x-ray + beamline)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Development of a differential pumping system for soft X-ray beamlines for windowless experiments under normal atmospheric conditions

JOURNAL OF SYNCHROTRON RADIATION, Issue 2 2010
Y. Tamenori
A novel design for a differential pumping system has been investigated. This system allows windowless experiments in a soft X-ray beamline under normal atmospheric conditions. The new design consists of an aperture-based four-stage differential pumping system, based on a simple model calculation. A prototype system with a total length of 600,mm was constructed to confirm the validity of the design concept. Relatively short conductance-limiting components allow easy installation and alignment of the system on a synchrotron beamline. The fabricated system was installed on a beamline to test the transmission of soft X-rays through atmospheric helium. [source]


Mapping the intake of different elements in vegetal tissues by dual-energy X-ray imaging at Da,ne synchrotron light source

MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE, Issue 3 2008
L. Reale
Abstract This article reports on the first utilization of the soft X-ray beamline at the Da,ne synchrotron light source for mapping the intake of different elements in plant tissues. As a test, the method of dual-energy X-ray microradiography was applied to the investigation of the natural sulfur content in dried leaf and root samples. Our ultimate goal was to monitor the pollutant lead and its intake, which was added in controlled doses to the hydroponic medium of laboratory-controlled samples of vegetal species. The results obtained by the nondestructive X-ray radiographic analysis are compared to the values of concentrations determined by a standard chemical analysis utilizing atomic absorption spectroscopy. From this comparison the validity of the X-ray detection of heavy metals in biological samples has been confirmed. The superposition of the dual energy results on the simple planar radiography shows the representation of the pollutant intake directly on the sample structures. It should be pointed out that this method, developed here for plant root and leaves could be applied to any biological sample of interest, but the preparation and observation conditions necessitate different strategies according to the type of sample under analysis. Microsc. Res. Tech., 2008. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


Crystallization and preliminary crystallographic study of triple-helical DNA

ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION D, Issue 1 2000
Zong-Jin Han
Single crystals of d(CTCCTSCCGCGCG)d(CGCGCGGAG) have been grown by the vapor-diffusion method using 2-methyl-2,4-pentanediol as a precipitant. The crystals are tetragonal, space group P42, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 53.8, c = 43.1,, and diffract to 1.8, resolution at a synchrotron X-ray beamline. In the crystal, the asymmetric unit contains one copy of the construct. The two halves of the structure are related by non-crystallographic twofold symmetry. These observations are consistent with the conclusion that the sequences of the 12-mer and 9-mer oligonucleotides form a duplex DNA at one end and a triplex DNA at the other end. [source]


Development of a differential pumping system for soft X-ray beamlines for windowless experiments under normal atmospheric conditions

JOURNAL OF SYNCHROTRON RADIATION, Issue 2 2010
Y. Tamenori
A novel design for a differential pumping system has been investigated. This system allows windowless experiments in a soft X-ray beamline under normal atmospheric conditions. The new design consists of an aperture-based four-stage differential pumping system, based on a simple model calculation. A prototype system with a total length of 600,mm was constructed to confirm the validity of the design concept. Relatively short conductance-limiting components allow easy installation and alignment of the system on a synchrotron beamline. The fabricated system was installed on a beamline to test the transmission of soft X-rays through atmospheric helium. [source]


Characterization of germanium linear kinoform lenses at Diamond Light Source

JOURNAL OF SYNCHROTRON RADIATION, Issue 3 2009
L. Alianelli
The unprecedented brilliance achieved by third-generation synchrotron sources and the availability of improved optics have opened up new opportunities for the study of materials at the micrometre and nanometre scale. Focusing the synchrotron radiation to smaller and smaller beams is having a huge impact on a wide research area at synchrotrons. The key to the exploitation of the improved sources is the development of novel optics that deliver narrow beams without loss of brilliance and coherence. Several types of synchrotron focusing optics are successfully fabricated using advanced miniaturization techniques. Kinoform refractive lenses are being developed for hard X-ray beamlines, and the first test results at Diamond are discussed in this paper. [source]


Improving diffraction by humidity control: a novel device compatible with X-ray beamlines

ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA SECTION D, Issue 12 2009
Juan Sanchez-Weatherby
Dehydration of protein crystals is rarely used, despite being a post-crystallization method that is useful for the improvement of crystal diffraction properties, as it is difficult to reproduce and monitor. A novel device for hydration control of macromolecular crystals in a standard data-collection environment has been developed. The device delivers an air stream of precise relative humidity that can be used to alter the amount of water in macromolecular crystals. The device can be rapidly installed and is fully compatible with most standard synchrotron X-ray beamlines. Samples are mounted in cryoloops and the progress of dehydration can be monitored both optically and by the acquisition of diffraction images. Once the optimal hydration level has been obtained, cryocooling is easy to achieve by hand or by using a sample changer. The device has been thoroughly tested on several ESRF beamlines and is available to users. [source]