Workers' Attitudes (worker + attitude)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Female Part-time Workers' Attitudes to Trade Unions in Britain

Sally Walters
This paper discusses the reasons that can be offered for the lower trade union membership rates of female part-time workers in the UK and focuses in particular on female part-timers' attitudes to trade unions. The findings are based on original research: 50 qualitative interviews with female part-time workers in the retail industry. The paper argues that female part-timers are supportive of the aims of the trade union movement and concludes that an integrated approach is necessary in order to understand part-timers' unionization rates. This includes structural factors, the approach that trade unions have taken towards part-time workers and attitudes towards trade unions. [source]

Parental mental illness: a review of barriers and issues for working with families and children

Accessible summary For the psychiatric workforce to become family focused (particularly in relation to children) there is a clear need for family sensitive policies and procedures, managerial and organizational support and well-targeted and sustained workforce training. However, there are multiple barriers to the adult mental health workforce becoming family focused including: ,,Some adult mental health services do not identify consumers who are parents and subsequently do not respond to children, parenting and family needs. ,,Organizations often do not have adequate family and child friendly policies and procedures. ,,The adult mental health workforce lacks skills and knowledge about families, children and parenting. ,,The workforce needs to increase encouragement of consumers to include family members and dependent children in treatment of the ill parent including the provision of psycho-education. Abstract Many consumers of psychiatric services are parents, making these services the opportunistic point for supporting consumers' children. While evidence suggests that assisting such children improves their mental health, there is a large gulf between what psychiatric services should (or could) provide and what they do in practice. This paper summarizes the constraining barriers and issues for the psychiatric workforce according to: (1) policy and management; (2) interagency collaboration; (3) worker attitude, skill and knowledge; (4) the parent-consumer; and (5) the consumer's family, including children. Potential solutions are presented, with a particular focus on the hierarchical nature of these barriers. Recommendations are made, including organizational audits to identify the most pressing barriers that impede family sensitive practice. [source]

Unnatural Extinction: The Rise and Fall of the Independent Local Union

Sanford M. Jacoby
This article analyzes what happened to independent local unions (ILUs), also known as company unions, since 1935. After providing a statistical analysis of ILU membership since 1935, the article looks at the factors that shaped membership trends: changes in labor law, the characteristics of ILUs, worker attitudes toward ILUs, and employers' industrial relations policies. New evidence is presented that suggests that even those employers who still favored ILUs in the 1950s were orienting them away from collective bargaining and toward the "new nonunion model" of the 1960s and 1970s. [source]

Mind the gap: national and local partnership in the Irish public sector

Michael Doherty
ABSTRACT This article uses case study data from a major Irish city council to investigate and explain public sector worker attitudes towards social partnership at local and national level. It is argued that the more sceptical attitudes to workplace partnership reflect structural differences between local and national arrangements, which have enabled public sector employers to use ,social partnership' as a constraint in the implementation process of a pre-determined public sector reform agenda. [source]

Comorbidity of mental health and substance misuse problems: a review of workers' reported attitudes and perceptions

M. W. ADAMS rmn bsc (hons) cert. ed (fe)
A comorbidity of mental health and substance misuse problems has been associated with deleterious outcomes. In the United Kingdom it has been acknowledged that people with comorbidity have often received poor care, with gaps in service provision suggesting ambivalence towards this issue. Previous reviewing authors have concluded that health professionals hold stereotypical views towards people that misuse substances, but these findings may not be directly comparable to those who work within mental health services. There is however a growing body of evidence concerning this context. The author has reviewed the literature from 1996 to 2006 to ascertain mental health professionals and allied workers attitudes and perceptions towards comorbidity, perceptions on the effectiveness of service systems, and perceptions of personal knowledge and skill in providing effective interventions. The evidence presented mainly pertains to mental health nurses, which reflects their status as the largest discipline within the mental health workforce. Overall attitudes towards comorbidity are mixed, possibly being related to contextual issues of practice and are not necessarily negative. However, there is an almost universal negative perception of deficiencies in service provision and the adequacy of training. Implications for research, development and practice are explored. [source]

Are non-union workers different to their union colleagues?

Evidence from the public services
ABSTRACT This article analyses workers' attitudes to trade unions by comparing the survey responses of Unison members with public sector workers who have left or never joined a union. It examines whether differences between these groups can help to explain union-joining behaviour and membership patterns. The findings demonstrate that there are few differences in attitudes between Unison members, ex-unionists and never-members on the issue of ,union effectiveness'. However, ex-unionists were more reluctant to re-join unions than never-members. The evidence concludes that if public service unions are to recruit new members, they need to adopt differentiated strategies and representatives have to target ex-unionists and never-members in the workplace. [source]

Social workers' attitudes to the law: an Israeli perspective

Israel Doron
Doron I, Karpel M, Or-Chen K. Social workers' attitudes to the law: an Israeli perspective Int J Soc Welfare 2010: 19: 95,103 2009 The Author(s), Journal compilation 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd and the International Journal of Social Welfare. In recent years, there has been a general shift towards integration and cooperation between lawyers and social workers, both professionally and ideologically. The goal of this study was to explore the general attitudes of social workers toward the law. The hypothesis was that, due to the recent legal and professional changes in Israel, social workers would express positive attitudes towards the law. For the purpose of this study, a closed questionnaire containing 25 statements regarding the law and its relationship to social work was used. The research population consisted of 202 social workers from Haifa and the Northern region of Israel. The findings of this study support the hypothesis that there is indeed a tendency to closer ideological and professional proximity between social work and the law in Israel. However, especially regarding courts and the litigation process, their attitudes in response to the statements were relatively less favourable. [source]

Let Go or Retain?

A Comparative Study of the Attitudes of Business Students, Managers About the Retirement of Older Workers
This study's central research question is: "How do managers evaluate the desirability of early retirement of their employees, and under what circumstances and for what types of workers are they in favor of delay?" We sought to compare managers' and business students' decision making regarding older workers. We examined the extent to which student samples are appropriate to study organizational behavior. An identical factorial survey was carried out among 26 managers and 25 business school students. The results revealed that business students concentrate on performance-related individual characteristics when making selection decisions, whereas managers also recognize contextual factors (need for downsizing, tight labor market) and older workers' attitudes toward retirement. [source]

HIV prevention for people with serious mental illness: a survey of mental health workers' attitudes, knowledge and practice

Elizabeth Hughes
Aim., The aim of this survey was to investigate the attitudes, knowledge and reported practice (capabilities) of mental health workers concerning humanimmunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted diseases in people with serious mental illness. Background., People with serious mental illness are at increased risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Mental health workers have a key role to play in promoting sexual health in this population, but it is unclear how they perceive their role in this work and whether they have the capabilities to deliver sexual health promotion. Design., Cross sectional survey. Methods., A questionnaire was devised and distributed to 650 mental health workers working in a London (UK) NHS mental health service. Results., A response rate of 44% was achieved. Overall, workers reported positive attitudes to sexual health promotion and were knowledgeable about risk behaviours and risk factors for HIV infection. Adherence to glove wearing was good. However, participants' knowledge about HIV/AIDS in people with schizophrenia was poor and most reported they were not engaged in sexual health promotion activities with people with serious mental illness. Glove wearing was predicted by those who had drug and alcohol training and clinical experience and knowledge of risk factors was predicted by previous health promotion training. No other demographic factors predicted any of the other subscales. Conclusion., Mental health workers require training to provide skills for health promotion regarding sexual health and HIV in people with serious mental health problems. In addition, there needs to be more research on risk behaviours. Relevance to clinical practice., The development of effective interventions to reduce this behaviour. [source]