Wider Society (wider + society)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Stopping petrol sniffing in remote Aboriginal Australia: key elements of the Mt Theo Program

Abstract Petrol sniffing is a major form of substance misuse in Aboriginal communities across Australia. This practice has detrimental effects on the health and wellbeing of individual sniffers, their families, communities and wider society. There are few examples of programmes that have successfully stopped petrol sniffing. This paper looks at the Mt Theo Program, regularly cited as ,the success story' in petrol sniffing interventions. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate key elements that have contributed towards Mt Theo Program's rare achievement: (1) initially, a multi-faceted approach including an outstation and youth programme, (2) community-initiated, operated, owned basis of the organisation, which incorporates (3) strong partnership between Indigenous and non-Indigenous team members and (4) an ability to operate beyond crisis intervention. [source]

No Human Resource is an Island: Gendered, Racialized Access to Work as a Performer

Deborah Dean
This article explores the reproduction of gendered, racialized conceptions of age and appearance in structuring access to performing work. Analysis of this issue leads to discussion of a key supposition: that central work experiences of women performers are manifestations of their position as formal and informal proxies for women's experiences in wider society. Women performers are formal proxies in that they are employed to ,be women'; to represent women for consumption in the circuit of culture. They are informal proxies in that they are allocated to highly segmented labour markets based on wider patterns of gendered, racialized social relations. [source]

The Migration,Development Nexus: Evidence and Policy Options

Ninna Nyberg, Sørensen
Migration and development are linked in many ways , through the livelihood and survival strategies of individuals, households, and communities; through large and often well,targeted remittances; through investments and advocacy by migrants, refugees, diasporas and their transnational communities; and through international mobility associated with global integration, inequality, and insecurity. Until now, migration and development have constituted separate policy fields. Differing policy approaches that hinder national coordination and international cooperation mark these fields. For migration authorities, the control of migration flows to the European Union and other OECD countries are a high priority issue, as is the integration of migrants into the labour market and wider society. On the other hand, development agencies may fear that the development policy objectives are jeopardized if migration is taken into consideration. Can long,term goals of global poverty reduction be achieved if short,term migration policy interests are to be met? Can partnership with developing countries be real if preventing further migration is the principal European migration policy goal? While there may be good reasons to keep some policies separate, conflicting policies are costly and counter,productive. More importantly, there is unused potential in mutually supportive policies, that is, the constructive use of activities and interventions that are common to both fields and which may have positive effects on poverty reduction, development, prevention of violent conflicts, and international mobility. This paper focuses on positive dimensions and possibilities in the migration,development nexus. It highlights the links between migration, development, and conflict from the premise that to align policies on migration and development, migrant and refugee diasporas must be acknowledged as a development resource. [source]

Surfing in the Third Millennium: Commodifying the Visual Argot

David Lanagan
The practice of surfing has often been at odds with the mores of wider society, to the point where surfers have been described in the media as rotten, long-haired, unwashed drug addicts, or as jobless junkies. However, in recent years there has been an increase in the popularity of surfing and an increase in the consumption of surfing related commodities. This increase in popularity is largely due to the marketing practices of the business interests that are involved in surfing, which has appropriated its images and sold them to a rapidly expanding and lucrative market. This paper will outline how the commodification of surfing's visual style, and the meanings that are symbolised by this development, have had a three-fold effect on the sport. First, surfing has been shifted away from the beach into quite different contexts; second, surfing as understood by the wider society has been altered and; third, the commodifying practices of business interests have transferred the symbolic ownership of the sport from surfers to surfing capital. [source]

Making ,bad' deaths ,good': the kinship consequences of posthumous conception

Bob Simpson
Recent developments in assisted reproduction mean that a child may now be born long after its father's demise. Acts of posthumous conception raise a host of complex ethical and social issues. The article draws attention to these by means of an analysis of the medical, legal, and political commentaries generated by the case of Diane Blood in her dispute with the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, which had prevented her from using her deceased husband's sperm to become pregnant. Analysis of this and similar cases reveals that the desire for offspring following the death of a husband or partner has significant consequences for notions of marriage, paternity, memoriam, and inheritance . The article identifies as an underlying theme in acts of posthumous conception an attempt to ameliorate the grief of a widow, a family, and the wider society by making ,bad' deaths to some extent ,good'. To achieve this transformation the meaning of sperm within reproductive transactions is subject to radical reinterpretations which simultaneously commodotize and sacralize human gametes. [source]