Wall Mass (wall + mass)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

An Unusual Lateral Nasal Wall Mass: Heterotopic Glial Tissue

Eric Flavill MD
No abstract is available for this article. [source]

Fine needle aspiration of chest wall mass in an 18-month-old child

M. A. Al-Abbadi
No abstract is available for this article. [source]

Peritoneal mesothelioma presenting as a skin nodule

Cynthia Abban
Mesothelioma is a malignancy of the pleura, pericardium and peritoneum that is rarely seen in cutaneous biopsies. We present a case of a 75-year-old man with significant occupational exposure to asbestos who developed peritoneal mesothelioma that presented as a skin nodule in an old appendectomy scar. The patient presented with a complaint of increased hardness along his appendectomy scar. Physical examination revealed an anterior abdominal wall mass overlying the appendectomy scar, which was subsequently biopsied. Histologic examination of the abdominal wall mass revealed an infiltrating epithelioid and papillary neoplasm within the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. Immunohistochemical stains showed immunoreactivity for cytokeratin (CK) 7, CK 5/6, calretinin and vimentin. CK 20, monoclonal carcinoembryonic antigen, prostate-specific antigen and prostate-specific acid phosphatase were negative. The profile supported the diagnosis of mesothelioma. Cutaneous presentation of mesothelioma is rare but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with significant asbestos exposure. [source]

Budd,Chiari-like syndrome in a dog with a chondrosarcoma of the thoracic wall

Megan F. Whelan DVM
Abstract Objective: To describe a dog with Budd,Chiari-like syndrome secondary to caudal vena cava compression from a thoracic wall chondrosarcoma. Case summary: A 9-year-old spayed female Shetland Sheepdog cross with a recent history of non-productive cough developed severe abdominal distension and dyspnea. Marked ascites and enlarged hepatic veins were identified with ultrasonography. At surgery, a right thoracic wall mass was found to be compressing the caudal vena cava. Fluid analysis of the ascites revealed a modified transudate with elevated protein concentration, consistent with Budd,Chiari-like syndrome. Clinical signs resolved following thoracotomy and complete resection of the mass. New or unique information provided: Obstruction of venous blood flow can result from compression exerted by a space-occupying thoracic wall mass on the caudal vena cava. Clinical resolution can be achieved with return of adequate venous circulation by removal of the mass and alleviation of the external pressure. [source]

Needle traits of an evergreen, coniferous shrub growing at wind-exposed and protected sites in a mountain region: does Pinus pumila produce needles with greater mass per area under wind-stress conditions?

S. Nagano
Abstract Snow depth is one of the most important determinants of vegetation, especially in mountainous regions. In such regions, snow depth tends to be low at wind-exposed sites such as ridges, where stand height and productivity are limited by stressful environmental conditions during winter. Siberian dwarf pine (Pinus pumila Regel) is a dominant species in mountainous regions of Japan. We hypothesized that P. pumila produces needles with greater mass per area at wind-exposed sites than at wind-protected sites because it invests more nitrogen (N) in cell walls at the expense of N investment in the photosynthetic apparatus, resulting in increased photosynthetic N use efficiency (PNUE). Contrary to our hypothesis, plants at wind-exposed site invested less resources in needles, as exhibited by lower biomass, N, Rubisco and cell wall mass per unit area, and had higher photosynthetic capacity, higher PNUE and shorter needle life-span than plants at a wind-protected site. N partitioning was not significantly different between sites. These results suggest that P. pumila at wind-exposed sites produces needles at low cost with high productivity to compensate for a short leaf life-span, which may be imposed by wind stress when needles appear above the snow surface in winter. [source]


R. J. Whitfield
Purpose Endometriosis is defined as the presence of aberrant endometrial tissue outside of the uterus that responds to stimulation by ovarian hormones. A large, circumscribed mass of such tissue is commonly termed an endometrioma. Abdominal wall endometriomas in association with caesarean section scars have been reported repeatedly in the obstetrics and gynaecology literature, but rarely in general surgical journals. Methodology In this paper, six patients are reviewed who presented between 2001 and 2006 with painful, tender nodules in and around caesarean section scars. Of these, four reported exacerbation of symptoms during, or just prior to menstruation. One patient had experienced 12 years of symptoms, previously attributed to intra-abdominal adhesions. Results All patients had their scar nodules excised. Five procedures were performed electively. One patient underwent emergency exploration of her caesarean scar for possible incarcerated incisional hernia. Ectopic endometrial tissue was seen in the histological specimens of all patients. Four patients reported resolution of their symptoms following surgery. One patient had ongoing symptoms post-operatively, with an additional mass lesion seen on ultrasound consistent with a second endometrioma. One patient did not attend follow-up. Conclusion General surgeons are commonly required to assess and manage abdominal wall masses, and should have an awareness of endometrioma in the differential diagnosis when such a lesion is seen in association with a caesarean section scar. Wide excision is usually very effective at alleviating symptoms of abdominal wall endometrioma. [source]