Voiding Patterns (voiding + pattern)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Pelvic fracture-associated urethral injuries in girls: experience with primary repair

BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 1 2004
Lalgudi N. Dorairajan
OBJECTIVE To present our experience with four urethral injuries in females accompanying a pelvic fracture, managed with primary repair or realignment of the urethra. PATIENTS AND METHODS There were three teenage girls and one adult (22 years old). All the patients had complete urethral injuries associated with a pelvic fracture from accidents. They were managed by immediate suprapubic cystostomy followed by repair or realignment of the urethra over a catheter on the same day. The catheter was removed after 3 weeks and a voiding cysto-urethrogram taken. Thereafter they were followed with regular urethral calibration. RESULTS All patients voided satisfactorily with a good stream; three were fully continent and the fourth had transient stress urinary incontinence. One patient needed dilatation at 2 months and another visual internal urethrotomy at 5 months. At a mean (range) follow-up of 33 (9,60) months all the patients had a normal voiding pattern and were continent; none developed vaginal stenosis. CONCLUSION Primary repair of the urethra, and if that is impossible, simple urethral realignment over a catheter, is the procedure of choice for managing female urethral injury associated with a pelvic fracture. The procedure has the additional advantage of reducing the risk of vaginal stenosis. [source]


The relationship between desmopressin treatment and voiding pattern in children

BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 9 2002
G.M. Hvistendahl
Objective,To collate data on voiding patterns at baseline (no treatment) and during short-term desmopressin treatment, with special reference to the functional and the mean bladder capacity. Patients and methods,The study included 120 children (aged 6,16 years) with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. While at home they recorded their fluid intake and diuresis in two separate periods, i.e. 2 weeks as a baseline registration and another 2 weeks during desmopressin titration. On four study days the children recorded the time and volume of all voids and of fluid intake. From the diaries their functional and mean bladder capacities, 24-h diuresis and day/night ratio of diuresis were determined. Results,The mean 24-h diuresis was significantly lower during short-term desmopressin treatment. In most of the enuretics the mean day/night ratio increased on desmopressin treatment. The mean functional and mean bladder capacities were unaffected by desmopressin. Those not responding had bladder capacities of ,,100 mL less than full responders. Regardless of response, practically all the enuretics in the study had a smaller functional bladder capacity than expected for their age. Among responders the morning void was significantly larger than the following voids during the day, and among non-responders the fourth void was significantly larger than the previous voids in the day. Desmopressin treatment did not influence these volumes significantly. Conclusions,Short-term desmopressin treatment does not affect functional and mean bladder capacity; 24-h urine production was reduced significantly (P<0.01) during desmopressin treatment. [source]


Comparison of sensation-related voiding patterns between continent and incontinent women: A study with a 3-day sensation-related bladder diary (SR-BD),,

NEUROUROLOGY AND URODYNAMICS, Issue 6 2008
Irina Naoemova
Abstract Aim To describe and compare voiding patterns on a 3-day sensation-related bladder diary (SR-BD) in women with urinary incontinence (UI) and healthy volunteers. Methods A total of 251 women (224 incontinent patients and 27 healthy volunteers) who recorded a 3-day SR-BD and underwent standard cystometry participated in the study. Parameters from the 3-day SR-BD were compared between incontinent patients and healthy volunteers. Results Compared to continent women, all groups of incontinent women noted a significantly higher 24 hr voiding frequency, a greater voiding frequency per liter diuresis, a smaller mean voided volume for different degrees of bladder sensation with more voids made with higher intensity of desire to void. The smallest mean voided volumes for different degrees of desire to void and the highest voiding frequency per liter diuresis were observed in the urge incontinence group. Conclusions There were different sensation-related voiding patterns on the 3-day SR-BD from incontinent women and healthy volunteers. All incontinence groups had increased bladder sensation compared to healthy volunteers. The most severe increase of bladder sensation was observed in the patients with urgency incontinence. Neurourol. Urodynam. 27:511,514, 2008. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


Murine in vitro whole bladder model: A method for assessing phenotypic responses to pharmacologic stimuli and hypoxia

NEUROUROLOGY AND URODYNAMICS, Issue 4 2004
Joel C. Hutcheson
Abstract Aims Recent advances in genetic manipulation have allowed for over expression or deletion of selective genes in mice. This offers urologic investigators new means of understanding bladder function in the context of normal development or the response to outlet obstruction. It is important to correlate any genetic manipulations in mice with specific phenotypic properties such as voiding patterns, or muscle strip physiology. We describe a simple in vivo whole bladder preparation that may be used to study the phenotypic changes in bladder function. Methods Murine bladders were mounted on a 30 gauge needle and mounted in an organ chamber containing a physiologic buffer solution. Passive bladder properties were assessed with cystometry, and active contractile responses were measured in response to electrical field stimulation and agonists. The effects of hypoxia were also studied. Results Compliance in the murine bladder is dependent upon actin myosin interactions, and increased in the presence of calcium free buffer and EGTA. The sarcoplasmic reticulum plays a smaller role in the contraction of murine bladder than in other species. Murine bladder smooth muscle demonstrated a remarkable ability to withstand hypoxia. Conclusions This simple model can be adapted to help study the murine bladder smooth muscle phenotype under highly controlled circumstances. 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


Desmopressin in elderly patients with nocturia: short-term safety and effects on urine output, sleep and voiding patterns

BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 7 2003
A. Rembratt
OBJECTIVE To investigate the short-term safety of desmopressin in elderly patients with nocturia, with special focus on the risk of hyponatraemia, and to assess the short-term effects on urine output, sleep and voiding patterns. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients (72) were recruited from a study using frequency-volume charts, which in turn was preceded by a questionnaire study. Each patient took one 0.2 mg desmopressin tablet at bedtime for three consecutive nights and kept a frequency-volume chart. Serum sodium was assessed in the morning after the first and the third dose. Patients with a mean serum sodium level during treatment deviating more than five units from baseline were considered sensitive to change in serum sodium. Potential predictors for sodium sensitivity and response were investigated with logistic and multiple regression. RESULTS All 72 enrolled patients completed the trial; no serious adverse events occurred and no adverse events of severe intensity were recorded. Six patients were sensitive to change in serum sodium. The risk (odds ratio, 95% confidence interval) increased with increasing age (1.3, 1.1,1.6), concomitant cardiac disease (10.0, 0.9,105.8) and increasing baseline 24-h urine output (1.2, 1.0,1.5). Patients sensitive to change in serum sodium were pharmacological responders and desmopressin had a greater effect on their 24-h diuresis, indicating that the drug effect was not limited to the night only. CONCLUSION Desmopressin was well tolerated in elderly patients with nocturia, but the results suggest that serum sodium should be measured before and after a few days of treatment. [source]


The relationship between desmopressin treatment and voiding pattern in children

BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 9 2002
G.M. Hvistendahl
Objective,To collate data on voiding patterns at baseline (no treatment) and during short-term desmopressin treatment, with special reference to the functional and the mean bladder capacity. Patients and methods,The study included 120 children (aged 6,16 years) with monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis. While at home they recorded their fluid intake and diuresis in two separate periods, i.e. 2 weeks as a baseline registration and another 2 weeks during desmopressin titration. On four study days the children recorded the time and volume of all voids and of fluid intake. From the diaries their functional and mean bladder capacities, 24-h diuresis and day/night ratio of diuresis were determined. Results,The mean 24-h diuresis was significantly lower during short-term desmopressin treatment. In most of the enuretics the mean day/night ratio increased on desmopressin treatment. The mean functional and mean bladder capacities were unaffected by desmopressin. Those not responding had bladder capacities of ,,100 mL less than full responders. Regardless of response, practically all the enuretics in the study had a smaller functional bladder capacity than expected for their age. Among responders the morning void was significantly larger than the following voids during the day, and among non-responders the fourth void was significantly larger than the previous voids in the day. Desmopressin treatment did not influence these volumes significantly. Conclusions,Short-term desmopressin treatment does not affect functional and mean bladder capacity; 24-h urine production was reduced significantly (P<0.01) during desmopressin treatment. [source]