Voiding Function (voiding + function)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Urodynamic findings in female diabetic patients with and without overactive bladder symptoms,,

Chen-Hsun Ho
Abstract Aims The purpose was to analyze urodynamic findings in female diabetic patients with OAB symptoms. Methods Data from 94 female diabetic patients who underwent urodynamic studies in evaluation of various LUTS were retrospectively reviewed. Urodynamic findings, demographic data, and clinical symptoms were compared between patients with and without OAB. Results Among the 94 subjects analyzed, 34 (36.2%) were diagnosed as OAB. Demographic data were similar between the patients with and without OAB. In the OAB group, patients had significantly higher storage symptom scores and marginally higher voiding symptom scores. On cystometry, the OAB group had a higher percentage of increased bladder sensation (41.2% vs 11.7%, P,=,0.001) and detrusor overactivity (29.4% vs 10.0%, P,=,0.023). The OAB group had lower peak flow rate (16.2,,5.9 vs 19.3,,6.3 ml/s, P,=,0.023), greater PVR volume (60.3,,29.4 vs 45.0,,25.1 ml, P,=,0.009), and lower bladder voiding efficiency (BVE, 75.2,,2.8 vs 81.5,,2.9%, P,<,0.001). On pressure-flow studies, the OAB group had a higher percentage of BOO (26.5% vs 6.7%, P,=,0.008). Conclusions Our study shows that the most frequent urodynamic finding of OAB in female diabetic patients is increased bladder sensation, followed by detrusor overactivity. Compared to those without OAB, female diabetic patients with OAB are more likely to have impaired voiding function, characterized by lower peak flow rate, greater PVR volume, lower BVE, and a higher percentage of BOO. In these patients, BOO not only causes voiding difficulty but may also contribute to the development of OAB. Neurourol. Urodynam. 29:424,427, 2010. 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Effect of lumbar-epidural administration of tramadol on lower urinary tract function,,

S.K. Singh
Abstract Aims Intrathecal and epidural administration of -agonist opioids is associated with urinary retention, a potentially serious adverse-event. In animal studies tramadol has been found not to affect voiding function. We evaluated urodynamic effects of epidural tramadol in humans. Methods Fifteen adults planned for cystoscopy under local-anesthesia underwent urodynamics (UDS) at baseline and 30 min after administration of 100 mg tramadol in lumbar-epidural space. UDS consisted of filling cystometry, pressure-flow study and pelvic floor electromyography (EMG). Subsequently, all underwent cystoscopy and were observed for 6 hr. Results After injection of tramadol, a significant rise was observed in bladder capacity (391.8,,179.6 ml vs. 432.7,,208.8 ml; P,=,0.019) and compliance (60.1,,51.5 ml/cm H2O vs. 83.0,,63.0 ml/cm H2O; P,=,0.011) without a significant change in filling pressure (22.5,,13.2 cm H2O vs. 24.1,,15.1 cm H2O; P,=,0.576). Filling sensations were delayed significantly (P,,,0.05). EMG during filling phase showed a significant fall (P,=,0.027). Peak flow-rate (Qmax), average flow-rate, postvoid residue and detrusor pressure-at-Qmax did not show significant change from baseline (P,>,0.05). Three patients had bladder outlet obstruction which did not worsen after the injection. Guarding reflex was inhibited in seven out of 12 patients who had it at baseline (P,=,0.016). Conclusions Epidural tramadol increases the bladder capacity and compliance and delays filling-sensations, without ill effect on voiding. This seems true even for patients with obstructed outflow; however, due to small number of patients a definite conclusion cannot be derived. These results will guide clinician to avoid catheterization in cases where epidural tramadol is used for postoperative pain. The inhibitory effects of tramadol on EMG activity are intriguing and need further studies. Neurourol. Urodynam. 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Why do women have voiding dysfunction and de novo detrusor instability after colposuspension?

L. Bombieri
Objective To investigate the causes of voiding dysfunction and new detrusor instability after colposuspension. Design Prospective, observational study. Setting Urogynaecology unit, district general hospital. Population Seventy-seven women undergoing colposuspension for genuine stress incontinence. Methods The following factors were investigated: 1. bladder neck elevation by magnetic resonance imaging before and after surgery; 2. urethral compression by measuring bladder neck approximation to the pubis with magnetic resonance imaging after surgery (anterior compression) and the distance between the medial stitches during surgery (lateral compression); 3. clinical and urodynamic factors. Main outcome measures 1. Post-operative voiding function (i.e. first day of voiding and day of catheter removal); 2. objective evidence of detrusor instability three months post-operatively. Results Pre-operative peak flow rate (P= 0.004), straining during voiding (P= 0.005), increasing age (P< 0.001), operative elevation (P< 0.001) and anterior urethral compression (P= 0.001) were associated with the number of days of post-operative catheterisation. Increasing age (P= 0.02), previous bladder neck surgery (P= 0.04), operative elevation (P= 0.049) and anterior urethral compression (P< 0.001) were associated with detrusor instability at three months. Conclusion Surgical factors (bladder neck elevation and compression) are associated with voiding dysfunction and detrusor instability after colposuspension. These findings have implications for prevention. [source]

Cerebral mechanisms and voiding function

Ranan DasGupta
Some of the most recent work investigating the cerebral mechanisms involved in bladder control has been very helpful in adding to our understanding of bladder dysfunction. The group behind this work, from London, presents a mini-review which will help to update our knowledge in this area. Authors from Australia present a review describing the interactions between bone and prostate cancer cells in metastatic disease. This area has generated much interest and is something for which we should develop a full understanding, to optimise our treatments for this condition. [source]