Uterine Length (uterine + length)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Sonographic assessment of uterine and ovarian development in normal girls aged 1 to 12 years

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ULTRASOUND, Issue 9 2008
Maria Badouraki MD
Abstract Purpose. To provide normal references of sonographic uterine and ovarian size in girls aged 1,12 years. Method. Ninety-nine girls were enrolled in the study (mean age SD, 6.9 2.4 years [range, 1,12 years]). Pubertal status was classified according to Tanner staging, whereas for height and weight assessment a standard stadiometer and weight scale were employed. All subjects underwent pelvic sonographic examination for the measurement of uterine length, volume, ratio of anteroposterior diameter at the fundus divided by the anteroposterior diameter at the cervix (fundal,cervical [F/C] ratio), and ovarian volume and morphology. Results. A gradual increase with age was observed in all uterine and ovarian measurements. Cubic model analysis provided the best curve estimation for uterine length, uterine volume, and ovarian volume in relation to age. Uterine length, uterine volume, ovarian volume and F/C ratio were significantly correlated to both age and height. With respect to ovarian morphology, there was a gradual decrease in frequency of the homogeneous and the paucicystic appearances with increasing age. The macrocystic appearance was observed after the age of 6 years, and its frequency increased gradually with age. Conclusion. There is a continuous increase in size of internal female genitalia from early childhood until the onset of puberty. We have provided reference percentile charts of normal uterine length, uterine volume, and ovarian volume in girls aged 1,12 years. 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2008 [source]


Poor uterine development in Turner syndrome with oral oestrogen therapy

CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, Issue 3 2002
Wendy F. Paterson
Summary OBJECTIVE To evaluate uterine development in Turner syndrome (TS) patients in relation to treatment with oral ethinyl oestradiol (E2) for pubertal induction. DESIGN AND PATIENTS Pelvic ultrasound data for 96 TS patients scanned since 1989 were analysed. Patients were classified into three groups: (1) untreated (n = 48); (2) complete spontaneous puberty (n = 10); and (3) treated with ethinyl oestradiol (n = 38). Uterine development was described in the three groups and compared with the normal data. MEASUREMENTS Uterine length, fundal-cervical ratio (FCR) and shape were recorded, and presence or absence of ovaries noted. In the treated group, cross-sectional and longitudinal data were combined to compare uterine development with Tanner breast stage. RESULTS In untreated girls up to age 10 years there was a variable distribution of uterine length and FCR about the mean. Thereafter, the uterus failed to grow and mature normally. Girls with complete spontaneous puberty had morphologically normal ovaries and uteri, but of 7 girls who attained menarche, 3 subsequently developed secondary oligomenorrhoea or amenorrhoea. In the treated group, in general, breast development and uterine length progressed with increasing E2 dose. However, only 50% of girls with complete secondary sexual development had a mature heart-shaped uterine configuration. CONCLUSIONS Our current E2 treatment regimen for TS girls gives rise to satisfactory pubertal induction and maintenance, but failed to induce a fully mature uterus in half the cohort. In view of the high risk of miscarriage in TS in both spontaneous and assisted pregnancies, the effect of more physiological methods of E2 replacement on uterine development should be investigated. [source]


Sonographic assessment of uterine and ovarian development in normal girls aged 1 to 12 years

JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ULTRASOUND, Issue 9 2008
Maria Badouraki MD
Abstract Purpose. To provide normal references of sonographic uterine and ovarian size in girls aged 1,12 years. Method. Ninety-nine girls were enrolled in the study (mean age SD, 6.9 2.4 years [range, 1,12 years]). Pubertal status was classified according to Tanner staging, whereas for height and weight assessment a standard stadiometer and weight scale were employed. All subjects underwent pelvic sonographic examination for the measurement of uterine length, volume, ratio of anteroposterior diameter at the fundus divided by the anteroposterior diameter at the cervix (fundal,cervical [F/C] ratio), and ovarian volume and morphology. Results. A gradual increase with age was observed in all uterine and ovarian measurements. Cubic model analysis provided the best curve estimation for uterine length, uterine volume, and ovarian volume in relation to age. Uterine length, uterine volume, ovarian volume and F/C ratio were significantly correlated to both age and height. With respect to ovarian morphology, there was a gradual decrease in frequency of the homogeneous and the paucicystic appearances with increasing age. The macrocystic appearance was observed after the age of 6 years, and its frequency increased gradually with age. Conclusion. There is a continuous increase in size of internal female genitalia from early childhood until the onset of puberty. We have provided reference percentile charts of normal uterine length, uterine volume, and ovarian volume in girls aged 1,12 years. 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Clin Ultrasound, 2008 [source]


Poor uterine development in Turner syndrome with oral oestrogen therapy

CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, Issue 3 2002
Wendy F. Paterson
Summary OBJECTIVE To evaluate uterine development in Turner syndrome (TS) patients in relation to treatment with oral ethinyl oestradiol (E2) for pubertal induction. DESIGN AND PATIENTS Pelvic ultrasound data for 96 TS patients scanned since 1989 were analysed. Patients were classified into three groups: (1) untreated (n = 48); (2) complete spontaneous puberty (n = 10); and (3) treated with ethinyl oestradiol (n = 38). Uterine development was described in the three groups and compared with the normal data. MEASUREMENTS Uterine length, fundal-cervical ratio (FCR) and shape were recorded, and presence or absence of ovaries noted. In the treated group, cross-sectional and longitudinal data were combined to compare uterine development with Tanner breast stage. RESULTS In untreated girls up to age 10 years there was a variable distribution of uterine length and FCR about the mean. Thereafter, the uterus failed to grow and mature normally. Girls with complete spontaneous puberty had morphologically normal ovaries and uteri, but of 7 girls who attained menarche, 3 subsequently developed secondary oligomenorrhoea or amenorrhoea. In the treated group, in general, breast development and uterine length progressed with increasing E2 dose. However, only 50% of girls with complete secondary sexual development had a mature heart-shaped uterine configuration. CONCLUSIONS Our current E2 treatment regimen for TS girls gives rise to satisfactory pubertal induction and maintenance, but failed to induce a fully mature uterus in half the cohort. In view of the high risk of miscarriage in TS in both spontaneous and assisted pregnancies, the effect of more physiological methods of E2 replacement on uterine development should be investigated. [source]