Urine Leakage (urine + leakage)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Selected Abstracts

Urinary incontinence in men with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Fumi Hirayama
Abstract: This study investigated urinary incontinence in men with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total of 244 community-dwelling men (mean age 66.5 years) diagnosed with COPD within the past 4 years were recruited from six hospital outpatient departments in central Japan. The prevalence of urinary incontinence was 10% according to the International Consultation on Incontinence criterion. Urine leakage among the 24 incontinent men was typically a small amount (75%) and occurred once a week or less often (58%). Fifteen (63%) of them reported urge incontinence while only two men experienced stress incontinence. On average they had urine leakage for 2.5 (SD 2.3) years and the majority (n = 19, 79%) developed the condition after diagnosis of COPD. The finding of higher prevalence of urge incontinence challenges the conventional view that COPD is associated with stress incontinence due to high pressure coughs. [source]

Radiofrequency ablation partial nephrectomy: A new method of nephron-sparing surgery in selected patients

Abstract, From July 2002 to April 2005, seven radiofrequency ablation partial nephrectomies have been carried out in seven selected patients. A cool-tip Tyco radiofrequency device under intraoperative ultrasound guidance was used. After intervention, tumors were removed and their tissue with their margins were verified histopathologically. Procedure efficacy was assessed by multidetector computed tomography and by ultrasound. Complications included urine leakage in three cases. Histopathologically, in every case renal cell carcinoma was detected. There is no need for dialysis and there has been no tumor recurrence. No bleeding without clamping renal pedicle, easy tumor extraction and, we hope, reduced risk of recurrence are the major advantages of this intervention. [source]

Radio-frequency ablation of renal cell carcinoma in patients who were at significant risk

Abstract, Objective:, Although radio-frequency ablation (RFA) has been recently applied as a minimally invasive treatment option for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), indication of this modality remains a critical issue due to the lack of complete tumor destruction as well as the uncertainty of its long-term efficacy. We report the efficacy of RFA for nine carefully selected patients with RCC who had significant reason to avoid invasive surgical treatment under general anesthesia. Methods:, Radio-frequency ablation was performed under epidural or local anesthesia by ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) guidance in nine patients with biopsy proven RCC (mean diameter, 38 mm; range, 20,53 mm), who were at significant operative or anesthetic risk for invasive surgery. Follow-up enhanced CT scans or magnetic resonance images were evaluated every 3,6 months and an evaluation of metastasis was performed every 6 months. Results:, At a mean follow-up of 17 months, seven (78%) of the nine patients with renal tumor showed no tumor enhancement. The renal function of all patients was well preserved. All patients were able to continue undergoing their respective treatments for active diseases in other organs in parallel to the RFA treatment. No distant metastasis, urine leakage were reported and one case of temporary hematuria and one case of peri-renal hemorrhage not requiring blood transfusion were encountered. Intra-operative ultrasonography was useful in the real-time monitoring of the minimally excessive extension of ablation into the normal parenchyma. Conclusion:, Radio-frequency ablation appears to be an effective and safe minimally invasive therapeutic option for selected patients with RCC who have reason to avoid invasive surgery under general anesthesia. [source]

Laparoscopic pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction: Outcome of initial 12 procedures

Abstract Background:, Open pyeloplasty has been the gold standard for surgical treatment of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction, enjoying a long-term success rate exceeding 90%. Unfortunately, this procedure requires a muscle incision that entails some degree of morbidity. We have, therefore, investigated the feasibility of laparoscopic pyeloplasty for UPJ obstruction and report here the outcomes of our early cases. The median follow up is 25 months (range, 12,42 months). Methods:, Between March 1999 and September 2001 we performed laparoscopic pyeloplasty on 12 ureters in 11 patients presenting with symptomatic hydronephrosis, secondary to a short stenosis of the UPJ or to ventrally crossing vessels; bilateral pyeloplasty was performed as a single procedure in one patient. We performed dismembered Anderson,Hynes pyeloplasty, Fenger plasty and Y-V plasty in eight, two and two ureters, respectively. All procedures were carried out transperitoneally. Results:, The procedure was completed successfully in all cases. Crossing vessels were noted in six of 12 ureters (50.0%). Mean operative time and blood loss in 11 patients (including one bilateral case) were 272.8 min (range, 175,480 min) and 96.4 mL (range, 20,340 mL), respectively. Postoperative complications were noted in two patients (18.2%): one instance of prolonged urine leakage and one anastomotic re-stricture. Eleven of 12 ureters (91.6%) demonstrated a patent UPJ on excretory urography and/or improvement of renal function on diuretic renography at a minimum follow up of 12 months. Conclusion:, Although the procedure requires advanced laparoscopic skills, it can be safely and successfully completed as frequently as the conventional open procedure. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty seems to be a valuable alternative to open pyeloplasty for UPJ obstruction. [source]

Sling operations in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence: How to adjust sling tension

Ibraheem Mahmoud Ezzat
Abstract Aim:, To find an objective method of adjusting sling tension in order to avoid postoperative urinary obstruction. Methods:, Thirty-five female patients with type II/III and type III stress urinary incontinence were treated using a sling procedure. Pubovaginal fascial slings were implanted in 20 patients and polytetrafluoroethylene patch slings with nylon sutures were implanted in 15 patients. During the procedures the urinary bladder was partially full and the patients, who were under spinal or epidural anesthesia, were asked to cough and strain. The proper tension that effectively prevents urine leakage was selected and the corresponding suture length was marked. An objective new method to adjust sling tension was used. As part of this method, the abdominal bulge index is added to the suture length before tying. Results:, Short-term follow-up of 6,12 months showed that 33 of 35 patients reported no leakage of urine (94%). Two patients had unsatisfactory urge incontinence. We did not encounter postoperative urinary retention in any patient. No significant post-voiding residual urine was reported. None of our patients in this series have complained of difficulties during micturition or the need to strain during voiding. Conclusion:, Proper adjustment of sling tension using the abdominal bulge index has eliminated postoperative urinary retention and obstructed urine flow, including any appreciable amount of post-voiding residual urine. This method has been found to be both objective and reproducible. [source]

Stress urinary incontinence as the presenting symptom of primary male urethral diverticulum,A case report and literature review,

Shao-Chuan Wang
Abstract Primary male urethral diverticulum is quite uncommon. It is even more unusual for urinary incontinence to be a presenting symptom of primary male urethral diverticulum. Herein, we report on a 32-year-old male presenting with urine leakage on coughing or abdominal strain beginning from his early twenties. A congenital type bulbar urethral diverticulum is diagnosed by voiding cystourethrography and cystourethroscopy. Endoscopic unroofing of the diverticulum freed the patient from stress urinary incontinence after the surgery. Neurourol. Urodynam. 26:271,273, 2007. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

ORIGINAL RESEARCH,WOMEN'S SEXUAL HEALTH: Biofeedback, Electrical Stimulation, Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises, and Vaginal Cones: A Combined Rehabilitative Approach for Sexual Dysfunction Associated with Urinary Incontinence

Massimo Rivalta MD
ABSTRACT Introduction., Urinary incontinence (UI) is often associated with sexual dysfunction. We present our preliminary experience with a combined rehabilitative approach consisting of biofeedback, functional electrical stimulation, pelvic floor muscle exercises, and vaginal cones. Aim., The potential impact of such practice on UI and sexual function was analyzed in our case series and discussed. Main Outcome Measures and Methods., We evaluated three women affected by UI and sexual dysfunction. The patients underwent combined pelvic floor rehabilitation (PFR), kept voiding diaries, and filled out the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI questionnaire) before and after the completion of PFR. We evaluated each domain score, including desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. Results., After the combined rehabilitation program, none of them had UI requiring pad use or referred urine leakage during sexual activity, including intercourse. Before PFR, FSFI score ranged from 16 to 21; after treatment, the FSFI score ranged from 22.1 to 29.3. There was an improvement in patients regarding desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. Conclusions., A complete rehabilitation can provide a beneficial effect on sexual function. A larger trial, on a more extended female population, is currently in progress, in order to confirm our findings. The effectiveness of a complete PFR scheme, together with the lack of side effects, makes it a suitable approach to sexual dysfunction that is associated with UI. Rivalta M, Sighinolfi MC, De Stefani S, Micali S, Mofferdin A, Grande M, and Bianchi G. Biofeedback, electrical stimulation, pelvic floor muscle exercises, and vaginal cones: A combined rehabilitative approach for sexual dysfunction associated with urinary incontinence. J Sex Med 2009;6:1674,1677. [source]

Is physical activity influenced by urinary incontinence?

Beata Stach-Lempinen
Objective To evaluate physical activity among urinary incontinent women seeking treatment and to assess the change of physical activity after treatment. Design Part of a prospective observational intervention study to examine the factors influencing the severity of urinary incontinence. Setting Tampere University Hospital,referral unit. Population Eighty-two urinary incontinent women were evaluated in the baseline and 69 (84%) one year (mean 13 months, range 6,21) after treatment. Methods Physical activity was measured by self-report questionnaire and electronic motion sensor: Caltrac accelerometer worn by women for one week. The diagnosis and severity of urinary incontinence was estimated on the basis of urodynamics, pad test, diary and incontinence-specific quality of life measures. Treatment outcome was assessed according to objective parameters and patients satisfaction. Main outcome measures Physical activity at work, leisure and sport expressed in MET (metabolic unit) and kilocalories, change in physical activity after treatment. Results Twenty-one (25.6%) of all women reported exercise of more than three times per week. Incontinent women with the highest leisure time activity ,6 MET (n= 23, above 75th centile) were younger; they had less body mass index and greater urine leakage than others. One year after treatment, there was no change in any parameters of physical activities. Also exercise habits among women who were completely dry (n= 37) after treatment were not changed. Conclusion Urinary incontinent women who seek treatment are as physically active as the normal population. Even after successful incontinence treatment, exercise habits do not change. [source]

The future magnitude of urological symptoms in the USA: projections using the Boston Area Community Health survey

Heather J. Litman
OBJECTIVE To use the population-based data from the Boston Area Community Health (BACH) Survey to estimate the likely magnitude (prevalence) of urological symptoms in the USA population in 2025, as health-services researchers use projections of the likely magnitude of disease to inform decisions on the future allocation of health resources. METHODS Age and gender-specific prevalence rates from BACH were combined with USA population projections to estimate the likely magnitude of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and symptoms suggestive of urine leakage, painful bladder syndrome (PBlS) and prostatitis (men only). RESULTS In total and accounting for overlapping symptoms, 52 million adults in the USA will have symptoms of LUTS, urine leakage, PBlS or prostatitis in 2025. These urological symptoms have a large impact on physical and mental aspects of quality of life, that is comparable to other chronic conditions. CONCLUSIONS The future magnitude of symptoms indicative of these four urological conditions might reach the current level of cardiovascular disease in the USA, which is considered ,a modern epidemic.' Our projections have important implications for medical education, training of healthcare providers, health-services research, and policy and patient education. [source]