University Hospital (university + hospital)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of University Hospital

  • care university hospital
  • french university hospital
  • kyoto university hospital
  • malmö university hospital
  • medical university hospital
  • national taiwan university hospital
  • national university hospital
  • sahlgrenska university hospital
  • seoul national university hospital
  • swedish university hospital
  • taiwan university hospital
  • tampere university hospital
  • tertiary care university hospital

  • Selected Abstracts

    Cost analysis of the treatment of acute childhood lymphocytic leukaemia according to Nordic protocols

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 4 2000
    J Rahiala
    Some attempts have been made to reduce the costs incurred in the therapy of leukaemia, but no studies are available regarding costs of the entire treatment in children with acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL). We analysed all the direct costs of treatment of 11 children with ALL diagnosed and treated in Kuopio University Hospital. The follow-up continued from diagnosis until the end of treatment for each patient. Patient treatment on the ward lasted for 84-210 d and in the outpatient clinic for 24-66 d, depending on the risk group. From 11-54 of the inpatient days were required for the treatment of infections. Total mean cost of the entire treatment was US $103 250 (US $55 196-166 039) per patient, 53% of which were basic hospital costs and 47% patient-specific costs. Laboratory tests and radiology accounted for 18% of all direct costs and cytostatic drugs for 13%, but blood products accounted for only 4% of the total. Infections were the most important extra cause of costs, accounting for 18% of the mean total costs per patient. The complete treatment of a child with ALL came to a total of US $103 250. However, since 80% of children with ALL are long-term survivors, the cost must be regarded as a good investment. [source]

    Outcome after prolonged convulsive seizures in 186 children: low morbidity, no mortality

    Piia Metsäranta BM
    Prolonged convulsive seizures are a common neurological emergency and a potential cause of neuronal damage and functional sequelae. We explored the role of seizure duration and various background factors for neurological sequelae in children with prolonged convulsive seizures. The population-base of this study was all children (age < 16 years) who had been admitted to the Tampere University Hospital, Finland between 1993 and 1999 with convulsive seizures lasting more than 5 minutes. Patients were followed up individually (mean length of follow-up 2 years 1 month, range 0 to 7 years 8 months). All available data on the prolonged seizure episodes and clinical follow-up were analyzed retrospectively by a detailed review of all medical charts and records. In 186 children (94 males, 92 females; mean age 4 years 5 months, SD 3 years 10 months, range 1 month to 15 years 4 months) there were 279 separate convulsive seizure episodes lasting over 5 minutes, yielding an annual incidence of 47.5 out of every 100000 episodes. Seizure aetiology was idiopathic in 26.2% of episodes, febrile in 41.9%, remote symptomatic in 28%, and acute symptomatic in 3.9% of episodes. Mean duration of all seizure episodes was 42.5 minutes (SD 46.1 minutes) and was significantly correlated with the aetiology: shortest in the febrile group (mean 35.4 minutes) and longest in the acute symptomatic group (mean 88.6 minutes; p < 0.001). There was no mortality related directly to these acute seizure episodes. The most common sequela was an onset of epilepsy in 40 children (22%). Permanent neurological sequelae were noted in only four patients (2.2%; mean seizure duration 16 minutes) and non-permanent sequelae in six patients (3.2%; mean seizure duration 38 minutes). Neurological sequelae of prolonged convulsive seizures in children are rare and are related to aetiological factors rather than the duration of a single seizure. The role of acute seizures in the evolution of epilepsy in children remains obscure. [source]


    Hiromi Kataoka
    A 75-year-old male was admitted to the gastroenterology unit of Nagoya City University Hospital due to epigastralgia after surgical treatment for right renal cancer. Endoscopy revealed advanced type 1 gastric cancer in the corpus of the stomach and multiple polypoid lesions in the stomach and duodenum. X-ray examination of the small intestine using barium showed multiple polyps in the upper jejunum. Faint pigmentation on the palm was also detected. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) was diagnosed, despite a lack of family history. Total gastrectomy, resection of part of the upper jejunum and intraoperative endoscopic polypectomy of duodenal polyps was performed. This is the second reported case of PJS associated with renal cancer. We also detected a missense mutation in the tumor suppressor gene STK11 that, when mutated, is causative for PJS. [source]


    Hideki Toyoda
    A 62-year-old woman was referred to Mie University Hospital, Tsu, Japan, for examination of upper gastrointestinal tract. The conventional endoscopy showed a slightly depressed lesion on the greater curvature at the gastric body. The surface of surrounding non-neoplastic mucosa using magnification endoscopy with acetic acid was gyrus-villous pattern whereas the surface of the lesion was rough. Furthermore, magnification endoscopy using acetic acid and narrow-band imaging system visualized clearer fine surface pattern of carcinoma. The lesion had a rough mucosa with irregularly arranged small pits. The lesion was resected completely by endoscopic mucosal resection with insulated-tip electrosurgical knife. Narrow-band imaging system with acetic acid may be able to visualize not only the capillary pattern but also the fine surface pattern of gastric carcinoma. [source]

    Carcinoma of the gall-bladder associated with primary sclerosing cholangitis and ulcerative colitis

    Mitsuru Seo
    A 64-year-old Japanese male was admitted to Fukuoka University Hospital to undergo further examination for an elevated ,-glutamyltransferase (,-GTP) level. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) showed dilatation of the intrahepatic bile duct and stenosis of the proximal portion of the common bile duct. No abnormality was found in the gall-bladder. Since the fecal occult blood test was positive, sigmoidoscopy and a barium enema were performed. Sigmoidoscopy showed a hyperemic and hemorrhagic mucosa in the rectum, but a barium enema study did not show any abnormal findings in the entire colon. We diagnosed the patient to have primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and ulcerative proctitis based on these radiological and endoscopic findings. Bloody stool and fever occurred 4 months after the first admission. The patient's colitis extended to the entire colon. Because of the failure of corticosteroid therapy, a subtotal colectomy was performed. Given that a mass was intraoperatively palpable in the gall-bladder, a cholecystectomy was simultaneously performed. In the whole resected colon, diffuse ulcerations and mucosal islands were found. Grossly, a flat polypoid lesion, measuring 2 cm in diameter, was found in the fundus of the resected gall-bladder. Sections of this lesion in the gall-bladder revealed cystic atypical glands and some atypical cell clusters invading the subserosa. The present case suggests that careful observations are needed for patients with ulcerative colitis who have an elevated ,-GTP level even if the colitis is limited to the distal colon and the serum alkaline phosphatase level is normal. [source]

    Use of endoscopy in diagnosis and management of patients with dysphagia in an African setting

    H. M. Y. Mudawi
    SUMMARY The objectives of this study were to define the utility of esophagogastroduodenoscopy in the diagnosis and management of patients presenting with dysphagia and to determine the relative incidence of the various causes of dysphagia in Sudan. This is a prospective, cross-sectional, descriptive, hospital-based study carried out at the endoscopy unit of Soba University Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. All patients complaining of dysphagia underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with therapeutic intervention when necessary. A total of 114 patients were enrolled in the study, with a mean age of 47 years SD ± 19 and a male to female ratio of 1 : 1.04. A benign condition was diagnosed in 56% of the cases; this included esophageal strictures in 21% of the cases and achalasia in 14%. Malignant causes were mainly due to esophageal cancer (40.4%) and cancer of the stomach cardia (3.5%). Therapeutic intervention was attempted in 83% of the cases. Risk factors predictive of a malignant etiology were age over 40 years (P < 0.000), dysphagia lasting between 1 month and 1 year (P < 0.000), and weight loss (P < 0.000). A barium study was performed in 35 cases (31%) prior to endoscopic examination and proved to be inaccurate in three cases (8.6%). Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in our African setting is an accurate and useful investigation in the diagnosis and management of patients presenting with dysphagia. Patients over the age of 40 years presenting with dysphagia and weight loss are more likely to have a neoplastic disease and should be referred for urgent endoscopy. [source]

    Serum concentrations of high-mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 before and after exposure to the surgical stress of thoracic esophagectomy: a predictor of clinical course after surgery?

    K. Suda
    SUMMARY., High-mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB-1) has recently been shown as an important late mediator of endotoxin shock, intra-abdominal sepsis, and acute lung injury. However, its role in the systemic inflammatory response syndrome after major surgical stress, which may lead to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, has not been thoroughly investigated. We hypothesized that serum HMGB-1 participates in the pathogenesis of postoperative organ system dysfunction after exposure to major surgical stress. A prospective clinical study was performed to consecutive patients (n = 24) with carcinoma of the thoracic esophagus who underwent transthoracic esophagectomy with three field lymph node resection between 1998 and 2003 at Keio University Hospital, Japan. Serum HMGB-1 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Preoperative serum HMGB-1 levels correlated with postoperative duration of SIRS, mechanical ventilation, and intensive care unit stay. Three of the 24 patients had serious postoperative complications: sepsis in two, and acute lung injury in one. Serum HMGB-1 levels in patients without complications increased within the first 24 h postoperatively, remained high during postoperative days 2,3, and then decreased gradually by postoperative day 7. In patients with serious complications, serum HMGB-1 was significantly higher than that found in patients without postoperative complications at every time point except postoperative day 2. Preoperative serum HMGB-1 concentration seems to be an important predictor of the postoperative clinical course. Transthoracic esophagectomy induces an increase in HMGB-1 in serum even in patients without complications. Postoperative serum HMGB-1 concentrations were higher in patients who developed complications, and may be a predictive marker for complications in this setting. [source]

    Community-based, Prospective, Controlled Study of Obstetric and Neonatal Outcome of 179 Pregnancies in Women with Epilepsy

    EPILEPSIA, Issue 1 2006
    Katriina Viinikainen
    Summary:,Purpose: This study evaluated obstetric and neonatal outcome in a community-based cohort of women with active epilepsy (WWAE) compared with the general pregnant population receiving modern obstetric care. Methods: We reviewed the total population who gave birth between January 1989 and October 2000 at Kuopio University Hospital. Obstetric, demographic, and epilepsy data were collected prospectively from 179 singleton pregnancies of women with epilepsy and from 24,778 singleton pregnancies of unaffected controls. The obstetric data from the pregnancy register was supplemented with detailed neurologic data retrieved from the medical records. The data retrieved were comprehensive because of a follow-up strategy according to a predecided protocol. Results: During pregnancy, the seizure frequency was unchanged, or the change was for the better in the majority (83%) of the patients. We found no significant differences between WWAE and controls in the incidence of preeclampsia, preterm labor, or in the rates of caesarean sections, perinatal mortality, or low birth weight. However, the rate of small-for-gestational-age infants was significantly higher, and the head circumference was significantly smaller in WWAE. Apgar score at 1 min was lower in children of WWAE, and the need for care in the neonatal ward and neonatal intensive care were increased as compared with controls. The frequency of major malformations was 4.8% (,0.6,10.2%; 95% confidence interval) in the 127 children of WWAE. Conclusions: Pregnancy course is uncomplicated and neonatal outcome is good in the majority of cases when a predecided protocol is used for the follow-up of WWAE in antenatal and neurologic care. Long-term follow-up of the neurologic and cognitive development of the children of WWAE is still needed. [source]

    Genital Automatisms: A Video-EEG Study in Patients with Medically Refractory Seizures

    EPILEPSIA, Issue 7 2004
    Judith Dobesberger
    Summary:,Purpose: Genital automatisms (GAs) are rare clinical phenomena during or after epileptic seizures. They are defined as repeated fondling, grabbing, or scratching of the genitals. The anatomic correlates of GAs have been discussed controversially. The aim of this investigation was to assess the localizing and lateralizing value of GAs. Methods: The authors studied 207 consecutive patients with intractable seizures referred to a University Hospital for presurgical evaluation between 1998 and 2002: 135 had temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE); 23, frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE); 29, generalized epilepsies (GEs); and 20 had extratemporal or multifocal epilepsy. Results: Twenty-three (11%) of 207 patients showed GAs in 42 (3%) of 1,299 seizures. GAs occurred significantly more often in men (17 of 93, 18%) than in women (six of 114, 5%; p = 0.0037). Twenty-one (16%) of 135 patients with TLE performed GAs, one (4%) of 23 with FLE and one (3%) of 29 with GE. GAs were associated with unilateral hand automatisms in 16 (70%) of 23 and with periictal urinary urge in five (22%) of 23. All patients had amnesia for the performance of GAs. Conclusions: GAs appear in the ictal or postictal period with impaired consciousness. Men exhibit GAs significantly more often than do women. GAs do not localize or lateralize per se, but may localize seizure onset in the presence of periictal urinary urge or unilateral hand automatisms. They show a tendency to occur more often in TLE. [source]

    Treatment satisfaction with insulin glargine in patients with diabetes mellitus in a university hospital clinic in Sweden

    M Annersten Gershater RN, MNSc Research Nurse
    Abstract Background: Few studies evaluate patients' perspectives when a new drug is intro-duced to treat chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. The clinical role of a new insulin treatment, in terms of the relationship between higher cost and better treat-ment outcomes (as defined from the patient perspective) has been discussed. We sought to explore patient satisfaction with a new insulin treatment (insulin glargine). At its launch in 2002/3 it was purported to provide constant, peakless insulin release following once- or twice-daily administration, thus leading to fewer hypoglycaemic episodes while providing metabolic control equivalent to that achieved with NPH human basal insulin. Aims: To investigate the indications used for prescription of a new drug and its clinical effects on glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, perceived hypoglycaemic events and patient satisfaction. Methods: The Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (Status Version, DTSQ-s), which measures satisfaction with treatment regimen, and perceived frequency of hyperglycaemia and hypoglycemia, was circulated to all living patients who had ever started treatment with insulin glargine at the Department of Endocrinology at Malmö University Hospital. Medical records of 913 patients were assessed for HbA1c levels at 0 and 12 months after starting insulin glargine therapy. Results: Completed questionnaires were returned by 615 of 960 patients (64%) who had ever started insulin glargine. The main indications for starting treatment were physicians' or nurses' initiatives, desire for fewer fluctuations and improved metabolic control. HbA1c levels fell by 0.41% for patients with type 1 diabetes and by 0.68% for those with type 2 diabetes. The mean DTSQ-s score was 28.45 for satisfaction, whereas the mean perceived hypoglycaemic/hyperglycaemic events score was 3. Conclusion: Treatment satisfaction was very high and perceived frequency of hypoglycaemia/hyperglycaemia was very low. The indications for treatment of insulin glargine are being followed in accordance with national recommendations. Copyright © 2009 FEND [source]

    A course of treatment of binge eating disorder: a time series approach

    Beate Wild
    Abstract Objective The aim of the study was an analysis of the therapeutic course of treatment of a patient with binge eating disorder (BED), who participated in the multi-modal intervention programme at the Medical University Hospital of Heidelberg. Method Throughout the course of the treatment period, the patient answered questions daily on a handheld computer about her eating behaviour as well as her psychological and physical state. Diary data was analysed with a time series analysis method. Results Multiple regression analysis revealed that both depression and distress were same-day predictors for eating behaviour. Delayed predictors were both the eating behaviour and the anxiety of the previous day, as well as the activity 2 days earlier. The model accounts for 55% of the total variance. Discussion The findings of this study expand upon the evidence of previous cross-sectional studies, suggesting that the development process of the eating behaviour during treatment is strongly associated with affective variables. The study demonstrates that changes that occur during the treatment occur simultaneously on multiple levels. The causal interpretation of the delayed predictors shows that for this patient anxiety is a trigger of binge eating episodes. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association. [source]

    The classic lacunar syndromes: clinical and neuroimaging correlates

    J. De Reuck
    Background:, Although lacunar syndromes (LSs) are aimed to be linked to lacunar infarcts, the relation between both is still not very well defined. Purpose:, The present retrospective study tries to define more specifically the clinical and the neuroimaging characteristics of the five most classic LSs. Patients and methods:, Out of a series of 1617 consecutive stroke patients, admitted to the Ghent University Hospital, 293 presented a classic LS. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) was performed within 5 days after stroke onset in 227 patients. An acute territorial infarct was demonstrated in 54 patients. The study population finally consisted of 173 patients with a classic LS in whom the responsible lacune was demonstrated or in the absence of another type of infarct. Results:, The responsible lacune was demonstrated with DWI in 104 patients. Pure motor stroke (MS) correlated significantly with the presence of the responsible lacune in the internal capsule (P = 0.000147) and with the stroke severity (P = 0.00724). No significant correlation was observed between the location of the lacunes and the other LS's. Conclusion:, Pure MS has to be considered as the most specific lacunar syndrome. [source]

    Dextropropoxyphene withdrawal from a French university hospital: impact on analgesic drug consumption

    Sabine Gaubert
    Abstract Dextropropoxyphene is a weak opioid analgesic, widely used as a step 2 analgesic (according to WHO classification) in combination with peripheral analgesics, mainly paracetamol. Recent data have underlined its poor analgesic efficacy (in comparison with paracetamol), risks of serious adverse drug reactions (i.e. hepatic reactions, hallucinations, abuse, withdrawal symptoms, hypoglycaemia), possible lethality after overdose, its risk of accumulation in patients with renal failure or in elderly people and some pharmacokinetic insufficiencies (i.e. different half-lives for dextropropoxyphene and paracetamol). Taking into account these data, the drug committee of the Toulouse University Hospital (France) decided to withdraw dextropropoxyphene from the hospital formulary since 1 June 2005. The aim of our study was to investigate the consequences of this withdrawal by comparing use of analgesic drugs in Toulouse University Hospital before (2004) and after (2006) dextropropoxyphene withdrawal (using defined daily dose for 1000 hospitalization-days as the unit measure). Before withdrawal, dextropropoxyphene (in combination with paracetamol) was the second most used analgesic drug after paracetamol alone. After dextropropoxyphene withdrawal, total consumption of analgesic drugs decreased by 4.6% (2006 vs. 2004). There was a 28% decrease in consumption of step 2 analgesics [with an increase in oral tramadol and a slight decrease in codeine (in combination with paracetamol)]. During the same period, step 1 analgesic consumption increased by 11% (mainly paracetamol) and that of step 3 analgesics slightly decreased (,8%). These results show that dextropropoxyphene withdrawal was not associated with a marked switch in prescriptions towards other analgesic drugs. This paper underlines the interest of a hospital-based drug committee to promote rational drug use. Finally, the present data allow us to discuss putative misuse of dextropropoxyphene. [source]

    Evaluation of risk of falls in patients at a memory impairment outpatient clinic

    Reiko Kikuchi
    Aim: We investigated the usefulness of the fall-predicting score, a simple screening test to identify patients at high risk of falls in outpatients with cognitive impairment. Methods: This was a 1-year prospective study. Seventy-nine patients (28 men and 51 women, 78.1 ± 5.9 years old) in the Memory Impairment Outpatient Clinic of Kyorin University Hospital. History of falls in the past year, record of falls in the follow-up period (1 year), fall-predicting score, time of standing on one foot, timed Up & Go test, tandem gait, functional reach, grip strength, maximum circumference of the legs and blood laboratory tests were measured. Results: Of the 79 subjects, 38 (48.1%) had experienced falls in the past year, and 29 (36.7%) experienced falls during the follow-up period. Comparing the two groups with and without a history of falls during the follow-up period, a significant difference was observed in fall-predicting score, timed Up & Go test, tandem gait and functional reach. Logistic regression analysis revealed that fall-predicting score was the only significant determinant for predicting future falls. Furthermore, fall-predicting score correlated with timed Up & Go, duration of standing on one foot, functional reach, grip strength and tandem gait. When the ,2 -test was performed to investigate the correlation between individual items of the fall-predicting questions and falls during the follow-up period, "Do you use a stick when you walk?" and "Are there any obstacles in your house?" showed a significant difference (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Fall-predicting score is useful as a screening test to predict future falls in patients with cognitive decline. [source]

    Usefulness of measuring serum markers in addition to comprehensive geriatric assessment for cognitive impairment and depressive mood in the elderly

    Hidenori Arai
    Background: To determine the utility of various serum markers for assessment of cognitive and mental functions in the elderly, we performed a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) in the out-patient clinic in Kyoto University Hospital. Methods: We measured serum levels of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), DHEA-S, malondialdehyde low-density lipoproteins (MDA-LDL), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in 145 patients to find the association of these markers with activities of daily living (ADL), cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms. Results: We found that the levels of hs-CRP were significantly higher in patients with lower scores in Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Kohs block design test, and higher scores in the button test, indicating that hs-CRP may be associated with the cognitive function in elderly patients. We also found that the levels of DHEA-S were lower in patients with higher scores (9 or over) on the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS), indicating that DHEA-S may be associated with depressive mode in elderly patients. Total cholesterol, high-density cholesterol (HDL-C), or albumin were not statistically different in each group studied. Conclusions: Thus, our data indicate that measuring hs-CRP and DHEA-S would be helpful to assess the cognitive function and depressive symptoms in elderly patients. [source]

    Deep neck infection: Analysis of 185 cases

    Tung-Tsun Huang MD
    Abstract Purpose. This study reviews our experience with deep neck infections and tries to identify the predisposing factors of life-threatening complications. Methods. A retrospective review was conducted of patients who were diagnosed as having deep neck infections in the Department of Otolaryngology at National Taiwan University Hospital from 1997 to 2002. Their demographics etiology, associated systemic diseases, bacteriology, radiology, treatment, duration of hospitalization, complications, and outcomes were reviewed. The attributing factors to deep neck infections, such as the age and systemic diseases of patients, were also analyzed. Results. One hundred eighty-five charts were recorded; 109 (58.9%) were men, and 76 (41.1%) were women, with a mean age of 49.5 ± 20.5 years. Ninety-seven (52.4%) of the patients were older than 50 years old. There were 63 patients (34.1%) who had associated systemic diseases, with 88.9% (56/63) of those having diabetes mellitus (DM). The parapharyngeal space (38.4%) was the most commonly involved space. Odontogenic infections and upper airway infections were the two most common causes of deep neck infections (53.2% and 30.5% of the known causes). Streptococcus viridans and Klebsiella pneumoniae were the most common organisms (33.9%, 33.9%) identified through pus cultures. K. pneumoniae was also the most common infective organism (56.1%) in patients with DM. Of the abscess group (142 patients), 103 patients (72.5%) underwent surgical drainages. Thirty patients (16.2%) had major complications during admission, and among them, 18 patients received tracheostomies. Those patients with underlying systemic diseases or complications or who received tracheostomy tended to have a longer hospital stay and were older. There were three deaths (mortality rate, 1.6%). All had an underlying systemic disease and were older than 72 years of age. Conclusions. When dealing with deep neck infections in a high-risk group (older patients with DM or other underlying systemic diseases) in the clinic, more attention should be paid to the prevention of complications and even the possibility of death. Early surgical drainage remains the main method of treating deep neck abscesses. Therapeutic needle aspiration and conservative medical treatment are effective in selective cases such as those with minimal abscess formation. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck26: 854,860, 2004 [source]

    Advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma treatment results according to treatment modalities

    Suzy Kim MD
    Abstract Background The purpose of this retrospective study is to compare the treatment results of locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma according to treatment modalities. Methods Seventy-three patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma treated at the Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital, between August 1979 and July 1997 were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-three patients were treated with radiotherapy (RT) alone, 18 patients were treated with surgery and postoperative RT, and 32 patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CTx) and RT. Median follow-up period was 28 months. Results The overall 5-year survival rates were 15.7% for the RT alone group, 46.8% for surgery and postoperative RT group, and 43.0% for neoadjuvant CTx and RT group. The 5-year disease-free survival rates were 13.9%, 47.4%, and 30.7%, respectively. Surgery and postoperative RT or neoadjuvant CTx and RT showed superiority over RT alone in terms of both overall survival and disease-free survival rates. No significant differences were found in overall and disease-free survival rates between the surgery and postoperative RT group and neoadjuvant CTx and RT group (p = .15, p = .13). In the neoadjuvant CTx and RT group, 12 patients (38%) retained their larynx more than 5 years. Conclusion Neoadjuvant CTx and RT is an effective strategy to achieve organ preservation without compromising the survival of patients with locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Head Neck 23: 713,717, 2001. [source]

    How Children and Parents Evaluate the Headache Centre's Intervention

    HEADACHE, Issue 2 2009
    Anna Ferrari MD
    Background., While adult headache patients' satisfaction with treatments has been widely investigated, less attention has been paid to children and adolescent headache patients' opinions and their parents' views. Objective., The aim of our follow-up survey was to analyze the outcomes of the Headache Centre's intervention and the evolution of headache according to patients until the age of 16 and their parents. Methods., We studied all outpatients suffering from episodic primary headache according to International Classification of Headache Disorders 2nd edition criteria, seen for the first time in 2005-2006 at the Headache Centre of the University Hospital of Modena (Italy), and at least one of their parents. The duration of the follow-up ranged from 1 to 3 years. For the purpose of the study, a specific questionnaire was created and administered by a telephone interview. Results., We enrolled 84 patients (38 females, 45%; 46 males, 55%; mean age ± SD: 12.9 ± 2.9 years) with primary headache: migraine without aura 66%, episodic tension-type headache 23%, migraine with aura 11%. At the follow-up, 70% of the patients reported that headache had improved; frequency had decreased significantly more than severity (P = .000, Fisher's exact test), both in those who had followed a prophylactic treatment and in those who had not. A high percentage of the children and parents could precisely indicate trigger factors for headache: especially excessive worrying and studying. The patients reporting an improvement attributed it to pharmacological prophylactic treatment, but also to other factors: first of all, better school results and more happiness than before. Seventy-seven percent of the parents thought that the Headache Centre's intervention had helped them to better understand and manage their children's headache. Conclusions., Children's and adolescents' headache has in most cases a favorable prognosis; the Headache Centre's intervention is considered effective by most parents. We must increase and focus therapeutic efforts addressed to the few patients with worsening headaches in spite of treatment, since these children's/adolescents' headache also is at risk to progress in the adult age. [source]

    Detection of Helicobacter pylori DNA by a Simple Stool PCR Method in Adult Dyspeptic Patients

    HELICOBACTER, Issue 4 2005
    ABSTRACT Introduction.,Helicobacter pylori is the major agent causing peptic ulcer, gastric cancer and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) gastric lymphoma. A simple stool polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was performed and compared with the gold standards for the diagnosis of H. pylori infection. Material and methods., A total of 54 adult patients (mean age, 46.41 ± 13.12 years) with dyspeptic symptoms from Gastroenterology at Dokuz Eylül University Hospital between May and November 2003 were included. Two antrum and corpus biopsies were taken from each patient. Infection by H. pylori was defined as positivity and negativity of the gold standards. DNA extraction of stool specimens was done using QIAamp DNA Stool Mini Kit (QIAGEN) and PCR conditions included amplification and reamplification steps using the H. pylori ureA gene specific primers (HPU1, HPU2) and were visualized on 1% agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide. Results., Forty-six of 54 patients (85.2%) were diagnosed positive and eight (14.8%) were negative for H. pylori infection by the gold standard methods. Thirty-two patients were positive (59.3%) and 22 of them (40.7%) were detected negative by stool PCR method. The stool PCR method and gold standard methods showed a statistical difference for the detection of H. pylori infection (p < .0001). Sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio, and positive and negative predictive values were 65.22%, 75%, 2.61%, 93.75%, and 27.7%, respectively. Discussion., The PCR on the stool specimens resulted as being a very specific test. We suggest that a simple stool PCR method that we developed can be used to detect H. pylori, virulence genes, and in drug resistance studies either first line diagnostic methods in the laboratory or in the clinical management of dyspeptic patients. [source]

    Case report of a focal nodular hyperplasia-like nodule present in cirrhotic liver

    Sho Takahashi
    An 81-year-old female was referred to Sapporo Medical University Hospital because of a nodular lesion 20 mm in diameter found in the liver S8 during follow-up for type C liver cirrhosis. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a capsule-like structure, and contrast computed tomography revealed hypervascularity at the early phase and inner pooling of the contrast medium with ring enhancement at the late phase. Magnetic resonance T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) demonstrated a hyperintensity nodule with further hyperintensity signals in some parts of the nodule, and the signal pattern differed from that of typical fibrosis. SPIO-magnetic resonance imaging showed partial hypointensity signals by T2WI, which indicated the presence of Kupffer cells. Angiography did not show a spoke-wheel pattern. The results by imaging modalities indicated that the nodule was atypical for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH), and liver nodule biopsy was performed for histological diagnosis. Compared with the background liver, the nodule revealed high cellular density, cellular dysplasia at the periphery, a pseudo-crypt structure and irregular hepatic cord arrangement in some parts of the nodule. Among them, there was immature fibrous tissue containing arterioles with muscular hypertrophy. There has been no report of well-differentiated HCC with a central scar, and this case was presumed to be an FNH-like nodule with dysplasia physically associated with cirrhotic tissue. [source]

    Testicular carcinoma in situ in subfertile Danish men

    Inge A. Olesen
    Summary Carcinoma in situ (CIS) testis is the precursor stage for the majority of testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT). Infertility is one of the conditions known to predispose to TGCT, but based on scarce existing data, the prevalence of CIS in this risk group was estimated at only approximately 1%. To establish more objective data, we investigated retrospectively the prevalence of CIS based on testicular biopsies performed in a well-defined group of subfertile males. We included 453 patients who had testicular biopsies performed for infertility reasons during 1995,2005 at the Copenhagen University Hospital (Rigshospitalet). Biopsies were evaluated by two experienced observers independently. CIS was detected in 10 individuals, of whom three had bilateral CIS, corresponding to a prevalence of 2.2% (95% CI 1.1,4.0%). This is greater than the estimated risk of 0.45% for the age- and birth cohort-matched general Danish population. All patients with CIS testis had severe oligozoospermia (,2.06 million/mL). We confirmed that a thorough examination of men suffering from subfertility/infertility can identify those with an increased risk for testicular neoplasia and recommend performing bilateral biopsies, especially in the subpopulation of men with atrophic testicles, severe oligozoospermia and/or irregular ultrasonic pattern of their testicles. [source]

    Department of Andrology, Erasmus University Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

    Article first published online: 18 JUL 200
    First page of article [source]

    Varicocelectomy reduces reactive oxygen species levels and increases antioxidant activity of seminal plasma from infertile men with varicocele

    T. Mostafa
    Several theories have been advanced to explain the mechanisms by which varicocele impairs male fertility. These theories include scrotal hyperthermia, retrograde flow of adrenal or renal metabolites, Leydig cell dysfunction and hypoxia. Varicocele is reported to be associated with elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in spermatozoa and diminished seminal plasma antioxidant activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether surgical correction of varicocele might reduce ROS or increase the antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma from infertile patients with varicocele. The study group consisted of 68 infertile males, selected from patients scheduled for varicocelectomy at Cairo University Hospital during the year 1999. Seminal plasma levels of two ROS [malondialdehyde (MDA), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)] and one ROS radical [nitric oxide (NO)] were estimated as well as six antioxidants [superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), vitamin C (Vit C), vitamin E (Vit E), albumin) on the day prior to varicocelectomy. For comparison, the same parameters were measured again 3 and 6 months post-operatively. A statistically significant reduction in the 3 month post-operative levels of MDA, H2O2 and NO was observed when compared with the pre-operative values. A further significant reduction took place during the following 3 months. Four of the six antioxidants tested (SOD, CAT, GPx, and Vit C) showed a significant increase in seminal levels when comparing 3-month post-operative with pre-operative values. A further significant increase of the four antioxidant levels took place during the following 3 months. No significant change in the level of seminal plasma albumen took place during the first 3 months after varicocelectomy, however, a significant increase was noted during the next 3 months. In contrast to other antioxidants, seminal plasma levels of Vit E showed a significant decrease when comparing 3-month post-operative with pre-operative values. A further significant decrease took place during the following 3 months. It is concluded that varicocelectomy reduces ROS levels and increases antioxidant activity of seminal plasma from infertile men with varicocele. [source]

    Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer in endometrial cancer patients

    Sang Nam Yoon
    Abstract Endometrial cancer is the second most common cancer in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). It has often been overlooked to explore the possibility of HNPCC in endometrial cancer patients. Our study was to investigate how many HNPCC patients existed among endometrial cancer patients. Among patients who underwent hysterectomy for endometrial cancer at Seoul National University Hospital from 1996 to 2004, 113 patients were included, whose family history and clinical data could be obtained and tumor specimens were available for microsatellite instability (MSI) testing and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining of MLH1, MSH2 and MSH6 proteins. There were 4 (3.5%) clinical HNPCC patients fulfilling the Amsterdam criteria II, and 2 (2/4, 50%) of them carried MSH2 germline mutations. There were also 8 (7.1%) suspected HNPCC (s-HNPCC) patients fulfilling the revised criteria for s-HNPCC, and one (1/8, 12.5%) of them revealed MLH1 germline mutation. In 101 patients, who were not clinical HNPCC or s-HNPCC, 11 patients showed both MSI-high and loss of expression of MLH1, MSH2 or MSH6 proteins, and 2 (2/11, 18.2%) of them showed MSH6 germline mutations. In 113 patients with endometrial cancer, we could find 5 (4.4%) HNPCC patients with MMR germline mutation and 2 (1.8%) clinical HNPCC patients without identified MMR gene mutation. Family history was critical in detecting 3 HNPCC patients with MMR germline mutation, and MSI testing with IHC staining for MLH1, MSH2 and MSH6 proteins was needed in the diagnosis of 2 HNPCC patients who were not clinical HNPCC or s-HNPCC, especially for MSH6 germline mutation. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Value of 18F-FDG-PET/CT in patients with fever of unknown origin and unexplained prolonged inflammatory syndrome: a single centre analysis experience

    L. Federici
    Summary Objective:, The aim of our study was to evaluate the diagnostic contribution of 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients with fever of unknown origin (FUO) or unexplained prolonged inflammatory syndrome (UPIS) in real life. Patients and methods:, We performed a retrospective study including 14 patients with FUO or UPIS hospitalised in our institution (Strasbourg University Hospital, France) between January 2005 and July 2006. 18F-FDG-PET/CT was considered helpful when abnormal results allowed an accurate diagnosis. Results:,18F-FDG-PET/CT was helpful in half the patients (7/14) for final diagnosis. A diagnosis was reached in 87.5% of the patients (7/8) with an abnormal 18F-FDG-PET/CT but only in 50% of the patients (3/6) with a normal 18F-FDG-PET/CT. Conventional chest and abdominal CT was performed in 13 patients before ordering 18F-FDG-PET/CT. We considered that 18F-FDG-PET/CT was essential to establish the final diagnosis in only 23% of the patients (3/13) since neither chest nor abdominal CT identified abnormalities consistent with the final diagnosis. However, among the three patients, two were diagnosed with large vessel vasculitis and one patient with local prosthetic infection. Conclusions:, Our study supports the potential interest of 18F-FDG-PET/CT in the diagnostic workup of FUO and UPIS as it helped establish a fine diagnosis in half of the cases. However, 18F-FDG-PET/CT appeared to be essential to the final diagnosis in only 23% of the cases. In our opinion, this protocol should be performed as a second level test, especially when conventional CT is normal or is unable to discriminate between active and silent lesions. [source]

    Food consumption patterns, dietary quality and health status of expectant mothers: case studies in suburban and rural communities in Ghana

    Christina A. Nti
    Abstract The study was conducted to determine the food consumption patterns, dietary quality and health status of expectant women and also to assess their level of awareness of nutritional requirements during pregnancy. Food beliefs, taboos and superstitions held by the women were also investigated. Using the purposive sampling technique, 30 pregnant women attending the Maternal and Child Health Clinic at Dodowa (rural) and University Hospital, Legon (suburban), were selected for the study. A structured questionnaire was used to collect information on the respondents' nutritional knowledge, beliefs, taboos and superstitions and health status. A food frequency questionnaire and the 24-h dietary recall method were used to obtain information on food consumption patterns and dietary quality. The study revealed that, although the majority of the respondents (83.3%) had some knowledge of nutrition, not all were applying it in their feeding practices because of financial constraints. With regard to consumption patterns, most of the women (83.3%) were having three meals a day, while the rest either ate twice a day or anytime they were hungry. Seventy-three per cent of the respondents also increased their food intake during pregnancy. Foods eaten were based mainly on starchy roots and tubers, cereals and vegetables. Legumes, oilseeds and fruits were often lacking in the main meals of respondents. Although animal products were consumed daily, the quantities taken were very small to provide for adequate protein, especially in the rural area. Various types of food were avoided by some of the expectant mothers for reasons such as nausea, loss of appetite, taboos and superstition. With regard to dietary quality, respondents from the rural area had diets of poorer quality in terms of nutrient intake compared with those from the suburban area. In both communities, iron contents of diets were quite low. Forty-seven per cent of the women interviewed were anaemic, with a higher prevalence of anaemia being observed in the rural community. Common ailments reported by the women were dizziness, headache, waist pains and malaria. Based on the results of the study, it was recommended that nutrition education for pregnant women should be stepped up at antenatal clinics especially in rural areas. [source]

    Unusual case of cutaneous tuberculosis associated with rheumatoid arthritis: a case report and literature review

    G. Faghihi MD
    We report a 47-year-old female patient with a 10-year history of rheumatoid arthritis who presented with painful ulcerative plaques on the extremities at our clinic in St. Zahra University Hospital on February 2001. These plaques, diagnosed as cutaneous leishmaniasis, were 2 years old, but the patient was without any cure from the specific treatment she had been prescribed. Later, these skin lesions were misdiagnosed as pyoderma gangrenosum and she was treated by high-dose oral prednisolone, but she did not improve at all. After she was referred to our clinic, routine laboratory tests, PPD, chest X-ray and skin biopsy with tissue cultures were carried out. Finally, her cutaneous lesions turned out to be cutaneous tuberculosis, which responded successfully to antituberculosis treatment. [source]

    A case of nevus comedonicus syndrome associated with neurologic and skeletal abnormalities

    Young-Joon Seo MD
    A 12-year-old male was referred to us with recurrent pus discharge from tender nodules on the right axilla dating from the neonatal period. The nodules were black, characterized by scarring with dilated follicular openings and there were black papules filled with comedo-like keratin plugs in both axillae. Physical examination revealed a bowing deformity of the right third finger and retardation in language ability. The patient was referred to the Departments of Neurology and Orthopedics in Chungnam National University Hospital, Korea. Histologic examination of one of the black comedo-like lesions showed a bulbous and dilated infundibulum that contained laminated keratin, indicating a diagnosis of nevus comedonicus. A CT scan of the brain revealed dysgenesis of the corpus callosum. The IQ (intelligence quotient) score of the patient, measured by the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, was 94. The only difficulty noted for ordinary life was learning language. A radiograph of the right hand revealed hyperextension and an ulnar drift deformity of the right middle finger. Corrective osteotomy with external fixation and an iliac bone autograft were performed. Intermittent neurologic follow-up visits were ordered for the noted language deficit. At present the patient only exhibits difficulty in calculation. Oral antibiotics were administered to the skin lesions on occasion for secondary infections and inflammation of the cysts and comedones. Extraction of the comedones was performed as needed. [source]

    Dental treatment of children referred to general anaesthesia , association with country of origin and medical status

    Summary., Background., A small proportion of children and adolescents need dental treatment with general anaesthesia (DGA). The aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to analyse how country of origin and medical status were related to age at treatment, waiting times in the system, and dental treatment provided in general anaesthesia. Methods., A total of 786 patients received DGA at the University Hospital of Aarhus, Denmark in the period from 1990 to 2001. Information on the date of referral, the date of examination, the date of treatment, country of origin (Danish or non-Danish), medical status (non-special needs or special needs), and dental treatment performed was collected from patient records. Results., Patients with special needs were older when treated than non-special needs patients, whereas patients with a non-Danish origin were younger than those with a Danish origin when treated. There were no differences between non-special needs and special needs patients in waiting times from referral to examination and from examination to dental treatment. In contrast, patients from a non-Danish origin waited longer from examination to treatment than patients of Danish origin, whereas no difference was found in waiting time from referral to examination. Patients with special needs had fewer teeth treated than non-special needs patients, whereas patients with non-Danish origin had more teeth treated than those of a Danish origin. Conclusion., Age at treatment, waiting times in the system, and dental treatment received under general anaesthesia vary according to medical status and country of origin of the patients in Denmark. These findings should be considered in the organization and the funding of this type of service. [source]

    Therapeutic and economic implications of traumatic dental injuries in Denmark: an estimate based on 7549 patients treated at a major trauma centre

    Mette Kit Borum
    Aim. To analyse the type and extent of injuries presented by patients seeking treatment for traumatic dental injuries at a major trauma centre. Furthermore, to analyse acute and subsequent treatment demands and treatment costs. Methods. A therapeutic and economic analysis was performed of 7549 patients treated for traumatic dental injuries in a major trauma centre located at the University Hospital in Copenhagen, Denmark. Cases were divided into uncomplicated (concussion, subluxation, enamel and enamel-dentine fractures) and complicated cases (crown fractures with exposed pulps and crown-root fractures, luxation injuries with displacement of the tooth and bone fractures). Results. Primary tooth injuries were found in 2874 patients, involving 5443 teeth, among which 62·8% had complicated injuries. Permanent tooth injuries were found in 4525 patients, involving 10673 teeth, among which 40·4% had complicated injuries. The cost of treatment (including acute trauma service, follow-up and subsequent restoration) was estimated to be 0·6,1 mill USD a year for the patients treated in this trauma centre. If this figure is transferred to the estimated trauma population in Denmark, a yearly cost of traumatic dental injuries appears to range from 2 to 5 mill USD per 1 mill inhabitants per year according to the treatment scenario. Conclusion. Thus, treatment of traumatic dental injuries comprises an expensive part of the health services in Denmark. [source]