University Centers (university + center)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Monuments and Texts: Antiquarianism and the Beauty of Antiquity

ART HISTORY, Issue 4 2002
Maria Grazia Lolla
Maria Grazia Lolla has published articles in English and Italian on various aspects of antiquarianism, aesthetics and eighteenth,century culture, as well as on Caribbean poetry and literature. She received her PhD from the University of Cambridge, has been awarded fellowships from the British Council and the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and has held research fellowships at the Wesleyan University Center for the Humanities and the Huntington Library. Now at work on Rivers Unknown to Song: Antiquarian Explorations of the East and West Indies, she is an adjunct professor at New York University. From the beginning of the Renaissance antiquaries had been publishing monuments at such a pace that publishing as much as collecting or studying monuments could be counted amongst the defining features of antiquarianism. However widely and routinely practised, the publication of monuments revealed substantial divisions within the world of antiquarianism. Antiquaries were faced with the choice of either textualizing monuments , turning monuments from visual or tactile objects into reading material , or attempting to reproduce their materiality , even if the monument was a text. The paper analyses Johann Joachim Winckelmann's Monumenti antichi inediti (1767) as a significant example of the former and the discussion concerning the publication of Domesday Book that took place in the rooms of the London Society of Antiquaries in 1768 as a compelling example of the latter. Juxtaposed to one another, Monumenti antichi inediti and the projected facsimile of the Domesday Book provide mutually revealing accounts of the aesthetic and intellectual complexities of eighteenth,century antiquarian practice. Where Winckelmann patently sought to rid monuments of their materiality in an effort, perhaps, to nobilitate antiquarianism , while nevertheless keeping it in a suitably ancillary position to literature , the fellows of the Society of Antiquaries chose the facsimile as the vehicle of preservation and transmission best suited to conveying their admiration of texts as material objects, indeed, as non,representational art. As necessarily (and self,consciously) imperfect attempts to reproduce original monuments, facsimiles provide both a marker of deep scepticism about the possibility of ever really knowing the past and a precious trace of past versions of the past , of what could be seen and deemed worthy of preservation, scholarly investigation and aesthetic appreciation. [source]

Improved fertility following conservative surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy

Nannie Bangsgaard
Objective To evaluate fertility after salpingectomy or tubotomy for ectopic pregnancy. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Clinical University Center, Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen. Population Two hundred and seventy-six women undergoing salpingectomy or tubotomy for their first ectopic pregnancy between January 1992 and January 1999 and who actively attempted to conceive were followed for a minimum of 18 months. Methods Retrospective cohort study combined with questionnaire to compare reproductive outcome following salpingectomy or tubotomy for ectopic pregnancy. Cummulative probabilities of pregnancy for each group were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier estimator and compared by Cox regression analysis to control for potential confounders. Main outcome measures Intrauterine pregnancy rates and recurrence rates of ectopic pregnancy after surgery for ectopic pregnancy. Results The cumulative intrauterine pregnancy rate was significantly higher after tubotomy (88%) than after salpingectomy (66%) (log rank P < 0.05) after correction for confounding factors. No difference was found in the recurrence rate of ectopic pregnancy between the treatments (16%vs 17%). In patients with contralateral tubal pathology, the chance of pregnancy was poor (hazard ratio 0.463) and the risk of recurrence was high (hazard ratio 2.25), assessed with Cox regression. The rate of persistent ectopic pregnancy was 8%. Conclusion Conservative surgery is superior to radical surgery at preserving fertility. Conservative surgery is not followed by an increased risk of repeat ectopic pregnancy, but by the risk of persistent ectopic pregnancy, which should be taken into account when deciding on the operative procedure. Management in case of contralateral tubal pathology is disputed and should ideally be addressed in a randomised clinical trial. [source]

Taking the Golden State Path to Teacher Education: California Partnerships Among Two-Year Colleges and University Centers

Linda Serra Hagedorn
This chapter describes the current teacher credentialing situation in California, the community college Teacher and Reading Development Partnership (TRDP) program, and six California community college programs dedicated to the elimination of an acute teacher shortage. [source]

Prognostic Significance of Oncogenic Markers in Ductal Carcinoma In Situ of the Breast: A Clinicopathologic Study

Sevilay Altintas MD
Abstract:, Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a heterogeneous malignant condition of the breast with an excellent prognosis. Until recently mastectomy was the standard treatment. As the results of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project-17 trial and the introduction of the Van Nuys Prognostic Index (VNPI) less radical therapies are used. Objectives are to identify clinicopathologic and biologic factors that may predict outcome. Cases of DCIS diagnosed in two Belgian University Centers were included. Paraffin-embedded material and Hematoxylin and Eosin stained slides of DCIS cases were reviewed and tumor size, margin width, nuclear grade, and comedo necrosis were assessed. Molecular markers (estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, HER1-4, Ki67, and c-myc) were assayed immunohistochemically. Applied treatment strategies were correlated with the prospective use of the VNPI score. Kaplan,Meier survival plots were generated with log-rank significance and multiple regression analysis was carried out using Cox proportional hazards regression analysis; 159 patients were included with a median age of 54 years (range 29,78); 141 had DCIS and 18 DCIS with microinvasion. The median time of follow-up was 54 months (range 5,253). Twenty-three patients developed a recurrence (14.5%). The median time to recurrence was 46 months (range 5,253). Before the introduction of the VNPI, 37.5% of the DCIS patients showed a recurrence while thereafter 6.7% recurred (p < 0.005). Two recurrences occurred in the VNPI group I (7.1%); seven in the VNPI group II (8.5%) (median time to recurrence 66.3 months) and 14 in the VNPI group III (28.5%) (median time to recurrence 40.2 months) (disease-free survival [DFS]: p < 0.05). A Cox proportional hazards regression analysis indicated that tumor size, margin width, pathologic class, and age were independent predictors of recurrence, but none of the studied molecular markers showed this. Overexpression of HER4 in the presence of HER3 was found to be associated with a better DFS (p < 0.05). This study confirms the value of the VNPI score and questions the benefit of an aggressive approach in the low-risk DCIS lesions. Independent predictors for recurrence included size, margin width, pathologic class, and age, but none of the molecular markers were part of it. Overexpression of HER4 in the presence of HER3 was associated with a better DFS. [source]

A multi-site Canadian perspective: examining the functional outcome from first-episode psychosis

N. M. Menezes
Objective:, To examine factors contributing to variance in functional outcome in first-episode psychosis (FEP) following 1 year of treatment. Method:, Naturalistic 1-year follow-up of a FEP cohort (n = 200), from programs in four university centers in Ontario, Canada. Functional recovery was defined by ,Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale' (SOFAS) score>60. Regression analysis examined the contribution of independent variables to variance in functional outcome. Results:, Twelve-month outcome measures were available for 76.5% of the original cohort. Of these, 70% reported being in school/work and in satisfactory relationships. The functional recovery rate was 51%, compared to 74% attaining symptomatic remission. The greatest contributors to variance in outcome were ongoing symptoms at 6 months and substance abuse comorbidity. Conclusion:, After 1 year of treatment, FEP patients show high rates of symptomatic remission and relatively lower rates of functional recovery. Symptoms and substance abuse contribute to variance in outcome. [source]

Transcultural comparison of psychogenic movement disorders

Esther Cubo MD
Abstract Prompted by the lack of cross-cultural comparative data, and because a better understanding in the different clinical presentations of psychogenic movement disorders (PMDs) is relevant to neurological assessment and interventions, we compared the phenomenology, anatomical distribution, and functional impairment of PMDs in the United States and Spain. Consecutive patients diagnosed with PMD by a movement disorder specialist from one US site and from eight Spanish university centers were included in the study. The two groups were similar in their movement types, anatomical distribution, and functional impairment. PMDs were more prevalent in women than in men and were most common in upper and lower extremities. Gait and speech dysfunctions were distributed similarly in both countries. We found action tremor to be the most frequent PMD in both countries. 2005 Movement Disorder Society [source]

Disjointed governance in university centers and institutes

William Mallon
Research centers and institutes are one example of how institutional governance has become increasingly disjointed; as the "suburbs" of the university expand, core governance structures lose influence. [source]