Universal Approach (universal + approach)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

A Universal Approach to the Synthesis of Noble Metal Nanodendrites and Their Catalytic Properties,

Ashok Mohanty Dr.
Blumen-Katalysatoren: Die pH-abhängige Selbstorganisation in Gegenwart des Tensids Natrium- N -(4- n -dodecyloxybenzoyl)- L -isoleucinat ist bei dem vorgestellten allgemeinen Ansatz zur Synthese von Au-, Pt- und Pd-Nanoblumen in hoher Ausbeute entscheidend. Die Pt- und Pd-Nanoblumen katalysieren Suzuki-Miyaura-Reaktionen und Heck-Kupplungen besser als ihre kugelförmigen Analoga. [source]

Adapting to changes in molecular biosciences and technologies

P. Ford (nci)
Abstract Dental education, like any other educational programme in a research-intensive university environment, must be research led or at least research informed. In this context, as the research and knowledge base of dentistry lies in the biological and physical sciences, dental education must be led by advances in research in both these areas. There is no doubt that biotechnology and nanotechnology have, over the past 25 years, led research in both these areas. It is therefore logical to assume that this has also impacted on dental education. The aim of this paper is twofold; on one hand to examine the effects of biotechnology and nanotechnology and their implications for dental education and on the other to make recommendations for future developments in dental education led by research in biotechnology and nanotechnology. It is now generally accepted that dental education should be socially and culturally relevant and directed to the community it serves. In other words, there can be no universal approach and each dental school or indeed curriculum must apply the outcomes in their own social, cultural and community settings. [source]

A distance learning approach to teaching management science and statistics

John Lawrence
Although there is no universal approach for offering distance learning courses over the Internet, nonetheless distance learning has emerged as a formidable way to offer instruction for many types of courses. One approach that has been successfully used for teaching introductory statistics and management science/operations research courses in a College of Business is discussed. [source]

Are performance indicators generic?

The international experience of the Quality Indicator Project®
Abstract Performance indicators for healthcare organizations represent a strategy for accountability worldwide. A universal approach to either the design for indicators or their applicability to local needs remains a work in progress. The Maryland Hospital Association's Quality Indicator Project® (QIP) is the only indicator-based performance measurement system used worldwide. This paper presents, for the first time in QIP's 17 years of existence, data showing why MHA's QIP may qualify as the most accepted generic methodology for healthcare performance measurement and evaluation. [source]

Lung cancer: Progress in diagnosis, staging and therapy

RESPIROLOGY, Issue 1 2010
Stephen G. SPIRO
ABSTRACT Lung cancer remains one of the greatest medical challenges with nearly 1.5 million new cases worldwide each year and a growing tobacco epidemic in the developing world. This review summarizes briefly the current status in growing areas of clinical research. The value of screening for early disease is not yet established and trials to see if mortality can be improved as a result are in progress. Better and more accurate staging will both streamline investigation and prove cost-effective once ultrasound-guided biopsy and aspiration of mediastinal nodes become universally accepted. This, allied to the new staging classification, will improve selection of cases for surgery, intensive multimodality therapy and for adjuvant treatment postoperatively. Much still needs to be done to refine staging as within a particular stage group, the outcome shows great variation. More information is needed on the genetic make-up in some groups of tumours and not just their size; that is, more biological data on tumour growth patterns are likely to be at least as discriminating. The place of the stem cell theory of tumorigenesis is also explored in this paper. Finally, targeted therapy for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer is highlighted as a development with early promise, but still much clarification is required, before it can be considered as a universal approach in late disease. [source]

Prevention in integrated children's services: the impact of sure start on referrals to social services and child protection registrations

John Carpenter
Abstract Every Child Matters, the English government's plans for integrated children's services, proposed that preventative approaches such as those developed through Sure Start should be able to reduce the numbers of children requiring more intensive support from children's social services and, by implication, the numbers of children on the child protection register. This study examined the impact of Sure Start local programmes (SSLPs) on four local authorities with social services responsibilities in the northeast of England. The researchers analysed routinely collected statistical data concerning over 10,000 referrals of children under four years and over 1,600 child protection registrations (CPRs) in an eight-year period before and after the introduction of 19 SSLPs. They also analysed interviews with 36 key informants in eight case study SSLP areas. Contrary to expectations, the quantitative data revealed no discernable short-term effect on the numbers of referrals, or on CPRs. Interview data showed broad agreement on the potential impact of preventative work undertaken by SSLPs and many respondents believed that it was too early to draw conclusions. Alternatively, the universal approach to prevention within the Sure Start areas and the attempts to provide non-stigmatising and non-intrusive community-based services may be ineffective in reducing the need for intensive support for ,at risk' families. The findings are discussed in relation to ,targeted' prevention programmes and government policy intentions. Copyright © 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]