Underivatized Amino Acids (underivatized + amino_acids)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Direct analysis of 15N-label in amino and amide groups of glutamine and asparagine

Anne Marie Scharff-Poulsen
Abstract A novel method for on-line determination of the amount and position of 15N-labeling in complex mixtures of amino acids is presented. Underivatized amino acids were analyzed by ion-pair chromatography in combination with mass spectrometry. This enables the direct determination of the 15N label distribution. The fragmentation pathways of the nitrogen moieties of glutamine (Gln) and asparagine (Asn) were studied in detail using all mono 15N isotopomers, which led to a method for differentiating between 15N-amide and 15N-amino labeling. The fragmentation involving the amino and amide groups of Gln led to distinct ion structures. The equivalent fragmentation pattern was not observed for Asn. Instead, the amide group of Asn was eliminated as HNCO in a secondary process. The developed analytical method was evaluated by analysis of a range of standard mixtures taking into account different levels of 15N abundance and distribution between the amino and amide groups. The detection limit (3 SD) for the presence of a 15N label was 0.7 and 1.0% for Gln and Asn, respectively. The determination of the positional labeling follows a nonlinear function. A representative example at 30% 15N was used as a benchmark resulting in average relative standard deviations of 2.7 and 15% for Gln and Asn, respectively. The corresponding expectation windows for the positional labeling were found to be 2 and 12%, respectively. Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

The Use of N -Type Ligands in the Enantioselective Liquid,Liquid Extraction of Underivatized Amino Acids

Bastiaan J. V. Verkuijl
Abstract The first palladium based extraction system using chiral N -based ligands in the enantioselective liquid,liquid extraction (ELLE) of underivatized amino acids, is presented. The system shows the highest selectivity for the ELLE of methionine with metal complexes as hosts reported to date. Furthermore, the host can be prepared in situ from commercially available compounds. The dependency of the system on parameters such as pH, organic solvent, and temperature has been established. The intrinsic selectivity was deduced by determination of the association constants of the palladium complex with the tryptophan enantiomers. [source]

Comparison of flow injection analysis electrospray mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry and electrospray high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry for the determination of underivatized amino acids

Margaret McCooeye
Twenty proteinogenic amino acids (AAs) were determined without derivatization using flow injection analysis followed by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS and ESI-MS/MS) and electrospray ionization high-field asymmetric waveform ion mobility mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-FAIMS-MS and ESI-FAIMS-MS/MS), in positive and negative ionization modes. Three separate sets of ESI-FAIMS conditions were used for the separation and detection of the 20 AAs. Typically ESI-FAIMS-MS showed somewhat improved sensitivity and significantly better signal-to-noise ratios than ESI-MS mainly due to the elimination of background noise. However, the difference between ESI-FAIMS-MS and ESI-MS/MS was significantly less. ESI-FAIMS was able to partially or completely resolve all the isobaric amino acid overlaps such as leucine, isoleucine and hydroxyproline or lysine and glutamine. Detection limits for the amino acids in ESI-FAIMS-MS mode ranged from 2,ng/mL for proline to 200,ng/mL for aspartic acid. Overall, ESI-FAIMS-MS is the preferred method for the quantitative analysis of AAs in a hydrolyzed yeast matrix. Copyright 2006 Crown in the right of Canada. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Ion-pairing reversed-phase liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis of 76 underivatized amino acids of biological interest: a new tool for the diagnosis of inherited disorders of amino acid metabolism

Monique Piraud
Seventy-six molecules of biological interest for the diagnosis of inherited disorders of amino acids (AA) metabolism have previously been demonstrated to be detectable in electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) positive mode without derivatization. Reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RPLC) separation on different C18 columns using various perfluorinated carboxylic acids as ion-pairing agents has been found suitable for coupling with MS/MS, and for the separation of AA. A new procedure was optimized in order to replace the usual ion-exchange chromatographic, post-column ninhydrin derivatization, time-consuming routine method. This procedure allowed an adequate separation of all the molecules from other known interfering compounds, and a throughput of two samples per hour. Quantification limits for each molecule were found to be compatible with their measurement in plasma and urine. We validated the qualitative part of the method by analyzing plasma and urine samples from patients affected with several inherited disorders of AA metabolism. We validated the quantification of 16 AA using their stable isotopes as internal standard. The calibration curves were linear over the range 0,3,mM. The quantitative results obtained with the new method on 105 plasma and 99 urine samples were in good agreement with those obtained by the established routine method. Spiking experiments and precision results were also satisfactory. Copyright 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]