Unusual Type (unusual + type)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Angiokeratoma Circumscriptum Naeviforme: Successful Treatment with Carbon-Dioxide Laser Vaporization

Jesús del Pozo MD
Background Angiokeratoma circumscriptum naeviforme (ACN) is an unusual type of localized angiokeratoma that occurs more frequently in females and is usually located on the buttocks or thighs, showing a unilateral distribution. ACN usually causes large lesions, which may require laser ablation because they often are too extensive to perform surgical excision. Carbon-dioxide laser is a known alternative for treating angiokeratomas. Objective Report of two cases of ACN treated with carbon-dioxide laser vaporization. Patients and methods A 28-year-old woman with a hyperkeratotic, violaceus plaque on her left buttock and a 24-year-old woman with a similar lesion on her right buttock were treated with a carbon-dioxide laser. Two laser passes were performed on each lesion within a single session. Results A successful cosmetic aspect of treated areas was obtained, with minimal pigmentary or textural changes. After a 2-year follow-up in the first patient and a 6-month follow-up in the second patient, no recurrence of the lesions was observed. Conclusions Our results, obtaining relevant cosmetic improvement after a few sessions of treatment, with low morbidity and minimal secondary effects, suggest that continuous-wave carbon-dioxide laser vaporization is a safe and effective treatment for ACN. JESÚS DEL POZO, MD, AND EDUARDO FONSECA, MD, HAVE INDICATED NO SIGNIFICANT INTEREST WITH COMMERCIAL SUPPORTERS. [source]

Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis: a keratin 1 or 10 mutational event

Nicole L. Lacz MD
Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is an unusual type of ichthyosis. This inherited keratinization disorder is characterized clinically by erythema, blistering, and peeling shortly after birth. It may resolve and be replaced with thick scaling. It can lead to life-threatening complications, such as sepsis. Histologically, there is a hyperkeratosis and vacuolar degeneration. Genetically, this is an autosomal dominant disease with complete penetrance; however, 50% are spontaneous mutations. The clinical phenotype is a result of alterations in the gene(s) for keratin 1 and/or 10. We review this disorder and its therapy, which is mainly symptomatic with emollients and retinoids. [source]

Destructive arthritis in Behçet's disease: a report of eight cases and literature review

Abstract Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic disease with typically non-erosive and non-deforming joint manifestations. The occurrence of destructive arthritis in Behçet's disease has rarely been reported. Here we attempt to define the epidemiological, clinical and radiological features of this unusual type of osteoarticular manifestation of BD. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 553 patients with Behçet's disease seen over 25-year period in our department of Internal Medicine (Sfax-Tunisia). All the patients fulfilled The International Study Group of Behçet's Disease criteria. Patients with destructive arthritis (defined by radiological changes: erosions and/or geodes and/or global narrowing of the joint space and/or ankylosis) were included in this study. Rheumatologic manifestations were observed in 71.1% patients. Eight patients (1.4% overall, 2% among patients with rheumatologic manifestations) had presented with destructive arthritis. The joint symptoms involved the knee in two cases, the wrist in one case, the elbow (one case), the sternoclavicular joint in two cases, the foot in one case and the tarsal scaphoïd in one case. There was recurrent arthritis at the same joint in the majority of cases. X-ray examinations revealed radiological changes: global narrowing of the joint in one case (knee), narrowing of the joint with geodes in three cases (knee, sternoclavicular), isolated geodes in two cases (tarsal scaphoid, foot) and severe lesions with ankylosis in two cases (two elbows, right wrist). Joint manifestations are common in patients with BD, but destructive arthritis is rare. [source]


Three isolates from the Provasoli-Guillard National Center for Culture of Marine Phytoplankton at Bigelow Laboratory, previously labeled Pedinomonas sp. and Pedinomonas minutissima from the green algal class Pedinophyceae, have been examined by light microscopy and TEM and shown to belong to the Chlorarachniophyceae, a class of nucleomorph-containing amebae. The three isolates represent the first chlorarachniophycean flagellates to be discovered. The ultrastructure of the cells has been examined in detail, with particular emphasis on the flagellar apparatus, a feature not examined in detail in chlorarachniophytes before. Cells are basically biflagellate, but the second flagellum is represented by a very short basal body only. Flagellar replication has shown this flagellum to be the mature stage, that is, the no. 1 flagellum, whereas the long emergent flagellum is the no. 2 flagellum that shortens into a short basal body during cell division. Mitosis is open with a pair of centrioles at each pole. Emergent flagella are absent during mitosis. Cells may form cysts, and the flagellar basal bodies and part of the flagellar roots are maintained in the cysts. Four microtubular roots emanate from the basal bodies, and the path of one of them is very unusual and very unlike any other known flagellate. No striated roots were observed. Other fine-structural features of the cell include a very unusual type of pyrenoid and a special type of extrusome. Cells are mixotrophic. The three isolates are very similar and are described as Bigelowiella natans, gen. et sp. nov. Ultrastructurally, chlorarachniophytes do not show close relationship to any known group of algae or other protists. [source]

Sun up at Glastonbury

Ninian Boyle
Ninian Boyle finds that solar science has a place at festivals, in an unusual type of outreach last summer. [source]

p16 Immunoreactivity in unusual types of cervical adenocarcinoma does not reflect human papillomavirus infection

Oisin Houghton
Houghton O, Jamison J, Wilson R, Carson J & McCluggage W G (2010) Histopathology,57, 342,350 p16 Immunoreactivity in unusual types of cervical adenocarcinoma does not reflect human papillomavirus infection Aims:, The association between human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical carcinoma is well known, with HPV being identifiable in almost all cervical squamous carcinomas and most adenocarcinomas. However, the prevalence of HPV in unusual morphological types of cervical adenocarcinoma has not been investigated extensively. The aim was to determine HPV status in a series of primary cervical adenocarcinomas, enriched for unusual morphological types. The relationship between HPV and p16 immunoreactivity in these neoplasms was also investigated, as it is generally assumed that in cervical neoplasms diffuse p16 expression is predictive of the presence of high-risk HPV. Methods and results:, Sixty-three cervical adenocarcinomas, comprising those of usual type (n = 43), minimal deviation type (n = 4), gastric type (n = 3), intestinal type (n = 3), mesonephric type (n = 3), clear cell type (n = 4), serous type (n = 2) and hepatoid type (n = 1) underwent linear array HPV genotyping and immunohistochemistry for p16. Overall, HPV was identified in 32 of 56 cases (57%) in which sufficient DNA was present for analysis. The most common HPV types were 16 and 18, with these being identified in 20 and 18 cases, respectively, either alone or in combination. Seventy-eight per cent of usual-type adenocarcinomas were HPV-positive, as was the single serous carcinoma in which there was sufficient DNA for analysis. In contrast, all minimal deviation adenocarcinomas and those of gastric, intestinal, mesonephric and clear cell types were HPV-negative, as was the single hepatoid carcinoma. All usual-type adenocarcinomas exhibited p16 immunoreactivity (diffuse staining in all but one case), as did 11 of 20 of those of unusual morphological type (five focal, six diffuse). Conclusions:, Most, but not all, cervical adenocarcinomas of usual type contain HPV, but those of unusual morphological type are almost always HPV-negative. This has implications for the efficacy of HPV vaccination in the prevention of cervical adenocarcinoma. A significant proportion of cervical adenocarcinomas are p16-positive in the absence of HPV, illustrating that in these neoplasms diffuse p16 immunoreactivity is not a reliable surrogate marker of the presence of high-risk HPV. [source]