Unusual Manifestation (unusual + manifestation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences


Selected Abstracts


An Unusual Manifestation of Tako-tsubo Cardiomyopathy

CLINICAL CARDIOLOGY, Issue 5 2008
Todd A. Dorfman M.D.
Abstract Takotsubo cardiomyopathy typically presents with chest pain, ST changes, and transient left ventricular apical ballooning in the absence of epicardial coronary artery disease. This process is reversible and usually benign. An unusual manifestation is that of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction with systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve. Recognition of this finding is critical in patient management especially in the setting of cardiogenic shock, as inotropes are likely to aggravate and worsen the clinical condition. We provide a systematic review and an illustrative case and discuss treatment strategies. Copyright 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]


Unusual manifestation of histiocyte-rich peripheral T-cell lymphoma

JOURNAL OF CUTANEOUS PATHOLOGY, Issue 10 2009
Stephen E. Mercer MD
[source]


Pseudotermination of Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia Related to Isorhythmic Atrioventricular Dissociation

PACING AND CLINICAL ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY, Issue 12 2003
MITSUNORI MARUYAMA
Unusual manifestations of the mode of termination were observed in a patient with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). After administration of verapamil during AVNRT, isorhythmic atrioventricular dissociation occurred without termination of the tachycardia. The sinus rate was slightly faster than that of the AVNRT, leading to the P wave preceding the QRS complex with a normal PR interval (e.g., pseudotermination). This phenomenon emphasizes the importance of continuous monitoring during an attempt to terminate AVNRT. (PACE 2003; 26:2338,2339) [source]


Aortic Tumor or Mobile Thrombus?

ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, Issue 2 2010
Andrea Loiselle M.D., M.P.H.
Isolated large mobile mass in the thoracic aorta can be due to thrombus or, rarely, aortic tumor. We report the case of a 61-year-old man with no history of medical problems presenting with neurologic deficits and in whom a large mobile echogenic mass in the distal aortic arch was found with transesophageal echocardiography. Given his few cardiovascular risk factors and absence of other systemic symptoms, he received anticoagulant therapy. Subsequent resolution of the aortic mass suggested a diagnosis of thrombus. This case illustrates an unusual manifestation of aortic arch atherosclerosis and underscores the utility of transesophogeal echocardiography for patients with ischemic stroke. (Echocardiography 2010;27:E21-E22) [source]


Neurotoxicity of immunosuppressive drugs

LIVER TRANSPLANTATION, Issue 11 2001
Eelco F.M. Wijdicks MD
The clinical profile of neurotoxicity caused by immunosuppression has changed. When toxic levels are reached, both cyclosporine and tacrolimus may produce a clinical spectrum that varies from tremor and acute confusional state to status epilepticus and major speech or language abnormalities. Coma has become an unusual manifestation. Magnetic resonance imaging has been better defined, and abnormalities may be more widespread than those in the posterior lobes. These white matter lesions are caused by vasogenic edema, but may lead to apoptosis and cytotoxic edema if exposure is prolonged. Recent evidence suggests inhibition of a drug-efflux pump and dysfunction of the blood-brain barrier by enhanced nitric oxide production. [source]


Classic pyomyositis of the extremities as an unusual manifestation of Blastomyces dermatitidis: a report of two cases

MYCOSES, Issue 4 2010
Michael Y. Lin
Summary Pyomyositis is an infection of skeletal muscle that, by definition, arises intramuscularly rather than secondarily from adjacent infection. It is usually associated with bacterial infection, particularly Staphylcococcus aureus. Fungi are rare causes, and Blastomyces dermatitidis has not been reported previously. In this case series, we report two cases of pyomyositis caused by B. dermatitidis. Cases were prospectively identified through routine clinical care at a single academic referral hospital. Two patients with complaints of muscle pain and subacute cough were treated at our hospital in 2007. Both patients were found to have pyomyositis caused by B. dermatitidis, in the quadriceps muscles in one patient, and in the calf muscle in another , by radiological imaging and fungal culture. Both were also diagnosed with pneumonia caused by B. dermatitidis (presumptive in one, confirmed in the other). There was no evidence of infection of adjacent structures, suggesting that the route of infection was likely direct haematogenous seeding of the muscle. A review of the literature confirmed that although B. dermatitidis has been described as causing axial muscle infection secondary to adjacent infection such as vertebral osteomyelitis, our description of isolated muscle involvement (classic pyomyositis) caused by B. dermatitidis, particularly of the extremity muscles, is unique. We conclude that B. dermatitidis is a potential cause of classic pyomyositis. [source]


Lung cyst: An unusual manifestation of Niemann,Pick disease

RESPIROLOGY, Issue 1 2009
Bruno G. BALDI
Abstract: Niemann,Pick disease is a rare inherited autosomal recessive disorder, currently classified into six subtypes and characterized by the intracellular accumulation of sphingomyelin in the liver, spleen, lungs, bone marrow or brain. The main pulmonary abnormalities described in high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest consist of thickening of the interlobular septa and ground-glass opacities. This case report describes a patient with subtype B Niemann,Pick disease characterized by cysts and ground-glass opacities that were detected on HRCT of the chest. [source]


CADASIL,an unusual manifestation with prominent cutaneous involvement

BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, Issue 2 2005
G. Ratzinger
Summary Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leucencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a rare vascular disorder affecting mainly the central nervous system with transient ischaemic attacks, strokes, psychiatric symptoms and dementia. It is a progressive familial disease owing to mutations in the Notch3 gene. Clinically apparent skin involvement is usually absent. Electron microscopy of seemingly uninvolved skin reveals characteristic granular deposits in the basal lamina of vessels and adnexals. We report on a case of CADASIL with generalized haemorrhagic macules and patches. Typical neurological symptoms as well as classical findings in histopathology and electron microscopy confirmed the diagnosis. Immunofluorescence showed an increased number of vessels with walls markedly thickened by deposits of fibrin, complement and immunoglobulins. This method could serve as an additional method for accurate diagnosis of CADASIL. [source]


An Unusual Manifestation of Tako-tsubo Cardiomyopathy

CLINICAL CARDIOLOGY, Issue 5 2008
Todd A. Dorfman M.D.
Abstract Takotsubo cardiomyopathy typically presents with chest pain, ST changes, and transient left ventricular apical ballooning in the absence of epicardial coronary artery disease. This process is reversible and usually benign. An unusual manifestation is that of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction with systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve. Recognition of this finding is critical in patient management especially in the setting of cardiogenic shock, as inotropes are likely to aggravate and worsen the clinical condition. We provide a systematic review and an illustrative case and discuss treatment strategies. Copyright 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]


Severe vitamin B12 deficiency resulting in pancytopenia, splenomegaly and leukoerythroblastosis

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY, Issue 5 2008
Thorvardur R. Halfdanarson
Abstract Deficiency of vitamin B12 is a well known cause of megaloblastic anemia and pancytopenia. Splenomegaly and leukoerythroblastosis are much less well known manifestations of B12 deficiency. We report a B12 deficient female with severe pancytopenia including normocytic anemia who also had enlarged spleen and circulating nucleated red blood cells as well as circulating immature myeloid cells. Although these findings are reported in the earlier literature, more modern reviews of the subject often fail to mention this association. We review the literature on these unusual manifestations of B12 deficiency and remind clinicians that splenomegaly and erythroblastosis can serve as diagnostic clues in cases of severe megaloblastic anemia secondary to B12 deficiency. [source]


Stiff Limb Syndrome: End of Spectrum or A Separate Entity?

PAIN MEDICINE, Issue 3 2009
Usha K. Misra DM
ABSTRACT Background., Stiff-person syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by rigidity of axial or limb muscles with episodes of co-contraction of agonist and antagonist muscles during the spasms. In some patients axial or limb involvement may predominate and may have unusual manifestations. Design., Case report. Setting., Tertiary care teaching hospital. Patient., A 42-year-old farmer presented with seasonal occurrence of hiccup and vomiting during summer months for the last 3 years. He had painful lower limb spasms lasting for 2,3 minutes every 10,15 minutes for the past 20 days. His neurological examination was normal, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was 50 mm at 1st hour, and cerebrospinal fluid protein 78 mg/dL without pleocytosis. Radiograph of chest, abdominal ultrasound, and craniospinal magnetic resonance imaging were normal. The patient improved on diazepam. Conclusion., Our patient is a forme fruste of stiff person syndrome with hiccups and vomiting due to diaphragmatic spasm. [source]


Metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma with an unknown primary tumour presenting as lichenoid dermatitis

AUSTRALASIAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, Issue 3 2010
Kenneth Kien Siang Wong
ABSTRACT Metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma uncommonly presents with an unidentified primary tumour. We report a patient who first presented with lichenoid dermatitis and was found to have Merkel cell carcinoma involving lymph nodes with an unknown primary site. With the rising incidence of Merkel cell carcinoma, it is important to recognize unusual manifestations of this disease as they may become more common in the future. [source]