Ulcer Size (ulcer + size)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Delivery of care to diabetic patients with foot ulcers in daily practice: results of the Eurodiale Study, a prospective cohort study

L. Prompers
Abstract Aims To determine current management and to identify patient-related factors and barriers that influence management strategies in diabetic foot disease. Methods The Eurodiale Study is a prospective cohort study of 1232 consecutive individuals presenting with a new diabetic foot ulcer in 14 centres across Europe. We determined the use of management strategies: referral, use of offloading, vascular imaging and revascularization. Results Twenty-seven percent of the patients had been treated for > 3 months before referral to a foot clinic. This varied considerably between countries (6,55%). At study entry, 77% of the patients had no or inadequate offloading. During follow-up, casting was used in 35% (0,68%) of the plantar fore- or midfoot ulcers. Predictors of use of casting were male gender, large ulcer size and being employed. Vascular imaging was performed in 56% (14,86%) of patients with severe limb ischaemia; revascularization was performed in 43%. Predictors of use of vascular imaging were the presence of infection and ischaemic rest pain. Conclusion Treatment of many patients is not in line with current guidelines and there are large differences between countries and centres. Our data suggest that current guidelines are too general and that healthcare organizational barriers and personal beliefs result in underuse of recommended therapies. Action should be undertaken to overcome these barriers and to guarantee the delivery of optimal care for the many individuals with diabetic foot disease. [source]

Recurrent Peptic Ulcers in Patients Following Successful Helicobacter pylori Eradication: A Multicenter Study of 4940 Patients

HELICOBACTER, Issue 1 2004
Hiroto Miwa
ABSTRACT Objective., Although curative treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection markedly reduces the relapse of peptic ulcers, the details of the ulcers that do recur is not well characterized. The aim of this study is to describe the recurrence rate and specific features of peptic ulcers after cure of H. pylori infection. Methods., This was a multicenter study involving 4940 peptic ulcer patients who were H. pylori negative after successful eradication treatment and were followed for up to 48 months. The annual incidence of ulcer relapse in H. pylori -cured patients, background of patients with relapsed ulcers, time to relapse, ulcer size, and site of relapsed ulcers were investigated. Results., Crude peptic ulcer recurrence rate was 3.02% (149/4940). The annual recurrence rates of gastric, duodenal and gastroduodenal ulcer were 2.3%, 1.6%, and 1.6%, respectively. Exclusion of patients who took NSAIDs led annual recurrence rates to 1.9%, 1.5% and 1.3%, respectively. The recurrence rate was significantly higher in gastric ulcer. Recurrence rates of patients who smoked, consumed alcohol, and used NSAIDs were significantly higher in those with gastric ulcer recurrence compared to duodenal ulcer recurrence (e.g. 125 of 149 [83.9%] relapsed ulcers recurred at the same or adjacent sites as the previous ulcers). Conclusions., Curative treatment of H. pylori infection is useful in preventing ulcer recurrence. Gastric ulcer is more likely to relapse than duodenal ulcer. Recurrent ulcer tended to recur at the site of the original ulcers. [source]

Pimecrolimus versus placebo in genital aphthous ulcers of Behcet's disease: a randomized double-blind controlled trial

Abstract Background:, Genital aphthous ulcers of Behcet's disease (BD) are painful and usually resistant to local treatments. Pimecrolimus is an ascomycin macrolactam, used in inflammatory skin diseases. Objective:, To discover if pimecrolimus can accelerate the healing of BD genital aphthous ulcers. Methods:, Ninety patients with genital aphthous ulcers were enrolled. Only patients treated with colchicine alone were selected. All patients signed a written consent form. Patients were randomly assigned to pimecrolimus or placebo cream, applied twice daily for 1 week. The primary outcome was the healing period. Up to 7 days, it was considered as a positive result. Results were compared by chi-square test. The mean healing time was compared by analysis of variance. Analyses were done both by the ,intention-to-treat' and ,treatment-completed' methods. Results:, Both groups were similar at the entry (gender, age, ulcer size, pain intensity and treatment delay). By intention-to-treat analysis, in the pimecrolimus group, 18 patients had positive and 27 negative results. In the control group, four had positive and 41 negative results. The difference was significant (,2 = 10.167, P = 0.001). By treatment-completed analysis, with pimecrolimus, 18 patients had positive and 22 negative results. With placebo, four had positive, and 41 negative results. The difference was significant (,2 = 12.574, P = 0.0004). Comparison of mean healing time in the pimecrolimus versus placebo group, demonstrated a significant acceleration both in intention-to-treat analysis (10.7 vs. 20.7 days, F = 17.466, P < 0.0001) and treatment-completed analysis (8.3 vs. 20.7 days, F = 29.289, P < 0.0001). Conclusion:, Pimecrolimus is safe and efficient in the treatment of BD genital ulcers, by accelerating the healing process. [source]

Influences of Helicobacter pylori on gastric angiogenesis and ulcer healing in mice

Edhi Gunawan
Abstract Background and Aims:Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with peptic ulcers; however, it is unclear whether the bacterium delays ulcer healing. We investigated the influence of H. pylori on ulcer healing in mice. We also examined the influence of H. pylori infection on angiogenesis. Methods: An acetic acid ulcer was made in male BALB/c mice. Three days later (day 0), the animals were inoculated with H. pylori SS1 strain. The healing process of the ulcer was examined macroscopically and microscopically on days 0, 6 and 9. The index of angiogenesis was also determined using carmine dye injection. Results: On day 0, angiogenesis began at the ulcer margin while the mucosal epithelia had not yet regenerated. On days 6 and 9, angiogenesis and epithelial regeneration developed and ulcer size reduced. These phenomena were significantly suppressed in mice infected with H. pylori. Conclusion:Helicobacter pylori infection significantly suppressed angiogenesis and delayed ulcer healing. These results indicate that H. pylori plays an important role in ulcer healing. 2002 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd [source]