UHT Milk (uht + milk)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Assessment of aflatoxin M1 levels in selected dairy products in north-western Iran

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DAIRY TECHNOLOGY, Issue 2 2010
HAMID MOHAMADI
The purpose of this survey was to evaluate the natural occurrence and content of aflatoxin M1, AFM1, in dairy products marketed in Urmia. During September 2007, 40 samples of pasteurised milk, 40 samples of ultra high temperature-treated (UHT) milk, 40 samples of creamy cheese and 40 samples of Iranian Feta cheese were collected from different supermarkets in Urmia city. AFM1 contents were determined by the competitive enzyme-linked imunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. All milk samples analysed showed a mean of AFM1 concentrations lower than the permissible level of 50 ng/kg in Iran (23.22 and 19.53 ng/kg in pasteurised milk and UHT milk respectively). The mean levels of AFM1 contamination were 43.31 ng/kg in Feta cheeses and 21.96 ng/kg in creamy cheeses. The potential risk of human exposure to aflatoxin M1 via consumption of milk and milk products is well known. Dairy products must therefore be evaluated for aflatoxin and kept free from fungal contamination as much as possible. [source]


Effect of somatic cell counts on lipolysis, proteolysis and apparent viscosity of UHT milk during storage

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DAIRY TECHNOLOGY, Issue 4 2008
ANDREZZA M FERNANDES
In this work, lipolysis, proteolysis and viscosity of ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk containing different somatic cell counts (SCC) were investigated. UHT milks were analysed on days 8, 30, 60, 90 and 120 of storage. Lipolysis as measured by free fatty acids increase, casein degradation and viscosity of UHT milk were not affected by SCC but increased during storage. A negative relationship was observed between SCC and casein as a percentage of true protein on the 120th day of storage, hence indicating that high SCC increases the proteolysis of UHT milk by the end of its shelf life. [source]


Stability and activity of specific antibodies against Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus in bovine milk fermented with Lactobacillus rhamnosus strain GG or treated at ultra-high temperature

MOLECULAR ORAL MICROBIOLOGY, Issue 1 2002
H. Wei
Passive local immunization against dental caries is a promising approach to its prevention, as clinical evidence of active oral or nasal immunization is still limited and controversial. By means of systemic immunization of pregnant cows with a multivalent vaccine, high titres of IgG antibodies against human cariogenic bacteria, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus, were produced in bovine colostrum. The purified immune product (IP) of this preparation has a number of anticariogenic properties, such as inhibition of streptococcal adherence to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite and inhibition of glucosyltransferase enzymes. This study investigated whether IP antibodies remained active and functional when added to ultra-high temperature (UHT)-treated milk or to Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG)-fermented milk stored for an extended time. LGG was chosen because of its widely known health benefits in humans and animals. A commercial UHT toddler's milk was supplemented with IP and stored for 2 months at 5, 21 and 30C. The antistreptococcal titres in UHT milk did not decline at any temperature during storage, and UHT-IP inhibited the adherence of S. mutans for up to 2 months. This was not the case with UHT toddler's milk without IgG antibodies. Milk was fermented with live LGG cells in the presence or absence of 5% IP. The antistrept?ococcal titres declined to about 30% of the original titres after storage. Fresh milk alone slightly enhanced streptococcal adhesion but fresh milk with IP inhibited the adherence of S. mutans by over 50%. LGG-positive fermented milk without antibodies also inhibited (P < 0.05) the adhesion by about 40%. In both LGG-fermented and UHT immune milk, the activity of antibodies against cariogenic streptococci was maintained during the expected shelf-life of these products. From the anticariogenic point of view it may be beneficial to add bovine-specific antibodies against mutans streptococci to probiotic LGG-containing milk products. [source]


Effect of somatic cell counts on lipolysis, proteolysis and apparent viscosity of UHT milk during storage

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DAIRY TECHNOLOGY, Issue 4 2008
ANDREZZA M FERNANDES
In this work, lipolysis, proteolysis and viscosity of ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk containing different somatic cell counts (SCC) were investigated. UHT milks were analysed on days 8, 30, 60, 90 and 120 of storage. Lipolysis as measured by free fatty acids increase, casein degradation and viscosity of UHT milk were not affected by SCC but increased during storage. A negative relationship was observed between SCC and casein as a percentage of true protein on the 120th day of storage, hence indicating that high SCC increases the proteolysis of UHT milk by the end of its shelf life. [source]


Mineral contents and distribution between the soluble and the micellar phases in calcium-enriched UHT milks

JOURNAL OF THE SCIENCE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURE, Issue 13 2004
Miguel Angel de la Fuente
Abstract A study concerning the content of mineral elements (calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium and phosphorus) and the distribution between the soluble and the micellar phases has been carried out on mineral,mainly calcium,enriched UHT milks. Total calcium contents were 1371,1793 mg l,1 in the 10 brands examined. Percentages of calcium in the soluble phase varied from 23.6 to 37.2%, whereas ionic calcium concentrations found were within a very wide range (44,91 mg l,1). The different forms of phosphorus were studied by 31P-NMR. Spectra indicated that the majority of the brands employed polyphosphates as stabilizers. Ingredients used to fortify these products consisted of dairy fractions and calcium salts. The modifications in salt balance as consequence of these practices are discussed. Copyright 2004 Society of Chemical Industry [source]