UC Group (uc + group)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

New aspects concerning ulcerative colitis and colonic carcinoma: Analysis of levels of neuropeptides, neurotrophins, and TNFalpha/TNFreceptor in plasma and mucosa in parallel with histological evaluation of the intestine

Malin Johansson MSc
Abstract Background: The levels of neuropeptides, neurotrophins, and TNFalpha (TNF,)/TNF receptor in plasma and mucosa for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and colonic carcinoma, and concerning plasma also for healthy controls, were examined. Moreover, the relationships between the different substances and the influence of mucosal derangement on the levels were analyzed. Methods: The levels of VIP, SP, CGRP, BDNF, NGF, and TNF,/TNFreceptor1 were measured using ELISA/EIA. Results: Patients with UC demonstrated the highest levels of all analyzed substances in plasma, with the exception of BDNF. However, there were differences within the UC group, patients treated with corticosteroids, and/or nonsteroid antiinflammatory/immunosuppressive treatment having higher plasma levels than those not given these treatments. Patients with colonic carcinoma showed higher SP and TNFreceptor1 levels in plasma compared to healthy controls. Concerning mucosa, the levels of almost all analyzed substances were elevated for patients with UC compared to noncancerous mucosa of colonic carcinoma patients. There were correlations between many of the substances in both plasma and mucosa, especially concerning the 3 neuropeptides examined. There were also marked associations with mucosa derangement. Conclusions: Via analysis of correlations for the respective patients and via comparisons between the different patient groups, new and original information was obtained. Interestingly, the degree of mucosal affection was markedly correlated with tissue levels of the substances and the treatments were found to be of importance concerning plasma but not tissue levels of these. Combined plasma analysis of neuropeptides, neurotrophins, and TNFreceptor1 may help to distinguish UC and colonic carcinoma patients. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2008) [source]

Inflammatory bowel disease is linked to 19p13 and associated with ICAM-1

Jin Hong Low
Abstract Genome-wide scans have implicated several susceptibility loci, but linkage of 19p13 (IBD6) to Crohn's disease (CD) has not been fully replicated. We report a replication study of IBD6 in a UK Caucasian population. Two hundred eighty-four affected sibling pairs from 234 families were used for the linkage study. Linkage between IBD6 linkage and CD was replicated (LOD score = 1.59). Two candidate genes (DDXL and ICAM-1) within the IBD6 locus were examined in a case/control study with a total of 228 CD and 243 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and 407 healthy controls. No association to either UC or CD was found in three novel intronic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DDXL. For ICAM-1, a significant association was found between K469 homozygosity and CD overall (39.9% vs 29.4%; Pc = 0.0096) and between E469 and fistulating disease (21.8% vs 10.0%, Pc = 0.030). In the UC group, limited disease extent was associated with homozygosity of the G241 allele (82.7% vs 64.7%, Pc = 0.0040). These data support linkage for CD at 19p13 and suggest that the amino acid polymorphisms in ICAM-1 may be associated with IBD. [source]

Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of sodium percarbonate: a comparison with bleaching agents commonly used in discoloured pulpless teeth

M. R. Fernández
Fernández MR, Carvalho RV, Ogliari FA, Beira FA, Etges A, Bueno M. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of sodium percarbonate: a comparison with bleaching agents commonly used in discoloured pulpless teeth. International Endodontic Journal, 43, 102,108, 2010. Abstract Aim, To evaluate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of sodium percarbonate (SPC) in comparison with bleaching agents used on discoloured pulpless teeth. Methodology, The cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of bleaching agents were evaluated both in their pure form as well as at concentrations commonly used in clinical practice. Hydrogen peroxide (HP), carbamide peroxide (CP), sodium perborate (SP) and SPC were diluted in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) in series. To evaluate the cytotoxicity, the survival of 3T3/NIH mouse fibroblasts was measured photometrically using an 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay after a 24 h-exposure period. Genotoxicity was indicated by micronuclei (MN) formation, and modification of the normal cell was analysed by light microscopy (400×). Statistical analysis was performed by one-way anova, followed by a multiple-comparison Tukey post hoc test (P < 0.05). Results, All groups exhibited a dose-dependent cytotoxicity. However, CP showed a similar cytotoxic effect when compared with DMEM-untreated control (UC) group. HP and SPC were significantly more cytotoxic than SP. The genotoxicity test showed that SPC and SP had an intermediate rate of MN frequency when compared with the UC group. The mean rate of MN frequency for HP was higher and statistically more significant than for the other groups tested. No difference was observed when CP and UC groups were compared. Conclusions, Sodium percarbonate showed cytotoxicity and genotoxicity similar to those of the other products tested. However, before SPC is used clinically, studies should be conducted to confirm its safety in vivo. [source]

The frequency of low bone mineral density and its associated risk factors in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases

Yasser EZZAT
Abstract Objective:, To detect the frequency and the predictive factors of low bone mineral density in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients, so as to optimize bone mineral density (BMD) monitoring and treatment for those at risk. Subjects and methods:, Thirty Asian patients were included in this study and were divided into 18 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), and 12 patients with Crohn's disease (CD). All patients were diagnosed by colonoscopy and histopathological biopsy and were subjected to routine laboratory investigations in addition to 25 hydroxy vitamin D levels as well as serum calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatise. BMD was measured by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan at lumbar spine and femoral neck; predictive factors for BMD were analyzed by group comparison and step-wise regression analysis. Results:, There was increased frequency of osteoporosis and osteopenia involving the lumbar spine in patients with IBD being more common among CD patients than in the UC group. Positive correlations were found between low BMD measurements and vitamin D levels, body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.001) as well as steroid cumulative dose and duration of therapy (P < 0.001); stepwise regression analysis showed that CD and vitamin D deficiency are predictive factors for both osteoporosis and osteopenia (P = 0.024, P = 0.027, respectively). Conclusion:, Low BMD was found to be more frequent among patients with CD than UC; in addition CD and vitamin D deficiency act as predictive factors for low BMD. We recommend that calcium and vitamin D should be given to all IBD patients; in addition, bisphosphonate administration should be put into consideration. [source]

Field evaluation of the efficacy of a probiotic containing Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus subtilis spores, on the health status and performance of sows and their litters

C. Alexopoulos
Summary The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of BioPlus 2B, a probiotic containing Bacillus licheniformis and Bacillus subtilis spores, on the health status and productivity of sows and their litters. A total of 109 gilts and sows were allocated into two experimental groups, as follows: untreated controls (UC) and BioPlus 2B (same feeding as the UC group plus BioPlus 2B) at a dose of 400 g/ton of feed (equal to 1.28 × 106 viable spores/g of feed). Treatment started from the day of allocation (14 days prior to the expected farrowing) up to the weaning day. Homogeneity of the groups was satisfied with regard to the parity. From the results it was evident that BioPlus 2B supplementation of the feed improved gilt/sow performance as shown by: (i) the increase of sow feed consumption during the first 14 days postpartum and (ii) the decrease of sow weight loss during the suckling period. Certain blood and milk parameters were significantly improved, as shown by higher serum cholesterol and total lipids concentrations and higher milk fat and protein content at mid-suckling period. As a consequence, a positive effect was also noticed as regard litter health and performance characteristics in terms of: (i) decrease in piglet diarrhoea score, (ii) decrease in pre-weaning mortality thus leading to increase in the number of weaned piglets per litter and (iii) increase in piglet body weight at weaning. Moreover, BioPlus 2B tended to improve the health status and fertility of sows demonstrating: (i) tendency to a lower proportion of sows with Mastitis-Metritus-Agalactia (MMA) problems and (ii) lower proportion of sows returning to oestrus. [source]