Ubiquitin Promoter (ubiquitin + promoter)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Ubiquitin Promoter

  • maize ubiquitin promoter

  • Selected Abstracts

    Enhancing lignan biosynthesis by over-expressing pinoresinol lariciresinol reductase in transgenic wheat

    Allan K. Ayella
    Abstract Lignans are phenylpropane dimers that are biosynthesized via the phenylpropanoid pathway, in which pinoresinol lariciresinol reductase (PLR) catalyzes the last steps of lignan production. Our previous studies demonstrated that the contents of lignans in various wheat cultivars were significantly associated with anti-tumor activities in APCMin mice. To enhance lignan biosynthesis, this study was conducted to transform wheat cultivars (,Bobwhite', ,Madison', and ,Fielder', respectively) with the Forsythia intermedia PLR gene under the regulatory control of maize ubiquitin promoter. Of 24 putative transgenic wheat lines, we successfully obtained 3 transformants with the inserted ubiquitin-PLR gene as screened by PCR. Southern blot analysis further demonstrated that different copies of the PLR gene up to 5 were carried out in their genomes. Furthermore, a real-time PCR indicated ,17% increase of PLR gene expression over the control in 2 of the 3 positive transformants at T0 generation. The levels of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, a prominent lignan in wheat as determined by HPLC-MS, were found to be 2.2-times higher in one of the three positive transgenic sub-lines at T2 than that in the wild-type (117.9 4.5 vs. 52.9 19.8 ,g/g, p <0.005). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that elevated lignan levels in a transgenic wheat line has been successfully achieved through genetic engineering of over-expressed PLR gene. Although future studies are needed for a stably expression and more efficient transformants, the new wheat line with significantly higher SDG contents obtained from this study may have potential application in providing additive health benefits for cancer prevention. [source]

    Transgenic maize lines with cell-type specific expression of fluorescent proteins in plastids

    Amir Sattarzadeh
    Summary Plastid number and morphology vary dramatically between cell types and at different developmental stages. Furthermore, in C4 plants such as maize, chloroplast ultrastructure and biochemical functions are specialized in mesophyll and bundle sheath cells, which differentiate acropetally from the proplastid form in the leaf base. To develop visible markers for maize plastids, we have created a series of stable transgenics expressing fluorescent proteins fused to either the maize ubiquitin promoter, the mesophyll-specific phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PepC) promoter, or the bundle sheath-specific Rubisco small subunit 1 (RbcS) promoter. Multiple independent events were examined and revealed that maize codon-optimized versions of YFP and GFP were particularly well expressed, and that expression was stably inherited. Plants carrying PepC promoter constructs exhibit YFP expression in mesophyll plastids and the RbcS promoter mediated expression in bundle sheath plastids. The PepC and RbcS promoter fusions also proved useful for identifying plastids in organs such as epidermis, silks, roots and trichomes. These tools will inform future plastid-related studies of wild-type and mutant maize plants and provide material from which different plastid types may be isolated. [source]

    Stable expression of AtGA2ox1 in a low-input turfgrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge) reduces bioactive gibberellin levels and improves turf quality under field conditions

    Mrinalini Agharkar
    Summary Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge) is a prime candidate for molecular improvement of turf quality. Its persistence and low input characteristics made it the dominant utility turfgrass along highways in the south-eastern USA. However, the comparatively poor turf quality due to reduced turf density and prolific production of unsightly inflorescences currently limits the widespread use of bahiagrass as residential turf. Alteration of endogenous gibberellin (GA) levels by application of growth regulators or transgenic strategies has modified plant architecture in several crops. GA catabolizing AtGA2ox1 was subcloned under the control of the constitutive maize ubiquitin promoter and Nos 3'UTR. A minimal AtGA2ox1 expression cassette lacking vector backbone sequences was stably introduced into apomictic bahiagrass by biolistic gene transfer as confirmed by Southern blot analysis. Expression of AtGA2ox1 in bahiagrass as indicated by reverse transcription,polymerase chain reaction and Northern blot analysis resulted in a significant reduction of endogenous bioactive GA1 levels compared to wild type. Interestingly, transgenic plants displayed an increased number of vegetative tillers which correlated with the level of AtGA2ox1 expression and enhanced turf density under field conditions. This indicates that GAs contribute to signalling the outgrowth of axillary buds in this perennial grass. Transgenic plants also showed decreased stem length and delayed flowering under controlled environment and field conditions. Consequently, turf quality following weekly mowing was improved in transgenic bahiagrass. Transgene expression and phenotype were transmitted to seed progeny. Argentine bahiagrass produces seeds asexually by apomixis, which reduces the risk of unintended transgene dispersal by pollen and results in uniform progeny. [source]

    Modulation of F1 hybrid stature without altering parent plants through trans-activated expression of a mutated rice GAI homologue

    Ning Su
    Summary Hybrid breeding, by taking advantage of heterosis, brings about many superior properties to the F1 progeny. However, some properties, such as increased plant height, are not desirable for agronomic purposes. To specifically counter the height increase associated with hybrid progeny, we employed an Arabidopsis model and tested a trans-activation system for specifically expressing a mutated GAI gene only in the F1 hybrid plants to reduce plant stature. A transcriptional activator, the Gal4 DNA-binding domain fused to the acidic activation domain of herpes simplex virus VP16 protein, driven by a maize ubiquitin promoter, was introduced in one parental line. A rice GAI homologue with an N-terminal deletion of the DELLA domain, driven by a promoter that is responsive to the transcriptional activator, was transferred into another parental line. After genetic crossing, trans-activation of the GAI mutant gene resulted in a dwarf phenotype. Over 50 pair-wise crosses between the parental lines were performed, and analyses suggested that the percentage of F1 progeny exhibiting dwarfism ranged from about 25% to 100%. Furthermore, the dwarfism trait introduced in F1 progeny did not seem to affect total seed yield. Our result suggests the feasibility of manipulating F1 hybrid progeny traits without affecting parent plants or the agronomic property of the progeny. [source]

    In vivo electroporation and ubiquitin promoter , a protocol for sustained gene expression in the lung

    Amiq Gazdhar
    Abstract Background Gene therapy applications require safe and efficient methods for gene transfer. Present methods are restricted by low efficiency and short duration of transgene expression. In vivo electroporation, a physical method of gene transfer, has evolved as an efficient method in recent years. We present a protocol involving electroporation combined with a long-acting promoter system for gene transfer to the lung. Methods The study was designed to evaluate electroporation-mediated gene transfer to the lung and to analyze a promoter system that allows prolonged transgene expression. A volume of 250 l of purified plasmid DNA suspended in water was instilled into the left lung of anesthetized rats, followed by left thoracotomy and electroporation of the exposed left lung. Plasmids pCiKlux and pUblux expressing luciferase under the control of the cytomegalovirus immediate-early promoter/enhancer (CMV-IEPE) or human polyubiquitin c (Ubc) promoter were used. Electroporation conditions were optimized with four pulses (200 V/cm, 20 ms at 1 Hz) using flat plate electrodes. The animals were sacrificed at different time points up to day 40, after gene transfer. Gene expression was detected and quantified by bioluminescent reporter imaging (BLI) and relative light units per milligram of protein (RLU/mg) was measured by luminometer for p.Pyralis luciferase and immunohistochemistry, using an anti-luciferase antibody. Results Gene expression with the CMV-IEPE promoter was highest 24 h after gene transfer (2932 249.4 relative light units (RLU)/mg of total lung protein) and returned to baseline by day 3 (382 318 RLU/mg of total lung protein); at day 5 no expression was detected, whereas gene expression under the Ubc promoter was detected up to day 40 (1989 710 RLU/mg of total lung protein) with a peak at day 20 (2821 2092 RLU/mg of total lung protein). Arterial blood gas (PaO2), histological assessment and cytokine measurements showed no significant toxicity neither at day 1 nor at day 40. Conclusions These results provide evidence that in vivo electroporation is a safe and effective tool for non-viral gene delivery to the lungs. If this method is used in combination with a long-acting promoter system, sustained transgene expression can be achieved. Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    A role for HKT1 in sodium uptake by wheat roots

    THE PLANT JOURNAL, Issue 2 2002
    Sophie Laurie
    Summary The high affinity potassium transporter, HKT1 from wheat was introduced into Florida wheat in sense and antisense orientation under control of a ubiquitin promoter. Ten transgenic lines expressing the transgene were identified and two of these showed strong down-regulation of the native HKT1 transcript. One line (271) was expressing the antisense construct and the other (223) was expressing a truncated sense construct. The two lines were examined further for phenotype relating to cation transport. Membrane depolarisations were measured in low (0.1 mm) K+ and high (100 mm) NaCl. Under these conditions there was no difference between line 271 and the control at low K+, but at high Na+ there was a rapid depolarisation that was significantly larger in control plants. 22Na uptake was measured in this line and there was a significant decrease in uptake at 100 mm NaCl in the transgenic line when compared with the control. The two transgenic lines were grown at high NaCl (200 mm) and analysed for growth and root sodium content. Lines 271 and 223 showed enhanced growth under salinity when compared with the control and had lower sodium in the root. Secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) analysis of transverse sections of the root showed that Na+ and K+ were strongly localised to stelar regions when compared with other ions, and that the Na+ : K+ ratios were reduced in salt-stressed transgenic tissue when compared with the control. [source]