Tumour Removal (tumour + removal)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Laparoscopic uterine tumour removal, are we there yet?

E. M. Santschi
No abstract is available for this article. [source]

Increased arterial pressure is not predictive of haemodynamic instability in patients undergoing adrenalectomy for phaeochromocytoma

Background: Pre-operative hypotensive drugs are assumed to have dramatically decreased operative mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing phaeochromocytoma removal only in non-controlled studies. We evaluated the predictive value of pre-operative high systolic arterial pressure (SAP) on intra- and post-operative haemodynamic instability, in 96 patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy for phaeochromocytoma. Methods: Ninety-six consecutive patients underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy for phaeochromocytoma. Pre-operative SAP was not systematically normalised, provided that increased SAP was clinically tolerated. Intravenous nicardipine, esmolol and norepinephrine were intraoperatively titrated to treat SAP increase >150 mmHg, tachycardia >90,110/min, arrhythmia or SAP decrease under 90 mmHg, respectively. Volume expanders were not systematically administered. Patients with increased and normal pre-operative SAP were compared with respect to (a) nicardipine, esmolol and norepinephrine requirement, (b) highest intraoperative SAP and heat rate, (c) lowest intraoperative SAP, (d) duration of surgery and (e) norepinephrine requirement following tumour removal. Results: Groups did not differ significantly with respect to data defined as being indicative of perioperative haemodynamic instability (all P values>0.05). Discussion: As previously demonstrated, in patients undergoing phaeochromocytoma removal, perioperative haemodynamic changes are mainly due to catecholamine release during tumour manipulation, and to the decrease in catecholamine level following tumour removal. Whether pre-operative hypotensive drugs are likely to alter these changes remains questionable. Conclusion: For most patients scheduled for laparoscopic phaeochromocytoma removal, surgery can be carried out without systematic pre-operative arterial pressure normalisation. [source]

Primary cutaneous mucinous carcinoma: Report of two cases treated with Mohs' micrographic surgery

Roberto Cecchi
SUMMARY We present a 72-year-old woman who presented with a slowly enlarging, asymptomatic, cystic nodule on the right eyebrow, and a 66-year-old woman who had a reddish, nodular lesion on the left lower eyelid. Incisional biopsy from the two neoplasms showed dermal epithelial cell islands embedded in mucin pools. Tumour cells stained positive for cytokeratin 7, oestrogen and progesterone receptors, and negative for vimentin and S-100 protein. These findings were consistent with a diagnosis of mucinous carcinoma. Extensive work-ups excluded cutaneous metastases from primary visceral mucinous carcinomas. To ensure complete tumour removal, both patients underwent Mohs' micrographic surgery (standard fresh-frozen technique). They remain disease-free 42 and 26 months after surgical excision, respectively. Mohs' micrographic surgery appears to be a rational and effective treatment for this uncommon malignancy. [source]

Repair of the trigeminal nerve: a review

RHB Jones
Abstract Nerve surgery in the maxillofacial region is confined to the trigeminal and facial nerves and their branches. The trigeminal nerve can be damaged as a result of trauma, local anaesthesia, tumour removal and implant placement but the most common cause relates to the removal of teeth, particularly the inferior alveolar and lingual nerves following third molar surgery. The timing of nerve repair is controversial but it is generally accepted that primary repair at the time of injury is the best time to repair the nerve but it is often a closed injury and the operator does not know the nerve is injured until after the operation. Early secondary repair at about three months after injury is the most accepted time frame for repair. However, it is also thought that a reasonable result can be obtained at a later time. It is also generally accepted that the best results will be obtained with a direct anastamosis of the two ends of the nerve to be repaired. However, if there is a gap between the two ends, a nerve graft will be required to bridge the gap as the two ends of the nerve will not be approximated without tension and a passive repair is important for the regenerating axons to grow down the appropriate perineural tubes. Various materials have been used for grafting and include autologous grafts, such as the sural and greater auricular nerves, vein grafts, which act as a conduit for the axons to grow down, and allografts such as Neurotube, which is made of polyglycolic acid (PGA) and will resorb over a period of time. [source]

Surgical removal of an ovarian tumour in a koi carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Ultrasonography, radiography and exploratory coeliotomy were used to diagnose and treat a large intracoelomic neoplasm from a female koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) presented for abdominal enlargement of several months duration. Feed was withheld for 1 week immediately prior to surgery and the fish was sedated with isoeugenol (AQUI-S) at a dose rate of 10 mL/L to facilitate diagnostic imaging techniques. Surgical anaesthesia was induced by adding tricaine (MS-222) 50 mg/L to the water and an exploratory coeliotomy and tumour removal was performed. The fish was allowed to recover in fresh water at 18C and salt was added slowly to the water over a period of 1 hour to a concentration of 5 g/L This concentration was maintained in a recovery pond for 1 week postoperatively. Enrofloxacin was administered intramuscularly (10 mg/kg) immediately, 3 days and 1 week postoperatively. A diagnosis of undifferentiated ovarian carcinoma was made on the basis of the histological appearance of the neoplasm and immunohistochemical staining. [source]