Triblock Copolymers (triblock + copolymer)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Polymers and Materials Science

Kinds of Triblock Copolymers

  • aba triblock copolymer
  • abc triblock copolymer
  • amphiphilic abc triblock copolymer


  • Selected Abstracts


    pH-Responsive Flower-Type Micelles Formed by a Biotinylated Poly(2-vinylpyridine)- block -poly(ethylene oxide)- block -poly(, -caprolactone) Triblock Copolymer

    ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, Issue 9 2009
    Kathy Van Butsele
    Abstract In the present work, a method is proposed to assemble pH-responsive, flower-like micelles that can expose a targeting unit at their periphery upon a decrease in pH. The micelles are composed of a novel biotinylated triblock copolymer of poly(,, -caprolactone)- block -poly(ethylene oxide)- block -poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PCL- b -PEO- b -P2VP) and the non-biotinylated analogue. The block copolymers are synthesized by sequential anionic and ring-opening polymerization. The pH-dependent micellization behaviour in aqueous solution of the triblock copolymers developed is studied using dynamic light scattering, zeta potential, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and fluorimetric measurements. The shielding of the biotin at neutral pH and their availability at the micelle surface upon protonation is established by TEM and surface plasmon resonance with avidin and streptavidin-coated gold surfaces. The preliminary stealthy behavior of these pH-responsive micelles is examined using the complement activation (CH50) test. [source]


    Perpendicularly Aligned, Size-and Spacing-Controlled Nanocylinders by Molecular-Weight Adjustment of a Homopolymer Blended in an Asymmetric Triblock Copolymer

    ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, Issue 15 2006
    U. Ahn
    Abstract Perpendicularly arrayed and size-controlled nanocylinders have been prepared by simply blending an asymmetric polystyrene- block -polyisoprene- block -polystyrene triblock copolymer with polystyrene (the minority component) homopolymers of different molecular weights. The preference for perpendicular orientation or hexagonal ordering of the nanocylinders over a large area in the asymmetric block copolymer can be controlled by adjusting the molecular weight of the blended homopolymer, and the perfection of hexagonal ordering of the perpendicular cylinders can be tuned by using a substrate whose surface tension is much different from that of the majority component of the block copolymer. Such highly controlled nanostructured block-copolymer materials, which have been obtained by a simple method independent of film thickness and interfacial tension between the blocks and the substrates, have wide-ranging commercial potential, e.g., for use in membranes and nanotemplates with size-tunable pores, bandgap-controlled photonic crystals, and other nanotechnological fields demanding a specific nanosize and nanomorphology. [source]


    An Artificial Muscle with Lamellar Structure Based on a Nematic Triblock Copolymer,

    ADVANCED MATERIALS, Issue 21 2004
    M.-H. Li
    A muscle-like material with a lamellar structure has been prepared for the first time from a liquid-crystalline triblock copolymer. The material consists of a repeated series of nematic-polymer blocks and conventional rubber blocks. The motor for the contraction is the reversible macromolecular-chain shape change, from stretched to spherical, of the nematic polymer that occurs at the nematic-to-isotropic phase transition. [source]


    Crystal Morphology of Mesoporous Silica Thin Films Synthesized by the Spin-Coating Method Using PEO,PPO,PEO Triblock Copolymer

    JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, Issue 10 2002
    Gyeong-Su Park
    Mesoporous thin films on Si substrates with thicknesses of about 460,610 nm have been synthesized by the spin-coating method using a Pluronic EO77PO29EO77 (F68), EO104PO39EO104 (F88), and EO133PO50EO133 (F108) triblock copolymer system. The triblock copolymers were preserved within the synthesized mesoporous thin films. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterization of these films clearly demonstrates that long-range mesostructural ordering strongly depends on the molecular weight of the poly(ethylene oxide),poly(propylene oxide),poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO,PPO,PEO) triblock copolymer, with lower molecular weight producing higher degrees of order. Plane and cross-sectional high-resolution TEM studies coupled with X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis also show that highly ordered F68 mesoporous silica thin film forms a cubic structure with a lattice spacing a= 6.70 nm. [source]


    Ordering Behavior of Layered Silicate Nanocomposites with a Cylindrical Triblock Copolymer

    MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, Issue 4 2006
    Chung Ho Lee
    Abstract Summary: The ordering behavior of the nanocomposites of organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT) with a cylindrical triblock copolymer of polystyrene- block -poly(ethylene- co -butylene)- block -polystyrene (SEBS) has been investigated by temperature-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and rheometry. X-Ray diffraction (XRD) confirms that the polymer chains are successfully intercalated with the interlayer gallery of the silicates. The data obtained from the SAXS and rheological measurements show that the addition of OMMT leads to a change in the microphase separation behavior of SEBS in the nanocomposites. The molecular interaction between OMMT and the polystyrene (PS) chains of SEBS decreases the structural perfection of the self-assembling, phase-separated domain structure of the nanocomposites. Rheological data exhibit that the order-order (TOOT) and order-disorder transitions (TODT) of the SEBS/OMMT nanocomposites decrease with the addition of OMMT. The highest elongation at break is obtained at approximately 2% OMMT and its further addition to the mixture leads to decreases in tensile strength and elongation. The change in the storage modulus (G,) of a) SEBS, b) S98M2, c) S95M5, and d) S90M10, as a function of temperature in the range of 150,,,T (C),,,260. [source]


    Synthesis of a Novel Electroactive ABA Triblock Copolymer and its Spontaneous Self-Assembly in Water

    MACROMOLECULAR RAPID COMMUNICATIONS, Issue 15 2007
    Lihong Huang
    Abstract An electroactive triblock copolymer of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and aniline pentamer (AP), PEG- block -AP- block -PEG (PAP), was synthesized via polycondensation in the presence of N,N' -dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC). The UV-vis spectra and cyclic-voltammograms (CV) spectra exhibited an excellent electroactivity of the triblock copolymer. The amphiphilic triblock copolymer self-assembles spontaneously into uniform micellar aggregates when the triblock copolymer was added directly to the aqueous solution. The size of the aggregates can be changed with the oxidation state of the AP segment in the PAP copolymer and the aggregates were pH-sensitive to the surrounding water solution, which provides a potential application in controlled drug release. [source]


    A Novel ABC Triblock Copolymer with Very Low Surface Energy: Poly(dimethylsiloxane)- block -Poly(methyl methacrylate)- block -Poly(2,2,3,3,4,4,4-heptafluorobutyl methacrylate)

    MACROMOLECULAR REACTION ENGINEERING, Issue 5 2008
    Zhenghong Luo
    Abstract Poly(dimethylsiloxane)- block -poly(methyl methacrylate)- block -poly(2,2,3,3,4,4,4-heptafluorobutyl methacrylate) was successfully synthesized via ATRP. The chemical composition and structure of the copolymer was characterized by NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy and molecular weight measurement. Gel permeation chromatography was used to study the molecular weight distribution of the triblock copolymer. The surface properties of the resulting copolymer were investigated. The effects of fluorine content and bulk structure on surface energy were investigated by static water contact angle measurements. Surface composition was studied by XPS. [source]


    Chemo-Enzymatic Synthesis of Degradable PTMC- b -PECA- b -PTMC Triblock Copolymers and their Micelle Formation for pH-Dependent Controlled Release

    MACROMOLECULAR BIOSCIENCE, Issue 6 2009
    Sachiko Kaihara
    Abstract A series of degradable triblock copolymers, poly(trimethylene carbonate)- block -poly[poly(ethylene glycol)- co -cyclic acetal]- block -poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC- b -PECA- b -PTMC), were chemo-enzymatically synthesized. Cyclic acetal was introduced into a poly(ethylene glycol) segment as a degradable segment to impart a pH-dependent degradation nature and to prevent the production of acidic degradation products. Amphiphilic polymeric micelles were successfully prepared, and the properties of the micelles were significantly affected by their chemical compositions and the molecular weights. A drug release study showed that the release rate increased as the pH of the buffer decreased due to the degradation of the cyclic acetal segments, indicating its high utility for pH-sensitive controlled release. [source]


    Physical Properties of PBMA- b -PBA- b -PBMA Triblock Copolymers Synthesized by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization

    MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, Issue 16 2003
    Luis Martn-Gomis
    Abstract The physical properties of well-defined poly(butyl methacrylate)- block -poly(butyl acrylate)- block -poly(butyl methacrylate) (PBMA- b -PBA- b -PBMA) triblock copolymers synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) are reported. The glass transition and the degradation temperature of copolymers were determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). DSC measurements showed phase separation for all of the copolymers with the exception of the one with the shortest length of either inner or outer blocks. TGA demonstrated that the thermal stability of triblock copolymers increased with decreasing BMA content. Dynamic mechanical analysis was used for a preceding evaluation of adhesive properties. In these block copolymers, the deformation process under tension can take place either homogeneously or by a neck formation depending on the molecular weight of the outer BMA blocks and on the length of the inner soft BA segments. Microindentation measurements were also performed for determining the superficial mechanical response and its correlation with the bulk behavior. Stress-strain curves for the different PBMA- b -PBA- b -PBMA specimens at room temperature and at 10 mm/min. [source]


    Morphological and Physical Properties of Triblock Copolymers of Methyl Methacrylate and 2-Ethylhexyl Methacrylate

    MACROMOLECULAR MATERIALS & ENGINEERING, Issue 9 2006
    Hormoz Eslami
    Abstract Summary: Triblock copolymers of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and 2-ethylhexyl methacrylate (EHMA) [that is, poly(MMA,EHMA,MMA)] were prepared by an emulsion atom-transfer radical polymerization. The relationships of their structural, morphological, and physical properties were investigated. The latex particles had core-shell morphologies and the block copolymers experienced phase separation. Small latex particles with a low number of cores could deform and wet silicon-wafer surfaces, but the deformation of large latex particles was restricted by the internal two-phase morphology of the particles. Latex casting produced continuous pinhole-free films, in which hard poly(MMA) (PMMA) cores of different latex particles merged and provided interparticle connections. The morphology of solution-cast films depended on block composition, solvent type, and film thickness. For all the prepared polymer samples, thick films cast in toluene had poly(EHMA) (PEHMA) materials at air surface, whereas those cast in tetrahydrofuran had a sponge-like PMMA surface structure. Thin toluene-cast films from P(MMA,EHMA,MMA) with the block degrees of polymerization () 200,930,200 showed spherical PMMA domains and those from 380,930,380 yielded a protruded worm-like PMMA structure. The copolymer materials were coated on a glass surface for peeling tests. The films gave good hot-melt adhesion properties when the of the PEHMA block was over 600. The peeling strength depended on the lengths of both PEHMA and PMMA blocks. The P(MMA,EHMA,MMA) sample with of 310,930,310 yielded the highest peeling strength of 7.4 kgf,,inch,1. The developed material is demonstrated to be a good candidate for a solvent-free, hot-melt, pressure-sensitive adhesives for special-purpose applications such as medical tapes and labels. [source]


    Microwave-Assisted Synthesis of PLLA-PEG-PLLA Triblock Copolymers

    MACROMOLECULAR RAPID COMMUNICATIONS, Issue 4 2007
    Chao Zhang
    Abstract Poly(L -lactide)- block -poly(ethylene glycol)- block -poly(L -lactide) (PLLA-PEG-PLLA) triblock copolymers were synthesized effectively by poly(ethylene glycol) initiated ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of L -lactide under microwave irradiation. The products were characterized by 1H NMR, GPC, and DSC. The experimental results have demonstrated that PLLA-PEG-PLLA triblock copolymer with a number-average molar mass of 28,230 g,,mol,1 and an L -lactide conversion of 92.4% could be synthesized after the L -lactide/PEG2000 reaction mixture was irradiated for 3 min at 100,C. The L -lactide/PEG feed ratio had a strong influence on the microwave-assisted ring-opening polymerization, in which higher L -lactide/PEG feed ratios led to copolymers with higher molar masses and lower L -lactide conversions. Prolonged microwave irradiation at 100,C did not change the molar mass of the copolymers significantly. The DSC study indicated that higher glass transition and melting temperatures were obtained for PLLA-PEG-PLLA triblock copolymers with longer PLLA segment length. The synthesis of the triblock copolymers via microwave heating was much faster than via conventional heating. [source]


    Synthesis of Amphiphilic ABC Triblock Copolymers with PEO as the Middle Block

    MACROMOLECULAR RAPID COMMUNICATIONS, Issue 22 2004
    Surbhi Mahajan
    Abstract Summary: Stepwise anionic polymerization, catalytic hydrogenation, and atom transfer radical polymerization were performed to synthesize an amphiphilic ABC triblock copolymer, poly(ethylene- alt -propylene)- block -poly(ethylene oxide)- block -poly(hexyl methacrylate) (PEP- b -PEO- b -PHMA), with hydrophilic PEO as the middle block. The resulting block copolymers have well-defined molecular weights and narrow molecular weight distributions as revealed by 1H NMR spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography. GPC chromatograms of an ABC triblock copolymer, PEP- b -PEO- b -PHMA, and its intermediate precursors exhibiting narrow polydispersities. [source]


    Nitroxide-Mediated Bulk and Miniemulsion Polymerization in a Continuous Tubular Reactor: Synthesis of Homo-, Di- and Triblock Copolymers

    MACROMOLECULAR REACTION ENGINEERING, Issue 3-4 2010
    Thomas E. Enright
    Abstract In previous work, a modified nitroxide-mediated miniemulsion polymerization was demonstrated in a continuous tubular reactor to prepare a latex of polystyrene homopolymer dispersed in water. There, the initial reaction step (low conversion bulk polymerization to prepare the macroinitiator) was done in a batch reactor while the miniemulsion polymerization step was done in a continuous tubular reactor. The present paper describes an extension of that work in which all the reaction steps have been achieved in the continuous tubular reactor. Chain extension of the polystyrene latex to give polystyrene- block -poly(butyl acrylate) diblock and polystyrene- block -poly(butyl acrylate)- block -polystyrene triblock copolymers is also described. [source]


    Simulated Annealing Study of Self-Assembly of Symmetric ABA Triblock Copolymers Confined in Cylindrical Nanopores

    MACROMOLECULAR THEORY AND SIMULATIONS, Issue 2-3 2008
    Zheng Wang
    Abstract We report a simulated annealing study of the self-assembly of symmetric lamella-forming ABA triblock copolymers confined in cylindrical nanopores. We systematically examine the dependence of the self-assembled morphologies and structural parameters on the degree of confinement and the strength of the surface preference. We find that the confined morphologies for the symmetric ABA triblocks with fA,=,1/2 are similar to those for the symmetric or nearly symmetric AB diblock copolymers under the same confinement. We also find that different structural parameters can reflect different information. The predicted bridging fraction value for the bulk phase is in good agreement with previously established values, whereas the predicted values for the confined morphologies change with both the degree of confinement and the strength of the surface preference. We further explore the self-assembling process by examining the morphology and various ensemble-averaged thermodynamic quantities and structure parameters as a function of the reduced temperature. [source]


    Adsorption Behavior of Asymmetrical Triblock Copolymers at the Solid-Liquid Interface by Monte Carlo Simulation

    MACROMOLECULAR THEORY AND SIMULATIONS, Issue 8 2004
    Changjun Peng
    Abstract Summary: Monte Carlo simulation on a simple lattice model has been used to study the adsorption of asymmetrical triblock copolymers from a non-selective solvent at the solid-liquid interface. The size distributions of train, loop and tail configurations for those copolymers are obtained as well as other details of the adsorption layer microstructure. Also the influence of adsorption energy and the role of molecular symmetry are investigated. A segment-density profile, the adsorption amount, the surface coverage, and the adsorption layer thickness have been determined. Finally, it is shown that the adsorption behavior of an asymmetrical copolymer can be predicted from the symmetrical copolymer. Size distributions of the tail configuration for A8,kB20Ak. [source]


    Morphological and Physical Properties of Triblock Copolymers of Methyl Methacrylate and 2-Ethylhexyl Methacrylate

    MACROMOLECULAR MATERIALS & ENGINEERING, Issue 9 2006
    Hormoz Eslami
    Abstract Summary: Triblock copolymers of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and 2-ethylhexyl methacrylate (EHMA) [that is, poly(MMA,EHMA,MMA)] were prepared by an emulsion atom-transfer radical polymerization. The relationships of their structural, morphological, and physical properties were investigated. The latex particles had core-shell morphologies and the block copolymers experienced phase separation. Small latex particles with a low number of cores could deform and wet silicon-wafer surfaces, but the deformation of large latex particles was restricted by the internal two-phase morphology of the particles. Latex casting produced continuous pinhole-free films, in which hard poly(MMA) (PMMA) cores of different latex particles merged and provided interparticle connections. The morphology of solution-cast films depended on block composition, solvent type, and film thickness. For all the prepared polymer samples, thick films cast in toluene had poly(EHMA) (PEHMA) materials at air surface, whereas those cast in tetrahydrofuran had a sponge-like PMMA surface structure. Thin toluene-cast films from P(MMA,EHMA,MMA) with the block degrees of polymerization () 200,930,200 showed spherical PMMA domains and those from 380,930,380 yielded a protruded worm-like PMMA structure. The copolymer materials were coated on a glass surface for peeling tests. The films gave good hot-melt adhesion properties when the of the PEHMA block was over 600. The peeling strength depended on the lengths of both PEHMA and PMMA blocks. The P(MMA,EHMA,MMA) sample with of 310,930,310 yielded the highest peeling strength of 7.4 kgf,,inch,1. The developed material is demonstrated to be a good candidate for a solvent-free, hot-melt, pressure-sensitive adhesives for special-purpose applications such as medical tapes and labels. [source]


    Synthesis of poly(N, N -dimethylacrylamide)- block -poly(ethylene oxide)- block -poly(N, N -dimethylacrylamide) and its application for separation of proteins by capillary zone electrophoresis

    ELECTROPHORESIS, Issue 10 2010
    Jing Xu
    Abstract A series of well-defined triblock copolymers, poly(N, N -dimethylacrylamide)- block -poly(ethylene oxide)- block -poly(N, N -dimethylacrylamide) (PDMA- b -PEO- b -PDMA) synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization, were used as physical coatings for protein separation. A comparative study of EOF showed that the triblock copolymer presented good capillary coating ability and EOF efficient suppression. The effects of the Mr of PDMA block in PDMA- b -PEO- b -PDMA triblock copolymer and buffer pH on the separation of basic protein for CE were investigated. Moreover, the influence of the copolymer structure on separation of basic protein was studied by comparing the performance of PDMA- b -PEO- b -PDMA triblock copolymer with PEO- b -PDMA diblock copolymer. Furthermore, the triblock copolymer coating showed higher separation efficiency and better migration time repeatability than fused-silica capillary when used in protein mixture separation and milk powder samples separation, respectively. The results demonstrated that the triblock copolymer coatings would have a wide application in the field of protein separation. [source]


    pH-Responsive Flower-Type Micelles Formed by a Biotinylated Poly(2-vinylpyridine)- block -poly(ethylene oxide)- block -poly(, -caprolactone) Triblock Copolymer

    ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, Issue 9 2009
    Kathy Van Butsele
    Abstract In the present work, a method is proposed to assemble pH-responsive, flower-like micelles that can expose a targeting unit at their periphery upon a decrease in pH. The micelles are composed of a novel biotinylated triblock copolymer of poly(,, -caprolactone)- block -poly(ethylene oxide)- block -poly(2-vinylpyridine) (PCL- b -PEO- b -P2VP) and the non-biotinylated analogue. The block copolymers are synthesized by sequential anionic and ring-opening polymerization. The pH-dependent micellization behaviour in aqueous solution of the triblock copolymers developed is studied using dynamic light scattering, zeta potential, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and fluorimetric measurements. The shielding of the biotin at neutral pH and their availability at the micelle surface upon protonation is established by TEM and surface plasmon resonance with avidin and streptavidin-coated gold surfaces. The preliminary stealthy behavior of these pH-responsive micelles is examined using the complement activation (CH50) test. [source]


    Perpendicularly Aligned, Size-and Spacing-Controlled Nanocylinders by Molecular-Weight Adjustment of a Homopolymer Blended in an Asymmetric Triblock Copolymer

    ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, Issue 15 2006
    U. Ahn
    Abstract Perpendicularly arrayed and size-controlled nanocylinders have been prepared by simply blending an asymmetric polystyrene- block -polyisoprene- block -polystyrene triblock copolymer with polystyrene (the minority component) homopolymers of different molecular weights. The preference for perpendicular orientation or hexagonal ordering of the nanocylinders over a large area in the asymmetric block copolymer can be controlled by adjusting the molecular weight of the blended homopolymer, and the perfection of hexagonal ordering of the perpendicular cylinders can be tuned by using a substrate whose surface tension is much different from that of the majority component of the block copolymer. Such highly controlled nanostructured block-copolymer materials, which have been obtained by a simple method independent of film thickness and interfacial tension between the blocks and the substrates, have wide-ranging commercial potential, e.g., for use in membranes and nanotemplates with size-tunable pores, bandgap-controlled photonic crystals, and other nanotechnological fields demanding a specific nanosize and nanomorphology. [source]


    Electrospinning pH-Responsive Block Copolymer Nanofibers,

    ADVANCED MATERIALS, Issue 21 2007
    L. Wang
    Ultrafine fibers of a pH-responsive triblock copolymer with different diameters, alignment, and microdomain order are prepared via electrospinning and solvent-vapor annealing. Fibrous samples display much quicker response times than the corresponding films owing to the increase in external surface area. The fibrils of annealed, aligned, electrospun fibers show a dramatic apparent "1D" pH-induced size-change during the experiment. [source]


    An Artificial Muscle with Lamellar Structure Based on a Nematic Triblock Copolymer,

    ADVANCED MATERIALS, Issue 21 2004
    M.-H. Li
    A muscle-like material with a lamellar structure has been prepared for the first time from a liquid-crystalline triblock copolymer. The material consists of a repeated series of nematic-polymer blocks and conventional rubber blocks. The motor for the contraction is the reversible macromolecular-chain shape change, from stretched to spherical, of the nematic polymer that occurs at the nematic-to-isotropic phase transition. [source]


    The two-Yukawa model and its applications: the cases of charged proteins and copolymer micellar solutions

    JOURNAL OF APPLIED CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, Issue 2007
    Sow-Hsin Chen
    Charged and uncharged colloidal systems are known from experiment to display an extremely rich phase behavior, which is ultimately determined by the effective pair potential between particles in solution. As a confirmation, the recent striking observation of an equilibrium cluster phase in charged globular protein solutions [Stradner, Sedgwick, Cardinaux, Poon, Egelhaaf & Schurtenberger (2004). Nature, 432, 492,495] has been interpreted as the effect of competing short-range attractive and long-range repulsive interactions. The `two-Yukawa (2Y) fluid' model assumes an interparticle potential consisting of a hard core plus an attractive and a repulsive Yukawa tail. We show that this rather simple model can indeed explain satisfactorily the structural properties of diverse colloidal materials, measured in small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments, including the cases of equilibrium cluster formation and soft-core repulsion. We apply this model to the analysis of SANS data from horse-heart cytochrome c protein solutions (whose effective potential can be modeled as a hard-sphere part plus a short-range attraction and a weaker screened electrostatic repulsion) and micellar solutions of a triblock copolymer (whose effective potential can be modeled as a hard-sphere part plus a repulsive shoulder and a short-range attraction). The accuracy of the 2Y model predictions is successfully tested against Monte Carlo simulations in both cases. [source]


    Anti-thrombogenicity of styrene-butadiene-styrene triblock copolymer grafted with poly(ethylene glycol)s

    JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, Issue 4 2009
    Masanobu Nagura
    Abstract We transformed hydrophobic/hydrophobic styrene/butadiene/styrene tri-block copolymer (SBS) to hydrophobic / hydrophilic microphase-separated surfaces by grafting with hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) on poly(butadiene) (PB) domain via hydrocarboxylation and hydrobromination and investigated the anti-thrombogenicity of these surfaces. In the case of SBS cast film from toluene solution, PEG was densely grafted because of the development of an unevenness on the order of several 10 nm on the surface, which had a huge surface area in comparison with poly(butadiene) rubber with its uniformly smooth surface. Grafted PEG (molecular weight = 600) was found to clearly inhibit adhesion and activation of platelets and coagulation of the whole blood component, which is indicative of anti-thrombogenicity. These properties correspond to a surface coated by a copolymer of 2-methacryloyl-oxyethyl phosphorylcholine and n -butyl methacrylate, which is well known to be the best excellent anti-thrombogenic material in the world. Melt-molded SBS film, which also has an uneveness on the order of several 10 nm, showed similar excellent anti-thrombogenicity. 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009 [source]


    Morphology and photophysical properties of a thermally responsive fluorescent material based on a rod-coil tri-block copolymer

    JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, Issue 1 2008
    Zhun Ma
    Abstract A thermally responsive rod-coil poly[poly (N -isopropylacrylamide)- b -polyfluorene- b -poly(N -isopropylacrylamide)] triblock copolymer has been successfully synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization from an end-functionalized macroinitiator. The thermochromic behavior and relevant morphology of this polymer were investigated by UV-vis spectra, DLS, and AFM, respectively, at various temperatures. A thermally responsive fluorescent material was achieved facilely by combining the optically active polyfluorene with temperature-responsive poly(N -isopropylacrylamide). All the measurements demonstrated that in the region of 25,45C, the polymer underwent a phase transition and the corresponding change in optical properties in its water solution. However, the polymer did not show completely reversible behavior upon heating and cooling. On the basis of the comparison with two other thermally responsive conjugated polymers in literatures, a tentative mechanism has been proposed that ,,, interaction induced rigid segments to remain chain conformation and packing styles as in collapsed state. 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008 [source]


    Toughening and compatibilization of polyphenylene sulfide/nylon 66 blends with SEBS and maleic anhydride grafted SEBS triblock copolymers

    JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, Issue 4 2007
    Weihua Tang
    Abstract In this study, styrene- b -ethylene/butylene- b -styrene triblock copolymer (SEBS) and maleic anhydride grafted SEBS (SEBS- g -MA) were used as compatibilizers for the blends of polyphenylene sulfide/nylon 66 (PPS/PA66). The mechanical properties, including impact and tensile properties and morphology of the blends, were investigated by mechanical properties measurements and scanning electron microscopy. Impact measurements indicated that the impact strength of the blends increases slowly with elastomer (SEBS and SEBS- g -MA) content upto 20 wt %; thereafter, it increases sharply with increasing elastomer content. The impact energy of the elastomer-compatibilized PPS/PA66 blends exceeded that of pure nylon 66, implying that the nylon 66 can be further toughened by the incorporation of brittle PPS minor phase in the presence of SEBS or SEBS- g -MA. The compatibilization efficiency of SEBS- g -MA for nylon-rich PPS/PA66 was found to be higher than SEBS due to the in situ forming SEBS interphase between PPS and nylon 66. The correlation between the impact property and morphology of the SEBS- g -MA compatibilized PPS/PA66 blends is discussed. The excellent impact strength of the nylon-rich blends resulted from shield yielding of the matrix. 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2007 [source]


    The influence of solution-state conditions and stirring rate on the assembly of poly(acrylic acid)-containing amphiphilic triblock copolymers with multi-amines

    JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE (IN TWO SECTIONS), Issue 20 2010
    Jennifer L. Sorrells
    Abstract In the effort towards making nanoscale objects and assemblies feasible for use as functional materials, it is imperative to obtain control over the fundamental architectures and essential to understand what experimental conditions cause the manifestation of specific morphologies. A number of factors are known to influence the shape during the self-assembly of amphiphilic block copolymers in solution, including solvent composition, polymer length, hydrophobicity versus hydrophilicity, as well as the addition of additives that can interact with segments of the block copolymers. This research, focused on developing an understanding of the micellar architectures accessed by the amphiphilic triblock copolymer of acrylic acid, methyl acrylate, and styrene, PAA85 - b -PMA40 - b -PS35, as a function of the stirring rate, together with other factors, when undergoing coassembly with ethylenediamine or diethylenetriamine in water/tetrahydrofuran solutions. The work demonstrates that the rate at which the polymer solution was stirred impacts the shape of the solution-state assemblies formed by the triblock copolymer. 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem, 2010 [source]


    Encapsulation of nanomaterials using an intermediary layer cross-linkable ABC triblock copolymer

    JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE (IN TWO SECTIONS), Issue 19 2009
    Jin Sook Kim
    Abstract For the preparation of core-shell nanoparticles containing functional nanomaterials, a photo-cross-linkable amphiphilic ABC triblock copolymer, poly(ethylene glycol)- b -poly(2-cinnamoyloxyethyl methacrylate)- b -poly(methyl methacrylate) (PEG-PCEMA-PMMA), was synthesized. This triblock copolymer was then used to encapsulate Au nanoparticles or pyrene. The triblock copolymer of PEG- b -poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)- b -PMMA (PEG-PHEMA-PMMA) (Mn = 15,800 g/mol, Mw/Mn = 1.58) was first synthesized by activators generated by electron transfer atom transfer radical polymerization. Its middle block was then functionalized with cinnamoyl chloride. The degrees of polymerization of the PEG, PHEMA, and PMMA blocks were 45, 13, and 98, respectively. PMMA-tethered Au nanoparticles (with an average diameter of 3.0 nm) or pyrene was successfully encapsulated within the PEG-PCEMA-PMMA micelles. The intermediary layers of the micelles were then cross-linked by UV irradiation. The spherical structures of the PEG-PCEMA-PMMA micelles containing Au nanoparticles or pyrene were not changed by the photo-cross-linking process and they showed excellent colloidal stability. 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 47: 4963,4970, 2009 [source]


    Thermogelling behaviors of poly(caprolactone- b -ethylene glycol- b -caprolactone) triblock copolymer in the presence of hyaluronic acid

    JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE (IN TWO SECTIONS), Issue 11 2008
    In Yong Kim
    Abstract In this article, we studied the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) on thermogelation of poly(caprolactone- b -ethylene glycol- b -caprolactone) (PCL-PEG-PCL) aqueous solution designed as an injectable system for prevention of postsurgical tissue adhesion. The PCL-PEG-PCL triblock copolymers were simply synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of ,-caprolactone (CL) in the presence of PEG as a polymeric initiator. The synthesized copolymers were confirmed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy. Possible interactions between HA and PCL-PEG-PCL triblock copolymers in the blend were evaluated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The effect of HA on the micellization of PCL-PEG-PCL aqueous solution was investigated by dye solubilization method and electrophoretic lighting scattering (ELS) spectrophotometer. Also, the thermogelling behaviors of the PCL-PEG-PCL triblock copolymers in the presence of HA and their mechanism were investigated by test tube inverting method, 13C-NMR, 1H-NMR, Advanced Rheometic Expansion System (ARES), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The PCL-PEG-PCL/HA blend aqueous solutions undergo the sol-gel-sol transition in response to an increase in temperature (10,60 C) and the gelation of the PCL-PEG-PCL was rather accelerated by HA. Presumably, this accelerated gelation seems to arise from the attractive interactions between them and the effect of chain confinement in the micelle corona region. 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 46: 3629,3637, 2008 [source]


    Poly(,-caprolactone)- b -poly(ethylene glycol)- b -poly(,-caprolactone) triblock copolymers: Synthesis and self-assembly in aqueous solutions

    JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE (IN TWO SECTIONS), Issue 4 2007
    Yaqiong Zhang
    Abstract Nontoxic and biodegradable poly(,-caprolactone)- b -poly(ethylene glycol)- b -poly(,-caprolactone) triblock copolymers were synthesized by the solution polymerization of ,-caprolactone in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol). The chemical structure of the resulting triblock copolymer was characterized with 1H NMR and gel permeation chromatography. In aqueous solutions of the triblock copolymers, the micellization and sol,gel-transition behaviors were investigated. The experimental results showed that the unimer-to-micelle transition did occur. In a sol,gel-transition phase diagram obtained by the vial-tilting method, the boundary curve shifted to the left, and the gel regions expanded with the increasing molecular weight of the poly(,-caprolactone) block. In addition, the hydrodynamic diameters of the micelles were almost independent of the investigated temperature (25,55 C). The atomic force microscopy results showed that spherical micelles formed at the copolymer concentration of 2.5 10,4 g/mL, whereas necklace-like and worm-like shapes were adopted when the concentration was 0.25 g/mL, which was high enough to form a gel. 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 45: 605,613, 2007 [source]


    In situ Fourier transform near infrared spectroscopy monitoring of copper mediated living radical polymerization

    JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE (IN TWO SECTIONS), Issue 19 2004
    Vincent Darcos
    Abstract In situ Fourier transform near infrared (FTNIR) spectroscopy was successfully used to monitor monomer conversion during copper mediated living radical polymerization with N -(n -propyl)-2-pyridylmethanimine as a ligand. The conversion of vinyl protons in methacrylic monomers (methyl methacrylate, butyl methacrylate, and N -hydroxysuccinimide methacrylate) to methylene protons in the polymer was monitored with an inert fiber-optic probe. The monitoring of a poly(butyl methacrylate- b -methyl methacrylate- b -butyl methacrylate) triblock copolymer has also been reported with difunctional poly(methyl methacrylate) as a macroinitiator. In all cases FTNIR results correlated excellently with those obtained by 1H NMR. On-line near infrared (NIR) measurement was found to be more accurate because it provided many more data points and avoided sampling during the polymerization reaction. It also allowed the determination of kinetic parameters with, for example, the calculation of an apparent first-order rate constant. All the results suggest that FTNIR spectroscopy is a valuable tool to assess kinetic data. 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 42: 4933,4940, 2004 [source]