Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Humanities and Social Sciences

Kinds of Battle

  • legal battle

  • Selected Abstracts

    BATTLE to personalize lung cancer treatment

    CANCER, Issue 14 2010
    Carrie Printz
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    The British Army in Battle and its Image, 1914,1918 , By Stephen Badsey

    HISTORY, Issue 320 2010
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Revisiting the Battle of Iquique

    William F. Sater
    Both Peru and Chile needed to achieve maritime supremacy to protect themselves from each other as well as to carry the war to their enemy. The Battle of Iquique provided one of the seminal events in the naval war: Peru lost one of its two most powerful ships, giving Chile maritime supremacy. As this article indicates, had the Peruvians won the Battle of Iquique, Peru's navy under the command of the very aggressive Captain Miguel Grau would have threatened Chile's maritime traffic, endangered its heartland, and prevented the invasion of Peru itself. Quite possibly, he might have stalemated the war. [source]

    The Department of Education Battle, 1918,1932: Public Schools, Catholic Schools, and the Social Order by Douglas J. Slawson

    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    The Earliest Naval Ram

    Samuel Mark
    Analyses of the Kuyunjik (Kouyunjik) relief and other data suggest Phoenicia probably did not build ships with rams before the Battle of Salamis. A review of Greek literature, iconography, and archaeology suggests the naval ram may have been a Greek invention, appearing at the earliest in the 6th century BC and possibly as late as the 5th century. Its evolution may have led to a shift from laced to pegged mortise-and-tenon joinery in Greek shipbuilding as well as the development of the wineglass-shaped hull and heavier framing. It may also have influenced the development of large-scale bronze-casting in Greece. © 2008 The Author [source]

    A sixteenth-century warrior grave from Uppsala, Sweden: the Battle of Good Friday

    A. KjellströmArticle first published online: 6 SEP 200
    Abstract Little is known about the Battle of Good Friday in Uppsala. The historical records are scarce and of limited extent. Moreover, the more spectacular event of the Stockholm Bloodbath has drawn most of the attention from both the contemporary public and later historians. This is why the discovery of a mass grave in the steep slope of Uppsala Castle in 2001 has provoked much interest. An analysis of the osseous material showed that the remains of at least 60 male individuals, mostly between 25,34 years of age, were buried in the excavated area. The demographic profile is largely similar to other European war-related skeletal assemblages of the same era. Sharp force trauma was exhibited primarily on the skulls, with no obvious dominance to either side. The trauma distribution pattern suggests that the battle was not fought face-to-face. Blade wounds concentrated in specific regions imply a standardised technique when delivering the blows. The combination of commingled bones and articulated elements suggests that the individuals were in different stages of skeletonisation when buried. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Battle in the Boardroom: A Discursive Perspective

    Wilson Ng
    This article examines the centrality of discourse in achieving managerially relevant outcomes, with a focus on the in-situ performance context of corporate storytellers. The Ric,urian concept of speech act, capturing both the intentionality of organizational discourse and the social context of its production and reception, implicitly guided our research effort. The article has at its core a story of how senior organizational officers exploited the volatile circumstances of a public takeover in Singapore. By looking at the social construction of narratives in their many fragments we come to see how a key protagonist carves out a powerful position. The efficacy of his performances can be seen to be dependent upon the effective use of poetic tropes and the receptiveness of listeners to particular Chinese archetypal relationship-driven themes. In crafting our story we use multiple texts which were produced in and around two case organizations. As such we offer a carefully constructed collage, a mixture of production and reproduction, sticking closely to forms of communication that key organizational actors used to plan, enact and interpret their actions and those of others. Whilst our story offers insights to readers with an interest in organizational discourse, corporate governance and Asian management practices, we refrain from imposing an authoritarian interpretation that insists on identifying with the intentions of the authors. [source]

    Emulating and/or embodying the ideal: The gendering of temporal frameworks and Islamic role models in Shi,i Lebanon

    ABSTRACT In this article, I discuss two of the major temporal frameworks that pious Shi,i Muslims in Lebanon draw on, as seen through the example of the Battle of Karbala, its annual commemoration during Ashura, and the work that the religious figures Imam Husayn and Sayyida Zaynab do in linking history to the contemporary moment. I suggest that, to fully understand how these two temporalities work, it is necessary to attend to the ways in which they are differently gendered. I conclude by proposing explanations for that gendering that take into account both the Ashura history itself and contemporary local and transnational political contingencies. [temporality, gender, Islam, Shi,ism, narrative, role models, transnationalism] [source]

    The Order of Battle in the Roman Army: Evidence from Marching Camps

    Alan Richardson
    The Iron Age in the North-West of Iberia is characterized by settlement patterns in which small hilltop enclosures or castros were dominant. Recent field-survey work has revealed more about the distribution of rural settlement sites in part of this area, and an analysis has been made of the pattern of rural site distributions in relation to the castros. This confirms the continued focal role of castros into the Roman period. An explanation for the settlement pattern in this region and the absence of typically Roman features like developed villas is sought in the nature and extent of Roman military recruitment from the region. [source]

    Awake anon the tales of valour: the career of a war memorial in St. Catharines, Ontario

    monuments aux morts; monuments; Rébellion du Nord-Ouest; Saint Catharines Memorials cultivate a common understanding of the past that is communicated through the celebration of select people, places or events. Because memorials are located in public space and crafted from time-defeating materials, the process of commemoration is inherently political. Scholars have studied this process to discover the agendas that inform the ideological content of memorials, but rarely how this content is received by its audience. This question is especially pertinent when memorials outlast the generation and the ideology that created them. This study attempts an answer by exploring the career of one memorial: the monument in St. Catharines, Ontario, dedicated to Private Alexander Watson, a casualty of the Battle of Batoche (1885). It finds that the monument's significance was transformed by political, cultural and historiographical shifts. While its local audience has forgotten its specific message, its generic intent to honour fallen soldiers is still recognized. L'éveil soudain des histoires de bravoure: la vie d'un monument aux morts à Saint Catharines, Ontario Les monuments aux morts permettent d'établir une compréhension commune de l'histoire transmise par la célébration de personnes, de lieux ou d'événements triés sur le volet. Présents dans l'espace public et fabriqués à partir de matériaux impérissables, les monuments aux morts s'inscrivent dans un processus de commémoration qui, de par sa nature même, est politique. Les chercheurs se sont penchés sur ce processus pour faire la lumière sur l'éventail d'actions sur lesquelles la base idéologique des monuments repose, mais peu d'études s'intéressent à comprendre comment cette base est accueillie par le public. La pertinence de cette question est renforcée notamment quand les monuments survivent à la génération et à l'idéologie qui les ont portés. Cette recherche entend apporter une réponse en considérant la vie d'un monument situéà Saint Catharines, Ontario élevéà la mémoire du soldat Alexander Watson, mort au combat à Batoche (1885). Il en ressort que l'importance accordée au monument varie au gré des changements politiques, culturels et historiographiques. Si le public local ne saisit plus le message véhiculé par le monument, il demeure néanmoins que, dans les faits, l'idée d'honorer les soldats tombés au champ d'honneur est toujours d'actualité. [source]

    Lincoln's Man in Liverpool: Consul Dudley and the Legal Battle to Stop Confederate Warships , By Coy F. Cross II.

    THE HISTORIAN, Issue 1 2009
    Robert Tracy McKenzie
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Did Radar Win the Battle of Britain?

    THE HISTORIAN, Issue 4 2007
    Anthony J. Cumming
    First page of article [source]

    The Real Toy Story: Inside the Ruthless Battle for America's Youngest Consumers

    Shannon Blake Skelton
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Antiwarriors: The Vietnam War and the Battle for America's Hearts and Minds

    J. Brian Wagaman
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Six Battles that Shaped Europe's Parliament , By J. Priestley

    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    "Short Fried-Rice-Eating Chinese MCs" and "Good-Hair-Havin Uncle Tom Niggas": Performing Race and Ethnicity in Freestyle Rap Battles

    H. Samy Alim
    This article shows how emcees create local meanings of race and ethnicity in freestyle rap battles. We demonstrate how performers attach new social meanings to race and ethnicity in verbal duels, even as they also reproduce normative meanings around gender and sexuality. Further, we suggest that the construction of local, alternative meanings around race and ethnicity might actually help support dominant racial hierarchies by relegating "blackness" suitable for only a limited set of domains. Despite the enduring nature of these broader racial hierarchies, we conclude that performances are activities in which individuals contest and negotiate the social meanings of identities.,[performance, style, race/ethnicity, verbal duels, freestyle rap] [source]

    My Life and Battles: By Jack Johnson

    Adam Chill
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Policy, pundits and the professionals , the battle for education's secret garden

    CRITICAL QUARTERLY, Issue 3 2005
    Bethan Marshall
    First page of article [source]

    Therapy of other viral infections: herpes to hepatitis

    Arun Chakrabarty
    ABSTRACT:, Over the past several years, there has been an increase in knowledge pertaining to the diagnosis and management strategies for the herpes family (Types 1,8), the pox viruses, mumps, measles, rubella, and parvovirus B19 as well as the viral etiologies of hepatitis. Various antiviral treatments, such as nucleoside analogs and interferon therapy, have been available to reduce the signs and symptoms of these common viral infections. This article summarizes the preferred treatment strategies to be employed for each of the viruses for reducing severity, duration, recurrences (notably in the herpes family), transmission rates, as well as preventive alternatives. The majority of the therapeutic options attenuate the course of disease. Treatment decisions are driven by knowledge of the natural history and often are tailored to incorporate clinical circumstances for individual patients. Promotion of community awareness and the development of vaccines should be emphasized in the battle against these common viruses, particularly the herpes simplex viruses, the pox viruses, and hepatitis B. [source]

    The New Scramble for the African Countryside

    Vupenyu Dzingirai
    There is in Africa, as in other parts of the third world, a desire for environmental management that simultaneously incorporates and benefits all stakeholders, including private businesses and villagers. While these partnerships continue to displace the failed state-centric management of the African landscape, research to document their local-level impact is still formative and developing. This article is an attempt to examine the new environmental management partnerships emerging in southern Africa's countryside. It argues that these new interventions not only fail to deliver benefits to villagers: more importantly, they curtail the long-established rights to land and other natural resources of indigenous communities. While villagers may engage in a battle to recover these rights, it is a struggle in which the odds are stacked against them, and which the private sector and its partners are set to win. [source]

    Vulnerability, Control and Oil Palm in Sarawak: Globalization and a New Era?

    Fadzilah Majid Cooke
    In the post logging era, Sarawak is being restructured to make way for large-scale oil palm plantations. In this restructuring, the vulnerabilities of particular areas are being used in a wider battle to control production, particularly for export. Native customary lands, considered ,unproductive' or ,idle' by officials, are the target of oil palm plantation development under a new land development programme called Konsep Baru (New Concept). This article looks at the contradictions generated by the complex process of laying claims to ,idle' native customary land and focuses on Dayak organizing initiatives in northern Sarawak, Malaysia. [source]

    Tooth size and skin thickness in mature sockeye salmon: evidence for habitat constraints and variable investment between the sexes

    S. P. Johnson
    Abstract ,, Pacific salmon develop many sexually dimorphic features at maturity, and the extent of development varies among populations. In this study, we compared a suite of traits including body length, body depth, jaw length, tooth size and skin mass in male and female sockeye salmon breeding in beach and creek habitats. Both tooth size and skin mass varied positively with body length. Within each of the breeding habitats, males had longer teeth than females, and within each sex, beach spawners had longer teeth than creek spawners. Males also had heavier skin than females in each habitat but, unlike the case with tooth size, creek spawners showed a much stronger relationship between skin mass and body length than did beach spawners. Tooth length was positively related to jaw length and skin mass among individuals within a given sex and habitat. Taken together, these results suggested that variation in tooth size parallels variation in other sexually dimorphic traits. Males and beach spawners tend to exhibit large trait values relative to females and creek spawners, and ,well-endowed' individuals displayed high values of all traits rather than a trade-off as might occur if investment in one trait compromised investment in others. However, the finding that creek fish tended to have thicker skin for a given body length than did beach fish suggested that factors other than merely defense against conspecifics during battle, such as abrasion and desiccation resistance in small streams, may influence the evolution of skin mass in mature sockeye salmon. [source]

    The Regulation of Media Markets in selected EU Accession States in Central and Eastern Europe

    EUROPEAN LAW JOURNAL, Issue 3 2003
    Alison Harcourt
    When formulating media laws in the early 1990s, these countries were presented with models put forth by advisors from the US and EU Member States. Advisors proposed models based upon their own domestic policy and/or organisation agendas. A resulting ,battle of the models' can be observed with different experts and actors lobbying for the adoption of contrasting regulatory models. Underlying this were often political, economic and trade interests. In particular, ,Western' governments were interested in guaranteeing the opening of new markets, and the stability of these new media markets for Western capital investment, as well as wider political concerns of consolidating democracy in Europe. Interest groups and NGOs wished to transfer their ideas to Eastern Europe often in advocacy of their own agendas in an enlarged Europe. [source]

    Evolutionists and creationists at the dinner table

    George Armelagos
    The evolutionist and creationist debate about human origins has contested the content of textbooks, what is taught in classrooms, and what is discussed on the Internet. The controversy has spawned public-interest groups that continue to frame the debate. The National Center for Science Education monitors attempts to incorporate creationism into the classroom and textbooks. The Institute for Creation Research and the Discovery Institute have invested heavily in pushing for changes in the curriculum by teaching creationism as an alternative to evolution. While this dispute usually focuses on the reality of the fossil evidence for human evolution, a less formal battle is now being waged at the proverbial dinner table. [source]

    New Generation of Multifunctional Nanoparticles for Cancer Imaging and Therapy

    Kyeongsoon Park
    Abstract Advances in nanotechnology have contributed to the development of novel nanoparticles that enable the tumor-specific delivery of imaging probes and therapeutic agents in cancer imaging and therapy. Nanobiotechnology combines nanotechnology with molecular imaging, which has led to the generation of new multifunctional nanoparticles for cancer imaging and therapy. Multifunctional nanoparticles hold great promise for the future of cancer treatment because they can detect the early onset of cancer in each individual patient and deliver suitable therapeutic agents to enhance therapeutic efficacy. The combination of tumor-targeted imaging and therapy in an all-in-one system provides a useful multimodal approach in the battle against cancer. Novel multifunctional nanoparticles thus offer a new avenue in the application of personalized medicine in the near future. Herein, new trends and the significance of novel multifunctional nanoparticles in cancer imaging and therapy are reviewed. [source]

    The Super-Hun and the Super-State: Allied Propaganda and German Philosophy during the First World War

    Gregory Moore
    When war broke out in August 1914, intellectuals on both sides sought to discover the underlying causes of the catastrophe not in mundane political events, but in the dominant ideologies and native intellectual traditions of the Great Powers. German scholars argued that Europe was witnessing a truly world-historical conflict rooted in the mutual antagonism that existed between two fundamentally different forms of life, a confrontation which the sociologist Werner Sombart summed up as the battle between the rapacious ,Händler' of utilitarian Britain and the idealistic ,Helden' defending a superior German Kultur. British academics conceived the war in no less apocalyptic terms: this was a struggle pitting the forces of democracy against a brutal predatory militarism, the basic impulse of which was to assert the supremacy of the state over the individual. Although initially Nietzsche and Treitschke were denounced as the figures most directly responsible for fostering this belligerent spirit, soon the entire German philosophical canon came under scrutiny. This essay examines some of the spurious genealogies of Prussian immorality which Allied writers concocted to elucidate the deeper meaning of the war. [source]

    Kleist's Berliner Abendblätter and the Peninsular War

    John Hibberd
    Kleist's reports on the Peninisular War in the Berliner Abendblätter began dramatically with news of the battle of Busaco which threw doubt on the truthfulness of the French press and gave hope that the Napoleonic armies were not invincible. Thereafter censorship ensured that his items on Spain and Portugal would not arouse French anger, and they have invariably been dismissed as uninteresting. But in early 1811, when his paper had all but been killed off by the Prussian authorities, he increased his coverage of the war and often anticipated the other Berlin newspapers with news from the Peninsula. Events there were relevant to the political future of Prussia and Germany as well as to the reform of the Prussian military. But Kleist's hope of a clear sign of change in the fortunes of Napoleon proved vain. He indicated that the French were facing problems but could do no more than other Berlin papers to encourage anti-French fervour. Yet he expected his readers to hope for what, in 1810,11, would have seemed a turn of events as extraordinary as any in his fiction of this time. [source]

    Headache Progress in Canada Over the Decades

    HEADACHE, Issue 5 2008
    Werner J. Becker MD
    As elsewhere in the world, migraine and other headache disorders have always produced very significant disability amongst Canadians. Over the last 50 years, progress has been made by health professionals to improve the care received by patients with headache, and to reduce the headache-related burden carried by patients and their families. Milestones in this progress have included programs for better education for the public, for neurologists, and for other physicians about migraine. Highlights in the Canadian battle against migraine and other headaches include those listed below: [source]

    The Battle of Chester and Warfare in Post-Roman Britain

    HISTORY, Issue 318 2010
    Archaeological work at Heronbridge near Chester has recently uncovered the earliest identifiable site of a major British battlefield and investigated a related seventh-century fortification on the site. This article uses the new evidence to help interpret the battle of Chester's political background, the make-up of the forces on the day, their motivations, the equipment used and the course of the conflict, suggesting that the construction of the remarkable fortification was a key factor in the decision to engage in a battle that contravened the usual tactical principles of the age. The clash is set in the wider context of warfare in post-Roman Europe, providing insights into the development of both the Anglo-Saxon and British kingdoms that had emerged in the former imperial province of Britannia. [source]

    In the Wake of Mantzikert: The First Crusade and the Alexian Reconquest of Western Anatolia

    HISTORY, Issue 314 2009
    The main aims of this article are threefold. It initially seeks to address two popular misconceptions frequently found in crusade histories and general histories of the Byzantine empire concerning the Turkish invasion and settlement of western Anatolia after the battle of Mantzikert in 1071. The article maintains that blurring the distinctions between the Seljuk Turks of Rans,m and the tribes of pastoral nomads or rather transhumants who came to be known as Türkmens or Turcomans is incorrect. The oft-repeated assumption that the Seljuk Turks of Baghdad oversaw the Turkish conquest of Anatolia is addressed when tracing the unstructured nature of the Turkish migration and the subsequent lack of unity amongst the invaders. After providing the context of the Turkish settlement in western Anatolia, the article throws new light on the relative ease with which the armies of the First Crusade traversed the Anatolian plateau and Byzantine forces compelled the speedy capitulation of Turkish towns and territories along the western coastal plains and river valleys of Anatolia in 1097 and 1098 respectively. [source]