Tension-free Vaginal Tape (tension-free + vaginal_tape)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Suburethral slingplasty evaluation study in North Queensland, Australia: The SUSPEND trial

AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 1 2005
Yik Nyok LIM
Abstract Objective:, To compare the safety and efficacy of three types of suburethral slings for the treatment of urodynamic stress incontinence. Methods:, Following ethics approval, 195 (3 65) patients with urodynamic stress incontinence were randomly assigned to undergo suburethral slingplasty with the Tension-free Vaginal Tape (TVT; Gynecare, Ethicon, Somerville, NJ, USA), Intravaginal Sling (IVS; Tyco Healthcare, Mansfield, MA, USA), or Suprapubic Arc Sling (SPARC; American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN, USA). The patients were blinded to the type of sling implanted. Main outcome measures were:, (1) operative and short-term complications; (2) pre- and postoperative symptomatology; and (3) pre- and postoperative urodynamic findings. Results:, There was a statistically significant increased rate of sling protrusion (13.1% vs. 3.3% and 1.7%; P = 0.04) in the SPARC group when compared to TVT and IVS. Otherwise, there were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the incidences of other operative complications, patients' main subjective outcomes, satisfaction rates, or postoperative urodynamic findings. The overall objective stress incontinence cure rates were 87.9%, 81.5% and 72.4% for the TVT, IVS, SPARC groups respectively (P = 0.11). Conclusions:, All three slings appear quite successful for the treatment of stress incontinence. The SPARC tapes showed more sling protrusion complications and a trend towards lower objective cure rates; probably as a result of the insertion method used in this study which favoured a loose SPARC sling placement. The authors recommend that the SPARC slings be left tighter than TVT, or for the cough test to be carried out. [source]


The tension-free vaginal tape in older women

BJOG : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 8 2004
Emmanuel Karantanis
Objective To evaluate peri-operative morbidity, continence outcome and patient satisfaction in older women (,65 years) compared with younger women undergoing tension-free vaginal tape. Design Case controlled study. Setting Tertiary Urogynaecology Unit. Sample Women undergoing tension-free vaginal tape for urodynamic stress incontinence between July 1999 and July 2002 were included. Those with detrusor overactivity, voiding difficulty at urodynamics or requiring concomitant prolapse surgery were excluded. Methods Older women were case matched to a younger cohort for BMI, parity, mode of anaesthesia and whether it was a primary or secondary continence procedure. Main outcome measures Operative morbidity and continence outcome were assessed at six weeks. After a minimum six months follow up, patient satisfaction and continence outcome were assessed using the Genitourinary Treatment Satisfaction Score (GUTSS). Results The median hospital stay was one day and overall urinary tract infection rate was similar in both groups. Post-operative voiding difficulty rates were 3% in older versus 15% in younger women (P= 0.09). At six weeks, 65% of older versus 79% of younger women were dry (P= 0.2). At a median of 12 months, 15 (45%) of older versus 24 (73%) of younger women had no urinary symptoms (P= 0.05). Median GUTSS scores for satisfaction with continence outcome were lower for older 90% compared with 100% in younger women (P= 0.003). Conclusions Tension-free vaginal tape is an effective continence intervention in older women but has a lower continence satisfaction rate compared with younger women. [source]


Surgical complications and medium-term outcome results of tension-free vaginal tape: A prospective study of 313 consecutive patients

NEUROUROLOGY AND URODYNAMICS, Issue 1 2004
Ishai Levin
Abstract Objective A prospective study was undertaken to examine the incidence of surgical complications and medium-term outcomes of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) surgery in a large, heterogeneous group of stress-incontinent women. Methods Surgery was tailored according to preoperative clinical and urodynamic findings: stress-incontinent women underwent TVT surgery, whereas those with concomitant urogenital prolapse underwent combined TVT and prolapse repair. Post-operatively the patients were scheduled for evaluation at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, and annually thereafter. All underwent urodynamics at 3 months post-operatively. Results Three hundred and thirteen consecutive patients were prospectively studied. The mean follow-up period was 21.4,,13.5 months. Sixteen (5.1%) cases of intravesical passage of the prolene tape occurred in our series, two of which were diagnosed at 3 and 15 months post-operatively. Eight (2.5%) patients had post-operative voiding difficulties, necessitating catheterization for more than 7 days. However, transvaginal excision of the tape was required in one case only. Vaginal erosion of the tape was diagnosed in four (1.3%) patients, all of whom were successfully treated by local excision of the eroded tape. Outcome analysis was restricted to 241 consecutive patients with at least 12 months of follow-up. Subjectively, 16 (6.6%) patients had persistent mild stress urinary incontinence, although urodynamics revealed asymptomatic sphincteric incontinence in 17 (7%) other patients. De-novo urge incontinence developed post-operatively in 20 (8.3%) patients. Conclusions The TVT procedure is associated with good medium-term cure rates, however, it is not free of troublesome complications and the patients should be informed accordingly. Only well-trained surgeons, familiar with pelvic anatomy, surgical alternatives, and endoscopic techniques should perform the operation. Neurourol. Urodynam. 23:7,9, 2004. 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


Comparison of TVT and TVT-O in patients with stress urinary incontinence: Short-term cure rates and factors influencing the outcome.

AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 1 2009
A prospective randomised study
Background: Recently, mid-urethral slings have been commonly used in treatment of patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Aims: To investigate tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) and tension-free obturator tape (TVT-O) for surgical treatment of SUI for cure rates (primary endpoint), complications and factors influencing cure rate (secondary endpoints). Methods: One-hundred and sixty-four patients were included in the study (n = 81 for TVT, n = 83 for TVT-O). The cure rates, complications, preoperative and postoperative urodynamic evaluation, Q-tip test, the Turkish version of Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7) and Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) scores were recorded. At three and 12 months, the patients were evaluated regarding outcome measures. Results: The cure rates were similar in TVT and TVT-O groups, 88.9% versus 86.7% respectively. Mean operative time was significantly shorter in TVT-O group (P = 0.001). The cure rate was significantly higher in both groups in patients with urethral hypermobility when compared with those with no hypermobility (P = 0.001). Conclusions: The TVT and TVT-O procedures appear to be equally effective for the treatment of SUI. Also, urethral hypermobility seems to be a factor influencing cure rate of mid-urethral slings. [source]


A randomised trial of a retropubic tension-free vaginal tape versus a mini-sling for stress incontinence

BJOG : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 6 2010
M Basu
Please cite this paper as: Basu M, Duckett J. A randomised trial of a retropubic tension-free vaginal tape versus a mini-sling for stress incontinence. BJOG 2010; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2010.02513.x. Objective, To compare a mini-sling with a retropubic tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and urodynamic stress incontinence (USI). Design, Randomised trial. Setting, Urogynaecology unit in large UK district general hospital. Population, Women with USI resistant to conservative management and requiring a suburethral sling. Methods, A total of 71 women with SUI and confirmed USI were randomised to undergo treatment with either a retropubic TVT or mini-sling. Follow-up was at 6 weeks, with a history, examination and quality of life questionnaire, and at 6 months with further subjective evaluation and twin-channel subtraction cystometry and pressure-flow studies. Main outcome measures, The presence of SUI at 6 weeks and 6 months after treatment. Results, The mini-sling was associated with a significantly higher rate of persistent SUI at 6 weeks (OR 9.49, 95% CI 2.8,32.6) and 6 months (OR 8.14, 95% CI 2.7,24.7), and of USI at 6 months (OR 7.58, 95% CI 2.7,24.7). The rate of complication was similar in the two groups. Conclusions, The mini-sling is associated with a higher failure rate than a retropubic TVT. Longer term and multicentre outcome data are necessary to explore these findings further. Until this is available, the mini-sling should be used with caution. [source]


Morbidity of incontinence surgery in women over 70 years old: a retrospective cohort study

BJOG : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 6 2005
Harriet Pugsley
Objective To compare the success rate and complications after colposuspension and tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) insertion in women aged 70 years or more compared with younger women. Design A retrospective study of patients having surgery between November 2000 and October 2002. Setting A tertiary referral, academic urogynaecology unit in a University teaching hospital. Population Two hundred and twenty-six women having surgical treatment for urinary incontinence. Methods Data on cure/improvement and complications were extracted from the notes. Patients were grouped by age at surgery and the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for each outcome were calculated. Main outcome measures Subjective cure rate and the incidence of complications by age group. Results One hundred and three patients had colposuspension, 11 (10.7%) aged 70 or more. One hundred and twenty-three patients had TVT insertions, 23 (18.7%) aged 70 or more. The cure rate for each procedure was similar between age groups. After colposuspension, urinary tract infection (UTI; OR 11.33; 95% CI 2.61, 49.28) and long term self-catheterisation (percentage of difference 9.1; 95% CI 3.0, 15.2) were more common in women over 70. After TVT, repeat urodynamics (OR 3.91; 95% CI 1.11, 13.76), recurrent UTI (OR 4.22; 95% CI 1.03, 17.26) and tape division (OR 29.12; 95% CI 3.20, 264.86) were more common in older women. Conclusions Incontinence surgery carries a higher risk of complications in the elderly including UTI and voiding dysfunction. Extended antibiotic prophylaxis and intermittent self-catheterisation training should be offered to elderly women before surgery. [source]


The tension-free vaginal tape in older women

BJOG : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 8 2004
Emmanuel Karantanis
Objective To evaluate peri-operative morbidity, continence outcome and patient satisfaction in older women (,65 years) compared with younger women undergoing tension-free vaginal tape. Design Case controlled study. Setting Tertiary Urogynaecology Unit. Sample Women undergoing tension-free vaginal tape for urodynamic stress incontinence between July 1999 and July 2002 were included. Those with detrusor overactivity, voiding difficulty at urodynamics or requiring concomitant prolapse surgery were excluded. Methods Older women were case matched to a younger cohort for BMI, parity, mode of anaesthesia and whether it was a primary or secondary continence procedure. Main outcome measures Operative morbidity and continence outcome were assessed at six weeks. After a minimum six months follow up, patient satisfaction and continence outcome were assessed using the Genitourinary Treatment Satisfaction Score (GUTSS). Results The median hospital stay was one day and overall urinary tract infection rate was similar in both groups. Post-operative voiding difficulty rates were 3% in older versus 15% in younger women (P= 0.09). At six weeks, 65% of older versus 79% of younger women were dry (P= 0.2). At a median of 12 months, 15 (45%) of older versus 24 (73%) of younger women had no urinary symptoms (P= 0.05). Median GUTSS scores for satisfaction with continence outcome were lower for older 90% compared with 100% in younger women (P= 0.003). Conclusions Tension-free vaginal tape is an effective continence intervention in older women but has a lower continence satisfaction rate compared with younger women. [source]


Postural perineal pain associated with perforation of the lower urinary tract due to insertion of a tension-free vaginal tape

BJOG : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY, Issue 1 2003
Paul Hilton
First page of article [source]


Long-term outcome of tension-free vaginal tape for treating stress incontinence in women with neuropathic bladders

BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 6 2010
Ahmad Abdul-Rahman
Study Type , Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long-term safety and efficacy of the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women with neuropathic bladder dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twelve women (mean age 53.3 years, range 41,80) with neuropathic bladder dysfunction and SUI confirmed by video-cystometrography (VCMG) were treated with a TVT in one institution by an expert neuro-urologist between November 1997 and December 2000. The patient's notes, clinical annual follow-up and VCMG after the procedure, and the incontinence impact questionnaire (IIQ) forms (Urinary Distress Inventory, and IIQ-7) were assessed during the long-term clinical follow-up for SUI, in addition to a health-related quality of life assessment. The cure of SUI was defined as no loss of urine on physical exercise, confirmed VCMG after the procedure, and by clinical assessment. RESULTS The mean (range) follow-up was 10 (8.5,12) years. Nine patients were using clean intermittent self-catheterization before the insertion of TVT and continued to do so afterward. At 10 years of follow-up, one patient had died (with failed TVT initially), and two were lost to follow-up at 5 years after surgery, but up to 5 years they did not complain of UI and VCMG did not show SUI. The remaining seven of the nine patients were completely dry, and two improved and were satisfied with using one or two pads/day. Two patients showed neurogenic detrusor overactivity confirmed on VCMG, with no evidence of SUI. One patient needed a transient urethral catheter for urinary retention after surgery, one had a bladder injury that required leaving the catheter for 5 days, but no urethral erosions were reported during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS In women with neuropathic bladder dysfunction secondary to a variety of spinal cord pathologies, and who have SUI necessitating a definitive intervention, insertion of TVT should be considered a desirable treatment, with very good long-term outcomes. [source]


Tissue reaction of the rabbit urinary bladder to tension-free vaginal tape and porcine small intestinal submucosa

BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 6 2002
D.M. Rabah
Objectives ,To compare the histological tissue reactions of urinary bladder in close contact with polypropylene mesh tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) or porcine small intestinal submucosal (SIS) grafts, as the commercial availability of various materials has considerably simplified sling procedures for treating urinary incontinence, but erosion and infection after using artificial sling materials remain an important concern. Materials and methods ,Thirty female New Zealand rabbits were randomized to three groups, i.e. group A (TVT, 12 animals), group B (SIS, 12) and group C (surgical control, six). Through a laparotomy under anaesthesia and an aseptic technique, the bladder was approached at its dome, where a 0.5 1 cm piece of TVT or SIS was fixed in direct contact with the bladder wall. The control group underwent only bladder manipulation with no material applied. Half the animals in each group were killed after 6 weeks and the other half after 12 weeks. The urinary bladder was harvested and examined histologically. Results ,The grafts in both groups were characterized by dense foreign-body type reactions and were mostly attached loosely to the bladder wall by a thin layer of fibrovascular tissue. More importantly, the bladder wall reactions showed no inflammation in all 12 animals in group A (TVT) but three of them had various grades of fibrosis. There was severe transmural inflammation in one animal in group B (SIS); one rabbit had grade I and two had grade II fibrosis. The controls, as expected, showed no bladder wall reactions. Conclusion ,In this descriptive analysis of reaction types elicited on the urinary bladder by these grafts, both materials appeared to be safe. Although TVT elicited fewer and less severe adverse reactions, no statistical conclusions can be drawn. The clinical significance of these findings should emerge from long-term clinical data when they become available. [source]